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Full text of "Eckerd College Catalog 2002-2004"



ECKERD 
COLLEGE 



ST. PETERSBURG, FLORIDA 




002 '2004 Catalog 




CONTENTS 

Introduction Page 1 

Commitments of Eckerd College 2 

Academic Program 5 

Descriptions of Courses and Majors 27 

Autumn Term and Winter Term 105 

Campus and Student Life 106 

Admission Ill 

Financial Aid 114 

Expenses 129 

Faculty 133 

Administration 138 

Board of Trustees 140 

Academic Calendars 141 

Index 143 

Campus Map 146 

Correspondence Directory 147 



On the Cover 

The Trumpet Triton shell, Charonia tritonis linne, 
is a fitting symbol for the waterfront home of 
the Eckerd College Tritons. 



ECKERD COLLEGE 

St. Petersburg, Florida 



AN INTRODUCTION 

The basic mission of Eckerd College is to aid the personal development of humane 
and competent persons of all ages to learn, lead, and serve in the local, national, 
and even international realms of a pluralistic and increasingly complex society. In 
so doing, Eckerd College has as its ultimate aims to assist persons to fulfill their 
God given potential, to improve the quality of life in our society at large and, more 
specifically, to contribute to the vitality of congregations which are local expres- 
sions of the Christian Church. 

Eckerd College is accredited by the Commission on Colleges of the Southern 
Association of Colleges and Schools to award the Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of 
Science degrees. A coeducational college of the liberal arts and sciences, it is related 
by covenant to the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.). The campus is located on 267 
acres of tropical waterfront property in a suburban area of St. Petersburg, Florida. 

The school was founded in 1958 as Florida Presbyterian College and admitted its 
first students in 1960. In 1972, the College's name was changed to honor Jack M. 
Eckerd, a prominent Florida civic leader and businessman whose gifts and 
commitments to the institution have helped to insure its continuing excellence. 
More than 1 1 ,000 graduates are seeking to lead lives of leadership and service in 
communities throughout the world. 



ECKERD COLLEGE 
BASIC COMMITMENTS 

This catalog is designed to give a comprehensive 
picture of Eckerd College. We are proud of what 
we have achieved, and welcome the reader to join 
us in an exciting and continuing educational 
adventure. As you read this document, you should 
he aware of certain basic commitments that have 
guided the college's history and planning. These 
commitments and the efforts to achieve them 
have enabled Eckerd College to be distinctive 
among the 3,000 colleges and universities in the 
United States. 



THE COMMITMENT TO 
INDIVIDUAL DEVELOPMENT 

The primary purpose of the educational program is 
to foster the personal development of each 
student. We seek to prepare students for the basic 
responsibilities of life, and especially for compe- 
tent, humane leadership and service. We are 
vitally concerned with the development of whole 
persons, and therefore encourage the intellectual, 
spiritual, cultural, social, emotional and physical 
growth of each student. While education is a 
lifelong process, the Eckerd experience is designed 
to assist students to go beyond the limitations 
imposed by ignorance, narrowness, conformity, 
self-centeredness, and irresponsibility. Our aims 
are to help individuals achieve excellence in 
thought and conduct and to spark their imag- 
ination about future possibilities. 

THE COMMITMENT TO 
THE TRANSCENDENT 

Eckerd College seeks to develop an atmosphere of 
free and open inquiry into all aspects of faith and 
knowledge. We endeavor to combine openness to 
diverse understandings of transcendence and 
commitment to liberal education with the belief 
that a church-related college is particularly suited 
to encourage students toward exploration, 
discovery, and development. 

Our historical relationship with the Presbyterian 
Church (U.S.A.) informs our understanding of 
faith. However, the college community is not 
narrowly sectarian. It includes among its faculty, 
students, and staff individuals of many denomina- 
tions, faiths, and points of view. Exposure to these 
diverse religious perspectives is essential as 



students seek to clarify their beliefs, assess their 
values, and learn to act responsibly on the basis of 
their convictions. It is also a necessary prerequisite 
to the development of mutual understanding and 
respect essential to learning and living in a 
pluralistic world. 



THE COMMITMENT OF 
FACULTY TO STUDENTS 

The relatively small size of the Eckerd student 
body allows numerous opportunities for close 
personal relationships between students and 
faculty. Each Eckerd student has a faculty aca- 
demic adviser, known as a "Mentor," who seeks to 
facilitate the total growth of students and helps 
them to get the most out of their college years. 

Because the faculty is committed to the primary 
importance of teaching, it has developed a 
reputation for excellence in the teaching of 
undergraduates. Many Eckerd College faculty 
members are engaged in primary scholarship and 
artistic creativity and, wherever possible, seek to 
involve students in these enterprises. The 
intention of the faculty is to provide an educa- 
tional environment characterized by high expecta- 
tion, personal attention and enthusiasm for 
learning. 



THE COMMITMENT TO 
GENERAL EDUCATION 

While Eckerd College is committed to helping 
students develop competence in a specific field of 
study, it is equally committed to general education. 

The general education program is designed to 
provide a foundation for lifelong learning by 
helping students to develop a love for learning, 
acquire an informed awareness of the major 
elements of their cultural heritage, explore various 
perspectives on the central concerns of human 
existence, assume increased responsibility for their 
own growth, and master the skills that are 
necessary to understand and deal with a rapidly 
changing and increasingly complex world. 

The general education program is made up of the 
autumn term project, computation, foreign 
language, and the Western Heritage in a Global 
Context sequence in the first year; one course in 
each of four academic areas plus an environmental 
perspective course and a global perspective course 
in the second and third years; and a course in the 
Quest for Meaning in the Senior year. 



THE COMMITMENT TO THE 
INTEGRATION OF LIBERAL 
ARTS AND CAREER 
PREPARATION 

The commitment to individual development 
includes a commitment to helping students 
prepare themselves for a vocation. Through more 
than thirty tomial majors and pre-professional 
programs, opportunities are available to develop 
the knowledge, skills, and attitudes necessary for 
successful careers. In addition, through indepen- 
dent study and individually designed areas of 
concentration, students are encouraged to 
supplement and adapt the formal curriculum to 
their particular interests and aspirations. 

The college recognizes that significant learning 
can occur in a \'ariet^? of settings. Internships, jobs, 
and other oft-campus learning experiences, both 
in this country and abroad, enable students to 
integrate theory and practice and help them to 
clarify their values and career choices. Because 
they are committed to a participatory educational 
process, faculty engage students in the learning of 
science, theatre, management and other disci- 
plines by doing. The aim is to assist each student to 
become a self-directed, competent, humane 
person capable of making a significant contribu- 
tion to society. 



THE COMMITMENT TO 
HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS 
IN COMMUNITY 

There is a rich diversity among Eckerd College 
students which is educationally desirable. Students 
come to campus from more than 45 states and 50 
foreign countries. They enroll from urban, 
suburban, and rural areas; from developed and 
developing countries; and from a variety of 
cultural, ethnic, and religious backgrounds. The 
cosmopolitan nature of the Eckerd campus 
enriches the total educational experience as 
students learn from each other. 

Built upon this diversity is a sense of community 
based upon common objectives, concerns and 
experiences. Academic interests provide the basis 
for a sense of community, which is enhanced by 
worship, student activities, athletic events, 
concerts, lectures, and other opportunities for 
shared experiences. Because most students reside 
on campus, they have the enriched experiences 
that occur when people are learning both how to 
learn and how to live together. 




THE COMMITMENT TO BE A 
PACE-SETTING INSTITUTION 

Eckerd College is nationally known for pioneering 
new programs designed to deal directly with the 
varying needs of college students. It has shown the 
will to improve education and the vision and 
courage to take steps that will facilitate the growth 
of students. Many of its programs of interdiscipli- 
nary study, independent study, international 
education, values inquiry, and student orientation 
and advising have become models for other 
educational institutions. Within the context of its 
objectives as a church-related college of the liberal 
arts and sciences, it continues to seek better ways 
of meeting its commitments. 



A SHARED COMMITMENT 

Every student upon entering Eckerd College is 
asked to sign a promise to uphold the following 
statement of Shared Commitment: 

The choice to join the community of scholars of 
Eckerd College commits each student to the 
values embodied in the mission and objectives of 
this church-related college of liberal arts and 
sciences. Inherent in this commitment is the 
responsibility: 

1. To use one's abilities and opportunities to 
pursue personal and academic growth and 
excellence. 

2. To exercise respect for human dignity in 
attitudes and relationships. 



3. To conduct oneself with integrity in academic 
work and as a citizen ot the college community. 

4. To respect the rights and property of other 
students and their need tor an environment 
conducive to scholarly work. 

5. To respect the rights and property of Eckerd 
College and to protect its reputation as a 
college of distinction with a student body of 
high quality. 

6. To respect and learn from human differences 
and the diversity of ideas and opinions. 

7. To seek out opportunities to prepare for a life 
of leadership and service. 

Each student's commitment to these ideals 
obligates that student to abide by college re- 
gulations and to work with others to prevent the 
following behaviors that threaten the freedom and 
respect that members of the Eckerd community 
enjoy: 

1 . Academic dishonesty 

2. Chronic interference with the right to study 

3. Willful destruction of property 

4. Theft 

5. Personal violence 

6. Bigotr\' 

7. Disruptive intoxication 

Thus all students share a commitment to excel- 
lence and to the creation of a college community 
in which they can take pride. 




THE ACADEMIC 
PROGRAM 

Since Eckerd College (then known as Florida 
Presbyterian College) opened its doors, it has 
earned a reputation for creating new and better 
opportunities for learning. Eckerd has been 
consistently rated among the foremost of Ameri- 
can colleges and universities. 

The college looks for superior methods of educating 
its students, not in order to be different, but to offer a 
more rewarding and useful educational experience. 

For example, you have probably come across such 
expressions as "4- 1-4," "winterim," "miniterm," 
"interim," or "winter term." (All of them mean 
essentially the same thing: separating the two 
terms of an academic year with a one month 
period of study on a single topic.) The winter term 
is an Eckerd College concept. This innovation was 
created and tested first on the Eckerd College 
campus; other colleges found it so exciting that 
they adopted it. 

Since the creation of the winter term in 1960, 
Eckerd has discovered and implemented other 
innovative ways of teaching. Perhaps the best way 
of providing you with an understanding of the 
Eckerd experience is to take you on a "verbal tour" 
of the academic program. 



THE MENTOR 

Shortly after you have been accepted as an Eckerd 
student, you will receive material about selection 
of a Mentor. The original Mentor was the guide 
and companion of Odysseus. As you are, in a 
sense, embarking on your odyssey, it is fitting that 
you have your own Mentor. 

Throughout your career at Eckerd, you will have 
continuing support and counsel from a faculty 
Mentor, who is more than the conventional 
faculty adviser. Mentors are faculty members who 
have been specially trained to help you in your 
academic program, career planning, and personal 
growth. You choose your own Mentor before you 
enter Eckerd, from a descriptive list of Mentors 
and projects. In your Freshman year, you will take 
at least one course from your Mentor, and together 
you will work out the rest of your academic 
program for the first academic year. 

\XTien you become an upperclass student, you may 
choose a new Mentor — a specialist in your area of 
academic concentration. The two of you will continue 
to plan your academic program, including indepen- 



dent and directed studies, internships, off-campus 
programs, work experience, career planning, foreign 
study, and the many other options that Eckerd offers. 



THE ACADEMIC CALENDAR 

Eckerd College follows a modified 4-1-4 calendar. The 
fall and spring semesters are fourteen weeks in length, 
and are each followed by examination periods. 
Courses during the semester are offered for the full 
fourteen weeks, and ordinarily a full-time student will 
enroll for four of these courses each semester. 

The three-week autumn term for Freshmen occurs 
prior to the beginning of the fall semester, while 
the four week winter temi (January) falls between 
the two regular semesters. During these shorter 
terms, students will enroll for no more than one 
academic project at a time. This format provides 
for independent investigation of a topic in a 
concentrated manner. 



THE AUTUMN TERM 

As a Freshman, you will start your Eckerd College 
experience in mid- August, when you enroll for 
autumn term. In contrast to the usual Freshman 
orientation of two or three days, autumn term lasts 
three weeks. It is designed for Freshmen only, and 
provides an intensive foretaste of college living 
and academic work. 

During autumn term, you will take one academic 
project, for credit, from your Mentor. This project is 
stimulating in content, teaches basic academic 
skills, and focuses on the interdisciplinary nature of 
learning. The course will give you a clear idea of 
what is expected of you at Eckerd. Autumn term 
provides an excellent opportunity for certain kinds 
of interest and competency testing that will allow 
you to begin your academic program in courses that 
are best suited to your current stage of development. 

You will also learn a great deal about living, 
working, and playing in a college community. The 
student Resident Adviser in your residence hall will 
be on hand during autumn term to help you make 
the transition into college life. In fact, the entire 
staff of the college and the autumn term faculty will 
participate with you in periods of inquiry, reflection, 
and fun. The sense of community that develops will 
assist you to take full advantage of the opportunities 
and resources available on campus. By the time the 
upperclass students return in September, you will be 
well established in campus life. For more informa- 
tion about autumn term see page 103. 



GENERAL EDUCATION 

An important part ot your studies throughout your 
career at Eckerd College will be in general 
education. 

During your Freshman year, you will take two 
classwide interdisciplinary courses called Western 
Heritage in a Global Context I and 11 that will 
explore the cultural riches of the past. Your 
discussion sections in these courses will be led by 
your Mentor. In addition you will be expected to 
demonstrate proficiency in oral communication 
skills and the ability to use information technol- 
ogy in the first year cultural heritage course and 
later in your chosen major; demonstrate writing 
competency by assembling a portfolio of your 
collegiate writing for evaluation by the faculty; 
take one college level computation course or 
demonstrate competency by examination; take 
one year of a foreign language or demonstrate 
competency at the first year by evaluation of the 
language faculty. 

During your years at Eckerd you will also take at 
least one course from each of four academic areas 
— the arts, humanities, natural sciences, and 
social sciences — and one course designated as an 
environmental perspective and one designated as 
a global perspective. 

Seniors will take Quest for Meaning. This course 
explores issues of purpose, value, and vocation 
through the lens of various religious and ethical 
traditions and includes a sustained service- 
learning project in which in-class ideas are 
translated into action. 



WINTER TERM 

Winter term is a special tour-week period in 
January that emphasizes independent study. You 
may enroll in projects designed by professors, or 
design your own with the sponsorship of a 
professor. 

All winter term projects must have strong 
academic merit. A typical project requires you to 
select a subject, gather information, organize it, 
and present it as a paper, a short story, a painting, a 
perfomiance, or a piece of equipment. Freshmen 
may take a winter term in addition to autumn 
tenn and substitute this fifth short term for one of 
the 32 courses required tor graduation or for a 
Winter TenTi in the sophomore or junior year. The 
Leadership and Self-Discovery Practicum for 
Freshmen (see page 7) may not substitute for a 



Winter Term. The Winter Term in the Senior year 
is usually spent working on a comprehensive 
examination or senior thesis or project required for 
completion of a major. 

Many colleges have followed Eckerd College's 
example in adopting a winter term program, 
making it possible to exchange students and to 
increase the range of projects offered. Eckerd 
College also cooperates with other 4-1-4 colleges 
in sponsoring winter term projects abroad or in 
major cities and interesting locations in the 
United States. Many Winter Term projects 
include at least eight contact hours per week, 
which meets the Veteran's Administration 
standards for full tuition benefits. For more 
infonnation about Winter Term see page 103. 

For a special Freshman Leadership and Self- 
Discovery Program during Winter Term, see the 
Foundation Collegium, #5, page 7. 

THE COLLEGIUM CONCEPT 

During the past few years, educators have become 
aware that the traditional division of learning into 
academic "departments" is not necessarily the best 
way to organize the educational process. Increas- 
ingly popular among colleges is the interdiscipli- 
nary major, in which the student combines courses 
from two or more disciplines to form an individual 
academic program. At Eckerd, we have established 
interdisciplinary "collegia," which encourage new 
combinations of studies and demonstrate the 
interrelatedness of knowledge. 

The word "collegium" goes back to medieval days, 
when it meant a fellowship of equals (i.e., persons 
communicating without artificial obstacles to 
discourse) pursuing a common objective (which in 
Eckerd's case is learning). The word vividly 
describes what we are trying to do: to bring you 
(the student) together with a highly knowledge- 
able person (the professor) in an atmosphere 
where you can debate freely, challenge one 
another's viewpoints, learn together. 

In a collegium, subjects are grouped according to 
the intellectual discipline required to master them. 
You learn mathematics and physics in similar 
ways, for example; but you learn dance differently, 
and a foreign language in still another way. 

Eckerd faculty members choose to atfiliate with a 
particular collegium, depending upon their 
approach to their subject. You will do the same. 
At the end oi your Freshman year you will focus 



upon a major or area of concentration and affiliate 
with the collegium that best suits your perception 
of that study. Your concentration does not have to 
lie in a single field, such as history or hiolog^'. You 
can create your own concentration hy combining 
those studies that will help you achieve your 
career or professional goal. For example, if you 
wish to become an environmental economist, you 
can combine economics and biology, thus creating 
your own concentration to fit your own goal. The 
collegium concept makes this interdisciplinary 
approach to learning a natural one that is easy to 
accomplish. 

Eckerd sees the members of a collegium — 
students and faculty' alike — as partners in 
learning. Professors bring high expectation to the 
learning process; students are expected to become 
independent learners and researchers, able to take 
maximum advantage of their professors' strong 
qualifications. Each collegium has its own 
decision-making group, composed of professors 
and students, which gives students an important 
voice in the academic decisions of the college. 



THE FOUNDATIONS 
COLLEGIUM 

Eckerd College provides a special, perhaps unique, 
program tor all Freshmen through the Foundations 
Collegium. This is the first-year home for students, 
helping them to establish a foundation for their 
upper-level studies. The collegium's program 
includes four important parts with a fifth option: 

1 . Autumn Term. Freshmen arrive in mid-August 
to take a three-week course before the opening of 
the fall semester early in September. EXiring this 
time, they also complete their testing, orientation, 
and registration. Freshmen choose from 18 
projects limited to about 20 students each. The 
professor for that course will be the Mentor for 
those students. 

2. Mentorship. Eckerd College has expanded the 
notion of the academic adviser to allow more help, 
care, and encouragement to its students. Each 
Freshman has a Mentor from the faculty' who 
helps to guide him or her through the Freshman 
year. 

3. Western Heritage in a Global Context. All 

Freshmen are required to take Western Heritage in 
a Global Context I (fall) and Western Heritage in 
a Global Context II (spring). These courses 
explore central concepts and materials of civiliza- 
tion and introduce Freshmen to the themes of 



Eckerd College's general education program. 
Western Heritage in a Global Context courses are 
interdisciplinary', using lecture and discussion 
formats. The discussion sections are the same 
groups, with the same instructor, as the autumn 
term groups. 

4. Skills Development. Every student must 
demonstrate proficiency, or take courses to 
develop skills, in composition, foreign language, 
information technology, oral, and quantitative 
skills. For more details see page 1 7 under Degree 
Requirements, and under Composition in the 
course listings. Foundations also provides a 
Writing Center to assist students with their 
writing and an oral communication laboratory to 
help them improve their speaking skills. 

5. The Leadership and Self -Discovery Program. 

First year students have the opportunity to 
participate in an optional winter term designed 
specially for them. The Leadership and Self- 
Discovery Program enables students to develop a 
better understanding of their own personal 
attributes and possibilities while improving their 
learning skills, life planning skills, and leadership 
skills. The goal of LSDP, which combines worth- 
while learning with enjoyable experiences, is to 
provide first year students with the enhanced skills 
and knowledge that will help them get the most 
from an Eckerd College education. The cost of the 
program is a significantly reduced tuition fee plus 
room, board, and fees. The Leadership and Self- 
Discovery Practicum substitutes for one of the 32 
courses required for graduation. It does not fulfill a 
Winter Tenn requirement. 

At the end of the Freshman year, students choose 
an upper-level collegium and a new Mentor; any 
students still unsure of what to choose can get 
help from the Foundations office and/or Career 
Counseling. 



THE UPPER DIVISION 
COLLEGIA 

THE COLLEGIUM OF 
BEHAVIORAL SCIENCE 

Members of the Behavioral Science Collegium 
believe that the urgent problems of today — 
racism, environmental pollution, overpopulation, 
world hunger and crime — are problems of human 
behavior. Therefore, there is much to be gained by 
developing methodological and conceptual tools 
to understand better both individual and collec- 
tive behavior. Students will take introductory 
courses in psychology or sociology. In addition, 
courses are available in the fields of economics, 
sociology, psychology, management, political 
science, business administration, finance, account- 
ing, marketing, and statistics. 

THE COLLEGIUM OF 
COMPARATIVE CULTURES 

The Collegium of Comparative Cultures seeks to 
promote an understanding of the breadth of human 
cultural achievements through languages, area 
studies, anthropology, international business, and 
related disciplines. The Collegium serves as both a 
window and a gateway to the cultures of the world: 
a window for those who learn in the classroom from 
professors who have lived and studied in other 
cultures; a gateway for those who wish to visit these 
cultures after preparatory study on campus. 
Language study in Chinese, French, Gemian, 
Italian, Japanese, Spanish, or Russian can be 
integrated into a major program, an interdiscipli- 
nary concentration with another discipline (such as 
management, political science, or comparative 
literature), or it may simply serve to round out a 
student's liberal arts program. Anthropology allows 
students to learn about the peoples and cultures of 
the world, past and present, while becoming well 
versed in the research methods, theoretical 
perspectives (such as culture change) and practice 
applications of anthropology in today's world. Some 
students may decide to plan their studies around a 
particular area of the world. In such cases, the 
International Education office gives assistance in 
planning appropriate study-abroad experiences. 
Comparative Cultures graduates have chosen 
careers in teaching, inteqireting, foreign service, 
religious vocations or international business. 



THE COLLEGIUM OF 
CREATIVE ARTS 

Creative Arts Collegium faculty are dedicated to 
promoting the development of creativity in each 
person and the integration of the physical, 
emotional, intellectual, and spiritual dimensions 
of the self. Sharing a belief in the value of 
experiential learning, members of the Collegium 
recognize that students learn as much through 
experiencing the creative process as in the 
completion of a product. In addition to the 
programs in art, music, theatre, and creative 
writing, where students are encouraged to explore 
and express their talents within the context of 
freedom with responsibility, the Collegium 
includes the human development program where 
learning to help others realize their full potential is 
the primary goal. Interdisciplinary study, indepen- 
dent work, and application of knowledge in the 
community are fostered in the Creative Arts 
Collegium. 



THE COLLEGIUM OF LETTERS 

The Collegium of Letters is composed of students 
and faculty who have in common an interest in 
human beings, past and present — their history, 
literary and artistic products, religious commit- 
ments, political involvements, and philosophical 
groupings. TTie study of who we are by looking at 
what we are doing and the works and institutions 
created by our predecessors provides the relevance, 
vitality, and excitement of our program. This 
humane interest has value in and of itself. In 
addition, it provides a fundamental background for 
a wide variety of futures — vocational or through 
professional and graduate schools — as the 
experience of our graduates attests. 



THE COLLEGIUM OF 
NATURAL SCIENCES 

The Collegium of Natural Sciences brings 
together biologists, chemists, environmentalists, 
earth scientists, marine scientists, computer 
scientists, mathematicians, physicists, and those 
interested in the health professions, including 
medicine, veterinary medicine, dentistry and 
medical technology. 

The major emphasis of the Collegium is on dae 
development of the skills of observation, experimental 
design, problem-solving, research and the study of the 
principles and concepts that are necessary to successful 



scientific investigation. The prograiiis in the natural 
sciences are geared to provide students with informa- 
tion and techniques that can he applied to the 
problems of a changing society. 



ment to individual attention, and its desire to help 
students learn how to effectively navigate the 
infomiation maze. To learn more about the library, 
visit our website at www.eckerd.edu/library. 



THE ECKERD COLLEGE 
LIBRARY 

The library- supports the educational mission of 
the college by providing facilities, resources and 
services designed to enhance student learning. In 
this constantly changing and increasingly complex 
world the ability' to locate and use needed 
information has become a crucial skill. Tlie library 
staff's primary goal is to help students achieve 
competency in this endeavor. Instruction begins in 
Autumn Term and progresses through upperclass 
le\'els where students are encouraged to make use 
of sophisticated computer technology, as well as 
more traditional print resources. During all four 
years the emphasis is on providing the personal 
attention that makes for a quality learning 
experience. 

Designed to meet the needs of undergraduate 
students and conveniently located in the center of 
the campus, the library's book collection contains 
over 125,000 volumes. In addition, the library' 
subscribes to 840 periodicals and provides access 
to thousands of others through a variety' of 
electronic resources. The library's catalog and 
electronic subscriptions are accessible via both the 
campus Intranet and, in most cases, the World 
Wide Web. To augment its own holdings, the 
library has a reciprocal borrowing agreement with 
the Poynter Library at the University of South 
Florida - St. Petersburg and provides computerized 
interlibrary loan access to thousands of other 
libraries throughout the United States. 

In the spring of 2002 the College announced the 
receipt of two gifts totaling $13 million for the 
construction of a new state-of-the-art library 
facility. Overlooking the Chapel Pond, it will 
provide an open and inviting environment for 
both study and leisure reading as well as provide 
for continued collection growth and universal 
computer connectivity. This new facility will 
enable us to provide well into the 2 P' century not 
only the resources and training necessary for 
academic and professional success, but for those 
personally enriching encounters that are the 
hallmark of the liberal arts tradition. Indeed, the 
library staff is fully committed to this tradition, 
priding itself on its approachability, its commit- 



THE CO^CURRICULAR 
PROGRAM 

The philosophy of the Co-curricular Program at 
Eckerd College is shaped by the convictions that 
significant intentional learning takes place both 
within and beyond the classroom, that there 
should be coordination and integration between a 
student's academic and co-curricular learning 
experiences, and that a student should be given an 
opportunity to pursue learning activities in each of 
the major co-curricular areas. These include 
community service, career exploration, cultural 
appreciation, leadership development, health and 
fitness, and spiritual and religious pursuits. 

Students are given manifold opportunities to 
pursue learning activities beyond the classroom 
and to document co-curricular involvement and 
special recognitions on their Co-curricular 
Transcripts. Eckerd College is among a small 
number of colleges that utilizes a formal transcript 
to certify co-curricular activity. The Co-curricular 
Transcript system at Eckerd College illustrates the 
high value that the College places on co-curricular 
learning and provides a valuable official record 
that students may utilize when applying for 
professional positions, graduate program admis- 
sion, and other post-graduate opportunities. A 
student should contact the Campus Activities 
office in Brown Hall to establish a Co-curricular 
Transcript file. 













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INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY 
SERVICES 

In recent years, Eckerd college has made major 
in\'estments in information technology. A fiber 
optic netw'ork using high-speed ATM technology has 
been extended to every donnitory, classroom 
building and office building on campus. There are 
general purpose computing labs, including small labs 
in domiitory clusters, and more specialized labs, such 
as the scientific computing lab and those in the 
physics, chemistry, biology, marine science, math- 
ematics, psychology, and creative arts areas. 
Microsoft Office and many specialized software 
packages are installed on these systems or accessible 
via local area networks. Scanning stations, laser and 
color ink jet printers and other peripheral equipment 
are also provided. Full-time professional staff and 
student lab assistants ser\'e the campus community in 
many of these labs and in other settings as well. 

Each student has an email account, and on- 
campus residents have voice mail and cable TV 
available in their dorm rooms. Donns, classrooms, 
and labs are wired into the campus network and 
connected to the Internet through a high-speed 
Tl line. Many classrooms and auditoriums have 
permanent video-data projectors, and there is also 
a video production studio. The library has a state- 
of-the-art automation system and a multitude of 
information resources available on the World 
Wide Web and on CD-ROMs. 

The Director of Instructional Technology Pro- 
grams serves as an in-house consultant to faculty 
who want to redesign their courses to make better 
use of technology, and the Academic Resource 
Center provides hardware, software, and network- 
ing support to those faculty members. 

Eckerd College intends to remain technologically 
advanced and to provide both its students and its 
faculty with tools that can make the academic 
process both more effective and more efficient. 



SPECIAL ACADEMIC 
PROGRAMS 

PRE'PROFESSIONAL 
PROGRAMS 

Eckerd College regards liberal education as 
essential to thorough professional training and 
unites a broad freedom of student choice with 
graduate education in a number of fields: for law 
and medical school, medical technology, the 
ministry, engineering, management, business 
administration, and selected public service, human 
development and community professions. 

Eckerd seeks to provide pre-professional ex- 
perience through intensively supervised intern- 
ships rather than by professional and pre- 
professional courses that tend to limit the scope 
and quality of liberal education. Students in 
management take certain specialized courses, such 
as accounting, and prepare themselves through 
internships carefully planned with the Mentor of 
the management program. Similarly, human 
relations occupations involve a thorough liberal 
arts base, to which are added supervised field and 
employment experiences designed to meet the 
particular interest and need of the student. 




10 




ENGINEERING AND 
APPLIED SCIENCE — 
DUAL DEGREE PROGRAM 

The engineering and applied science program is 
designed for students who wish to combine a 
broad, values-oriented knowledge base with one of 
many fields of engineering or applied science. 
Students may pursue a career in applied science or 
one of many engineering disciplines including 
electrical, civil, chemical, industrial, aerospace, 
textile, nuclear, biomedical, or systems engineer- 
ing. Students complete all requirements for majors 
at both institutions. 

Students apply to Eckerd College for regular 
admission and spend three years at Eckerd taking 
mathematics and science courses that will qualify 
them to enter an engineering program at the 
Junior level. In general, students take Calculus 1, 
11, and III; Differential Equations; General 
Chemistry I and II; Fundamental Physics I and II; 
and Introduction to Computer Science, along 
with the general education requirements and the 
requirements of an Eckerd College major. Some of 
the courses required for the Eckerd College major 
may be completed at the other institution. The 
detailed curriculum depends on the student's 
choice of engineering college and specific degree 
program. Students may attend an engineering 
winter term before they transfer to the engineering 
college. 



Upon successful completion of the three-year 
portion of the program (requirements of grade 
point average vary somewhat) and recommen- 
dation of Eckerd College, a student is admitted to 
an engineering college, where the dual-degree 
requirements may normally be completed in two 
years. The student is then awarded degrees from 
both Eckerd College and the engineering school. 

At present, Eckerd cooperates in dual-degree 
programs in engineering and applied science with 
Washington University (St. Louis), Auburn 
University, the University of Miami, Columbia 
University and Georgia Institute of Technology. 
Students may also apply to engineering schools 
with which we do not have formal agreements. 
Many engineering schools accept transfer stu- 
dents. Several such schools have supplied us with 
advice and information on which courses would 
best prepare students to transfer into engineering 
at the Junior level. 

Due to the sequential prerequisite requirements, it 
is vital for dual degree candidates to obtain 
counseling early in their careers at Eckerd College. 



RESERVE OFFICERS TRAINING 
CORPS (ROTC) 

Eckerd College provides both an Air Force and 
Army ROTC program through cross-enrollment 
agreement with the University of South Florida in 
Tampa. 



11 



Air Force ROTC 

Students who complete the program, which 
consists of either a four year or two year program, 
are commissioned as second lieutenants and 
guaranteed a position in the active Air Force. 
Completion of 12-16 course hours of instruction 
and enrollment in a weekly, non-credit leadership 
laboratory are recjuired of all students. 



Army ROTC 

Students who complete the program, which 
consists of four courses in military science, a weekly 
leadership laboratory, and one summer camp, are 
commissioned in the United States Army. 

Both programs are open to men and women, and 
scholarships are available on a competitive basis to 
qualified students. See ROTC under the course 
description section of this catalog. 

RAHALL COMMUNICATION 
PROGRAM 

The purpose of the Farris and Victoria Rahall 
Communication Program is to help students 
develop effective oral communication skills; teach 
the fundamental principles of fair, responsible and 
ethical journalism; and provide practical experi- 
ence through internships. In addition to offering 
courses in media ethics, the Rahall Professor of 
Communication works closely with faculty across 
the curriculum to provide opportunities for 
students to develop their speaking skills and with a 
variety of media firms in the Tampa Bay area to 
place students on internships in the communica- 
tion industry. 

THE WRITING CENTER 

The purpose of the Writing Center is to enhance 
student learning by helping students to become 
more organized in investigating and more articu- 
late in formulating ideas. Working closely with the 
Foundations Collegium, the staff and tutors of the 
Writing Center aid students who wish to improve 
writing skills and competence in research. 
Assistance is offered to all Eckerd students, with 
special workshops on preparation of Writing 
Competency portfolios, tutoring for non-native 
writers, consulting on Senior theses, and indi- 
vidual help on all writing tasks. 



Resources include 18 Macintosh workstations, 
desktop publishing, CD-ROM databases, software 
for collaborative writing, word processing, data 
graphics, design, page layout, hypermedia; a library 
of composition theory and pedagogy; professional 
and peer consultants. 



THE CENTER FOR THE 
APPLIED LIBERAL ARTS 

Through its Center for the Applied Liberal Arts 
(CALA), Eckerd College provides off-campus and 
experiential learning opportunities aimed at 
enhancing students' academic and personal 
development, and bridging their transition from 
college to graduate study or employment. The 
programs of the Center include study abroad 
experiences, domestic and international intern- 
ships, service learning opportunities, career 
planning assistance, and graduate and professional 
school admissions resources. The Center is 
comprised of the Office of International Education 
and Off-Campus Programs, the Office of Career 
Resources, and the Office of the Associate Dean 
and Director of CALA. Adjunct resources also 
are drawn from the Oifice of Campus Activities 
and the Office of Service Ministry. 

The approach of the center is integrative and 
holistic. The student is encouraged to begin the 
process of career exploration early and, with his or 
her mentor, plan an academic program, internship 
experiences, service learning projects, and study 
abroad experiences that both flow from and 
enhance the student's ongoing process of career 
exploration. Students face a myriad of career 
choices and a graduate school and employment 
environment that is dynamic and competitive. 
From the moment that first year students arrive for 
Autumn Term, the resources of the Center are 
available to assist them. 



INTERNATIONAL EDUCATION 

Eckerd College believes that a liberally educated 
person should be at home in other cultures and 
tries to give every student the chance to study 
abroad. Consequently, Eckerd offers a variety of 
overseas programs, including short terms in the 
winter and summer, and full year or semester 
programs for students in almost all majors. 



12 




Winter Term Abroad 

Eckerd's annual winter term offerings overseas 
each January are nationally recognized. Programs 
are led by Eckerd faculty members who have 
professional expertise in the country visited. 
Projects vary each year, but typically programs are 
available in such places as Italy, England, Greece, 
Austria, Mexico, Russia, South America, Asia, 
and the Caribbean. 



Semester and Year Abroad 

Varied locations and curricula provide a wide 
range of opportunities. Programs are available in 
London where the Eckerd College Study Centre is 
staffed by both American and British faculty. 
Eckerd also has exchange arrangements with two 
universities in Japan - Kansai Gaidai near Osaka 
and Nanzan University in Nagoya - and with 
Ewha Womans University in Seoul, Korea as well 
as with United Kingdom institutions in Plymouth, 
Aberdeen, and Glasgow. TTirough our affiliation 
with the International Student Exchange Program 
(ISEP) many exchange opportunities worldwide 
are available, and recently students have spent a 
year or semester in locations such as Sweden, 
Korea, Mexico, the Netherlands, Australia, 
Germany, Argentina, Uruguay, and France. 

The Office of International Education seeks to 
provide students with study abroad programs best 
suited to their particular academic needs. 



Summer Term Abroad 

Study abroad opportunities may be available 
during the summer months in a variety of loca- 
tions. Offerings change from year to year, and may 
cover a broad range of topics. The Program for 
Experienced Learners (PEL), in cooperation with 
the International Education office, plans summer 
term programs that are open to all students. 



Previous programs have included study/travel to 
London, Paris, Greece, and Mexico. The Interna- 
tional Education office provides catalogs and 
resource materials for students to review when 
planning independent study/travel projects.. 



Off -Campus Programs 

Our academic calendar pennits off-campus study 
for periods of one month (January), one semester 
(14 weeks), and up to a full academic year. 
Upperclass students are encouraged to take 
advantage of programs and facilities not available 
at Eckerd through the off-campus program. It is 
possible to participate in group projects with a 
faculty leader or to contract independent studies 
of the student's own design. During winter term 
(January), group projects such as an archaeological 
dig in the Southwest, government operations in 
Washington, DC, or urban problems in Chicago 
are possible. Independent projects for individual 
students have been undertaken in industry, the 
Argonne Laboratories, marine research, and at an 
Indian reservation. The winter term, through 
cooperation with other schools having a similar 
calendar, provides for intensive projects on other 
campuses throughout the United States. 

The Off -Campus Programs office in GALA assists 
students in making arrangements, preparing 
contracts, and providing information and ideas 
related to various choices. The subject of the 
project determines the particular off-campus 
location. 



Sea Semester 

Eckerd College provides an opportunity for 
qualified students to earn a semester of credit in an 
academic, scientific, and practical experience 
leading to a realistic understanding of the sea, 
sponsored by the Sea Education Association, Inc. 
(S.E.A.). 

Students spend the first half of the semester (the 
six-week shore component) in Woods Hole, 
Massachusetts, receiving instruction in ocean- 
ography, nautical science and maritime studies. 
They then go to sea for the second half of the 
semester (the six-week sea component) for a 
practical laboratory experience. For course 
descriptions see page 98. Students interested in 
the Sea Semester are required to make application 
through the International Education and Off- 
Campus Programs office. 



13 



CAREER RESOURCES 

A liberal education should not be considered 
separate from the economic, social, and political 
realities of life. With increasing insistence, 
employers and professional associations are asking 
career-minded students to relate fundamental 
education in liberal arts fields to long-range plans. 
Further, they stress the value of a solid liberal arts 
background for business or professional careers. 

Woven into your academic program during your 
four years at Eckerd is a program to help you 
examine your career and professional goals. The 
Office of Career Resources offers one or more of a 
variety of experiences: one-to-one and group 
career counseling to assist in making decisions 
which integrate academic programs, career 
planning, and general lifestyle; internship and 
field experience placements which involve unpaid 
work experiences or observation either with a 
professional person or in a special social environ- 
ment; paid work experiences related to current 
academic studies and long-range career goals; 
discipline internships such as community studies, 
leisure studies, or management; and placement 
services to assist you in finding part-time and 
summer employment while in school, but prima- 
rily to enable you to select either the appropriate 
post-graduate education or the vocational career 
that fits your personal aptitudes, desires, and 
objectives. 

EXPERIENTIAL AND 
COMMUNITY-BASED 
LEARNING 

Among the better ways for a student to test the 
waters of an intended career path, or gain neces- 
sary experience in a field, is to complete a formal 
internship, shadow a working professional, or 
engage in a service learning activity. The com- 
bined resources of the offices of Career Resources, 
Campus Activities, and Service Ministry enable 
the Center for Applied Liberal Arts to offer 
students a variety of options in experiential and 
community-based learning. 

The Center maintains a bank of cooperating sites 
in which to place students in paid or unpaid field 
experiences in a variety of fields and academic 
disciplines. A student may pursue a field experi- 
ence as a co-curricular activity or, when appropri- 
ate, as a formal credit-bearing internship. Such an 
internship requires the approval and sponsorship 



of an Eckerd College faculty member. 

The responsibilities that constitute the shared 
commitment of members of the Eckerd commu- 
nity include the responsibility to seek out opportu- 
nities to prepare for a life of leadership and service. 
Students may pursue community service as a co- 
curricular volunteer activity or as a part of a class 
that has been designed by the professor with a 
service option or requirement. Such a class 
integrates a relevant service experience into the 
work of the course in ways that address specific 
community needs while furthering the learning 
objectives of the course. Courses that have a 
service learning option or requirement have been 
offered both on campus and in conjunction with 
travel experiences to other regions of the country 
or the world. 



INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS 

Eckerd College has been committed to inter- 
national education since its inception. While we 
continue to provide opportunities for students to 
enrich their education abroad (see International 
Education page 13) one need go no further than 
the campus itself to experience a taily cosmopoli- 
tan environment. The International Student 
Affairs office sponsors support programs and 
activities for students coming from more than 65 
different nations to pursue a variety of studies 
here. There are two distinct groups of interna- 
tional students at Eckerd College: those who study 
in the ELS Language Center and those who are 
degree seeking students. 

These international students enrich the campus 
environment with their diverse cultural origins 
and ethnic backgrounds by providing face-to face 
opportunities for cross-cultural exchange in 
classroom and other settings. The breadth of this 
experience is celebrated annually during the 
Festival of Cultures with exhibits, entertainment, 
and ethnic delicacies from around the world. 



SUMMER TERM 

TTe summer term is an eight-week tenn consisting 
of two four-week sessions. Courses are available in 
June (session A), July (session B), and through the 
full eight-week summer term. A preliminary 
announcement of courses and fees is published in 
April. Regularly enrolled Eckerd students and 
students enrolled and in good standing at other 
colleges and universities are eligible for admission. 



14 



High school students who have completed their 
Sophomore year and present evidence (usually a 
transcript and a recommendation from a principal 
or counselor) of their ahility to do introductory 
level college work, are eligible for admission with a 
scholarship which covers 50 percent of the regular 
tuition. Students entering Eckerd in the summer 
with the intention of becoming degree candidates 
must make formal application tor admission to the 
Dean of Admissions. 

Summer courses may replace courses missed during 
the academic year or accelerate graduation. 
Additional infomiation about summer term courses 
maybe obtained from the Summer School office. 

PROGRAM FOR EXPERIENCED 
LEARNERS 

The Program for Experienced Learners (PEL) is a 
degree-completion program designed specifically 
for adult learners who are strongly motivated, yet 
have career or personal obligations which keep 
them from enrolling in a more traditional degree 
program. Because of the flexible and personal 
nature of the program, most students are able to 
continue working full-time while pursuing the 
bachelor's degree. 

PEL was founded on the belief that learning is not 
necessarily limited to a formal classroom setting. 
Credit may be awarded when experiential learning 
is comparable to academic coursework, relevant to 
academic goals, and well documented. 



Admissions Requirements 

Qualities such as personal commitment, perse- 
verance and self-discipline are necessary for 
success in PEL. 

Basically, the guidelines for admission are: 

1 . Applicants must be at least 25 years of age. 

2. Applicants must have a high school diploma 
or high school equivalency diploma. College 
experience is desirable; transfer credit for "C" 
or better grades will be awarded when 
ctxirsework is appropriate for a liberal arts and 
sciences education and is relevant to career 
goals. 

3. Applicants must complete an application, 
including an essay, and demonstrate goals 
consistent with program objectives and the 
ability and motivation to benefit from the 
program. 

4. Following admission, students must complete 
the required Life, Learning and Vocation 
course with a C or better grade. 



Meeting Degree Requirements 

The Bachelor's degree requires successful comple- 
tion of a minimum of 36 courses. PEL students 
may meet degree requirements through transfer 
credit, experiential learning, fomial courses, 
directed or independent study, tutorials, travel/ 
study programs, and residential program courses. 
PEL offers courses in St. Petersburg, North 
Pinellas, Tampa, Sarasota, Seminole, and Venice. 




15 



Major and Degrees 

PEL students are awarded either the Bachelor of 
Arts or Bachelor of Science degree, the same 
degrees conferred in the residential program. 
Students pursue a variety of majors or con- 
centrations, including business management, 
human development, organizational studies, 
American studies, interdisciplinary humanities, 
creative writing, information systems, visual arts, 
and others. The degree preserves the basic features 
of the Eckerd College program by emphasizing the 
liberal arts as part of each student's education, but 
also recognizes the importance of relating general 
knowledge to special career concerns. 

Financial Aid 

Several types of financial aid are available to 
qualified students, including the Pell Grant, 
Florida Resident Access Grant, Federally Insured 
Student Loans, and VA benefits. 

NX^en Eckerd College started the Program for 
Experienced Learners, it set PEL tuition rates 
considerably lower than those for the Residential 
Program. Given this tuition discount, Eckerd 
College scholarships that are available for students 
in the Residential Program may not be used in the 
Program for Experienced Learners. There are, 
however, some specific scholarships for PEL 
students, and short term loan funds that have been 
established to assist qualified PEL students. 
Contact PEL Financial Services at (727)864-8981 
or (800)234-4735. 

Another popular form of financial assistance for 
the PEL students is through tuition reimbursement 
programs sponsored by private corporations and 
government agencies. Many PEL students have 
tound that their employers are very cooperative in 
helping to meet their college expenses. Informa- 
tion on private loans and payment plans is also 
available. 



For More Information 

Additional information regarding the Program for 
Experienced Learners may be obtained on the 
website: www.eckerd.edu/pel or by contacting the 
Program for Experienced Learners, Eckerd 
College, 4200 54th Avenue South, St. Petersburg, 
R 33711; phone (727) 864-8226 or 
(800)234-4735; e-mail: pel@eckerd.edu. 



THE ECKERD COLLEGE 
ALUMNI ASSOCIATION 

The Eckerd College Alumni Association (ECAA) 
has as its dual mission to provide support and 
services for the alumni of Eckerd College and to 
support Eckerd College in its mission to provide 
the best possible educational experiences to the 
students of today and tomorrow. To this end, the 
ECAA is involved with communications, events, 
and annual student scholarship support through a 
variety of programs that range from regular 
publications, special events, and a network of over 
20 chapters and clubs, to cooperative program- 
ming with Academics, Admissions, Career 
Services, the Eckerd College Organization of 
Students, International Education, and Student 
Affairs. Offering a platform for a life-long 
relationship with Eckerd College, the ECAA's 
activities are directed by a 25-member board of 
directors, and are supported by the professional 
staff of the Offices of Alumni Relations and 
Advancement. Inquiries should be addressed to 
Director, Alumni Relations, Eckerd College, 4200 
54''' Avenue South, St. Petersburg, Florida 3371 1. 
Phone (727) 864-8219; fax (727) 864-8423; 
email: fiddlecrab@eckerd.edu. Web site address: 
www.eckerdalumni.com. 



THE ACADEMY OF SENIOR 
PROFESSIONALS 

The Academy of Senior Professionals at Eckerd 
College (ASPEC) has a mission to continue to 
enrich the quality of life and learning through 
engagement with members, students, faculty and the 
community. It is devoted to the development of 
multi-generational collegiate learning, scholarly 
activity, research, writing and the encouragement of 
individual or group projects of importance to 
members, to the college and the broader community. 

ASPEC is a unique membership organization, 
composed of persons who have distinguished 
careers in education, business, the arts and 
sciences, government service, diplomacy, religion, 
medicine and health care, human services, 
engineering, military and similar endeavors. ^ 
Through lectures, forums, publications, and 
special projects members continue to share and 
contribute to human knowledge. 

Through both the Faculty and Student Colleague 
programs, career counseling, and other formal 
and information contacts, members contribute 



16 



their knowledge and experience in and out of 
the classroom. 

ASPEC is designed for those who have and will 
continue to "make a difference" in their profes- 
sions and communities. Its members enrich their 
cultural experiences, make constructive contribu- 
tions to society, and pursue their own interests in 
collaboration with congenial colleagues within the 
multi-generational educational community of 
Eckerd College. 

Most members have a home within a fifty mile 
radius of St. Petersburg and are in the region for at 
least three months of the year. 

Inquiries should be addressed to: Director, 
ASPEC, Eckerd College, 4200 54th Avenue 
South, St. Petersburg, Florida 33711. Phone (727) 
864-8834; fax (727) 864-2964; e-mail: 
allshomf@eckerd.edu. Web site address: http:// 
www. eckerd . edu/aspec . 



ACADEMIC POLICIES 

DEGREE REQUIREMENTS 

In order to graduate from Eckerd College, a 
student must spend at least four semesters and two 
short terms, including the Senior year, in the 
college or in an approved off-campus program. 

Any student who wishes to request an exemption 
from or a modification of an all-college require- 
ment may petition the Dean of Faculty using 
forms available in the Office of the Registrar. 
Petitions must include detailed reasons for the 
request, and receive prior approval from the 
student's Mentor and collegial chairperson. 



Bachelor of Arts Degree 

Unless modified in individual cases by action of 
the Dean of Faculty, the following requirements 
must be fulfilled by all students in order to qualify 
for formal recommendation by the faculty for the 
Bachelor of Arts degree: 

1 . The satisfactory completion of a minimum of 
32 courses plus an Autumn Term in the 
Freshman year and a Winter Term project in 
each subsequent year. 

a. A Freshman may take a winter term in 
addition to Autumn Term and substitute 
that Winter Term for one of the 32 
courses or for a Winter Term in the 
Sophomore or Junior year. The Leader- 



ship and Self-Discovery Practicum does 
not fulfill a Winter Term requirement. 

b. The Winter Term project in the Senior 
year normally consists of the preparation 
for comprehensive examinations, theses, 
or projects. 

2. Composition competency: each student must 
submit a portfolio of their own compositions 
to be evaluated. Specifications for the 
contents of the portfolio are available from 
the Director of Writing Excellence. 

Usually, the pieces in the portfolio are essays, 
reports, examinations, or creative work 
written in courses, and all students must 
submit portfolios for evaluation before the 
second semester of the Junior year. 

Students may not register for Senior projects, 
theses, or comprehensive examinations 
without having received writing competency 
for their portfolios. 

Composition courses and the Writing Center 
provide instruction in preparing writing 
competency portfolios; a student whose 
portfolio is judged inadequate must take a 
composition course before resubmitting 
his/her portfolio. 

Since portfolio evaluation is conducted only 
twice each year, students are strongly urged to 
consult with their Mentors and the Writing 
Center staff well before the March and 
October deadlines and to submit their 
portfolios before completing eighteen course 
credits. 

3. Foreign language (normally in the Freshman 
year): one year of foreign language at the 
college level or the equivalent as demon- 
strated by a college administered proficiency 
examination or the equivalent as determined 
by the language faculty. 

4. Information technology competency as 
demonstrated in the first year cultural 
heritage course and in the major or concen- 
tration. 

5. Oral competency (general), as demonstrated 
in the first year cultural heritage course and in 
the major or concentration. 

6. Quantitative competency (normally in the 
Freshman year): one college level mathemat- 
ics, computer science, formal logic or statistics 
course, or one course that uses the computer 
as a major learning tool, designated by an M 



17 



9. 



following the course number. Competency 
may also be satisfied by passing an appropriate 
proficiency examination administered by the 
college. 

Western Heritage in a Global Context I and 
II. First-time college students who enter with 
advanced standing as a result of credit and/or 
advanced placement earned in high school 
are still required to complete at least one 
semester of Western Heritage in a Global 
Context. Students for whom English is a 
second language and who have not resided in 
the mainland U.S. for more than two years 
may substitute WH 183G U.S. Area Studies 
for Western Heritage in a Global Context I, 
which shall also fulfill the requirement for a 
Global Perspective course. There is a special 
section of Western Heritage in a Global 
Context II for international students. 

One course in each of the four academic areas 
(Arts, Humanities, Natural Sciences, and 
Social Sciences) plus one course designated as 
an Environmental Perspective (E) and one 
course designated as a Global Perspective 
(G). 

Courses in the Arts: Communication (media 
any level; speaking 300 level in higher). 
Creative Arts Collegium (CR) courses 
(except the Resident Adviser Internship), 
Creative Writing, Music, Theatre, Visual Arts 
(including art history). 

Courses in the Humanities: American 
Studies, Classics, East Asian Humanities, 
Ford: The History of Ideas, Foreign Languages 
(300 level or higher). History, Letters 
Collegium (LT) courses. Literature, Philoso- 
phy, Religious Studies, Rhetoric (200 level or 
higher). Women's and Gender Studies. 

Courses in the Natural Sciences: Biology, 
Chemistry, Computer Science (200 level or 
higher). Environmental Studies (300 level or 
higher). Marine Science, Mathematics (200 
level or higher). Physics, Natural Sciences 
Collegium (NA) courses. 

Courses in the Social Sciences: Anthropol- 
ogy, Behavioral Sciences Collegium (BE) 
courses. Economics, Human Development, 
International Business, International Rela- 
tions, Management, Political Science, 
Psychology, Sociology. 

One course in the Senior year in The Quest 
for Meaning. 



10. College Program Series: Students attend at 
least four events each semester of their 
Freshman and Sophomore years from a 
selection of at least twelve events identified 
each semester as part of the College Program 
Series. These events include presentation of 
topics of current interest, artistic events, 
musical or dramatic productions, and events 
focusing on issues of meaning, purpose, and 
value. 

11. The completion of a major (from the list of 
38 majors formally approved by the faculty), 
or an independently designed area of con- 
centration. The area of concentration must 
be approved by three members of the faculty, 
with an approved study plan filed in the 
Registrar's office no later than fall semester of 
the Junior year. 

12. The satisfactory completion in the Senior 
year of a comprehensive examination, thesis, 
or creative project in the major or area of 
concentration with a grade of C or better. 
This culminating evaluation may include a 
test or other means for assessing the effective- 
ness of the college's academic programs . 

Bachelor of Science Degree 

The following requirements must be fulfilled by 
students in order to qualify for fornial recom- 
mendation by the faculty for the Bachelor of 
Science degree in one of the natural sciences : 

1 . The satisfactory completion of the course and 
all-college requirements as outlined in 
sections 1-12 above. 

2. Completion of a major or area of concen- 
tration in one of the natural sciences or 
mathematics, including the satisfactory 
completion of at least sixteen courses in the 
Natural Sciences Collegium, as specified by 
each discipline. 

Students majoring in the natural sciences or 
mathematics may earn the Bachelor of Arts 
degree by completing at least twelve but fewer 
than sixteen courses in the Natural Sciences 
Collegium, as specified by each discipline. '"- 

For either the B.S. or the B.A. degree, students 
majoring in the natural sciences or mathematics 
may substitute specified courses outside the 
Collegium to satisfy the minimum requirement for 
courses within the Collegium. Interested students 
should consult their Mentors for information on 



gaining approval for such substitutions. 

See each discipline's description in the course 
section of this catalog for specific requirements. 

For the requirement for the B.S. degree in 
psychology- see Psychology n the course section of 
this catalog. 

Degree Requirements for Transfer 
Students 

In order to graduate from Eckerd College, a 
transfer student must spend at least four semesters 
and two short terms, including the Senior year, in 
the college or in an approved off-campus program, 
for a minimum of 18 Eckerd College course 
credits. 

Students transferring to Eckerd College as 
Sophomores are considered exempt from Western 
Heritage in a Global Context, foreign language, 
the tirst year oral communication and first year 
information technology proficiency requirements, 
and quantitative requirements. 

All transfers must meet the following general 
education requirements: composition competency 
(i.e., writing portfolio), oral communication and 
technological competency in their major or 
concentration, and Quest for Meaning,. Transfer 
students may count transfer credits toward 
fulfilling academic area requirements but must 
complete an Eckerd environmental and global 
perspective course. The number of College 
Program Series events required of transfer students 
is determined by the student's class standing at the 
time of entry. 



FORD APPRENTICE 
SCHOLARS PROGRAM 

The Ford Apprentice Scholar Program at Eckerd 
College, initiated by a grant from the Ford 
Foundation, pro\'ides opportunity tor 20 selected 
Juniors each year to participate in a two year 
enhanced program designed to develop the skills 
and habits of professional scholars and to encour- 
age them to consider college and university 
teaching as a career. 

The students selected take a course in the Junior 
year in the history of ideas and do optional 
research with their Faculty Sponsors during the 
summer. In the Senior year, they work closely with 
the Faculty Sponsors in an enhanced major and 



take a Senior Colloquium. Funds are available for 
summer and research support. The two Ford 
courses may be used to fulfill the Humanities 
academic area requirement and either the Global 
or Environmental perspective requirement. 



THE HONORS PROGRAM 

The Honors Program at Eckerd College provides 
enhanced opportunities for independent study and 
research to students of outstanding ability. 
Selected students are brought together for close 
interaction and advanced work, such studies 
receiving permanent recognition on the students' 
transcripts. 

Honors students meet all general education 
requirements. In addition, first-year Honors 
students meet for additional special sessions of the 
college's two Freshman core courses, Western 
Heritage in a Global Context I and II, for which 
an extra course credit is awarded. In the second 
and third years of the Honors program, partici- 
pants take two courses designated as Honors 
courses as part of their general education require- 
ments. These Honors courses should represent 
different perspective or academic areas. Seniors in 
the Honors Program participate in a colloquium in 
which they present their Senior thesis research, 
creative projects, or their work for comprehensive 
examinations. 

Students who wish to be considered for the Honors 
Program in the Freshman year must file an accept- 
able application for admission to Eckerd College by 
February 15. In addition, interested students must 
file an application for the Presidential Scholarship 
competition by March 1 . The students selected as 
Presidential Scholars will be the group invited to 
the Freshman Honors program. Presidential 
Scholars are chosen by a committee of faculty- and 
students on the basis of high school academic 
records, personal essays, teacher recommendations, 
standardized test scores, and evidence of leadership 
and service to others. Interested students are 
encouraged to write the Dean of Admissions for 
additional information. 

New transfer students and students already 
enrolled in the college, including students who 
may have applied unsuccessfully to the Honors 
Program earlier, are also eligible for admission as 
vacancies in the program occur at the upper levels. 
Students who are interested in making application 
to the Honors Program after they are enrolled in 
the college should contact the director of the 
Honors Program. 

19 




NATIONAL HONORARY SOCIETIES 



The following National Honor Societies have 
chapters at Eckerd College: 

Alpha Kappa Delta - Sociology 

Requirements: Junior or Senior standing, an 
overall GPA of 3.0, a major in sociology, a GPA of 
3.0 in sociology courses, and at least four regular 
courses in sociology. The purpose of this society is 
to promote an interest in the study of sociology. 

Delta Phi Alpha - German 

Requirements: two years of college German, a 3.0 
average in German courses and 2.5 overall. New 
members must he elected unanimously. The 
society meets monthly, sponsors German-related 
events, off-campus speakers, and a weekly kaffee 
klatch for all students of German. 

Omicron Delta Epsilon - Economics 
Lamba Chapter in Florida 

Requirements: Junior or Senior standing, class 
rank in upper one-third with a 3.0 in economics 
courses and at least four economics courses The 
society recognizes the accomplishments of 
economics students. 

Omicron Delta Kappa - Leadership 

Requirements: Junior or Senior standing, 3.3 GPA 
or higher, he a member of the Eckerd College 
faculty, staff, or administration, be an alumni of 
the College or, in the case of an honoris causa 
induction, an individual with distinction in his or 
her chosen profession, or one who has rendered 



outstanding service through leadership. Members 
must demonstrate leadership in at least one of five 
areas: scholarship; athletics; campus or community 
service, social and religious activities, and campus 
government. 

Pi Mu Epsilon - Mathematics 
Gamma Chapter in Florida 

Requirements: at least two years of mathematics 
including Calculus I and II with at least a B 
average. The purpose is to promote scholarly 
activity in mathematics among students in 
academic institutions. 

Sigma Delta Pi - Spanish 

Requirements: three years, or the equivalent, of 
college Spanish with a 3.0 or better in all Spanish 
courses, and rank in upper 35 percent of class with 
a minimum of 2.75. The purpose is to promote 
scholarly activity in Spanish among students in 
academic institutions. 

Sigma Xi - Scientific Research 

Requirements: demonstrated aptitude for scientific 
research and intention to pursue a career in 
science, nomination by a Sigma Xi member based 
on such criteria as academic excellence, scientific 
research usually culminating in a paper, presenta- 
tion at a scientific meeting, or a senior thesis. The 
purpose is to advance scientific research, encour- 
age interdisciplinary cooperation, and assist the 
wider understanding of science. 



20 



MAJORS AND AREAS OF CONCENTRATION 



At Eckerd College, efforts are made to tailor 
programs of study to the particular needs and 
interests of individual students. To help guide 
students with the selection of courses, the faculty 
has approved a number of disciplinary and 
interdisciplinary majors. 



Brief descriptions of majors are included under 
each discipline heading in the course description 
section of this catalog. Students desiring more 
specific information about major programs should 
consult their Mentors, coUegial chairpersons and 
discipline coordinators. A list of the 
facult^'-approved majors follows. 



American Studies 

Anthropology 

Biochemistry 

Biology 

Business Administration 

Chemistry 

Communication 

Comparative Literature 

Computer Science 

Creative Writing 



East Asian Studies 

Economics 

Environmental Studies 

French 

German 

History 

Human Development 

Humanities 

International Business 

International Relations 



International Studies 

Literature 

Management 

Marine Science 

Mathematics 

Modem Languages 

Music 

Philosophy 

Philosophy/Religion 

Physics 



Political Science 
Psychology 
Religious Studies 
Russian Studies 
Sociology 
Spanish 
Theatre 
Visual Arts 
Women's and Gender 
Studies 



A major or concentration must require at least 
eight but no more than sixteen courses, of which 
at least eight in a discipline major must he in the 
discipline. No major or concentration can require 
more than twelve courses in one discipline. 

Students desiring to design their own programs of 
study are encouraged to develop an individualized 



area of concentration in cooperation with their 
Mentors. The proposed plan of study must 
ultimately be approved and have identified with it 
a specific committee of at least three faculty 
members. The approved study plan must he filed 
in the Registrar's office early in the Junior year. 



ACADEMIC CREDIT 

Credit toward a degree is awarded for satisfactory 
course completion, independent study, directed 
study, academic work certified by another 
accredited degree-granting institution, and 
proficiency demonstrated by examination. 

Ordinarily credit is earned by course completion. 
A normal full-time academic load is eight courses 
plus an autumn tenn in the Freshman year and 
eight courses plus a winter term project in each 
subsequent year. 

Credit may be earned through independent study 
by students who exhibit both the self-discipline 
and mastery of the methodologies demanded by 
the subject matter selected by the student. An 
independent study project is designed by a student 
in consultation with the professor who is to 
supervise and evaluate the work. An academic 
contract, drawn in advance, specifies the subject 
and method of inquiry, the texts, the purpose of 
the project, and the basis of evaluation and credit. 
Each contract must be approved by the Dean of 



Faculty. Independent study options are available 
for both on and off-campus opportunities. 
Freshmen are not permitted to take off-campus 
independent studies. Independent study forms 
are available from the Registrar. 

Provision is also made for credit by directed 
study. Both independent study and directed 
study require advance planning by the instructor 
and student. While initiative rests with the 
student for design of independent study, in 
directed study the instructor is responsible for 
supplying a syllabus which defines the program. 
Directed study syllabi are available from the 
Registrar. 

Credit is granted by transfer from accredited 
degree-granting institutions, up to a limit of 16 
courses, plus one Autumn and one Winter Term 
for a total of 1 8 Eckerd College course equiva- 
lents . A student entering Eckerd College should 
request that an official transcript of work done in 
other institutions be sent to the Registrar. An 



21 



official transcript is required from each institution 
attended. When the transcript has been evaluated, 
the applicant is notified of the credit accepted by 
transfer. Eckerd College students who wish to 
enroll for part of their programs at other institu- 
tions should have the approval in advance of their 
Mentors, appropriate discipline faculty, and the 
Registrar. For more infom^ation on transfer credit, 
please seepage 110. 

Credit for demonstrated proficiency is awarded 
when a student applies for it with the Registrar 
and successfully completes appropriate examina- 
tions. College Level Examination Programs are 

recognized for both advanced placement and 
academic credit. For more information on CLEP, 
see page 111. 

The college recognizes that many experiences 
outside the classroom may contribute to a 
student's prc^gram. Internships, participation in 
community projects, and field experience may be 
accorded credit if closely coordinated with the 
student's academic program. Such experience 
ordinarily constitutes a part of a regular course or 
independent study project. 



THE GRADING SYSTEM 

The standard grading system of the college is A 
(Superior Work), B (Good Work), C (Satisfactory 
Work), D (Poor Work), and F (Unacceptable 
Work). The instructor of a course may also add a 
plus ( + ) or minus (-) to a final grade except a plus 
to an A or a plus or minus to an F. All courses in 
which any C grade or higher has been earned shall 
count toward fulfilling degree requirements. A 
course in which any D grade is earned may fulfill 
degree requirements subject to limitations in 
specific majors. 

A grade c^f I (Incomplete) indicates that all course 
requirements are m)t complete by the end of the 
term and that, in the judgment of the instructor, 
extension of deadline is appropriate. Unless an 
earlier deadline is set by the instructor, a student 
will have thirty days into the next regular semester 
to complete the required work. If the work is not 
completed by that time, or the shorter deadline 
imposed by the instructor, the Incomplete will 
automatically become an F. 

In case of formal voluntary withdrawal before the 
end of the eighth week of a semester, a grade of W 
is recorded. If withdrawal occurs after that point, a 
grade of F is recorded. A W that results from an 
involuntary withdrawal must be validated with the 
Registrar at the time of withdrawal or as soon 
thereafter as possible. 




22 





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A Credit/No Credit grading option is available in 
each course/project tor students who are at least 
second semester Freshmen. Students desiring this 
grading option must petition tor the approval of 
the course instructor, the Mentor, and the Dean of 
Faculty'. Petitions must he submitted prior to the 
beginning of a semester or term. Grades of Credit 
and No Credit cannot be subsequently changed to 
letter grades. 

All grades are reported to students and entered on 
the official record of the college. Grades of F will 
not be removed from the transcript. A notation 
will be recorded on the transcript of any substitute 
grade earned. Students may not repeat a course for 
credit unless they receive a D, need to repeat the 
course in order to progress in sequence, and have 
the approval of the instructor and academic dean. 
Both the original course and the repeated course 
remain on the student's transcript, but only one of 
these courses may be used to meet the graduation 
requirement of 36 credits (32 courses and four 
short terms). 



CLASS ATTENDANCE 

Students are expected to attend all classes in 
courses for which they are registered. There is no 
college-wide attendance requirement, but 
individual instructors may impose attendance 
requirements in particular courses. 



STANDARDS OF 
SATISFACTORY 
ACADEMIC PROGRESS 
NORMAL PROGRESS 

Normal progress toward graduation is the comple- 
tion of four courses each semester and a short tenn 
each year with grades of C or better. 

ACADEMIC REVIEW 
COMMITTEE 

At the close of the Fall and Spring semesters, the 
Academic review Committee reviews the progress 
ot every student who does not meet the cumula- 
tive grade point (GPA) minimum standard 
determined by class standing, is on academic 
probation, or is otherwise identified as not making 
satisfactory academic progess. The cumulative 
GPA refers to the student's Eckerd College GPA 
only. Mentors, instructors and student personnel 
staff may be consulted. The Committee may place 
on probation or dismiss any student who in its 
judgment is not making satisfactory academic 
progress. In making such judgments, the Commit- 
tee is guided by the following standards and 
notifies the Financial Aid office of each financial 
aid recipient affected. 

PROBATION 

A student whose Eckerd College cumulative GPA 
falls below the minimum standard determined by 
class standing is placed on academic probation. 



23 



SUMMARY OF ACADEMIC REVIEW COMMITTEE CATEGORIES 



Probation: After one semester of not meeting the 
minimum standard. 

Subject to Dismissal: After a second consecutive 
semester of not meeting the minimum standard. 

Dismissah After a third consecutive semester of 
not meeting the minimum standard. 

Second Dismissal: A second dismissal is final. 



Graduation: A cumulative GPA of 2.0 is required. 

Cumulative GPA Minimum Standard by Class 
Standing: 

Freshmen- 1.6 
Sophomores -1.8 
Juniors - 2.0 
Seniors - 2.0 



The minimum standards are as follows: Freshmen 
- 1.6, Sophomores - 1.8, Juniors - 2.0, Seniors - 

2.0. 

Students placed on academic probation are 
notified of this action by the Academic Review 
Committee and advised of how to remove the 
probationary status. 

Students may enroll in up to tour semester long 
courses during the term that they are on probation. 



will be dismissed for at least one semester. 

Students dismissed for academic reasons are 
notified in advance of the next regular semester by 
the Academic Review Committee. This notice 
also advises the student whether and, if so, when 
and how to be considered for re-admission. 

To apply for re-admission, a student should write 
to the Dean of Faculty as chair of the Academic 
Review Committee. 



SUBJECT TO DISMISSAL 

A student whose Eckerd College cumulative GPA 
falls below the minimum standard determined by 
class standing for the second consecutive semester 
will be notified of being subject to dismissal for a 
third consecutive semester below the minimum 
standard. Students may enroll in up to four 
semester length courses during the term they are 
on probation. 

Academic probation may be continued longer 
than two semesters if in the judgement of the 
Review Committee and/or the Dean of Faculty, 
the student's progress or the presence of extenuat- 
ing circumstances warrants an extension. 



REMOVAL FROM PROBATION 

A student is removed from probation upon 
attaining the minimum GPA standard for the 
student's current class standing. 



DISMISSAL 

A student whose Eckerd College cumulative GPA 
is below the minimum standard determined by 
class standing for the third consecutive semester 



SECOND DISMISSAL 

If a student is readmitted after dismissal, a second 
dismissal is final. 



GRADUATION 

The minimum Eckerd College grade point 
requirement for graduation is a cumulative GPA of 
2.0. Cumulative GPA refers to Eckerd College 
GPA only 



WITHDRAWALS AND 
COLLEGE LEAVE 

Withdrawal or temporary leave from the college at 
any time is official only upon the completion of 
the form available in the Dean of Students office. 
Requests for re-admission following withdrawal or 
temporary leave should be sent to the Dean of 
Students. Students may take college leave to 
enroll in another college for courses not available 
here but important to the student's total program. 
Such courses may be transferred upon the student's 
return but must be approved in advance by the 
mentor, discipline faculty and Registrar. Students 
requesting a withdrawal or temporary leave should 
consult with the Dean of Students. 



24 



THE DEAN'S LIST 

The Dean's List is published following the fall 
semester and the spring semester and includes 
students who completed four courses with a grade 
point average of 3.75. Students with incomplete 
grades at the time of publication are not eligible. 



HONORS AT GRADUATION 

Eckerd College awards diplomas with Honors to a 
few students in each graduating class. The criteria 
and designation for graduation with Honors are: 
High Honors - 3.8 grade point average or above; 
Honors - 3.6 to 3.799 grade point average for 
courses taken at Eckerd College. To be eligible for 
Honors a student must have completed at least 1 8 
Eckerd College courses. Students graduating with 
fewer than 18 Eckerd College course credits with a 
grade point average of 3.66 or above, will graduate 
with the designation of Distinction. 



REGISTRATION 

Freshmen are pre-registered for Autumn Term 
projects before arriving on campus. During the 
Autumn Term, they are assisted in registering for 
fall courses. Transfer students meet with mentors 
and are assisted with course registration during the 
New Student Registration Day at the beginning of 
each term. Returning students have typically pre- 
registered during the previous term. Students may 
adjust their schedules during the add/drop period. 
Add/drop deadlines are printed in the calendar in 
the back of this catalog. 



AUDITORS 

Any regularly registered full-time student may 
audit a course without fee, subject to permission of 
the instructor. Part-time students or students not 
registered for credit may attend courses as auditors 
subject to formal permission of the instructor and 
payment of an auditor's fee. Entry is made on the 
student's pennanent record concerning audited 
classes. A course taken for audit may be changed 
to credit with the instructor's permission, if the 
change is filed with the Registrar by the end ot the 
eighth week of a semester. 



CANCELLATION OF COURSES 

Courses may occasionally be canceled because of 
low enrollment; however, should this be the case, 
students will be notified in advance and assisted 
with arranging a satisfactory substitute. 



POLICY ON STUDENT 
RECORDS 

In compliance with Section 438 of the "General 
Education Provisions Act," entitled "Family 
Educational Rights and Privacy Act," the follow- 
ing constitutes the College's policy instructing 
students on the procedures available to provide 
appropriate access to personal records while 
protecting the confidentiality of these records. 

A "student" is defined as one who has attended or 
is attending Eckerd College and whose records are 
in the files of the College. Student records to 
which this policy applies do not include files 
retained by individual faculty/staff members which 
are not accessible to any other person except a 
substitute designated by the faculty/staff member. 

Public information is limited to name, address, e-mail 
address, phone, major field of study, dates of atten- 
dance, admission or enrollment status, school or 
division, class standing, degrees arid awards, partici- 
pation in officially recognized activities and sports, 
and weight and height of athletic team members. 

Public information shall be released freely unless 
the student files the appropriate form requesting 
that information may not be released. This form is 
available at the Registrar's office. 

A student's educational record is open to the 
student, with the following exceptions: 

Confidential letters of recommendation placed in 
files prior to January 1, 1975. 

Records of parent's financial status. 

Employment records (see below). 

Medical records (see below). 

The employment records to which students do not 
have access are records kept in the normal course 
of business which relate exclusively to students as 
employees. Medical records are kept in the 
Student Health Center. This office rigidly 
protects the confidentiality of those records, but 
they can be reviewed by a physician or appropriate 
professional of the student-patient's choice. 



25 



Student records are open to members of the 
faculty and staff who have a legitimate need to 
know their contents, except where access is 
prohibited by special policies such as those 
governing medical records. The determination of 
those who have a "legitimate need to know" will 
he made by the person responsible for the mainte- 
nance of the records. This determination must be 
made scmpulously and with respect for the 
individual whose records is involved. 

The College has established the following 
procedures enabling the student to have access to 
his or her record: 

The student may see his or her record by submit- 
ting a written request at the office where the 
records of interest is maintained. 

Access is to be granted promptly and no later than 
thirty days from the date of the request. 

The student may make the request in person or by 
mail, but the request must always be in writing. 

The student may obtain upon request copies of 
documents to which he or she is entitled. The 
College may charge for these copies. 

The student may request and receive interpreta- 
tion of his or her record from the person (or 
designee) responsible for the maintenance of the 
record. 

If the student considers the record faulty, he or she 
can request and receive review of the case to the 
end that the record will be corrected if judged 
faulty or in violation of privacy. 



At the discretion of the office maintaining the 
records, records may be released without the 
consent of the student to third parties only as 
follows: 

♦ To a specific list of persons, primarily including 

Eckerd College officials. 

♦ To Federal, State, and local officials as required 

by law. 

♦ To appropriate persons in an emergency 

situation when necessary to protect the welfare 
of the individual. 

♦ To parents of a student who is a dependent for 

income tax purposes. 

A student may secure from the Registrar's office a 
consent fonn authorizing the release of specified 
records to specific individuals. A notification of 
releases made to third parties must be kept in the 
student's record. This notification is open only to 
the student and the person in charge of the record. 
The third party must be informed that no release 
of personally identifiable data is authorized 
without the written consent of the student. 

This policy does not preclude the destruction of any 
record if the College does not consider it germane. 
Persons in charge of records should ensure that only 
pertinent items are retained in student files. 



26 



DESCRIPTIONS OF COURSES AND MAJORS 

(Alphabetically by Discipline) 
Meaning of Letters and Numbers 



1. The first two letters indicate the discipline 
offering the course. 

2. A third letter (I) indicates an International 
course (offered abroad). A number after the first 
two letters indicates a course spanning two or 
more semesters. 

3. Interdisciplinary courses are indicated by the 
coUegial designations CR-Creative Arts, 
BE-Behavioral Science, CU-Comparative 
Cultures, LT-Letters, NA-Natural Sciences, 
FD'Foundations, INI-a course offered abroad, 
and QM indicates Quest for Meaning 
perspective course. 

4. The first digit of the three numbers indicates 
the le\'el of the course: 1 and 2 indicate a 
course at the Freshman or Sophomore level; 3 



and 4 indicate a course at the Junior or Senior 
level. 

5. The second and third digits are used at the 
discretion of the collegium. 

331-332 indicates Special Topics 
410 indicates a Senior Seminar 

498 indicates Comprehensive Examination 

499 indicates Senior Thesis or Project 

6. Perspective courses are indicated by a letter after 
the third digit: E-Environmental and G-Global. 
Courses which meet the computation require- 
ment are indicated by M after the digits. Courses 
which meet academic area requirements and do 
not have prerequisites which have already met 
the academic area requirement are designated 
by a letter after the third digit: A- Arts, H- 
Humanities, N-Natural Sciences, S-Social 
Sciences. 



Opportunities for independent study are available in all collegia. Independent study contracts are negotiated 
between the student and the faculty sponsor. Independent study contract forms are available in the Registrar's 
office. 

Directed studies are listed in this catalog. Copies of directed study syllabi are available in the Registrar's office. 
Some directed studies are available through the Program for Experienced Learners only. Please consult the PEL 
Director for a list of these. 

An academic minor is an option available to all students. The academic minors available are listed in this catalog. 

COURSES LISTED IN THIS CATALOG 
ARE NOT NECESSARILY OFFERED EACH YEAR. 

DESCRIPTIONS OF COURSES AND MAJORS 

(Alphabetically by Discipline) 



AMERICAN STUDIES 

A broad, interdisciplinary major in American 
civilization that focuses upon American experience 
and identity, past and present, using the methods 
and approaches of a variety of academic disciplines, 
as well as the distinctive cultural perspective of 
American Studies. At Eckerd College, the program 
is built around the core disciplines of history, 
literature, political science, and cultural anthropol- 
ogy. In order to allow students to shape their courses 
of study to their own intellectual goals, the major 
may also include courses in diverse fields such as 
philosophy, religion, art, economics, women's and 
gender studies, and sociology, provided that the 
courses are related to understanding the society and 
culture of the United States. Each student's program 



is developed in consultation with a faculty commit- 
tee, and should form a consistent pattern of courses 
in American culture and institutions. 

Students who complete the American Studies major 
demonstrate the following competencies: 

- knowledge of American history, institutions, 
environment and culture, within an interdisci- 
plinary perspective, demonstrated by the ability 
to talk and write intelligently about these fields. 

- ability to define and evaluate the core values of 
American culture. 

- knowledge of the development of the field of 
American Studies as an academic discipline. 

- understanding of the methods, scope, and 
perspective of the field of American Studies. 



27 



American Studies 



understanding of a core discipline in American 
Studies (e.g., American history, American 
literature, American government. Cultural 
Anthropology) and how it relates to the larger 
field of American Studies. An understanding of 
how the study of the core discipline is enriched 
by the interdisciplinary approach of American 
Studies. 

ability to relate the various courses and 
approaches that have been taken as part of the 
major program and defend the interdisciplinary 
approach to the study of the U.S. 

demonstrated ability to undertake a research 
project that will explore important issues and 
problems in methadology and interpretation of 
American Studies. 

familiarity with the classic works in American 
Studies that relate the fields of American 
literature and history and the ability to evaluate 
the author's methodology. 

A major in American Studies consists of a minimum 
of ten courses. Six of the ten courses must be 
beyond the introductory level. Electives in the 
major should be chosen in consultation with 
discipline faculty. Students who wish to focus on 
minority, ethnic, or women's issues should choose 
appropriate courses within the requirements for the 
American Studies major. Each student majoring in 
American Studies must pass a Senior comprehensive 
examination, or, if invited by the faculty, write a 
Senior thesis. 

The American Studies major should include at least 
five courses from one of the core disciplines of 
history, literature, political science, or cultural 
anthropology. The introductory survey course of the 
core discipline should be chosen in consultation 
with discipline faculty. In addition, American 
Studies majors should choose at least three Ameri- 
can Studies courses, which must include AM 20 IH 
and AM 400, and at least one other American 
Studies course. At least two additional courses 
should be chosen from another discipline and should 
directly relate to the study of American culture and 
society. In addition to courses from another of the 
core disciplines, students may choose courses in the 
following areas: courses that have a comparative 
perspective or that place American culture or society 
in a global context; Cultural Studies courses in 
media, communication, and representation, with a 
substantial component dealing with the United 
States; courses with an African American or 
Women's and Gender Studies emphasis; or courses 
with an environmental focus, with a substantial 
component dealing with the United States. 



For a minor in American Studies, students will take 
five courses, including AM 20 IH and AM 400, and 
three electives related to American Studies, chosen 
in consultation with discipline faculty. Three of the 
five courses must be at the 300 level or above. 

AM 20 IH Introduction to American 
Civilization 

Significant works and methods of American Studies, 
while surveying cultural themes of American 
identity and issues of American experience. 

AM 204G Native American Colloquium 

This course will be an occasional offering designed to 
allow students to take full advantage of public 
programs offered at Eckerd College, by incorporating 
academic methods of intellectual engagement in an 
innovative course setting. 

AM 306H American Myths and Values 

Myths in American history, literature, and religion 
which shape Americans' understandiiig of their 
identity and history. 

AM 307H Rebels with a Cause 

(Directed Study available) Refomi and radical 
ideology of the 19'"' and 20''' centuries. Populism, 
progress iv ism; nationalist, civil rights, peace, 
feminist, environmental movements. 

AM 308H Becoming Visible 

(Directed Study available) Changing perspectives on 
what it means to be male or female in the U.S. 
Historical orgins and sources of values concerning 
masculinity and femininity. 

AM 3 IIH Politics of Race in American 
Fiction 

Examining ways in which race was constructed in 
nanative by and for the conventions of a white, 19th 
century reading public and how those ways have 
been "reconstructed" in the 20th century. 

AM 314E Environment in American Thought 

Examine ways physical environment has been 
conceptualized as the cultural landscapes in the 
American past, from the Puritans "errand into the 
wilderness" to more recent encounters in the chaotic 
world of Jurassic Park. Use primary and secondary 
materials, including visual artifacts such as paintings, 
film, photographs, and literary works. Prerequisites: 
Sophomore, Junior or Senior status. 

AM 339H The Great Depression & 
American Life 

Exploring American life during the Great Depression 
in its social, cultural, and environmental aspects, 
using literature, mass media and online archival 
resources. 



28 



AM 400 Theory/Practice in American 
Studies 

Integrating, capstone course for American studies 
majors. Develop an understanding of the field as an 
academic discipline and the relationship between 
the various disciplines that make up the field. 



ANTHROPOLOGY 

Anthropology is the holistic study of humankind, 
embracing cultural diversity, human origins, 
linguistics, and the application of knowledge to 
current social problems. Those completing the 
anthropology major demonstrate the ability to: 

- define and discuss the differences between the 
biological and the cultural aspects of human- 
kind, and the interdependence of these two 
areas 

- conduct literature research and engage in 

, scholarly writing that is logically cohesive and 

properly documented 

- explain the concept of cultural relativity and 
discuss the implications for intercultural 
relations 

- distinguish arguments or positions based on 

i sound data and logically reasoned, from those 

which lack sound supporting data and/or rest on 
questionable assumptions 

They must have: 

- knowledge and experience in the fundamentals 
of empirical research, including anthropological 
methods and techniques of gathering data, data 
analysis, and the writing of a research report 

- familiarity with a variety of topical, regional and 
applied fields of inquiry 

- preparedness for graduate programs in the field 
of anthropology and in related multicultural and 
international fields 

TTie goals include introducing students to the 
different career choices in the academic world and in 
international business. 

Requirements for the major include successful 
completion of six core courses: Introduction to 
Anthropology, Research Methodology, Anthropo- 
logical Theory, Physical Anthropology, Statistical 
Methods, Linguistics or Field Archaeology; plus 
completion of five other courses in anthropology, 
two of which must be applied courses, and an oral 
comprehensive examination, with a C or better in 
all courses. In addition, anthropology' majors must 
participate in at least one overseas study experience 
during their time at Eckerd College, ideally in a non- 
Western culture. Exceptions can be made only after 
consultation with the anthropology faculty. 



Anthropology 

Sequencing: Introduction to Anthropology in the 
Freshman year or as the foundation course on which 
the succeeding courses are built, and all other 
anthropology courses, with the exception of 
Introduction to Anthropological Research Method- 
ology and Anthropological Theory, which are taken 
in the Junior or Senior year. 

Requirements for the minor are Introduction to 
Anthropology, and any additional four courses in 
anthropology. 

AN 20 IG Introduction to Anthropology 

Introduction to the four fields of anthropology: 
physical, cultural, linguistics, and archaeology. 
Includes such topics as economy and exchange, 
religion, political organization, kinship, and gender 
roles, from a comparative perspective. 

AN 204S Introduction to Archaeology 

Introduction to basic concepts in archaeology which 
provides information for making decisions about the 
role and importance of archaeology. 

AN 2058 Introduction to Primate Studies 

Evolution of diversity, socioecology, behavior, social 
relationships, commtmication, intelligence of 
primates; conservation and biomedical research. 
Observation techniques through field project. 
Prerequisites: AN 201 G or AN 240H; biology 
majors with permission of instructor. 

AN 208S Human Sexuality 

Overview of human sexuality, including cross- 
cultural and evolutionary perspectives. Range of 
sexual behavior and attitudes exhibited by humans, 
to help put one's own sexuality in perspective. 

AN 230S Linguistics 

The scientific study of language and its context: the 
elements of language and its uses in personal 
thought, social interaction, cultural values and 
institutions. 

AN 240S Physical Anthropology 

Concepts, theories, methodologies used in the study 
of Homo sapiens: evolutionary theory, primate 
behavior, fossil evidence, human adaptation, 
sociobiology, and aggression. 

AN 260S Cultural Environment of 
International Business 

(Cross-listed with AN 260S). Challenge of conduct- 
ing business operations successfully in a cultural 
environment distinct from one's own. 

AN 26 IS International Management 

(Cross-listed with IB 261S). Anthropologists have 
pioneered the study of management in non-Western 
culures. Read background material comparing 



29 



Anthropology _^___ 

management practices in North America and other 
regions. Read a series of Har\'ard case studies; solve 
cross-cultural problems involving American 
corporations in foreign cultures and vice-versa. 

AN 262E Environment, Population & 
Culture 

(Cross-listed with IB 262E). Long-range anthropo- 
logical view of population growth and technology, 
prime movers of cultural evolution, from prehistoric 
times to present, using China as a case study. 

AN 282G East Asian Area Studies 

Examination of the more enduring features of China 
and Japan, through art, architecture, literature, 
customs, religious beliefs and intellectual traditions. 
Prerequisite: Sophomore standing. 

AN 283G Southeast Asian Area Studies 

Exploration of the diverse cultures of Southeast Asia 
in terms of religions, tradition, art, music, theatre, 
architecture and ways of life. 

AN 285G Latin American Area Studies 

A multidisciplinary, contemporary overview of the 
peoples and cultures, achievements and challenges 
faced in Latin America. 

AN 286G Cultures Of Sub-Saharan Africa 

Cultural heritage of Sub-Saharan nations, including 
history, economy, politics and social structure. 
Selected ethnographies for in-depth study. 

AN 287G Caribbean Area Studies 

Surveys the culture history and ways of life of the 
peoples of the Caribbean region; their economic 
system; socioeconomic forms of organization; 
domestic organization and gender relations. 

AN 288G Native Cultures: Southeast U.S. 
Prehistory/archaeology of the southeast; ethnohistory 
and ethnography of indigenous groups of the 
southeast U.S.; contemporary ethical issues in the 
study of indigenous societies. 

AN 333S Anthropological Research Methods 

Design and implementation of different types of 
research modes. Field work projects. Prerequisite: 
AN 201G or permission of instructor. 

AN 334G Fertility And Reproduction 

Study of human reproduction and population 
growth. 

AN 335E Cultural Ecology 

Relationships between environmental and cultural 
systems. Prerequisite: AN 20 IG. 



30 



AN 336S Ethnic Identity 

Role of ethnic identity in nationalism, non- 
assimilation of minorities, intercultural understand- 
ing, communication and interaction. 

AN 33 7S Anthropology And Education 

Contemporary problems facing educators and 
learners in fonnal and nonformal education in the 
Third World and in minority groups. Methods of 
conducting ethnological fieldwork in education. 
Major trends in role of education in development. 
Prerequisite: AN 201G. 

AN 338S Anthropology And Religion 

Religious beginnings, role in human life, and 
movements from an anthropological viewpoint. 
Primitive religions, movements in industrialized 
society. Selected case studies. Prerequisite: AN 20 IG 
(exceptions made for Religious Studies and other 
interested majors). 

AN 339S Development Anthropology 

Population growth, hunger and nutrition, agricul- 
tural development, role of cultural factors such as 
economic decision-making, risk-taking, gender roles. 
Prerequisite: Sophomore or higher or permission of 
instructor. AN 20 IG recommended. 

AN 340S Conflict Studies 

Conflict and its resolution in other cultures, gender, 
family, education, corporate, xenophobia, prejudice. 
Methods of resolution such as third party negotia- 
tion, mediation, arbitration. Prerequisite: Sopho- 
more or higher or permission of instructor. AN 20 IG 
recommended. 

AN 34 IS Medical Anthropology 

Biobehavioral adaptations; healing, heath and 
disease in cross-cultural perspective; evolution of 
disease; traditional medicine. 

AN 342E Introduction to Ethnobotany 

The interdisciplinary science of ethnobotany 
investigates the evolution of major food crops, 
medicinal plants and plants used for economic 
purposes such as construction and crafts as well as 
the impact of human activities on plant populations 
and the environment. Uses a combination of 
anthropological and botanical field techniques to 
understand the full specturm of human-plant 
interactions. 

AN 342S Art & Culture of Polynesia 

Study the traditional art and culture of Polynesia, 
particularly the Hawaiian Islands. Learn about the 
prehistory of the islands, material culture, traditional 
religious practices and language and the impact of 
European settlement on island culture. Study the 
basics of the Hawaiian language through the media 
of song, chant and legends. 



Art 



AN 3 5 OS Introduction To Museum Work 

(Directed Study) Hands-on experience with 
artifacts, cataloging, restoring and cleaning, design- 
ing and constructing an exhibit based on research. 
Minimum 120 hours. Prerequisites: at least one 
anthropology course and consent of instructor. 

AN 410 Anthropological Theory 

Senior seminar tor anthropology majors. Schools of 
thought on evolution, diversity, diffusionism, culture 
and personality. 



ART 

The visual arts major is process and project oriented. 
Students develop their own area of emphasis, 
focusing on imager^' and content through their 
chosen media. The major should be seen as the 
central part of the student's education, with other 
college requirements and electives serving to shape 
the young artist as a whole person. 

Specific focus and courses for the major are worked 
out with a visual arts Mentor. Every program must 
consist of a minimum of ten studio courses, including 
AR lOlA, 102A, and 320, plus two approved 
courses in art history from outside the discipline. 
Every student must pass the required Sophomore 
show review in the categories of drawing and design 
before undertaking the Senior thesis exhibition. The 
Senior thesis exhibition is required of all majors for 
graduation, and must demonstrate technical 
competence and a developed artistic vision, the 
ability to work in a sustained way with a visual 
problem or problems, and to organize gallery space 
coherently. A required Senior seminar in the final 
semester concludes the visual arts major. 

Requirement for Junior Transfer Students 

A student transferring from another college at the 
Junior level and electing to major in art must submit 
a portfolio of work demonstrating competency in 
drawing and design as a substitute for the required 
Sophomore show. Students unprepared to submit a 
portfolio or who do not demonstrate competency in 
both areas may not expect to graduate in two years 
with a major in visual arts. The normal four year 
program moves from structured courses, to greater 
freedom, to the independently executed Senior 
thesis show. 

Freshmen 

Visual Problem Solving 
Drawing Fundamentals 
Choice of workshop courses 

Sophomores 

Choice of workshop courses 
Art History 
Sophomore show 



Juniors 

Art History 

Choice of workshop courses 

Studio Critique 

Seniors 

Thesis show preparation 
Senior thesis show 
Senior Seminar 

An art minor consists of AR 101 A, 102 A, and one 
approved course in art history, plus three other studio 
courses approved by the art faculty for qualification 
for the minor. 

AR lOlA Visual Problem Solving 

Systematic approach to visual arts, developing skills 
in spatial organization, relating forms in sequence, 
discovering uniqueness, personal approach to 
solutions, even within narrow, arbitrarily prescribed 
bounds. 

AR 102 A Drawing Fundamentals 

For the novice or the initiated, an immersion in new 
ways of seeing, eye -hand coordination, self-discovery, 
and self- expression through varied drawing media, 
using as sources the figure, still-life, nature, and 
imagination. 

AR 222A Clay I 

For beginners, the fundamentals of ceramic 
materials, handforming, recycling, glazing, firing. 
Laboratories with supervised working time and 
lectures on technical knowledge. 

AR 223 Relief Printing 

In-depth investigation of one of the oldest print 
mediums, using linoleum as the primary matrix to 
explore design and graphic imagery in both black 
and white and color. Prerequisite: AR 101 A or AR 
102A. 

AR 225 Etching 

Basic techniques of etching, including hard and soft 
grounds, aquatint, drypoint, open biting, embossing, 
and color printing. Experimentation and an 
imaginative approach is expected. Prerequisites: AR 
101 A and AR 102A. 

AR 227A Magic, Mythology & Ritual Art 

Collage and assemblage objects used in rituals 
throughout history, with papers documenting 
content, process and history. 

AR 228 Painting Workshop 

Introduction to process of painting with emphasis on 
each student finding his/her own imagery, exploring 
technical means. Any medium or combination 
allowed. Prerequisites: AR 101 A and AR 102 A. 



31 



Art 

AR 229A Photography as Image Gathering 

Process, techniques, and aesthetics of taking and 
developing black and white photographs. No 
prerequisites, but the student shouU have access to a 
camera with adjustable aperture and shutter speeds. 

AR 241 Intermediate Drawing 

A variety of traditional and non-traditional drawing 
media. Visit museums and galleries. Prerequisites: 
ARlOlAandARlOZA. 

AR 303 Asian Art & Techniques 

Learn oriental art appreciation. Explore and practice 
the fomis, styles, techniques and materials of oriental 
art (mostly Chinese). Prerequisite: AR 101 A or AR 
102 A or permission of instructor by portfolio review. 

AR 308 Throwing On The Potter's Wheel 

Throwing instruction and practice. Skill, aesthetic 
considerations, techniques and critiques. Prerequi- 
sites: AR 222A or permission of instructor. 

AR 309 Ceramic Sculpture 

Various techniques from forming through surface 
finishes. Clay as a sculpture medium from prehistoric 
through contemporary use, with an overview of 
history. Prerequisites: AR lOlA and AR 222A. 

AR 310 Multi-Media Art 

This course provides hands-on exploration of the 
exciting new world of multi-media and new genre 
art. Students will create art works combining the 
media of 2D and 3D image, sound, word, video and 
concept. Prerequisites include AR 101 A, AR 102 A, 
or instructor's permission. 

AR 320 Studio Critique 

Maximum of independence with regular critiques, 
each student preparing a contract for work in media 
of the student's choice. Class used for review of work, 
field trips and discussion. Prerequisite: art majors 
only who have completed the Sophomore show 
requirement. 

AR 321 Advanced Drawing 

Critique forum for students ready to do serious work 
in various drawing media, developing a personal 
mode of expression. Emphasis on experimentation 
with new materials and ideas. Must be capable of 
working independently. Prerequisites: AR lOlA, 
102A and permission of instructor. 

AR 322 Advanced Photography Critique 

Intensive independent projects designed to encour- 
age imaginative examination of the local environ- 
ment. Class critiques weekly. Evaluation on final 
portfolio of at least 20 finished mounted prints 
exhibiting technical excellence and creative insight. 
Prerequisites: AR 229A and permission of instructor. 



AR 325 Monoprinting 

Use etching press to explore ways of achieving 
single- impression images through use of oil, 
watercolor and printing inks. Demonstrations, 
critiques, individual supervision, culminating in 
exhibition at end of semester. Prerequisites: AR 
101AandAR102A. 

AR 327 Painting Workshop II 

Continuation of process begun in AR 228. 
Individual instruction with periodic group critiques. 
Emphasis on larger scale works and technical 
appropriateness. Prerequisites: AR 228. 

AR 328 Painting Workshop III 

Continuation of process begun in AR 327. 
Individual instruction with periodic group critiques. 
Emphasis on larger scale works and technical 
appropriateness. Prerequisites: AR 327. 

AR 329A The Art Experience 

Students select one artist and do art works and 
research on the life and times of that artist, and 
make a presentation on both the art works and the 
facts. Not open to Freshmen. Sophomores with 
instructor's permission. 

AR 342A Introduction to Graphic Design 

Basic elements of graphic design: typography, 
modem print techniques, illustration, photography 
in advertising, publishing, mass media. For Juniors 
and Seniors; others by permission. 

AR 343 Introduction to Computer Art 

The importance, versatility, persuasiveness and 
potential of computer art. Become familiar with 
computer graphics programs and develop personal 
electronic art languages. Prerequisites: AR lOlA and 
AR 102 A, or pemnission of instructor. 

AR 344 Computer Art II 

Intermediate level based on AR 343. Prerequisite: 
AR lOlA, AR 102A, AR 343, or permission of 
instructor. 

AR 346 The Art of Web Page Design 

The importance, versatility, persuasiveness and 
potential use of art on the internet. Become familiar 
with WWW design and computer graphic programs 
and develop personal creativity in digital art. 
Prerequisites: AR 101 A and AR 102 A, or permis- 
sion of instructor. ^ 

AR 347 Experimental Photography 

Creative applications in photography such as high 
contrast and infrared films; various printing tech- 
niques such as sandwiching, blending, overlay and 
solarization; also includes staged photography, 
multiple exposures, hand tinting and more. Access 



32 



Behavioral Sciences 



to film camera required. Prerequisites: AR lOlA and 
AR 119 A, or permission. 

AR 348 Experimental Film and Video 

In this course students will produce their own 
experimental films and videos as well as study the 
history and theory of these relatively new art media. 
The class will exhibit work for the college commu- 
nity. Prerequisites: AR 101 A or AR 102 A or 
permission. 

AR 410 Visual Arts Senior Seminar 

Senior thesis closure. Critiques, slide-making, 
portfolio building, resume writing, interviews with 
artists, visits to off-campus art events, graduate 
school concerns, larger art issues. 

AR 420 Studio Critique 

Maximum of independence with regular critiques, 
each student preparing a contract for work in media 
of the student's choice. Class used for review of work, 
field trips and discussion. Prerequisites: art majors 
only who have completed the Sophomore show 
requirement. 

AR 499 Senior Thesis & Seminar 

For Senior art majors preparing thesis shows, self- 
structured time to work, regular weekly meetings, 
critiques, practice in hanging and criticizing shows. 
Personal, individual discussion time with instructor. 
Prerequisite: Senior major in art. 

ARI 321 A British Painting- 1760 to 1960 

Hogarth, Reynolds, Turner, Whistler, and others. 
Collections of George 111, Sir John Soane, Duke of 
Wellington and other connoisseurs of the period 
discussed. Visits to museums and galleries. 

ARI 351 A History of English Architecture 

For the London semester student, an introduction to 
the history of English architecture, from Anglo- 
Saxon times to the present. No prerequisites, but 
some contact with art or art history is recommended. 

ARI 392A Art and Culture in China 

This course is part of the Semester Study in Asia 
program and is only available to students enrolled in 
that program. It surveys the history, art, and 
contemporary culture of China and the uses of 
classical and modem artistic techniques in advertis- 
ing and contemporary media. 



ART HISTORY 

AH 202A Introduction to Greek Art 

Major developments in the arts of the Greeks from 
the Bronze Age through the Hellenistic period. 
Examples of painting, architecture, sculpture, 
personal ornaments, car\'ed ivories, gems and coins 
placed in cultural context. 



AH 203A Arts of the Silk Road 

Survey of the art and culture of China and Central 
Asia during the golden age of the Silk Road caravan 
trade. Major topics include Buddhist and secular 
sculpture, portrait and landscape painting, material 
culture, music and dance, calligraphy and poetry. 
The course includes an introduction to webpage 
design and a temi project done on the Internet. 

AH 204A Art History of the Classical World 

The classical world of Greece, Etruria, and Rome, 
the cornerstone of Western civilization, will be the 
subject of this course. These rich cultures will be 
studied by viewing their major artistic and architec- 
tural monuments, by studying artifacts from 
archaeological excavations, and by reading ancient 
authors. 

AH 31 lA Modem Japanese Aesthetics 

(Directed Study) Utilize aesthetic theory as well as 
objets d'art in discovering how to approach, 
appreciate, and assess the arts of Japan. This course 
surveys Japanese culture through the lens of 
aesthetics, focusing predominately on the modem 
period (from the Meiji period forward). Covers the 
influence of the West as well as roots of modem 
aesthetics in the traditional arts. Previous engage- 
ment with Asian studies is not required, but 
recommended. 



AUTUMN TERM PROJECTS 

Descriptions of autumn terai projects are published 
in a separate brochure. 



BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES 

BEI 20 IG Leadership & British Institutions 

This course is offered on location in London. 
Experience the historical, institutional, and 
comtemporary issues of Great Britian. We will also 
explore the leadership issues and historical figures 
that shaped these institutions. 

BE 260M Statistical Methods for the Sciences 

Statistical methods used in the professional literature 
of the various natural sciences. Prerequisites: 
Sophomore standing and one of the following: BI 
lOON, MS 191N, MS 242, MS/BI 189, MS 304, CS 
143M. 

BE 300S Dialogues 

Select a historical character who contributed to the 
ongoing dialogue on great issues of humanity and 
role play that character with other students repre- 
senting other significant historical figures, discussing 
specific issues. 



33 



Biology 

BE 368S Utopias 

Study, discuss and explore value implications of 
Utopian systems, fonn task groups to design compo- 
nents of Utopian systems, and write statement laying 
philosophical foundation for a personal concept of 
Utopia. 



BIOCHEMISTRY 

See Chemistry. 

BIOLOGY 

The biology major is designed to give a broad pre- 
professional background for students interested in 
careers in biology, molecular biology, biomedical 
science, environment science, and related fields. 

Biology students are required to demonstrate basic 
knowledge in seven areas of the life sciences 
(invertebrate, vertebrate, botany, cell, genetics, 
physiology and ecology). They learn how to develop 
experiments to test appropriate hypotheses, use skills 
and laboratory techniques necessary for investigative 
research, gather and analyze data, and evaluate and 
synthesize information thus obtained. They gain an 
appreciation of the history of the life sciences and 
see their connection to study areas included in the 
biology major curriculum, and the relationship of 
information gained from a scientific perspective to 
values-oriented issues in their lives. Through this 
program, students also have the opportunity to 
improve and perfect their listening, writing and 
speaking abilities. Students demonstrate achieve- 
ment of the biology program by satisfactory comple- 
tion of a Senior comprehensive exam or Senior 
thesis, and ordinarily the courses listed below: 

For the B.S. degree: (pre-professional) 

Students must fulfill all the general education 
requirements, and for the biology major, they must 
complete MA 13 IM (Calculus I), and either MA 
133M or BE 260M (Statistics), CH 121N, 122, 221, 
and 222, (general and organic chemistry), PH 241N, 
242 (Physics), eight biology courses (Biodiversity I 
and II, or the equivalent. Cell Biology, Genetics, 
Physiology, Ecology, and two biology electives) and 
Biology Seminar. Students participating in off- 
campus programs may petition for alternatives to 
these specifications. 

For the B.S. degree, foreign language may be taken 
in the Junior year to accommodate the early 
completion of prerequisite courses in chemistry and 
mathematics. Beginning students are strongly 
encouraged to begin General Chemistry their first 
semester. 



Sample molecular and organismic course sequences 
for the B.S. degree in Biology: 

Both sequences: 

Semester 1 Biodiversity I & General Chemistry I 

Semester 2 Biodiversity II & General Chemistry II 

Semester 3 Cell Biology & Organic Chemistry I 

Semester 4 Genetics & Organic Chemistry II 

Molecular option: 

Semester 5 Developmental Biology or Advanced 

Genetics and Physics I 
Semester 6 General and Molecular Physiology 
Semester 7 Ecology and Microbiology 

Semester 8 Immunology and/or Independent 
Study 

Organismic option: 

Semester 5 Ecology or Vertebrate Biology and 

Physics I 
Semester 6 Comparative Physiology and Physics II 
Semester 7 Marine Mammalology of Fish Biology 
Semester 8 Conservation Biology and/or 

Independent Study 

For the B.A. degree: (liberal arts) 

Students must meet the general education require- 
ments and for the biology major they must complete 
eight biology courses (including Biodiversity 1 and II, 
or the equivalent. Cell Biology, Genetics, Physiology, 
Ecology, and two biology electives) and Biology 
Seminar, plus MA 13 IM (Calculus I), a statistics 
course and General Chemistry I and II. 

Students who major in biology may not also major in 
marine science (biology track), or biochemistry. 

For the Biology minor: 

A minor requires five biology courses, not including 
more than two at the 100 level, perspective courses, 
or directed or independent studies. At least one of 
the five courses must be at the 300 level or above. 

BI lOON Biodiversity I 

The first semester of this sequence is devoted to the 
understanding of the origins of life and the evolution 
and diversification of the living groups of plants. 

BI lOlN Biodiversity II 

The second semester of this sequence is devoted to 
the understanding of the origins of animal life and 
the evolution and diversification of invertebrate and 
vertebrate groups. Prerequisite: BI lOON or permis- 
sion. 

BI 187N Plant Biology 

Evolution, diversity and development of plants, their 
place in the ecosystem and responses to environmen- 
tal conditions. Vascular, non-vascular marine, 
freshwater and land plants. Field trips. 



34 



BI 188 Marine And Freshwater Botany 

(Cross listed with MS 188) Diversity of marine and 
freshwater plants, their relationship to each other 
and to their environment. A survey of all plant 
groups is included. Field trips. 

BI 189 Marine Invertebrate Biology 

(Cross listed with MS 189) Structural hasis, 
evolutionary relationships, biological functions and 
environmental interactions of animal life in the seas, 
exploring the local area. 

BI 200N Biology Of Vertebrates 

Classification, evolutionary history, structure, neo- 
Darwinian evolution and evolutionary features as 
seen in anatomy of aquatic and terrestrial chordates. 

BI 201E Ecosystems Of Florida 

Ecosystems of west-central Florida, including the 
marine, freshwater, lowland and upland systems; 
study the biological interaction occurring in the 
ecosystem of the Tampa Bay region. 

BI 202 Cell Biology 

Structure, function and the flow of energy as the 
unifying principle linking photosynthesis, anaerobic, 
aerobic respiration and expenditure of energy by the 
cell. Prerequisites: CH 12 IN and Sophomore 
standing. 

BI 204 Microbiology 

Biology of microorganisms; microbiological tech- 
niques, isolation and identification of unknown 
organisms. Prerequisite: BI 202 Cell Biology. 

BI 301 Principles Of Ecology 

Physical, chemical and biological relationships in 
natural communities. Field work in nearby ponds 
and Gulf shoreline. Prerequisite: Junior or Senior 
standing. Corequisite: BI 303 or BI 305 or permission 
of instructor. 

BI 302 Biology Of Fishes 

(Cross listed with MS 302) Systematics, anatomy, 
physiology, ecology, and behavior of fishes. Labora- 
tory examination of anatomical features and 
systematic characteristics. Prerequisite: BI 200N and 
Junior standing or permission of instructor. 

BI 303 Genetics 

Mendelian and transcription genetics from historical 
perspective. Experimental approach emphasized. 
Small lab groups participate in experimental design, 
and develop research skills in both classical genetic 
systems and molecular biology. Prerequisites: CH 
121N, 122, BI 202 or permission of instructor. 
Corequisite CH 221. Marine science majors may 
substitute MS 301 for CH 221/2. 



Biology 

BI 307 Ecology-Amphibians & Reptiles 

Fundamental concepts in ecology through the study 
of amphibians and reptiles. Meets ecology require- 
ment for biology, marine science and environmental 
studies majors. Prerequisite: BI lOlN or BI 200N. 

BI 308 General & Molecular Physiology 

Mammalian nervous, endocrine, muscle, cardiovas- 
cular, respiratory, digestive, urinary, immune, 
reproductive systems. Macro and molecular aspects. 
Prerequisites: BI 202 and CH 122. 

BI 3 1 1 Marine Mammalogy 

(Cross listed with MS 311) In-depth overview of 
marine mammals (whales, dolphins, manatees, seals, 
sea lions, etc.). Topics include marine mammal 
systematics, status, behavior, physiology, population 
dynamics, evolution, and management. Current 
periodical literature text readings are basis for 
discussions. Field trip, papers, exams. Prerequisites: 
BI 200N and Junior standing. 

BI 314 Comparative Physiology: Investigative 

(Cross listed with MS 314) Physiological mecha- 
nisms of animals and general principles revealed 
through application of comparative methods. 
Creative project lab to develop research skills. 
Prerequisites: CH 221, BN lOlN or 200N and Junior 
standing. 

BI 315 Elasmobranch Biology & Management 

(Cross listed with MS 315) Systematics, evolution, 
ecology, behavior, and anatomical and physiological 
adaptations of sharks and rays. Current scientific 
research, human impact, how populations can be 
managed. Prerequisites: BI lOlN or BI 200N and 
Junior standing. 

BI 317 Pre-Medical Internship I 

This course is the first semester of a year long 
academic internship which will provide an opportu- 
nity for pre-medical students to obtain significant 
exposure to hospital medicine and the care of acute 
and chronically ill patients. Students are expected to 
commit to both BI 317 and BI 318 at a minimum of 
150 hours per semester. Prerequisite: Junior or Senior 
standing and permission. 

BI 318 Pre-Medical Internship II 

This is the second part of a year long academic 
internship designed to provide pre-medical students 
the opportunity to obtain significant exposure to 
hospital medicine and the care of acute and 
chronically ill patients. Minimum of 150 hours 
required. Prerequisites: BI 317 and permission. 

BI 350 Human Physiology 

(Directed Study available) Nerves, muscles, sense 
and endocrine organs; cardiovascular, respiratory. 



35 



Business Administration 



digestive, reproductive, excretory systems; metabolic 
integration. Suitable for biology majors off-campus 
unable to take scheduled physiology courses. 
Prerequisites: CH 122, BI 202 and permission of 
instructor. 

BI 371N Conservation Biology 

(Cross listed with ES 317N) Examine problems such 
as species decline and endangerment, invasion by 
non-native species, habitat destruction and fragmen- 
tation, loss of biodiversity, and potential solutions, 
such as endangered species management, habitat 
restoration, ecosystem management. Prerequisite: ES 
270 or permission of instructor. 

BI 372 Parasitology 

(Cross-listed with MS 372) An ecological and 
evolutionary approach to parasitism. A broad survey 
of parasites of humans and other animals, with 
emphasis on parasite life cycles and anatomy. 
Consideration of genetic, immunological, pathologi- 
cal and economic aspects of parasite-host relation- 
ships. Treatment and control of parasitic diseases will 
also be discussed. Prerequisites: BI 303 or permission 
of instaictor. 

BI 406 Advanced Topics In Botony 

Subjects investigated determined by student interest. 
Prerequisite: BI 187N or 188. 

BI 420 Advanced Ecology & Evolution 

Read and evaluate scientific literature and conduct a 
semester-long independent field research project on 
selected topic. Prerequisites: B or better in BI 301 
and permission of instructor. 

BI 422 Advanced Topics In Genetics 

Selected topics from contemporary areas of genetics. 
Gene regulation in embryological development, 
oncogenes, immunogenetics, genetic engineering, 
human genetics. Biological and social implications. 
Prerequisite: BI 303 or BI 305 or permission of 
instructor. 

BI 424 Developmental Biology 

Molecular and morphological mechanisms underly- 
ing the development of body plans and organ 
systems in the embryos of marine and terrestrial 
species. Current scientific literature, modem 
experimental techniques, independent laboratory 
research projects. Prerequisites: BI 202 and BI 303 
and instructor's pennission. 

BI 430 Independent Research: Biology 

For students interested in pursuing careers in biology, 
intensive instruction in use of laboratory and/or field 
equipment. Various methodology approaches, 
current and historical, used in scientific investiga- 
tion. Prerequisites: CH 222, BI 202, 303, and 



mstructor s permission. 

BI 499 Independent Research - Thesis 

Upon invitation. Seniors may design and carry out a 
creative research program, usually resulting in a 
written dissertation which is defended in the spring 
of the senior year. 

BI 1/2/3/4 410 Biology Seminar 

Topical concerns in biology, especially those not fully 
explored in other areas of the biology curriculum. 
Junior, Senior biology majors participate four 
semesters for one course credit. Sophomores invited 
to attend. 



BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 

The business administration major focuses on 
teaching the core skill set that constitutes the 
accepted body of knowledge with the discipline. The 
business administration is geared to the student who 
wants to pursue a career within a for-profit corporate 
organization and/or a Masters in Business Adminis- 
tration. Students in the business administration 
major will develop the following competencies: 

- Management under uncertain conditions 

including policy determination at the senior 
management level 

- Operations Management in businesses producing 
both goods and services 

- Marketing of business products 

- Using Management Information Systems 

- Accounting practices in business 

- Financing the business 

- Economics of the business and of the larger 
environment within which the business operates 

- Knowledge of the legal environment of 
organizations 

- Ethical issues confronting business in both 
domestic and international spheres 

The course sequence for a major in business 
adminstration is as follows: 

Freshmen 

MN lOOS Principles of Management and Leadership 

MN 27 IS Principles of Accounting 

MN 272S Management Information Systems 

Sophomore 

EC 28 IS Microeconomics 
EC 282S Macroeconomics 
MN 260M Statistical Methods in Management and 

Economics 
MN 278S Business Law 



36 



Junior 

MN 220 Quantitative Methods for Management and 
Economics (prerequisites: MN 260M, 
MN272S, MN 271S and EC 281S.) 

MN/IB 369S Principles of Marketing 

MN 310 Operations Management 

MN 371 Organizational Behavior and Leadership 

MN 377 Introduction to Business Finance 

(prerequisites: MN 272S, MN 27 IS, and 
one of eidier EC 281S or 282S) 

MN/IB 378 Investment Finance (prerequisites: MN 
27 IS and either EC 281S or EC 282S). 



MN 372 Accounting II 

MN/IB 376 Personnel & Global Human Resources 

MN 498 Business Policy and Strategic Management 

Business Administration majors are required to 
complete each course with a grade of C or better. 

For course descriptions, see Management. 

CHEMISTRY 

TTie capabilities and skills that chemistry majors are 
expected to obtain include knowledge of chemical 
synthesis, analysis, and theory. In addition, students 
acquire competence in laboratory techniques, the 
use of chemical instrumentation, and computers, 
written and oral communication, and the ability to 
use the chemical literature. 

B.A. CHEMISTRY DEGREE: CH 12 IN, 122, 212, 
221, 222, 321, 326, and one upper level chemistry 
elective. 

B.S. CHEMISTRY DEGREE: CH 12 IN, 122, 212, 
221, 222, 321, 322, 326, 424, and one upper level 
chemistry elective, either 415 or 422. 

B.S. CHEMISTRY DEGREE (ACS Certified): CH 
121N, 122, 212, 221, 222, 321, 322, 326, 415, 424, 
429 or 499, and one upper level chemistry elective, 
either 417 or 422. 

B.S. BOICHEMISTRY DEGREE (ACS Certified): 
CERTIFIED): CH 121N, 122, 212, 221, 222, 321, 
322, 326, 415, 417, 424 and either 429 or 499. Cell 
Biology (BI 202) and Genetics (BI 303) are also 
required. 

B.S. (UNCERTIFIED) BIOCHEMISTRY DEGREE 
CH 121N, 122, 212, 221, 222, 321, 326, 415, 417, BI 
202, BI 303, and BI 308. 

The B.S. (Certified) degrees have been approved by 
the American Chemical Society (ACS). 

For any degree, students must also take MA 13 IM 
and MA 132M, PH 241N and PH 242 and CH 410 
Chemistry Seminar. 

Additionally, students must satisfy the collegium 



Chemistry 

requirement of 12 courses for the B.A. degree and 16 
courses for any of the B.S. degrees. Finally, students 
must maintain a C average or better in courses 
within the chemistry discipline and the required 
supporting courses listed above. 

Students may obtain a minor in chemistry by earning 
at least a C in CH 12 IN and in any four of the 
following: CH 122, 212, 221, 222, 321/323, 322/324, 
326,415,424. 

CH HON Introduction to Chemistry 

Chemical principles and problem-solving skills. Not 
open to students who have completed CH 121N 
with a grade of C or better. Prerequisite: high school 
algebra. Prerequisite: high school algebra. 

CH 12 IN General Chemistry I 

Intended for those who plan to major in the 
sciences. Examines modem chemical theory 
including stoichiometry, gas laws, atomic structure 
and bonding, and solutions. Prerequisites: high 
school chemistry and three years of high school 
mathematics or CH 1 ION with a grade of C or 
better. 

CH 122 General Chemistry II 

Topics include kinetics, thermodynamics, chemical 
equilibria, ionic equilibria, acid-base chemistry, 
electrochemistry descriptive inorganic chemistry, 
and nuclear chemistry. Prerequisite: General 
Chemistry 1 with a grade of C or better. 

CH 209N Survey of Astronomy 

Planets, stars, galaxies, celestial motion. Some night 
observing sessions. Intended for non-science majors. 

CH 2 ION AstrobiologyA-ife in Universe 

This introductory course examines stars, planets, and 
galaxies, with an eye toward conditions for biological 
life. Topics include comet impacts, life in extreme 
environments, and efforts at finding extraterrestrials. 
Some evening observing. Prerequisites: passing 
grades in one year of high school algebra and either 
high school chemistry or physics. 

CH 212 Analytical Chemistry 

An extensive treatment of chemical equilibria 
including acid-base, redox, solubility, and complex- 
ation with application to chemical analysis. 
Prerequisite: CH 122 with a grade of C or better. 

CH 221 Organic Chemistry I 

First of a two-course sequence dealing with the 
chemistry of carbon-containing compounds from 
simple aliphatic hydro- carbons to alcohols. 
Prerequisite: CH 122 with a grade of C or better. 

CH 222 Organic Chemistry II 

A continuation of CH 221. Structure, properties, 

37 



Classics and Ancient History 



reactions, and synthesis of carbonyl compounds and 
carboxylic acid derivatives, aromatic compounds, 
carbohydrates, amino acids, and nucleic acids are 
examined. Prerequisite: CH 221 with a grade of C or 
better. • 

CH 321 Physical Chemistry I: Investigative 

Laws of thennodynamics, free energy, and chemical 
equilibrium; solutions of electolytes, non eletrolytes; 
electrochemistry, chemical kinetics, and kinetic 
theory. Prerequisites: CH 212, MA 132M, PH 242 or 
permission of instructor. 

CH 322 Physical Chemistry II: Investigative 

Wave mechanics, chemical bonding, atomic and 
molecular spectroscopy, statistical thermodynamics 
and some molecular symmetry. Prerequisite: CH 321 
with a grade of C or better. 

CH 323 Physical Chemistry I: Interpretive 

Non-laboratory version of CH 321. 

CH 324 Physical Chemistry II: Interpretive 

Non-laboratory version of CH 322. 

CH 326 Instrumental Analysis 

Practical application of modem experimental 
techniques and modem chemical instrumentation. 
Required of all chemistry majors, normally in the 
Junior year. Prerequisite: CH 212 and PH 242. 

CH 415 Biochemistry I: Investigative 

TTie study of structures, functions, the dynamics of 
proteins, the role of genetic biomolecules, and some 
of the metabolic cycles in the body as related to the 
chemistry of these molecules. Prerequisites: CH 222, 
and class standing of Junior or Senior, or by permis- 
sion of instructor. 

CH 416 Biochemistry I: Interpretive 

Non-laboratory version of CH 415. 

CH 417 Biochemistry Ihlnvestigative 

A continuation of CH 415. Biosynthesis of macro- 
molecular precursors, in-depth study of genetic 
functions, and interactions between the conforma- 
tion of the macromolecules and their roles in 
metabolism and physiological processes. Prerequisite: 
CH415. 

CH 418 Biochemistry II: Interpretive 

Non-laboratory version of CH 417. 

CH 422 Advanced Organic Chemistry 

Mass spectroscopy; advanced synthetic methods, 
elucidation of reaction mechanism, stereochemistry, 
molecular rearrangements and orbital theory. 
Prerequisites: CH 222 and CH 322. 



CH 424 Advanced Inorganic Chemistry 

Structures, reactions, thermodynamic and physical 
properties of the elements and compounds. Develop- 
ment of group molecular orbital theory. Survey of 
molecular and solid state structures, transition metal 
complexes, main group compounds, organometallics, 
electronic spectroscopy, catalysis. Weekly lab. 
Problem sets, exams, oral presentations, laboratory 
reports and final exam, catalysis. Prerequisites: CH 
321 and CH 326. 

CH 429 Senior Research In Chemistry 

Independent laboratory research in one of the major 
areas of chemistry. Elective for B. A. or B.S. in Senior 
year, required for non-thesis B.S. (Certified) 
chemistry majors. Prerequisites: CH 326 and 
permission of instructor. 

CH 499 Independent Research - Thesis 

Chemistry students with superior ability may be 
invited to do independent research with a member of 
the chemistry faculty during their Senior year and 
write and defend a research thesis before a thesis 
committee. 

CH 1/2/3/4 410 Chemistry Seminar 

Series of papers and discussions on topics in 
chemistry and related subjects. Meetings with 
students and faculty, visitor participation. Junior and 
Senior chemistry majors present at least one paper a 
year. One course credit on satisfactory completion of 
the two years of participation. Continuation in 
seminar contingent upon satisfactory progress in 
upper division courses. 



CHINESE - See Modem Languages. 

CLASSICS AND ANCIENT 
HISTORY 

The minor in Classical Humanities builds on and 
extends the introduction provided by "Westem 
Heritage in a Global Context." It offers a solid 
foundation in the Westem humanities for anyone 
majoring in such fields as Literature, History, Art, 
Philosophy, or Religion. The minor also gives a 
broad perspective on the Westem tradition to those 
majoring in the sciences or social sciences. Graduate 
and professional schools are increasingly recognizing 
the need for this broad humanistic focus. 

The minor in Classical Humanities requires six 
courses drawn from any courses in classics or ancient 
history and art. Two of the six courses required may 
be chosen from the courses in ancient philosophy 
listed below. One of the six required courses may be 
drawn from the list of courses in other disciplines 
also found below. In addition, certain winter term 



38 



Communication 



courses will qualify for the minor when offered: e.g. 
Myth into Art, Classical Mythology, The Journey of 
the Hero and the Lover, and overseas study in 
Greece and Rome. 

With prior permission from the Discipline Coordina- 
tor in Classics, students may receive credit toward 
the minor for another related course not found 
below. (Only some of these courses will be offered in 
any given semester; other courses may be added in 
future years.) 

Two of the six required courses in the minor may be 
drawn from the following courses in ancient 
philosophy: 

• PL lOlH - Introduction to Philosophy 

• Independent Study of ancient philosophy 

• Courses in early Greek science and philosophy 

• PL 32 IH ' History of Philosophy: Greek and 
Roman 

(See "Philosophy" for course descriptions.) 

One of the six required courses in the minor may be 
drawn from the following courses in other disci- 
plines: 

• Any course in Classical Art (See listings under 
"Art" and "Art History" as available) 

Any of the courses in Literature listed below: 

• LI 236H History of Drama 1 

• LI 329H Literature, Myth, and Cinema 

• LI 372 Tragedy and Comedy 

(See "Literature" for course descriptions) 

CL 101 Elementary Latin 

(Cross- listed with LA 101). Master basic grammati- 
cal construction, develop a vocabulary of approxi- 
mately 500 words and the ability to read moderately 
difficult prose. English word derivation heavily 
stressed. 

CL 102 Elementary Latin 

Second semester for Elementary Latin. 
Prerequisite: CL/LA 101. 

CL 200H Classical Mythology 

Familiarizes students with the most important Greek 
and Roman myths and the backgrounds from which 
they arose. Discusses the important theories, themes, 
and meanings of myth, as well as the pervasive 
influence of myth in our everyday lives. 

CL 202H Women in Ancient Greece 

Examines the roles and lives of women in ancient 
Greece as presented in primary texts about them, 
poetry by them, and artistic representations of them. 

CL 205H Love in Classical Antiquity 

Introduces students to the many concepts of love, 
friendship, and sexuality in ancient Greece and 



Rome through a study of literature, scientific 
writings, historical documents, and the visual arts. 

CL 242H Ancient Greek History 

Provides an overview of the history of Greece from 
Mycenean times up until the age of Alexander 
through the ancient writers themselves: Herodotus, 
Thucydides, Xenophon, and Plutarch. 

CL 243H Ancient Roman History 

Provides an overview of the history of Rome from its 
legendary beginnings in the eighth century BC to 
the age of Nero in the first century AD through the 
ancient authors themselves: Livy, Tacitus, Suetonius, 
Plutarch, and Polybius. 

CL 260H Greek and Roman Drama 

Introduces students to many of the great tragedies 
and comedies of ancient Greece and Rome. Puts the 
plays in their historical and cultural context and 
discusses the conditions under which they were 
performed. 

CL 26 IH Greek Tragedy & Its Influence 

Offers an in-depth study of a few Greek tragedies and 
of works inspired by those tragedies in a variety of 
genres including drama, science fiction, psychologi- 
cal and philosophical studies, and film. Discusses 
changing concepts of tragedy and the tragic hero. 

CL 270H Classical Literature in Translation 

Introduces students to some of the greatest works of 
Greek and Roman civilization. Puts these works in 
the historical, spiritual, and artistic context from 
which they arose. 

CL 27 IH Greek Literature and Civilization 

Introduces students to many of the most influential 
literary texts of Greek civilization, including 
selections from epic, lyric, and dramatic poetry, 
history, and philosophy. Puts these texts in their 
cultural, political, and artistic contexts. 

CL 272H Roman Literature and Civilization 

Introduces many of the most important literary and 
historical texts of Roman civilization and examines 
the influences of Rome on the Western heritage. 

CL 360H Euripedes: Poet of Irrational 

A thorough introduction to the drama of the "most 
tragic" Greek playwright and his exploration of inner 
conflict, passion, and the human psyche. 



COMMUNICATION 

The communication major is an interdisciplinary 
investigation of messages, audiences, media, and 
persuasion. Communication students study the 
methodology, prevailing theories, history, and 



39 



Communication 



questions that define this field. They learn the 
following: 

• effective oral and written communication with a 
variety of audiences 

• analysis and interpretation of modem media 

• analysis and composition of arguments and other 
persuasive discourses 

• analysis and practice of ethical communication 

• design and completion of research-based study 

• application of the above to discipline or career 
specific concerns. 

By choosing an appropriate minor, which is required 
for the communication major, students prepare 
themselves for graduate study or careers in broadcast- 
ing, journalism, advertising, law, education, politics, 
or public relations. 

Communication majors must complete course work 
in these areas: 

• a sequence of seven required "core courses": 
Introduction to Communication Theory, Fundamen- 
tals of Oral Communication, Argumentation and 
Debate, Propaganda Studies, Elements of Film, 
Media Ethics, and a film genre or theme course. 

• three "tools courses" selected from the following 
list or approved by the mentor: Introduction to 
Graphic Design, Analytic and Persuasive Writing, 
Resourceful Writing, Group Dynamics, The Human 
Instrument, The Living Theatre, Visual Problem 
Solving, Drawing Fundamentals, Photography as 
Image Gathering, Experimental Film and Video, 
Multimedia Art, Intro to Computer Art, The Art of 
Web Page Design, Intro to Computer Science, 
Videographics: Technique and Technology. 

• a minor in one of the following disciplines (five or 
six courses): American Studies, Art, Computer 
Science, Creative Writing, History, Human 
Development, International Business, International 
Relations and Global Affairs, Environmental 
Studies, Literature, Management, a modem 
language. Music, Philosophy, Political Science, 
Psychology, Religious Studies, Russian Studies, 
Sociology, Theatre, or Women's and Gender Studies. 
With the approval of the mentor and appropriate 
discipline coordinator, students may substitute a 
minor in a field not listed. No course work applied to 
the major may be counted toward the completion of 
the minor. 

• a senior project: The project committee will 
include two communication faculty and a faculty 
member from the student's minor discipline. 

A typical course sequence for a major in communica- 
tion might be as follows: 

Freshmen: Introduction to Communication Theory, 
Elements of Film, Fundamentals of Oral 
Communication 



Sophmores: Argumentation and Debate, Propaganda 
Studies, Media Ethics, Film Genre 
Courses, Course work for minor 

Juniors: Tools Courses, Course work for minor 

Seniors: Course work for minor, Senior Project 

CM 101 Introduction to Communication 
Theory 

The purpose of this introductory course is to provide 
an overview of the subject matter, history, and the 
prevailing theories that define this field. While 
emphasizing critical thinking skills, the course aims 
to clarify the theoretical process and help students 
see theory at work in their everyday lives. Covering 
theories about the individual, society, and the media 
and emphasizing research, rhetoric, and analysis, the 
course will provide a foundation for more detailed 
and advanced discussion of the subjects addressed in 
the upper-level courses required in the core. 

CM 121 Fundamentals of Oral 
Communication 

This course surveys fundamental oral communica- 
tion concepts with an emphasis on developing 
effective public speaking skills, individual speech 
critiques. 

CM 221 A Media and Society 

An exploration and critical analysis of the relation- 
ships between contemporary media forms and 
society. Representative topics include the cultural 
role of advertising, the media's influence on human 
behavior and thought, and the social implications of 
new media technologies, research projects, and group 
discussion. 

CM 223 Argumentation and Debate 

Students will leam how to use oral communication 
as rational persuasion. Students will leam techniques 
of argument, research, and rebuttal. Each student 
will participate in debates on issues of campus and 
global interest. Course will emphasize critical 
thinking and effective communication techniques. 
Prerequisites: CO 121 or 360A. 

CM 3 02 A Elements of Film 

View, analyze, and evaluate great cinema. Study film 
as an artistic form, its history, typology, technology 
and symbology. 

CM 360A Media Ethics 

Media Ethics is designed to promote greater 
understanding of moral reasoning and ethical 
decision-making processes within the fields of 
journalism, advertising, and public relations, 
advertising, and public relations. 



40 



COMPARATIVE LITERATURE 

Comparative literature is an interdisciplinary 
approach to literature. Students declare three areas: 
five courses in a literature (commonly English and/ 
or American), three courses in a foreign language 
(such as French, German or Spanish), of which at 
least two are literature courses, and two courses in a 
second foreign language (at any level), or in another 
discipline (such as history, religion, philosophy, etc.), 
or in an approved specialty (world literature in 
translation, myth, the Don Juan tradition, etc.). 
Students should have one course using comparative 
methodology. Linguistics and literary criticism are 
recommended. 

Students develop competencies in comparative 
techniques, literary analogues and influences, 
research methods, and interdisciplinary work. 
Coursework is shaped to individual student pro- 
grams, typically moving from introductory levels to 
advanced work, often culminating in a thesis. 



COMPOSITION 

Composition courses emphasize the ways different 
writing processes lead to successful learning and 
communication. All address the conventions of 
expository writing, standard English usage, documen- 
tation, and preparation of portfolios for competency 
evaluation. Students in composition courses are 
urged to complete their assignments using the word 
processing facilities in the College's computer 
laboratories. The Writing Center, a service of the 
Writing Excellence Program, supplements composi- 
tion courses and provides assistance to students 
regarding any writing task. 

Credit for CO 121, 122, and 123 is limited: students 
whose native language is English may take only two 
for credit; students with other native languages may 
take three for credit. Students may take advanced 
composition courses for additional credit. 

CO 121 Writing Processes 

Introduction to writing processes: pre-writing, 
drafting, revising, editing. Development of a personal 
voice to express ideas and values. Journal, academic 
essays, proper use of resources, including documenta- 
tion. 

CO 122 Analytic/Persuasive Writing 

Critical reading and analysis of texts, with attention 
to audience, organization, evidence, persuasion. 
Collegiate research report: research questions, 
writing fi-om sources, presenting evidence logically. 
Theme sections announced at preregistration. 

CO 123 Resourceful Writing 

Individual assignments to sharpen thinking, editing. 



Composition 

research skills. Audience awareness, broadening 
student's repertoire, enriching language use. Usually 
requires major research paper. Theme sections 
announced at preregistration. 

CO 222 Narratives of Knowledge 

Explore the relationship between quest and narrative 
through a study of selected Western texts, raising 
questions about the construction of meaning and 
community in our lives. 

CO 321 Composition Theory & Learning 

The role of writing in learning, theories of composi- 
tion, analysis of writing processes, designing units of 
instruction. Group inquiry techniques and collabora- 
tive writing assignments. Practicum in tutoring. 
Prerequisite: Junior standing, completion of writing 
competency requirement, or instructor's permission. 

CO 322 ResearchingAVriting:Humanities 

Write a major paper in a humanities discipline, with 
ongoing evaluation of researching and writing 
techniques. Participate in writing groups, keep a 
research notebook. Prerequisite: Sophomore 
standing. 

CO 323 Organizational Communication 

Effective written, oral, visual, and computer- 
mediated communication in the context of modem 
business practice. Prerequisite: Junior standing or 
instructor's permission. 

CO 324 ReadingAVriting in Sciences 

Interdisciplinary team-taught course designed to help 
students in the sciences develop writing skills, 
epistemological perspective, and ethical sense to 
communicate scientific knowledge to science and lay 
audiences. Prerequisite: passed portfolio requirement, 
or permission of instructor. Corequisite: enrollment 
in science. 

CO 325 Writing Environmental Policy 

Writing environmental proposals, policy, and impact 
statements, and critical analysis of and presentations 
of solutions to environmental problems. Strategies 
for legal research. Case study ethics component. 
Prerequisite: must have passed writing competency, 
or have taken another writing course, or have 
permission of instructor. 

CO 326 Environmental Rhetoric 

Focuses on reading examples of various discourses we 
use to represent nature and the environment. 
Scientific, political, aesthetic, spiritual, ethical 
discourse, and media images, have all contributed to 
contradictory understanding of the natural world. 
Examine the way different reading assignments 
construct varied and contradictory values and beliefs 
about the environment. 



41 



Computational Science 



COMPUTATIONAL SCIENCE 

The minor in Computational Science gives students 
in the natural sciences a significant computing 
extension to their academic major and allows them 
to explore modem uses of computation - and the 
computer - in the sciences. The minor requires a 
total of six courses: CS 143M, MA 234N, and then 
any two mathematics courses and any two computer 
science courses from the following list. 

MA 238 Optimization Techniques 

MA 333 Probability and Statistics I 

MA 341 Numerical Analysis 

MA 351 Fourier Analysis 

MA 421 Partial Differential Equations 

CS 22 IN Data Structures 
CS 310 Computer Architecture 
CS 320 Programming Languages 
CS 330 Analysis of Algorithms 
CS 415 Computer Networks 
CS 450 Computer Graphics 
CS 455 Digital Image Processing 
CS 490 Scientific Visualization 

Students may not minor in both Computational 
Science and Computer Science. 



COMPUTER SCIENCE 

Students majoring in computer science acquire a 
knowledge of basic and advanced algorithm design 
and programming, as well as the underlying prin- 
ciples, design, and implementation of the major 
components of computing systems. Achievement of 
the required competencies is demonstrated by 
successful completion of a Senior comprehensive 
examination or thesis and by the successful comple- 
tion of the four required computer science courses 
(CS 143M, CS 22 IN, CS 301, and CS 310) and a 
minimum of four computer science elective courses 
numbered CS 320 or greater. 

The course requirements for the computer science 
major are composed of two parts: the program core, 
and the program specialization. The core is a 
structured sequence of four computer science courses 
(Introduction to Computer Science, Data Structures, 
Theory of Computing, and Computer Architecture) 
and four mathematics courses (Calculus I, Discrete 
Mathematics, Statistics, Linear Algebra). 

The specialization, composed of a minimum of four 
computer science electives numbered 320 or greater 
pursued during the Junior and Senior years, is less 
structured, allowing the student to emphasize his or 
her special interests. The Computer Science 
Seminar is required in the Junior and Senior years. 
This is a total of 12 courses (not including the 
seminar) for the Bachelor of Arts. 



42 



Four additional courses from advanced computer 
science (320 level or above), mathematics or physics, 
are required for the Bachelor of Science. 

For computer science students interested in a 
mathematics minor or a double major (computer 
science and mathematics). Combinatorial Math- 
ematics may be substituted for Discrete Mathemat- 
ics, and Probability and Statistics 1 for Statistics. 

A minor in computer science requires completion of 
CS 143M, 22 IN, and three computer science courses 
numbered 300 or above. 

CS 1 10 Wide World of Computing 

Introduction to computers, computer science, 
information processing technology. Word processor, 
spreadsheet, programming. For majors with no 
previous experience, and non-majors wanting an 
introduction that is not programming intensive. 

CS 143M Introduction to Computer Science 

Fiistory of computing: overview of the elements of a 
computer system; problem solving and algorithm 
development; Pascal programming for numeric and 
non-numeric problems. Prerequisites: mathematics 
placement at the calculus ready level and CS 110 or 
equivalent. For students in all majors who want to 
acquire programming and computer skills. 

CS 1 70A Videographics 

(Cross-listed with TH 170A) The growth and 
merging of computing, electronic communication, 
and video technologies are providing exciting new 
ways of communication, presentation, and persua- 
sion. Major topics include physics of sound, light, 
and image collection; video technology; video 
editing systems and video technologies. Prerequisite: 
permission of instructor. 

CS 22 IN Data Structures 

Continuation of program design and algorithm 
analysis. Identification and evaluation of classes of 
problems solvable through well-defined data 
structures and algorithms including stacks, recursion, 
lists, linked lists, trees, searching and sorting. 
Prerequisite: CS 143M. 

CS 301 Theory of Computing 

Abstract basis of computing machines and languages; 
introduction to finite automata, formal languages, 
Turing machines, and complexity theory. Prerequi- 
sites: CS 22 IN and MA 143. 

CS 310 Computer Architecture 

Architectural and hardware elements of computing 
machines; central processing unit including micro- 
machine, registers, data paths, arithmetic logic unit, 
control unit, microprogramming; memory including 
implementation; virtual memory, content address- 
able memory, cache; input/output including disks, 



Creative Arts 



tapes, serial communications and networks. Prereq- 
uisite: CS 22 IN. 

CS 320 Programming Languages 

Nature and implementation of programming 
languages including qualities and characteristics of 
languages, methods of implementation, execution 
models and environments; survey of programming 
languages. Prerequisite: CS 22 IN. 

CS 321 Software Engineering 

Properties of software systems; software system design 
and development principles; specifications; models; 
software tools, monitoring methods; group program- 
ming project for a large software system. Prerequisite: 

CS 221N. 

CS 330 Analysis of Algorithms 

Theoretical and mathematical basis of algorithm 
design and analysis. Prerequisites: CS 301, CS 22 IN 
and MA 143 or permission of instructor. 

CS 341 Numerical Analysis 

(Cross listed with MA 341) Methods for solving an 
equation or systems of equations. Interpolating 
polynomials, numerical integration and differentia- 
tion, numerical solutions of ordinary and partial 
differential equations, boundary value problems. 
Prerequisite: MA 233M or pennission of instructor. 

CS 360 Database System 

Conceptual modeling of data systems; organization 
of database systems; storage and retrieval of data in 
the database, database design and administration. 
Prerequisite: CS 22 IN or permission of instructor. 

CS 411 Operating Systems 

Organization, operation, and implementation 
including processor management, memory manage- 
ment, virtual systems, interprocess communication, 
scheduling algorithms, protection and security, 
deadlocks; case studies of operating systems. 
Prerequisite: CS 22 IN. 

CS 415 Computer Networks 

Abstract view of computer and communications 
networks. Topology, protocols, and operation of 
computer networks; ISO's OSI, TCP/IP, LAN, 
WAN. Performance issues related to networks. 
Prerequisite: CS 22 IN. 

CS 420 Translators and Compilers 

Theory and implementation of high-level language 
virtual machines including assemblers, macro 
expansion, compilers and interpreters; syntactic and 
semantic models. Prerequisite: CS 301 

CS 450 Computer Graphics 

Theory and programming involved in rendering 
graphic images. Prerequisites: CS 22 IN and MA 
131M or instructor's permission. 



CS 455 Digital Imaging Processing 

Introduces various techniques for the enhancement 
and analysis of digital imagery. Topics include the 
interpretation of image statistics, image enhance- 
ment based on histogram transformations, spatial 
filtering, and image transforms. Prerequisite: CS 22 IN. 

CS 460 Artificial Intelligence 

Knowledge representation, constraint satisfaction, 
metaphors of control. Logic and theorem proving, 
problem solving and heuristic search. Introduction 
to the AI languages, LISP and PROLOG. Deep 
exploration of natural language understanding, 
inductive learning, and rule based (expert) systems. 
Neural networks and hybrid systems, fuzzy logic and 
genetic algorithms. Prerequisite: CS 22 IN. 

CS 462 Neural Networks 

Philosophical, biological and architectural underpin- 
nings of this alternative, parallel, distributed model 
of computing inspired by the human brain. Prerequi- 
site: CS 221N or permission of instructor. 

CS 499 Senior Thesis 

Seniors majoring in computer science may, upon 
invitation of the computer science faculty, do 
research and write a thesis under the direction of a 
member of the faculty. The submission of the 
resulting written thesis and an oral defense will, 
upon approval of the computer science faculty, satisfy 
the comprehensive examination requirement for 
graduation. Prerequisites: excellence in computer 
science courses through the Junior year and invita- 
tion by the faculty. 

CS 1/2/3/4 410 Computer Science Seminar 

For Junior and Senior computer science majors. One 
course credit on satisfactory completion of two years 
of participation. Continuation in seminar contingent 
on satisfactory progress in upper division courses. 

CREATIVE ARTS 

CR 141A Introduction to the Arts 

History of music, literature, the visual arts, architec- 
ture, dance, and film correlated with the history of 
Western civilization for a deeper understanding and 
appreciation of the arts of the Western world. 

CR 203A Aesthetics East and West 

Compare several art forms of the East and West, 
looking at what distinguishes art and what social and 
economic uses it serves in various cultures. Visits to 
museums and performances. 

CR 244A Art and Culture of Russia 

Kievan and Muscovite periods, Europeanization 
initiated by Peter the Great, Golden Age of Russian 
culture, revolutionary culture, Soviet attitudes 

43 



Creative Writing 



toward culture. Pem^ission of instructor required tor 
Freshmen. 

CR 380E Environment & Sense of Place 

Students will explore the "idea of home" and "sense 
of place" in the natural and man-made environment, 
focusing on architectural, geographical, psychologi- 
cal, natural, and literary dimensions. Students will be 
encouraged to develop a personal understanding of 
their own concepts of "home" and "sense of place" 
and to refine their reading, writing, and speaking 
skills. Prerequisite: Junior standing. 

CR 384A 20* Century American Women in 
the Arts 

Values and traditions affecting American women 
artists from 1935 to present. Works by women in 
dance, visual arts, prose, poetry, film, photography, 
etc. 

CRl/2 305 Resident Advisor Internship 

A year-long course for Resident Advisers beginning 
in autumn term. Communication, paraprofessional 
counseling, crisis intervention, conflict resolution, 
leadership training. 



CREATIVE WRITING 

The Writing Workshop helps develop serious writers 
- students who think of themselves primarily as 
writers and students for whom writing will be an 
important avocation. Workshop students learn the 
crafts of journalism, fiction, non-fiction, poetry, the 
play and the screenplay, and develop individual 
voices. They also learn to articulate and defend 
reasoned critical opinions. Course work must include 
six courses in literature and four workshops-fiction, 
poetry and one of the following: playwriting, 
screenwriting, journal writing, the personal essay, 
journalism, publishing and the writing career. In 
consultation with the mentor, in special cases 
(involving a writing interest best served by study 
outside the literature track) students may substitute 
for one literature course, two courses from another 
discipline. Seniors are required to complete a thesis. 
The thesis committee will include two full-time 
creative writing faculty and a third member from any 
other discipline. Concentrations in creative writing 
for theater and writing for advertising and public 
relations are also available. 

In the first year, students take any workshop at the 
200 level and 100 or 200 level literature courses. In 
subsequent years, students build upon this founda- 
tion by 1 ) taking intermediate and advanced courses 
in fiction and poetry and courses in playwriting, 
screenwriting, journals, etc., and 2) developing a 
cluster of literature courses defined by a particular 
interest (e.g., modem and contemporary British and 



American poetry and fiction) and/or supported by 
courses from other disciplines (e.g., American studies 
or history of modem Britain). 

Writing Workshop students are required to take 
fiction and poetry workshops from the residential 
Writing Workshop faculty. Profs. Watson and Ward, 
or their designated replacements. 

To minor in creative writing, students must take 
three Writing Workshop courses (in at least two 
genres) and two literature courses. One workshop 
and one literature course must be 300 level or above. 
The workshops must be Eckerd College courses. 

Students wishing to double major in creative writing 
and literature must take ten literature courses and 
fulfill all other requirements for both majors. 
Literature courses taken for a major in literature may 
be counted for a minor in creative writing. 

CW 200A Writing Workshop: Poetry 

An introduction to prosody and the craft of poetry 
by means of traditional forms. Extensive work in 
meter and scansion. Write in various forms, e. g., the 
sonnet, villanelle, ballad, sestina, rondeau, accen- 
tual-alliterative verse, blank verse and others. 
Instructor's permission required. 

CW 201A Writing Workshop: The Short 
Story 

An introduction to fiction writing with emphasis 
upon realistic short story technique. Acquaints the 
student with basic principles of craft or the learned 
aspect of fiction writing. Emphasis on rewriting, the 
development of works class. Emphasis on rewriting, 
the development of works through the several phases 
of composition. Instructor's permission required. 

CW 203A Introduction to Scriptwriting: 
Theater 

Students will leam the fundamental elements of 
playwriting and screenwriting, with special attention 
to successful action, dialogue, characterization, 
premise, stage directions and formatting. Open to 
Freshmen. No prerequisites but pemiission of 
instructor required. 

CW 220A Journalism 
Study and practice the basic news story, with 
emphasis on the print news story; explore other 
forms of news writing and electronic media. Students 
will identify and discuss the social, legal, and ethical 
issues facing the press. 

CW 301 Writing Workshop: Personal Essay 

Workshop in writing the literary essay. Read and 
discuss published non-fiction prose by writers such as 
Harry Crews, Alice Walker, Eudora Welty, Joan 
didion, and Michael Herr (author oi Dispatches and 
the screenplay for Apocalypse Now). Study the 



44 



Directed Study 



rhetoric of the essay and bring imagination to hear 
on handling the essay format, prose techniques, and 
style. Instructor's permission required. 

CW 303 Writing Workshop: Intermediate 
Fiction 

Continued emphasis on the craft of revision, 
development of individual voice, critical and 
analytical writing and speaking. Prerequisites: CW 
201 A and instnictor's permission. 

CW 3 05 A Journals, Diaries & Letters 

Journals, diaries and letters as related to the creative 
process. Practice and discuss various joumaling 
techniques, writing our own journals. Instructor's 
permission required. 

CW 306 Writing Workshop: Intermediate 
Poetry 

Read major figures in contemporary poetry such as 
Ammons, Berryman, Dickey, Hall, Hugo, Jarrell, 
Kinnell, Kumin, Merwin, Plath, Roethke, Sexton. 
Work toward an understanding of self as a writer and 
of the attention a writer must give the world and 
words to create mature works that communicate 
with an audience. Prerequisites: CW 200A and 
instructor's permission. 

CW 325 Literary Magazine Production 

Practical experience in the editing and production of 
a literary journal. Participate in evaluating submis- 
sions, maintaining subscription lists, evaluating 
layout and design, and proofreading. Good prepara- 
tion for graduate schools with associated literary 
journals and for careers in publishing. Prerequisites: 
one Eckerd College creative writing course or 
instructor's permission. 

CW 333 Writing Workshop: Advanced 
Fiction 

Read and discuss published fiction and commentary 
in John Gardner's On Becoming a Novelist. Students 
may submit discussion of original student works. 
Students may submit short stories, novellas, or 
works-in-progress. Prerequisites: CW 201 A and CW 
303 or Instructor's permission required. 

CW 334A Writing Workshop: One-Act Play 

Writing one-act plays, reading short plays, including 
traditional and experimental forms. Each student 
writes at least two plays. Emphasis on rewriting and 
the development of works through several phases of 
composition. 

CW 335 Writing Workshop: Advanced 
Poetry 

Read and discuss books of poetry by contemporary 
poets, working toward an understanding of the 
conventions of contemporary poetry. Focus on the 



writing process. Suggestions for submitting poetry to 
journals. Prerequisites: CW 306 and permission of 
instructor. 

CW 348A Writing Workshop: Feature 
Writing 

The study and practice of writing newspaper and 
magazine articles for publication. Read and analyze 
major award- winning feature articles. Write six 
major stories, analyze and profile one major daily 
newspaper and one nationally circulating magazine. 
Write query letters for newspaper and magazine 
markets. Instructor's permission required. 

CW 361A Writing Workshop: Travel Writing 

Practical experience in a genre that is popular, useful, 
and relatively easy to break into. Read examples of 
quality travel writing and become familiar with the 
articles in daily newspapers and travel magazines, 
gradually "branching out" to places like Gulfport and 
Tarpon Springs, eventually reaching farther places 
(home towns, distant shores, exotic locales). Explore 
the travel industry, travel writing and write one 
analytical article. Learn skills in reading, writing, 
marketing, research, and observation. Preference 
given to juniors and seniors. Instructor's pennission 
required. 

CW 401 Publishing & Writing Career 

Analyze the editorial biases of journals and write 
poems, stories, essays, reviews, and interviews in 
response to those biases. Learn where to find 
information about publishing and how to use that 
information. Prerequisite: permission of instructor. 
Students should have completed, revised work that is 
ready to submit, in addition to the writing that is 
required by this course. 

CW 433 Writing Workshop: Advanced 
Fiction 

Second semester follow-up to CW 333. Instructor's 
published fiction and commentary in John Gardner's 
On Becoming a Novelist, while interspersing discus- 
sion of original student works. Students may submit 
short stories, novellas, or works-in-progress. Prerequi- 
sites: CW 201 A and permission required. 



DIRECTED STUDY COURSES 

For descriptions, see the appropriate discipline. 
Copies of directed study syllabi are available in the 
Registrar's office. 

AM 307H Rebels with a Cause 

AM 308H Becoming Visible: Sex, Gender, 
and American Culture 

AH 3 11 A Modem Japanese Aesthetics 



45 



East Asian Studies 



AH 350 Introduction to Museum Work 

BI 250 Explorations in Human Nutrition 

BI 350 Human Physiology 

GE 250S Geography 

GE 3 5 OS World Regional Geography 

GR 206 Heroes: Ethics on Stage 

HD 326 Counseling for Wellness 

HI 32 IH Women in America 

HI 334H African- American History I 

LI 221 H American Literature I 

LI 250H Children's Literature 

LI 251 H Shakespeare 

LI 3 5 OH Modem American Novel 

LI 351H Twentieth Century American 
Women Artists and Writers 

MN/SO 345 Complex Organizations 

MN 387 Interpersonal Managerial 
Competencies 

MN 389 Servant Leadership through Service 
Learning 

MN/SO 405E Human Ecology & Social 
Change 

MN 411 Social En trepreneurship 

MU 350 Twentieth Century Music 

PL 103G Introduction to Eastern Philosophy 

PO 350S Florida Politics 

PO 450 The Supreme Court in American 
Politics 

PS 303 Industrial Organizational Psychology 

QM 410 Quest for Meaning 

(hy academic petition only for Seniors) 

RE 21 OS Introduction to Christian Ethics 

SP 401H Modem Spanish Novel 

SP 402H Spanish American Novel 

WG 410 Research Seminar: Women & 
Gender Studies 

EAST ASIAN STUDIES 

East Asian Studies offers an integrated, cross- 
disciplinary introduction to the history, humanities, 
and contemporary societies of China and Japan. This 
major serves students who anticipate careers in 
business, government, or diplomacy with an 



international focus; graduate work in international 
and immigration law, international business 
administration, or cross cultural and social studies 
education; or advanced scholarship in area studies or 
comparative fields in the arts, humanities, and social 
sciences. 

The major in East Asian Studies requires two years of 
Chinese or Japanese language; the core course, EA 
201G (East Asian Traditions); six other courses, at 
least two each from group A and group B below, with 
at least two at the 300-level or above; study abroad 
in East Asia; a senior seminar; and a senior compre- 
hensive examination. A minor is also available to 
serve as an area studies supplement to students with 
majors such as International Business, International 
Relations, Political Science, and Anthropology, as 
well as a comparative studies complement to majors 
in any of the humanities such as History, Literature, 
Religion, or Philosophy. The minor in East Asian 
Studies requires the following: two semesters of 
either Chinese or Japanese language; a core course, 
EA 20 10 (East Asian Traditions); and three other 
courses, one each from group A and group B below, 
and a third one from either group. 

A: East Asian Heritage 

AH 203 A - Arts of the Silk Road 

CN 208G - Gender and Sexuality in Asian 

Literature 
CN 268A - Love and Justice in Chinese Theater 
CN 301H - Heroes and Anti-Heroes in Chinese 

Literature 
CR 203A - Aesthetics East & West 
EA 202E - East Asian Constructions of Nature 
PL 103G - Introduction to Eastern Philosophy 
PL/EA 303G - Individual and Society in Chinese 

Thought 
PL/EA 304H - Seminar in Chinese Thought: 

Taoism 
RE 234H - The Goddess in Eastern Traditions 
RE 320H - The Buddhist Tradition 

B: Contemporary East Asian Societies 

AN 207G - Chinese Communist Society 
AN 262E - Environment, Population, and 

Culture (China focus) 
AN 282G - East Asian Area Studies 
CN 288G - Chinese Pop Culture 
CN 302H - East Meets West: Chinese Cinema 
HD 350G - Contemporary Japanese Families 
H1/EA310G- Modem China 
H1/EA311G- Modem Japan 
MN 230G - Asian Managerial Practices 
PO 23 IG - Politics: East Asian Nations 
PO 232G - The Pacific Century 
PO 333S - Govemment and Politics of Japan 
PO 335S - Govemment and Politics of China 
PO 336S - China, Japan, and the United States 



46 



Other courses which fulfill these requirements may 
become available. In addition, some winter term 
courses and overseas travel to East Asia may also 
qualify. 

EA 20 IG East Asian Traditions 

A survey of the history' and culture of East Asian 
societies up to about 1 700 CE; the evolution of 
political and social structures; readings in major 
works and traditions of philosophy, poetry, and 
fiction. 

EA 202E East Asian Constructions/Nature 

Introduction to conceptual constructions of the 
natural environment in East Asian thought, and 
their expressions in such areas as architecture, urban 
planning, landscape painting, and garden design. 
The course includes an introduction to webpage 
design and a term project done on the Internet. 

EA 300G Science/Technology/Society in 
China 

The genius of traditional Chinese science and 
technology: the question of why Western science 
overtook it; China's response to Western science; 
and its impact on Chinese society and politics today. 

EA 303G Individual/Society-Chinese 
Thought 

Analyze ideas of human nature, the individual's 
relationship to the social order, and the range of ways 
in which individuals have expressed dissent from 
social norms in the Chinese tradition. Ranges from 
classical philosophy to current events and the debate 
on human rights. 

EA 304H Seminar in Chinese Thought: 
Taoism 

(Cross-listed with PL 304H) Upper-level course 
which explores important philosophical issues in 
Taoism in a historical and comparative framework. 
Emphasis on Taoist epistemology, ontology, ethics, 
and ideas of nature through close study of the Tao Te 
Ching and the Chuang Tzu, the Chinese commen- 
tary tradition, and comparative works in Buddhist, 
classical Greek, and modem Western philosophy 
Brief introduction to the history of the Taoist 
church. Prerequisite: EA 201G or PL 103G, or 
permission of instructor. Some knowledge of the 
Chinese language is helpful but not required. 

EA310G Modem China 

(Cross-listed with HI 310G) The crisis of traditional 
China, the Opium Wars, the response to the West, 
the 1911 Revolution, warlords, the challenge from 
Japan, World War II, the Communist Revolution 
and Mao's China, Deng's Reforms, the Tian'anmen 
Massacre. Focus on political and social history and 
the lived experience of individual Chinese. 



Economics 

EA 3 1 IG Modem Japan 

(Cross-listed with HI 311G) The world of Tokugawa 
Japan, the Meiji restoration, reform and Westerniza- 
tion, the success of Imperial Japan, the road to Pearl 
Harbor and World War II, the A- Bomb and 
American Occupation, economic growth and 
contemporary social and political challenges Focus 
on political, social, and cultural developments. 

EA 312G History of Southeast Asia 

(Cross-listed with HI 312G) A survey of the pre- 
history of Southeast Asian peoples, the formation of 
early kingdoms, the social and economic context of 
commercial life, the impact of European colonialism, 
the development of nationalist consciousness, and 
the challenges facing contemporary Southeast Asian 
nations. 

EAI 39 IE Environment & Society of East 
Asia 

This course is a required part of the Semester Study 
in Asia program and is only available to students 
enrolled in that program. It surveys the history, 
geography, and natural environment in contempo- 
rary Japanese and Chinese societies. Includes class 
on campus and travel in Japan, Taiwan, and Hong 
Kong. 



ECONOMICS 

The competencies achieved in the economics major 
are the ability to: 

- understand and explain general economic 
phenomena; 

- analyze and evaluate economic policy proposals; 

- analyze, synthesize and integrate economic ideas; 

- communicate effectively, in both oral and written 
form; 

- do quantitative research, using a statistical 
computer package; 

- engage in library research; and 

- conceive, plan and execute an independent 
quantitative research project. 

In addition to the requirement of statistics, students 
majoring in economics are required to take a 
minimum of eight economics courses and Calculus I. 
All students will take Principles of Microeconomics, 
Principles of Macroeconomics, Intermediate 
Microeconomics, Intermediate Macroeconomics and 
History of Economic Thought. In addition, students 
choose three economics electives from a list of 
approved courses at the 300 level or above. Students 
must maintain a C average in upper level courses to 
successfully complete the major. 



47 



Economics ^^_^ 

Students can start their economics major in their 
Freshman year. This is the appropriate time to take 
calculus. In addition, students can start the econom- 
ics major proper with Principles of Microeconomics 
or Principles of Macroeconomics. The next appropri- 
ate courses are intermediate Microeconomics and 
Intermediate Macroeconomics. Beyond this students 
can branch out to choose electives. Economics 
electives are available with a simple prerequisite of 
either of the Principles courses. In their Senior year 
students take History of Economic Thought. 

Requirements for a minor in economics include 
Principles of Micro and Macroeconomics, and three 
upper level economics electives, including one upper 
level macro course (EC 382 or 386) or one upper 
level micro course (EC 371, 381 or 384). 

EC 260M Statistical Methods: Management 
& Economics 

(Cross-listed with MN 260M) Introduction to 
quantitative data analysis in economics and 
management. Lectures and discussions of selected 
problems. Data analysis projects. Prerequisite: one of 
either EC 281S, 282S, ES 172, HD lOlS, PO 102S, 
103G,PS101S,orSO101S. 

EC 28 IS Principles of Microeconomics 

Price theory, operation of market system. Industrial 
structure and pricing under different competitive 
structures. Required of all students majoring in 
economics. 

EC 282S Principles of Macroeconomics 

Main sectors of the economy (consumers, business 
and government) focusing on policy. Monetary and 
fiscal policy, inflation, recession, balance of pay- 
ments. Required for all students majoring in 
economics. 

EC 30 IS Leadership: Human Side of 
Economics 

Experiential exercises, readings, and class discussion 
designed to investigate and challenge the behavioral 
assumptions of the contemporary economics 
paradigm. Several leadership theories will be 
explored to facilitate a broader understanding of 
human organizational behavior. 

EC 370 Industrial Organization 

Examine various models of firm behavior in various 
industrial organization structures (competition, 
monopoly, oligopoly, conglomerate), both foreign 
and domestic. Prerequisite: EC 28 IS. 

EC 371 Economics of Labor Markets 

The role of labor in the economic system. Division 
of labor, job segregation, wage theory, relationship 
among work, family, household production. Prerequi- 
site: EC 281S. 



EC 380 Public Choice 

Theory of public decision making. Living in 
community, origins and appropriate roles of the state, 
justice in the behavior of the state. Models of voting 
behavior through simulation. Prerequisite: EC 28 IS 
or permission of instructor. 

EC 381 Intermediate Microeconomics 

Continuation of EC 281S. Consumer demand theory 
pricing and output decisions of industries and firms 
using algebraic mathematical and geometric models; 
price and output adjustments. Prerequisite: EC 28 IS. 
Required for all students majoring in economics. 

EC 382 Intermediate Macroeconomics 

Continuation of EC 282S. Determinants of aggre- 
gate demand and supply, using dynamic and static 
models of analysis. How to use an understanding of 
economic analysis to achieve policy objectives and 
understand trade-offs. Prerequisites: EC 282S and EC 
260M. 

EC 383 Marine Resource Policy 

Applied course exploring global issues surrounding 
regulation of marine resource use. The role of 
economic theory in development of marine resource 
policy. Prerequisites: EC 28 IS or EC 282S, and EC 
260M. 

EC 384 Managerial Economics 

Applied economic theory, mathematics and statistics 
in business decision making. Optimization tech- 
niques under conditions of uncertainty. Selecting the 
"best" solutions to business problems.. Prerequisites: 
EC281SandEC260M. 

EC 385 Comparative Economic Systems 

Non-capitalistic and capitalistic economies com- 
pared to show how different institutional arrange- 
ments lead to different ways of making economic 
decisions. Former Soviet Union, Eastern European 
nations, People's Republic of China included. 
Prerequisite: EC 28 IS or 282S. 

EC 386 Money, Banking, & Financial 
Institutions 

(Cross-listed with MN 386) History and develop- 
ment of monetary system and financial structure. 
Money creation and influence on macroeconomic 
activity. Monetary policy implications of regulatory 
agencies. Prerequisite: EC 282S. 

EC 387 Urban Economics 

Urban growth and decay, location decisions, land 
use. Transportation, crime, housing, discrimination 
and segregation, and the urban financial crisis. 
Prerequisite: EC 28 IS. 



48 



Environmental Perspectives 



EC 388 Economic Development 

Factors which contribute to or retard economic 
development, investigating the cultural and political 
as well as economic aspects of development. 
Prerequisite: EC 28 IS or 282S. 

EC 389 Natural Resource & Environmental 
Economy 

Role of economic theory in aiialyzing and evaluating 
natural resource and environmental policy issues. 
Developing models of optimal use of resources: land, 
water, energy, their development, allocation, pricing. 
Prerequisite: EC 28 IS. 

EC 410 History of Economic Thought 

Senior seminar for econeimic majors. Economic ideas 
as developed and expounded by Western economists. 
The teachings of the mercantilists, physiocrats, 
Adam Smith, Malthus, Ricardo, Mill, Marx, 
Marshall, German and American schools of thought. 

EC 460 Econometrics 

Introduction to applied econometrics including 
analysis of dummy variables, violations of classical 
assumptions. Prerequisites: Junior or Senior standing 
and permission of instructor. 

EC 480 International Economy: Foreign 
Exchange 

Theory, operation, government policies, balance of 
international payments, exchange-rate adjustments, 
intenelationship between macroeconomy and 
international economy. Prerequisite: EC 282S. 

EC 481 International Economics: Trade 

Theory, government policies, free trade, protection- 
ism, U.S. commercial policy, GATT talks, US- 
Japan-EEC trade issues, developing countries, 
solutions for international trade problems. Prerequi- 
site: EC 28 IS. 

EC 488 International Economics 

International trade, finance theory and policy. 
Balance of international payments, exchange rate 
adjustments, nature of gains from trade, U.S. 
commercial policy. Prerequisites: EC 281S and 282S 
and permission of instructor. 

ENGINEERING AND APPLIED 
SCIENCE DUAL DEGREE 

The advisors for the program are Harry Ellis, 
Professor of Physics, and Edmund Gallizzi, Professor 
of Computer Science. Students who wish to pursue 
a dual-degree program should consult with one of the 
advisors as early as possible. For description see 
page 11. 



ENVIRONMENTAL 
PERSPECTIVE COURSES 

Environmental perspective courses provide 
opportunities for students to address issues in the 
environmental realm in such a manner as to 
enhance their knowledge of the natural world and to 
make informed value judgements concerning the 
environmental consequences of personal and social 
actions. 

AM 314E The Environment in 
American Thought 

For description, see American Studies. 

AN/IB 262E Environment, Population, and 
Culture 

AN 335E Cultural Ecology 

AN 342E Introduction to Ethnobotany 

For descriptions see Anthropology. 

BI 201E Ecosystems of Florida 

For description see Biology. 

CR 380E Environment & Sense of Place 

For description see Creative Arts. 

EA 202E East Asian Constructions of Nature 

For description see East Asian Studies. 

HD 208E Your Health and the Environment 

For description see Human Development. 

HI 325E Western Myth and the Environment 
HI 353E Environmental History 

HI 354E Environmental History ' Europe 

For descriptions see History. 

LI 328E Literature and Ecology: Writings 
About the Earth Household 

For description see Literature. 

MN 405E Human Ecology and Social Change 

For description see Management. 

PH 214E Energy and the Environment 

For description see Physics. 

PL 243E Environmental Ethics 

PL 3 lOE Ideas of Nature 

For descriptions see Philosophy. 

RE 350E Ecology and Chaos 

RE 38 IE Ecotheology 

For descriptions see Religious Studies. 



49 



Environmental Studies 

RU 25 3E Environmental Crisis in Russia 

For descriptions see Russian Studies. 

See also Sea Semester, pg. 98. 

ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES 

The environmental studies major will provide 
students with an educational specialty grounded in 
the subjects and issues related to the natural 
environment and the relationship of the human 
being to the natural environment. The major offers 
the breadth and depth of interdisciplinary inquiry, 
integrating knowledge across the natural sciences, 
behavioral sciences, and humanities. The major 
develops analytical tools and skills for understanding 
the environment, while emphasizing the role of 
beliefs, values, ethics and aesthetics in shaping 
human behavior. 

Students will be exposed to coursework which 
develops skills in the following areas: laboratory 
research and environmental science; policy analysis, 
social, historical and global awareness; philosophical 
and ethical inquiry; writing and composition; oral 
presentation; educational techniques and strategies; 
legal research; and group enterprise. This will 
prepare students for careers in such diverse fields as 
environmental and urban planning, natural resource 
management, scientific journalism, environmental 
law and policy making, parks and recreation, 
landscape and architecture, public health, education, 
the arts, and many more. The Environmental 
Studies major or minor satisfies the Environmental 
perspective requirement. 

The major includes five required courses, four 
environmental field courses, two tools courses, and 
the completion of a minor related to environmental 
studies chosen from a pre- approved list. Grades in 
this minor must be C or better and the courses 
cannot be double counted within the major. 
Students graduate with a B.A. degree. 

Required courses (must take all 5): 

• ES 172 - Introduction to Environmental Studies 

• ES 270 ' Introduction to Environmental Biology 

• ES 211 - Introduction to Earth Science 

• ES 498 - Senior Research & Comprehensive Exam 

• One upper-level synthesis course that requires at 
least one of the introductory courses. Currently 
offered options: Advanced Natural Resource 
Policy, Conservation Biology, and Global 
Environmental Change. 

Environmental Field Courses (must take a class from 
4 of the 6 fields): 

• Ethics 

PL 243E ' Environmental Ethics, 
PL 331 ' Environmental Aesthethics 



• Religion 

RE 381E ' Ecotheology 

ES 382H - Nature & the Sacred: Religion&. Ecology 

• Literature 

LI 328E - Literature and Ecology 

• Policy/Law 

PO 325 - Environmental Politics and Policy 
PC 313 - International Environmental Law 
ES 381 - Marine Mammal Conservation & 

Management 
ES 315 -Wildlife Policy 

• Economics 

EC 389 - Natural Resource and Environmental 

Economics 
EC 383 - Marine Resource Policy 
EC 388 - Economic Development 

• Human Ecology 

HD 329 - Person/Environment Equation 
HI 353E - Environmental History 
SO 405 - Human Ecology 
AN 335E - Cultural Ecology 

Tools Courses (must take a class from 2 of the 4 
categories): 

• Writing course 

FD 325 - Writing Environmental Policy 
FD 326 - Environmental Rhetoric 

• Methods course 

EC 281S - Principles of Microeconomics Statistics 
PO 260M - Political Science Research Methods 
BE 260M - Statistical Methods for the Sciences 
SO 160M - Statistical Methods 
MN/EC 260M - Statistical Methods for 

Management & Economics 
PS 200/20 IM - Statistics & Research Design I & II 
MA 133M - Statistics: An Introduction 

• Computer course 

CS 143M - Introduction to Computer Science 
CS 1 10 - Wide World of Computing 
ES 342 - GIS for Environmental Studies 

• Completion of a minor related to Environmental 
Studies (History, Literature, Philosophy, Religious 
Studies, Economics, Political Science, Sociology, 
Biology, Chemistry, Anthropology, Human 
Development, Visual Arts) 

The minor in Environmental Studies requires six 
courses, three required courses (ES 172 Introduction 
to Environmental Studies, ES 270 Introduction to 
Environmental Biology, and ES 211 Introduction to 
Earth Science) and three environmental field 
courses. The environmental field courses are listed 
above. Students should choose one class from three 
of the six fields. 



50 



Environmental Studies 



ES 172 Introduction to Environmental 
Studies 

Such topics as conserving biological diversity, 
sustaining energy, shaping cities, strengthening 
global environmental governance. Human roles and 
responsibilities, the scientific, political, economic, 
and ethical issues involved in the attainment of a 
sustainable future. 

ES 2 1 1 Introduction to Earth Sciences 

Introduction to major topics in geology, oceanogra- 
phy, meteorology, and astronomy, the natural forces 
that shape our physical environment, in order to 
appreciate and preserve the planet. 

ES 215 Introduction to Natural Resource 
Policy 

An introduction to domestic and international 
natural resource conversation issues. Prerequisite: 
sophomore standing. 

ES 216 Coastal Issues: Ethics & Policy 

An introduction to the fundamentals of coastal 
management principles and practices by examining 
marine parks, mariculture, international marine 
affairs and coastal environmental activism. 
Prerequiste: Sophomore standing. 

ES 270 Introduction to Environmental 
Biology 

Study of ways in which humans affect and are 
affected by the environment, with focus on biology. 
General ecology, population, genetics, identification 
and use of natural resources, pollution, social 
institutions, ethics. 

ES 311N Advanced Environmental Geology 

Environmental management, water supply and 
quality, waste disposal, energy production and use, 
flooding and coastal erosion. Managed solutions and 
difficulties with them. Field/laboratory oriented. 
Prerequisite: ES 211 or MS 208. 

ES 3 13N Water Resources 

Natural mechanisms and human activities control- 
ling the composition of natural waters. Topics 
include rainwater, groundwater, rivers, lakes, 
estuaries, oceans and ocean- atmosphere interac- 
tions. Prerequisite: ES 211 or permission of instructor. 

ES 314E Environment in American Thought 

(Cross-listed with AM 3 HE) Examines the way in 
which the physical environment has been conceptu- 
alized as cultural landscapes in the American past, 
from the Puritans to Jurassic Park. 

ES315SWUdUfe Policy 

Introduces students to historical and current wildlife 
law and policy in the United States, particularly the 



Endangered Species Act, and the skills necessary for 
analyzing wildlife policy through case study analysis. 
Prerequisites: sophomore standing and ES 172. 

ES 3 1 7 Global Environmental Change 

An analysis of global environmental change from a 
scientific perspective, with an examination of how 
the economic and political forces interact. An 
intensive focus on the science of climate change and 
regional impacts, ending with possible solutions, 
both personal and societal. Prerequisites: ES 211, MS 
191 , or permission of instructor. 

ES 318S Marine Mammal Conservation 
Management 

An introduction to historical and current issues 
concerning the conservation and management of 
marine mammals. Discussions about the history of 
human-marine mammal interactions, changes in 
human values and attitudes about marine mammals, 
the role of marine mammals in human society and 
the policy arena that has developed around marine 
mammals in recent decades. Prerequisite: ES 172. 

ES 34 IN GIS for Environmental Studies 

Learn geographic information system (GIS) theory 
and applications specifically related to the study of 
the environment through lecture and hands-on 
work. Prerequisite: ES 172. 

ES 3 7 ON Biodiversity Conservation & 
Decision Making 

Reasons for maintaining biodiversity, threats to 
biodiversity, conservation strategies, roles of relevant 
agencies and organiations, appropriate policy, from 
the marine perspective. Prerequisites: ES 270 or 
permission of instructor. 

ES 371N Conservation Biology 

(Cross-listed with BI 371N) Examine problems such 
as species decline and endangerment, invasion by 
non-native species, habitat destruction and fragmen- 
tation, loss of biodiversity, and potential solutions, 
such as endangered species management, habitat 
restoration, ecosystem management. Prerequisite: ES 
270 or permission of instructor. 

ES 3 72N Estuaries 

Examination of the unique environments of estuaries 
with a focus on Tampa Bay; including aspects of 
estuarine biology, chemistry, and geology, impact of 
human activities, and estuarine management. 
Prerequisites: ES 172 and ES 270 or permission of 
instructor. 

ES 382H Nature and the Sacred: 
Religion and Ecology 

(Cross-listed with RE 382H) Examine the ways in 
which religions shape human understanding and 



51 



Ford Scholars Program 



treatment of the natural environment, with an 
emphasis on non- Western religions. Gain a greater 
knowledge and understanding of how a number of 
religious traditions view nature, of the role of religion 
in human interactions with the environment, and of 
the resources in many religious traditions to help 
address our environmental problems. 

ES 401 Advanced Natural Resource Policy 

Designed to help advanced students apply practical 
policy analysis methods and the theories that 
underlie them and to identify, define, and analyze 
problems in natural resource conservation and 
develop recommendations to address them. Prerequi- 
site: ES 31 5S or PO 325S . 

ES 498 Senior Research & Comprehensive 
Examination 

Student reports on research projects carried out in 
consultation with instructor and one other faculty 
member. Readings on various methodologies for 
studying the environment. 



FORD APPRENTICE SCHOLARS 
PROGRAM 

FS 301 The History of Ideas, I 

Major ideas from classical Greece through the 
Enlightenment that have shaped our intellectual 
heritage. Emphasis on origins of academic disci- 
plines, sources of creativity, social and cultural 
factors, key individuals. Variety of learning methods. 
Prerequisite: Junior standing and selection as a Ford 
Scholar. Fulfills one perspective requirement. 

FS 302 The History of Ideas, II 

Continuation of FIH 301 covering nineteenth and 
twentieth centuries and culminating in a major 
project that draws on students' knowledge of history 
to address a significant intellectual problem of the 
future. Prerequisite: FIH 301 and selection as a Ford 
Scholar. Fulfills one perspective requirement. 

FSl/2 410 Fort Senior Scholars Colloquium 

Required of Seniors in the Ford Apprentice Scholars 
Program. Shared reflections on issues pertaining to 
research, teaching, and other aspects of teaching as a 
career. Participation in both fall and spring semesters 
for a total of one course credit. 



FRENCH - See Modem Languages. 



GEOGRAPHY 

GE 250S Geography (Directed Study) 
Concepts, theories and substantive material of 



modem geography. Relationship between material 
environment and human cultural systems. 

GE 3 5 OS World Regional Geography 

(Directed Study) 

Relationship of human activities to natural environ- 
ment on world-wide basis. Soils, land forms, climate, 
vegetation, minerals and the cultural systems of 
different areas of the world. 



GERMAN - See Modem Languages. 

GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE 
COURSES 

Global perspective courses provide an encounter 
with cultures and/or histories whose bases (philo- 
sophical, religious, ethical, aesthetic) or world views 
differ significantly from those of the Western 
European or North American tradition. Such a 
course will encourage students to view their own 
cultural traditions and assumptions in the larger 
context of the world's diversity. Given the inherent 
educational value of having cultural experiences in 
other parts of the world, which naturally encourage 
cultural comparisons with the student's own, all 
off-campus programs outside the United States are 
eligible for global perspective designation. 

AM 204G Native American Colloquium 

For descriptions see American Studies. 

AN 201G Introduction to Anthropology 
AN 282G East Asian Area Studies 
AN 283G Southeast Asian Area Studies 
AN 285G Latin American Area Studies 
AN 286G Cultures of Sub-Saharan Africa 
AN 287G Caribbean Area Studies 
AN 288G Native Cultures: Southeast U.S. 

AN 334G Fertility and Reproduction 

For descriptions see Anthropology. 

CN 208G Gender/Sexuality in Asian 
Literature 

CN 288G Chinese Popular Culture 

For descriptions see Modem Languages, Chinese. 

WH 183G United States Area Studies 

For description see Western Heritage. 

EA 20 IG East Asian Traditions 

EA 300G Science, Technology, & Society in 
China 



52 



EA 303G Individual and Society in Chinese 
Thought 

EA310G Modem China 

EA 3 1 IG Modem Japan 

EA 312G History of Southeast Asia 

For descriptions see East Asian Studies. 

FR 392G Francophone Africa and the 
Caribbean 

For description see Modem Languages, French. 

HD 350G Contemporary Japanese FamiUes 

For description see Human Development 

HI 232G World History to Columbus 

HI 233G Global History in the Modem 
World 

HI 234G Twentieth Century World History 

HI/RU 283G Russia: Perestroika to the 
Present 

HI 309G Cold War and After 

HI 324G Native American History 

HI 349G Native American Thought 

For descriptions see History. 

INI 389G British Seminar 

For description see International Education, 
London Offerings. 

IR 352G Globalization 

For description see International Relations and 
Global Affairs. 

MN 230G Asian Managerial Practices 

For description see Management. 

MU 356G World Music 

For description see Music. 

PL 103G Introduction to Eastern 
Philosophy (Directed Study available) 
For description see Philosophy. 

PC 103G Introduction to International 
Relations 

PC 104G Introduction to Comparative Politics 

PC 21 IG Inter- American Relations 

PC 231 G Politics: East Asian Nations 

PC 232G The Pacific Century 

For descriptions see Political Science. 

RE 230G Yogis, Mystics, Shamans . 



Flistory 

RE 240G Non-Westem Religions 
RE 3 19G The Hindu Tradition 

RE 39 IG Myths of Creation & Destmction 

For descriptions see Religious Studies. 

RU 282G Russian Society through Cinema 

RU 30 IG Introduction to Russian 
Literature and Culture 

For description see Russian Studies 

HISTORY ^ 

Students majoring in history are expected to be 
familiar with the fields of American and European 
history and have awareness of world history. 
Students who complete this major demonstrate the 
following competencies: 

- knowledge of American and European history 
demonstrated by the ability to talk and write 
intelligently about these fields 

- ability to think historically with regard to issues 
such causation, cultural diffusion, the role of the 
individual in history, geographic and demographic 
influences in history, and gender and minority 
issues in the past, citing examples from both the 
Western tradition and the wider global experience 

- awareness of the historical method and 
historiography generally, and knowledge of the 
historiography of at least one field with some 
thoroughness 

- ability to locate bibliographical information on 
historical topics, and to engage in scholarly 
writing such as book and film reviews, annotated 
bibliographies, and historical and historiographical 

essays 

- liability to do historical research based on primary 
source material 

Students take ten courses, one of which may be a 
winter term project, including three in American 
and three in European history, at least one course in 
world history or a non- Western history course, and 
HI 400. At least six of these courses must be at or 
above the 300 level. Students interested in history 
begin with any 200 level course in American or 
European history, if they have not received AP credit 
for these fields. Junior and Senior level courses in 
history build on the foundation of the survey courses, 
and may be taken only with the appropriate 
prerequisites, or permission of the instructor. 

A minor in history consists of six history courses, two 
in American, two in European, one in global or non- 
Western history, and HI 400. At least four of the 
courses must be at the 300 level or above. 



53 



History ^___ 

HI 203H Europe In Transition: 1300-1815 

Medieval roots of modem Europe, Renaissance, 
Reformation, economic and geographic expansion, 
scientific revolution, Eniightment, French and 
Industrial Revolutions. 

HI 204H Foundations of Contemporary 
Europe 

Nationalism and liberalism, industrial revolution, 
imperialism, World War I and its consequences, 
Russian Revolution, depression, rise of dictatorships. 
Intellectual developments of the period. 

HI 205H The American Experience 

Survey of American History developed chronologi- 
cally and thematically, with the emphasis on 
thematic threads- political, economic, social, 
cultural, and glohal-as an analytical tool for making 
senese of the narrative of American history. The 
course will he organized around significant figures, 
events, ideas, values, and experiences of the 
American people. 

HI 223H History of the U.S. to 1877 
Colonial foundations of American society and 
culture, the American Revolution, development of a 
democratic society, slavery. Civil War, Reconstnic- 
tion. Various interpretations of the American 
experience. 

HI 224H History of the U.S. since 1877 
Transformation from an agrarian to an industrial 
nation. Industrial Revolution, urbanization, rise to 
world power, capitalism. New Deal, world wars, cold 
war, recent developments. Social, cultural, political 
and economic emphasis. 

HI 232G World History to Columbus 

History of the world from the emergence of major 
Eurasian civilizations to 1500, with emphasis on the 
evolution of the "Great Traditions," cultural 
diffusion, interaction of cultures. 

HI 233G Global History in Modem World 

History of the world since 1500 with emphasis on 
the interaction of Western ideas and institutions 
with the rest of the world. Contributions of geogra- 
phy, and demography to understanding the world 
today. 

HI 234G The Twentieth Century World 

Events, issues, concerns of the world: two world wars, 
"cold war," struggles of colonial areas for indepen- 
dence and development, world interdependence, 
scarcities. 

HI 242H Ancient Greek History 

(Cross-listed with CLL 242) Provides an overview of 
the history of Greece from Mycenean times up until 



the age of Alexander through the ancient writers 
themselves: Herodotus, Thucydides, Xenophon, and 
Plutarch. 

HI 243H Ancient Roman History 

(Cross-listed with CL 243H) Provides an overview 
of the history of Rome from its legendary beginnings 
in the eighth century BC to the age of Nero in the 
first century AD through the ancient authors 
themselves: Livy, Tacitus, Suetonius, Plutarch, and 
Polybius. 

HI 283G Russia: Perestrokia to Present 

(Cross-listed with RU 283G) An examination of 
contemporary Russian society from the beginning of 
Gorbachev's Perestroika to the present. The fall of 
Communism with special attention to the processes 
of socialization and daily life for Russians. 

HI 309G Cold War and After 

Explore the culture of the Cold War from both 
American and Russian perspectives; analyze and 
interpret the political events that led to the Cold 
War; the scientific technological developments of 
the Cold War. 

HI 310G Modem China 

(Cross-listed with EA 310G The crisis of traditional 
China, the Opium Wars, the response to the West, 
the 1911 Revolution, warlords, the challenge from 
Japan, World War II, the Communist Revolution 
and Mao's China, Deng's Reforms, the Tian'anmen 
Massacre. Focus on political and social history and 
the lived experience of individual Chinese. 

HI 3 1 IG Modem Japan 

(Cross-listed with EA 31 IG) The world of 
Tokugawa Japan, the Meiji restoration, reform and 
Westernization, the success of Imperial Japan, the 
road to Pearl Harbor and World War II, the A-Bomb 
and American Occupation, economic growth and 
contemporary social and political challenges. Focus 
on political, social, and cultural developments. 

HI 3 12G History of Southeast Asia 

(Cross-listed with EA 312G) A survey of the pre- 
history of Southeast Asian peoples, the formation of 
early kingdoms, the social and economic context of 
commercial life, the impact of European colonialism, 
the development of nationalist consciousness, and 
the challenges facing contemporary Southeast Asian 
nations. 

HI 321H Women in Modem America 

Feminist theory, growth of women's movements, 
minority women, working women, changes in 
women's health, birth control, images of women in 
literature and film. Changes in women's position in 
America. (Directed Study Available) 



54 



HI 324G Native American History 

History of Native Americans from the time of 
European contact to present. Inner workings of 
Native American communities, Indian-White 
relations, changing governmental policy. Native 
American spirituality, economics, gender roles, 
decision making. 

HI 325E Western Myth & the Environment 

This course explores how environmental issues 
helped to shape the myths of the American West. It 
begins with the first European settlements in North 
America in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries 
and culminates with a study of ecological concerns 
in the comtemporary West. We address the relation- 
ship between western myth and the environment 
through the study of literature, history and western 
movies. Provides the analytical tools needed to make 
informed value judgments regarding the conse- 
quences of public policy affecting our natural world. 

HI 3 3 OH Reconstruction 

Study of one of the most turbulent, controversial eras 
in American history. In the past thirty years the 
traditional view of this period has come under 
intense scrutiny. What emerges is a much more 
balanced account of this crucial period. 

HI 333H History of the Vietnam War 

Establishment of Vietnamese nation in 111 B.C., its 
struggle for autonomy despite foreign invasion 
throughout its long history. The impact of the 
Vietnam War on American society, antiwar 
movement during Johnson and Nixon administra- 
tions, analysis of the war's legacy. 

HI 334H African'American History I 

The contributions of African- Americans from the 
Colonial period to Reconstruction. Participation in 
American Revolution, rise of Cotton Kingdom, 
development of distinct culture. Civil War and 
Reconstruction. 

HI 335H African-American History II 

African- American history from Reconstruction to 
the present. Developments in education, racism, 
participation in military, socioeconomic develop- 
ment, Civil Rights movement and legislation. 

HI 336H Civil Rights Movement: 1945-75 

Black participation in World War II, the effects of 
the Brown Decision and various Civil Rights 
legislation, the rise of Black nationalism. 

HI 337H The Civil War 

Events that preceded the Civil War and contributed 
to disunion, such as the Southern Carolina Nullifica- 
tion Crisis, the Compromise of 1850, and John 
Brown's raid. Impact of the war on both North and 
South. PBS video on Civil War is used. 



History 

HI 338H Harlem Renaissance 

Emergence of a new literary and artistic movement 
within the African-American communtiy in the 
1920's and how it affected other social mevements in 
American society. African- American History I and 
II helpful but not required. 

HI 342H The Rise of Russia 

Evolution from 9''' century to 1801. Byzantium, 
Mongol invasion, conflicts with Germans, Poles and 
Swedes, influence of the West. 

HI 343H Modem Russia & Soviet Union 

Imperial Russia, Russian revolution, continuity and 
change in Russian and Soviet history, and the former 
Soviet Union as a totalitarian society and world 
power. 

HI 344H History of Two St. Petersburgs 

The history of St. Petersburg, Florida and 
St. Petersburg, Russia. 

HI 349G Native American Thought 

(Cross-listed with PL 349G) This course focuses on 
the nature of Native American thought; explores the 
differing assumptions, methods, and teachings 
connected with the pursuit of wisdom, with special 
attention to metaphysics and ethics. 

HI 353E Environmental History 

The role and place of nature in human life, and the 
interactions that societies in the past have had with 
the environment. Concentrates on the U.S., but 
provides methodological approaches to the broader 
field. 

HI 354E Environmental History - Europe 

This course will examine the environmental history 
of Europe between 1850 and the present. Readings 
will focus partially on how trends such as industrial- 
ization, urbanization, and globalization have affected 
the European environment; but we will also take 
special interest in how different writers and political 
and social movements conceptualized and interacted 
with the natural world. 

HI 363H The Renaissance 

A chronological study of the uevelopment of 
Renaissance humanism in Italy from its origins in 
14th century Florence to its artistic expressions in 
16th century Venice and Rome. TTiere are no pre- 
requisites but students must be able to use the library 
well. 

HI 364H The Reformation 

Reformation theology in its political and institu- 
tional context. Theology and structure of each 
brance of the Reformation and the political contexts 
of the various movements. Prerequisite: HI 203G or 
permission. 

55 



Honors Program 



HI 366H Inside Nazi Germany 

This course will be a detailed examination of the 
political, social, and cultural history of the Third 
Reich. Assigned readings will include various 
primary sources such as diaries, autobiographies, and 
speeched. The course will also focus on recent 
historical interpretations and debates about the 
nature of life under the Swastika. 

HI 368H Modem German History 

This course will examine the history of modem 
Germany from its unification in 1870, through its re- 
unification in 1989, to its present role as a comer- 
stone of a United Europe. Important themes include 
Bismarck and the First World War, the rise of Nazism 
and the Holocaust, and the role of Germany in the 
Cold War and post-Cold War world. 

HI 369H Sex & Power: European Thought 

This course will examine Modem European 
Intellectual History through the lens of sex, gender, 
and power. We will read works by some of the 
greatest writers of Ithe ate nineteenth and early 
twentieth century Europe including: Henrik Ibsen, 
Sigmund Freud, Franz Kafka, TS. Eliot, Virginia 
Woolf, Simon de Beauvoir and Jean Genet. All of 
the books will be read comparatively, but emphasis 
will also he placed on examining each book in its 
historical context. 

HI 400 Toward a New Past: Making History 

The philosophy of history, new approaches to 
historical study, and new developments in the field. 
Historians whose interpretations have had a major 
impact on their fields. Required for history majors. 



HONORS PROGRAM 

For description see page 19. 

WHl/2 184 Western Heritage in a Global 
Context (Honors) (Freshman year) 

For description see Western Heritage. 

Academic Area Courses (Sophomore and 
Junior years) 

Honors students are required to take at least two 
academic area or perspective courses designated as 
Honors courses as part of their general education 
requirements. 

SHl/2 410 Honors Colloquium (Senior year) 

A student-directed seminar focusing on both 
common curriculum experiences and specific policy 
and values issues related to the students' individual 
disciplines. A two semester course for one course 
credit. 



Students taking the Senior Honors Colloquium also 
take the Senior Seminar in their collegium or 
discipline, if it is required. 



HUMAN DEVELOPMENT 

Students majoring in human development are 
prepared for graduate programs in counseling, 
counseling psychology, social work, marriage and 
family therapy, education, or related allied therapy 
fields and for entry level positions in human services. 
By developing a strong foundation of self-knowledge 
and understanding of others across the lifespan, 
students leam how to help people reach their fullest 
potential whether in business, govemment, educa- 
tion, private practice, or human service agency 
settings. 

Human Development graduates are expected to 

possess: 

- knowledge of the key theories of human 
development; the basic approaches to helping 
individuals, groups, and families resolve problems 
and maximize their potential; and a multicultural 
perspective on human growth and functioning. 

- skills in interpersonal communication, public 
speaking, and group facilitation 

- skill in research methods and writing employed by 
those in the helping professions and effective use 
of library and computer-based resources. 

- an understanding and application of ethical 
principles and personal responsibility in the 
helping professions. 

These competencies are demonstrated through 
satisfactory completion of the required courses and 
Senior comprehensive paper. 

Core courses in the major include the following 
which are listed in the order in which they should be 
taken. All courses require a grade of C or better to 
qualify for graduation in the major. 

1. Introduction to Human Development 

2. Statistical Methods 

3. Counseling Strategies: Theory and Practice 
4- Group Dynamics 

5. Cross Cultural Communication and Counseling 

6. Social Ecology and Mental Health 

7. Ethical Issues in Human Development 

8. Leadership and Administrative Dynamics 

9. Intemship in Human Development 

The extensive 210-hour intemship and a minimum 
of five (5) other courses are required in the emphasis 
area of the student's choice. Students may choose an 



56 



Human Development 



area of emphasis in mental health, wellness and 
holistic health, early childhood, youth services, or 
social work. In special cases the student in conjunc- 
tion with a Mentor may design an alternative area. 

To minor in human development, a student must 
complete Introduction to Human Development, 
Counseling Strategies Theory and Practice, and 
three of the following: Social Ecology and Mental 
Health, Ethical Issues in Human Development, 
Cross Cultural Communications arid Counseling, or 
Group Dynamics. 

HD 101 S Introduction to Human 
Development 

Overview of the helping professions; study of life 
stages with accompanying needs, crises, passages; 
community family support; relationships between 
personal values and life problems. Field trips. 

HD 203 The Adolescent Experience 

Theories and research in adolescent physical, 
cognitive and social development. Psychosocial 
challenges of adolescence. Prerequisite: HD lOlS, 
PS lOlS or permission of instructor. 

HD 204S Socialization: Study of Gender 

Socializing processes affecting men and women; 
social roles and their origins, sexual difference, 
effects on mental health and unifying aspects of 
masculine/feminine nature; influence of culture, 
understanding socialization processes. Recom- 
mended: HD lOlS or PS lOlS or SO lOlS. 

HD 205 Theory/Practice-Student Personnel 

Theoretical and philosophical foundations of 
postsecondary student affairs profession, functional 
units, organizational approaches, current issues, 
necessary skills. Prerequisite: HD lOlS or permission 
of instructor. Not offered on a regular basis 

HD 2078 Group Dynamics 

Laboratory approach to the study of groups, includ- 
ing participation, observation and analysis; investiga- 
tion of roles of group members, transitional stages, 
leadership, and group functioning. 

HD 208E Your Health and the Environment 

Socioecological model of health addresses ways in 
which human health is influenced by both environ- 
mental and personal factors. Exams and individual 
health project. 

HD 209 Childhood Roles «& Family Systems 

Adaptive nature of childhood roles (Hero, Scape- 
goat, Lost Child, Mascot) and their continued effect 
on adults. Strengths/weaknesses, benefits/losses of 
specific roles. Compare healthy and dysfunctional 
families. Prerequisite: HD lOlS or PS lOlS. 



HD 210 Counseling Strategies: 
Theory/Practice 

Overview of counseling process and career explora- 
tion in the helping professions. Review of psycho- 
therapeutic approaches. For students planning to use 
counseling related skills in their careers. Prerequisite: 
HD lOlS or PS lOlS or permission of instructor. 

HD 225 Introduction to Social Work 

Introduction to profession, practice, history and 
value bases of social work. Examination of social 
welfare issues as they relate to the field of social 
work. Prerequisite: HD 101 S. Not offered every year. 

HD 271 Practicum in Leadership and 
Programming 

Fundamentals of developing and implementing 
programs for targeted groups in health, mental 
health, leisure, education, and other settings to meet 
needs and interests of different populations. Prereq- 
uisite: HD lOlS, 207S, or permission of instructor. 

HD 305 Human Diversity 

Characteristics, needs and intervention implications 
for handicapped populations. Prerequisite: SO 101 S 
or HD lOlS. Not offered on a regular basis. 

HD 324 Counseling Strategies/Children 

A multi model approach to learning current theories 
of counseling with children: process, play, selection 
of toys, limited setting, relationships with parents, 
etc. Prerequisites: HD 101 S or PS 10 IS, HD 210, or 
permission of instructor. 

HD 326 Counseling for Wellness 

(Directed Study available) Holistic/wellness 
paradigm to health involving social, physical, 
emotional, spiritual, mental and vocational aspects. 
Theory, research, alternative health care, counseling 
procedures. Prerequisites: HD lOlS, 208E, 210 or 
permission of instructor. Generally offered alternate 
years. 

HD 327 Social Ecology & Mental Health 

Theory, practice, development and research in 
community mental health systems. Survey of local 
programs; overview of medical and developmental 
models and strategies; practice in designing programs 
for the Eckerd College community. Prerequisites: PS 
lOlS or HD lOlS, HD 210, and statistics. 

HD 328 Crosscultural Communication & 
Counseling 

The elements of culture and their influence on world 
view, language, contextual definitions of proper 
communication; theories of cross-cultural communi- 
cation; cognitive, affective, verbal and non-verbal 
dimensions of communication. Experiential practice. 
Prerequisite: HD 210 or permission of instructor. 



57 



Humanities 



HD 329S Person-Environment Equation 

How environmental studies and concepts are used in 
community mental health and social science fields to 
provide holistic approaches to complex problems of 
human development. Natural and built aspect of the 
physical environment and their relationship to 
mental, emotional, and psychosocial human actions. 
Small group field research. 

HD 350G Contemporary Japanese Families 

Modem Japanese family systems as a window 
introducing Japanese culture. Self identity, role 
behaviors, and values/expectations in social, 
educational, religious, political, economic and 
aesthetic context. How culture is constructed and 
transmitted across generations. Seminar with focused 
library and web research, film series. 

HD 383S Development of Human 
Consciousness 

Investigate interdisciplinary theories, practices, and 
research in normal and altered state of consciousness 
and the evolution of human consciousness. Forms of 
consciousness leading to better health, well being, 
creativity and spiritual, valuing dimensions of life. 
Not offered on a regular basis. 

HD 386S Ethical Issues in Human 
Development 

Ways that people express their personal, professional, 
and cultural values as they struggle with challenging 
ethical dilemmas in the helping professions such as 
counseling, the law, ministry, and health care. 
Personal ethical analysis and professional codes of 
ethics. 

HD 401 Internship in Human Development 

A field-based learning experience; 210 on-site hours 
of off- campus placements, such as centers for drug 
abuse, delinquency, women's services, mental health. 
Bi-weekly seminar. Prerequisites: Senior standing 
and permission of instructor. 

HD 403 Practicum in Peer Counseling 

Developing skills in interviewing, assessing indi- 
vidual problems and strengths. Role played and 
videotaped counseling sessions, supervised counsel- 
ing experience appropriate to student's level. 
Prerequisite: HD210. 

HD 404 Leadership & Administrative 
Dynamics 

Basic principles and distinctiveness of human service 
organizations, administrative tools and techniques, 
facilitating the change process, and leadership 
development. Prerequisites: HD 327and Junior or 
Senior standing or permission of instructor. 



HD 405 Practicum in Group Process 

Theory, process and applications of group develop- 
ment and counseling. Lab practice of effective group 
membership and leadership behaviors. In class 
videotaping and additional group observation 
project. Prerequisites: PS lOlS or HD lOlS, 207S, 
and 210. 



HUMANITIES 

Humanities is an interdisciplinary major coordinated 
by the Letters Collegium. Working together, the 
student and Mentor design a ten course program 
focusing on a central topic (e.g., historical period, 
geographical area, cultural/intellectual movement), 
using the methodology of one core discipline (art, 
foreign language, history, literature, music, philoso- 
phy, political science, religion, sociology, theatre), 
supplemented with courses from complementary 
disciplines. Humanities students are encouraged to 
participate in integrative humanities courses. 

Five courses must be from the core discipline. The 
other five courses may be drawn from complemen- 
tary disciplines. At least five courses must be beyond 
the introductory level. No later than the Junior year, 
a guiding committee of three faculty from disciplines 
in the student's program is selected. This committee 
designs and evaluates the Senior comprehensive 
examination, or may invite the student to write a 
Senior thesis. 

Students who complete the humanities major 
demonstrate the following competencies 

- knowledge of the topical focus from an interdisci- 
plinary perspective, demonstrated by the ability 
to speak and write intelligently about it 

- ability to understand and use the methodologi- 
cal processes of the core discipline, demon- 
strated by the successful completion of a 
comprehensive exam, thesis, or project 

- ability to locate bibliographical information and 
to engage in scholarly writing on the topic. 



INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS 

The international business major is designed to 
provide students with a variety of proficiencies and 
experiences related to career opportunities and/or 
preparation for graduate work. The competencies 
achieved in the major are: 

- knowledge of international business fields within a 
multidisciplinary perspective, including 
anthropology, management, foreign language, 
foreign experience, economics, political science, 
culture area, marketing, accounting, finance, and 
personnel management. 



58 



International Business 



- cross-cultural understanding and experience, and 
the capacity for leadership on cross cultural issues 
in business and community life. 

- preparation for careers in international business. 

- preparation for graduate degree programs in the 
field of international business and related 
multicultural and international fields. 

Requirements for the major are: 

Language 

Five courses in one language with demonstrated 
conversational skills, or the equivalent, with a 
minimum average of 2.0. 

World Cultures 

Introduction to Anthropology with a C or better, 
one cultural area course, and one course to be chosen 
from a list of internationally-focused economics and/ 
or political science courses. 

Business Foundations 

Principles of Accounting, Principles of Macroeco- 
nomics, Principles of Marketing, International 
Management, Finance, the latter two courses with a 
C or better. 

International Business 

The Cultural Environment of International 
Business, International Marketing, International 
Finance and Banking, Personnel and Global 
Resource Management, and the comprehensive 
examination Multinational Corporate Strategy, all 
with a C or better. 

Prerequisite to international business courses is 
either Statistical Methods, Precalculus, Calculus I or 
Introduction to Computer Science. 

Study Abroad 

A winter term, summer term or semester abroad 
within an appropriate International Education 
program, or an individualized study under the 
direction of a member of the faculty. International 
students are exempt. 

Freshmen and Sophomores 

Foreign Language 

Introduction to Anthropology 

Cultural Area course 

Mathematics requirement 

Cultural Environment of International Business 

Sophomores and Juniors 

Foreign experience 

Accounting 

Macroeconomics 

Juniors 

International Management 
Finance 
Marketing 

International politics and/or economics course 
Personnel and Global Human Resources 
Management 



Seniors 

International Finance and Banking 

International Marketing 

Senior Seminar 

Senior Comprehensive Examination 

Requirements for a minor include successful 
completion of International Management, The 
Cultural Environment of International Business, 
International Marketing, International Finance and 
Banking, and an overseas winter term or other 
program in a foreign country. 

IB 2608 Cultural Environment & 
International Business 

(Cross-listed with AN 206S) Challenge of conduct- 
ing business operations successfully in a cultural 
environment distinct from one's own. 

IB 2618 International Management 

(Cross-listed with AN 261S) Anthropologists have 
pioneered the study of management in non western 
cultures. Read background material comparing 
management practices in North America and other 
regions. Read a series of Harvard case studies; solve 
cross-cultural problems involving American 
corporations in foreign cultures and vice-versa. 

IB 262E Environment, Population, & Culture 

(Cross-listed with AN 262E) Long-range anthropo- 
logical view of population growth and technology, 
prime movers of cultural evolution, from prehistoric 
times to present, using China as a case study. 

IB 2758 8ex-Role Revolution in Management 

Issues related to the history, problems and prospects 
of women in management. The impact of the sex- 
role revolution on women and men in corporations 
(the course is not for women only). 

IB 3108 Students in Free Enterprise 

Socially responsible competition for customers, 
profits, and entrepreneurship. Economic principles, 
market ethics, educational outreach. Meet with 
ASPEC and SIFE executives and entrepreneurs. 
Prerequisites; Sophomore and permission of 
instructor. 

IB 3218 Consumer Behavior/Consumerism 

Contributions of the behavioral disciplines (psychol- 
ogy, sociology, anthropology) to understanding the 
consumer decision-making process. The impact and 
value issues of the consumer movement. 

IB 3698 Principles of Marketing 

Principles, problems and methods in distributing and 
marketing goods and services. Prerequisite: Junior or 
Senior standing. 



59 



International Education 



IB 373 Marketing Communications 

Processes and functions of promotion, strategies 
incorporating creative use of advertising, publicity, 
merchandising, direct selling, and sales promotion. 
Prerequisite: IB/MN 369S. 

IB 374 Market Intelligence 

Collection and measurement of data on market 
identification, sales forecasting and marketing 
strategy development, market research, cost/ revenue 
breakdowns, competitive analysis, others. Prerequi- 
sites: IB 369S and statistics. 

IB 375 Marketing Channels & Logistics 

Comparative marketing methods. Distributing 
products to consumers with optimal efficiency and 
economy. Prerequisite: IB 369S. 

IB 376 Personnel/Human Resource 
Management 

Theory and practices of personnel and human 
resources management in organizations, including 
job definition, staffing, training and development, 
compensation and benefits, labor relations, environ- 
mental analysis and human resource planning and 
controlling. Prerequisite: Junior or Senior standing. 

IB 378 Investment Finance 

Exploration of financial operations in the invest- 
ment world with emphasis on the private sector. 
Prerequisites: MN 27 IS and either EC 281S or EC 
282S. 

IB 379 Retail Organization & Management 

Retail merchandising, promotions, physical facilities, 
personnel, planning, pricing, legalities, research 
techniques, store images, market targets. Prerequi- 
site: IB 369S. 

IB 380 Sales Management 

Communication skills, buyer's motivations, indi- 
vidual demonstrations of the basic steps to selling, 
illustrating how selling is a catalyst for the entire 
economy and for society in general. Prerequisite: IB 
369S. 

IB 396 Personnel Planning & Industry 
Research I 

Theory and practice of personnel and global 
resources management planning and applied 
research in organizations. Prerequisites: IB 376 and 
permission of instructor. 

IB 401 Internship in International Business 

A field-based learning experience at international 
businesses or agencies that support and promote 
international business. Periodic meetings with the 
sponsoring professor. Prerequisite: Senior. 



IB 410 Senior Seminar: IssuesAntemational 
Business 

Senior seminar for international business majors. 
Study moral issues and ethical problems to under- 
stand complexities, interplay of values, law and 
ethics as they affect international business praxis. 

IB 475 Investment Analysis 

(Directed Study available) Advanced investment 
course focusing on in-depth analysis of specific 
investment alternatives using the computer and 
other sophisticated techniques. Prerequisite: IB 378 

orMN377. 

IB 477 Entrepreneur ship 

Study of talents, qualities, values and expertise 
necessary to conduct profit and non-profit ventures 
contributing to society. Entrepreneurial project. 
Prerequisites: IB 261S, 369S, and 378. IB 498 may be 
taken concurrently. 

IB 480 Proctoring in International Business 

Practical leadership experience for advanced 
students. The main task of this course will be to 
coach students enrolled in International Manage- 
ment with respect to decision making in case 
situations. Course prerequisites are IB 26 IS and 
Instructor's permission. 

IB 485 International Marketing 

International product management, pricing in 
foreign markets, multinational distribution and 
business logistics systems, world-wide promotion 
programs, international market and marketing 
research. Prerequisite: IB 369S. 

IB 486 International Finance & Banking 

International banking system, foreign exchange risk 
management, long run investment decisions, 
financing decisions, working capital management, 
international accounting, tax planning. Prerequisite: 
EC 282S, and MN 377 or IB 378. 

IB 496 Personnel Planning & Industry 
Research II 

2"^^ semester of IB 396. Prerequisites: IB 396 and 
permission of instructor. 

IB 498 Multinational Corporate Strategy 

Comprehensive offered during spring semester 

INTERNATIONAL EDUCATION 

LONDON COURSE OFFERINGS 

The Eckerd College London Study Centre is a 
centrally located 200-year-old Georgian row house. 
The program is led by a different Eckerd College 



60 



International Education 



faculty member each semester, who lives at the 
centre with the students. 

ARI 321 A Art History: British Painting 
1760-1960 

Hogarth, Reynolds, Stuhbs and Turner studied in 
depth. Collections of George III, Sir John Soane, 
Duke of Wellington and other connoisseurs of the 
period discussed. Visits to museums and galleries. 

ARI 351A A History of English Architecture 

(Directed Study) 

For the London semester student, an introduction to 
the history of English architecture, from 
Anglo-Saxon times to the present. No prerequisites, 
but some contact with art or art history is recom- 
mended. 

ECI 3008 The Industrial Revolution 

(Directed Study) 

An interdisciplinary- look at the Industrial Revolu- 
tion, the technological, social, economic, political, 
and cultural phenomena that transformed life and 
attitudes in 18th and 19th century England. 

INI 389G British Seminar 

Required for students in the London semester. The 
historical, institutional and contemporary issues of 
Britain, with particular attention to London. Visiting 
experts in various fields, excursions and readings help 
students develop understanding of Britain today. 
The British Seminar is valid as a Global Perspective 



LIl 326H Anglo-American Perspectives 

Explore the idea that England and the United States 
are "two countries divided by a common language," 
with all manner of different perspectives of our own 
and each other's cultures. Use of travel writers, 
novels and plays specifically concerned with 
academic life in the two countries and then ex- 
amples of drama where American and English 
writers have similar themes and structures, but 
produce very different results according to their 
instincts and assumptions. 

POI 3018 Introduction to Contemporary 
British Politics 

The course seeks first to provide an understanding of 
British political institutions - the constitution, the 
party systems, the workings of government- and 
secondly, an insight into the main political debates 
facing Britain, including the media, the conflict in 
Northern Ireland and issues of race and gender. 
Special attention will be given to the discussion of 
current political developments as they happen. 



« 



P8I 350 Youth Experience in a Changing 

Great Britain (Directed Study) 
The impact of recent events on British youth 
through face-to-face encounters and an examination 
of the institutions which shape their lives. Prerequi- 
site: PS 202 or a course in child development and 
consent of the instructor. 

THI 3 65 A Theatre in London 

London theatre, including backstage tours and guest 
lectures, covering drama from classical to modem. 
For students with a general interest in theatre, of 
whatever major. 

OTHER OPPORTUNITIES 

Eckerd College cooperates with several institutions 
to provide students with opportunities in other 
overseas locations. 

I8EP (International Student Exchange 
Program) 

Opportunities to study overseas for a semester or year 
at over 100 institutions throughout the world. Fees 
are paid to Eckerd College, and all scholarships, 
loans and grants apply as if on campus. 

France 

Semester at the University of La Rochelle. Courses 
taught in French in a variety of disciplines. Summer, 
semester and academic year programs in Aix-en- 
Provence and Avignon through the Institute of 
American Universities. Instruction in English and 
French in the humanities, arts, and social sciences. 

Hong Kong 

Semester at Hong Kong Baptist University. Full 
range of courses. All majors. Instruction in English. 
No language prerequisite. 

Japan 

Full-year or semester exchange opportunities at 
Kansai Gaidai (Osaka) or Nanzan University 
(Nagoya). Iristruction in English. Focus on Japanese 
and Asian area studies. 

Korea 

Semester or full-year at Ewha Womans University 
(Soeul). Wide range of courses. Instruction in 
English. No language prerequisite. 

Northern Ireland 

Semester at The Queen's University of Belfast or 
University of Ulster. Courses offered in most majors. 

United Kingdom 

Full-year and semester exchanges with the Univer- 
sity of Aberdeen, Scotland. Available to all majors; 
full curriculum. 



61 



International Relations and Global Affairs 



Full-year and semester exchanges with the Univer- 
sity of Plymouth, England. Opportunities especially 
for science, computer science, and social science 
majors. 

AustraLeam 

Semester, year-long and short temi programs at the 
universities in Australia, New Zealand and Tasma- 
nia. AustraLeam is designed to assist students with 
admissions, accommodation arrangements, and 
travel opportunities. 

CIEE (Council on International Educational 
Exchange) 

Summer, semester, and full year programs in 30 
countries in a wide variety of disciplines: Some sites 
offer intensive language instruction. 

College Year in Athens 

Summer, semester, and year-long programs. Ancient 
Greek civilization and Mediterranean studies; 
classroom study and instruction in museums and 
relevant sites, both ancient and modem. 

Instruction in English. 

ICADS (Institute for Central American 
Development Studies) 

Semester program in Costa Rica, Nicaragua, and 
Belize for students concerned about social change 
and justice issues. Combines academic programs 
with opportunities for community projects and 
research. Academic foci: human rights, women's 
issues, environmental studies, agriculture, public 
health, education, wildlife conservation, and 
economic development. Two semesters of college 
Spanish recommended. 

International Partnership of Service Learning 

Semester, full-year or summer programs that 
integrate academic study and community service in 
the Czech Republic, Ecuador, England, France, 
India, Israel, Jamaica, Mexico, the Phillippines, 
Scotland, and South Dakota (with native Ameri- 
cans). Disciplines include history, political science, 
language, literature, sociology, economics and 
anthropology. Service opportunities include: 
teaching/tutoring; working in health care with the 
physically or emotionally handicapped, recreation, 
and community development projects. 

SEA Semester 

Semester program for students combining the worlds 
of science and the humanities with a unique 
experience at sea. Courses include maritime studies 
(history, literature, contemporary issues), nautical 
science (sailing theory, navigation, ship's systems), 
and oceanography (marine biology, physical and 
chemical oceanography). No sailing experience is 



necessary. Junior standing recommended. See also 
page 98. 

Marine Language Scholarship Exchange with 
University of Liege, Belgium, University of 
Las Palmas, Canary Island, and University of 
La Rochelle, France 

Courses in marine science and biology are taught in 
French or Spanish. 

Information on all of the above is available from the 
Intemational Education and Off-Campus Programs. 

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS 
AND GLOBAL AFFAIRS 

The intemational relations and global affairs major is 
designed to provide students with an understanding 
of the intemational political and economic factors, 
relationships, and issues shaping today's global 
community. It is an interdisciplinary major, but its 
home discipline is political science. 

Students majoring in intemational relations and 
global affairs affiliate with the Behavioral Science 
Collegium and will be associates of the political 
science faculty. Students majoring in intemational 
relations and global affairs will gain competency in 
intemational political, economic, and foreign policy 
analysis, proficiency in a foreign language, and skills 
in research, writing, and oral communication. 
Students will also gain practical experience in 
intemational relations through their work in their 
practicum. Students will be prepared to go on to 
graduate study in intemational relations, the foreign 
service, or law. They will also be well prepared for a 
career in the intemational non-govemmental 
community, service organizations, interest groups, or 
journalism. 

The major requirements consist of three prerequisite 
courses: PO 103G Introduction to Intemational 
Relations, EC 282S Principles of Macroeconomics, 
and HI 234G Twentieth Century World, plus six 
core courses distributed across the three core groups 
listed below. Also required are Political Science 
Research Methods, two and a half years of a foreign 
language, the intemational practicum, the Senior 
Seminar, and the Senior Comprehensive Exam. 
Students majoring in intemational relations and 
global affairs are also strongly encouraged to spend a 
semester or at least a winter term abroad. Beyond the 
three prerequisite courses already listed, a minimum 
of six core courses are required for the major, with at 
least two courses taken from each of the following 
core groups: 

Group A - Intemational Relations Theory, and 
Foreign Policy; Group B - Regional Studies; Group 
C - Intemational Political Economy. The list of 



62 



International Relations and Global Affairs 



courses for each group includes: 

Group A. International Relations Theory and 
Foreign Policy: 

AN 340S Conflict Studies 

HI 233G Global History in the Modem World 

HI 322H The U.S. as a World Power 

IR 340S Geneva and International Cooperation 

PO ZOOS Diplomacy and International Relations 

P0 212S U.S. Foreign Policy 

PO 243 S Human Rights and International Law 

P0 251S The Media and Foreign Policy 

PO 314 International Organization 

PO 3 1 5 Theories of War and Peace 

PO 316 Women and Politics Worldwide 

PO 34 IS Ethics and International Relations 

PO 343S International Environmental Law 

PO 35 1 Politics &. Process of U.S. Foreign Policy 

Group B. Regional Studies Group: Students must 
take at least two courses, one each from 
different regions and one each from 
different disciplines. 

AN 282G East Asian Area Studies 

AN 285G Latin American Area Studies 

AN 286G Cultures of Suh-Saharan Africa 

CN 208G Gender/Sexuality in Asian Lit 

CR 244H Art & History of Russia 

EA 20 IG East Asian Traditions 

EA 303G Individual and Society in Chinese 

Thought 
EA310G Modem China 
EA311G Modem Japan 
FR 403 French Lit: War and Memory 

HI 343H Modem Russia and the Soviet Union 

HI342H The Rise of Russia 

LI 334 Twentieth Centui^ European Fiction 

PO 2 UG Inter- American Relations 

PO 23 IG East Asian Politics 

PO 311 Latin American Politics 

PO 32 IS Comparative European Politics 

PO 322S Authoritarian Political Systems 

PO 324S East European Politics 

PO 333S Government and Politics of Japan 

PO 335S Govemment and Politics of China 

RE 383H Hindu Mystical Poetry 

RU/ LI 234 Twentieth Century Russian Literature in 

Translation 

SP 3 lOH Real/Sun-eal: Loca, Bunuel, Dali 

SP 302 Survey of Spanish American Literature 

Group C. International Political Economy Group: 

EC 370 Industrial Organization 

EC 371 Economics of Labor Markets 

EC 385 Comparative Economic Systems 

EC 388 Economic Development 

EC 480 Intemational Economics: Foreign 

Exchange 

EC 481 Intemational Economics: Trade «■ 



PO 24 IS Intemational Political Economy 
PO 242S The Politics of Defense 
PO 342S Hunger, Plenty, and Justice 

In addition to the three prerequisite courses, the six 
core courses, and Political Science Research 
Methods, the major requires each of the following: 

Language Requirement: At least two and a half years 
(five semesters) of college level foreign language or 
the equivalent. More years of language or a second 
foreign language are strongly encouraged. For double 
majors with a modem foreign language, please see 
Modem Languages. 

Intemational Practicum: A type of internship that 
counts as at least one course credit and has both 
practical and reflective components. The practicum 
must have a clear intemational component if based 
locally or within the U.S.; it may include an 
independent study project abroad or a service abroad 
component (center intemational and national 
Winter Term and Spring- into-Summer courses may 
also apply). The student will work closely with a 
member of the political science faculty (or faculty 
from other disciplines represented in the major) in 
arranging for the practicum. The student is respon- 
sible for informing herself or himself of the available 
types of practicums, for choosing one that meets her 
or his needs, and for fulfilling the terms of the 
practicum contract in a timely manner. 

Students may also minor in intemational relations 
and global affairs by successfully completing 
Introduction to Intemational Relations, Intema- 
tional Political Economy, four core courses beyond 
the introductory level and distributed across each of 
the three core groups. The minor in IRGA satisfies 
the global perspective requirement. 

IR 3408 Geneva and Intemational 
Cooperation 

Opportunity to visit and study United Nations 
agencies in Switzerland that deal with health, labor, 
human rights, the environment, refugees and trade 
matters. Prerequisite: permission of instructor. 

IR 410 Yugoslavia: Sovereignty, Identity 
and Self-Determination 

This course is the culmination of the study of 
intemational relations for Eckerd College IRGA 
majors. It seeks to integrate all that you have 
learned and apply it to a contemporary real world 
case. 

This course will examine the dissolution of Yugosla- 
via from the end of the Cold War in 1989 until 
today. We will begin with a consideration of 
ethnicity and nationalism and the particular role 
they play in the Balkans. We will look at the history 
of the area in general and focus in on the last ten 



63 



International Studies 



years as the republics of the former Yugoslavia have 
declared their independence. Using films as well as 
hooks and articles, we will study the various 
diplomatic initiatives undertaken by the interna- 
tional community to stabilize the area and impose 
"peace." We will consider ethnic cleansing and the 
refugee issue, peacekeeping, use offeree, the 
influence of the media, the role of personality in 
decision making, questions of human rights and 
international law. 



INTERNATIONAL STUDIES 

The International Studies major allows a student to 
design a program that combines language study, area 
studies courses, a living experience in the target 
culture, and a core discipline into an integrated 
program of study. A committee of three faculty 
members works with the student to select courses, 
plan the international experience, and supervise the 
senior comprehensive or thesis. Normally one of the 
members of this committee is the chair of the 
Comparative Cultures Collegium. 

Students in this program must acquire a language 
competence at the advanced level. Normally an 
intermediate level o( language competence is 
required prior to the international experience. One 
semester supervised residence abroad in a selected 
geographical area related to the major is a special 
feature of this program. This experience may be a 
language and cultural study program, a practical 
internship, or a job-related opportunity. 

The major consists of a minimum of twelve courses 
in addition to language study. Students must take 
Introduction to Anthropology or its equivalent, a 
minimum of five courses related to the cultural area, 
and five courses from a core discipline. In 
addition, students will complete a senior comprehen- 
sive or a thesis. 

Students who complete the international studies 
major should be able to demonstrate a command of 
at least one foreign language; a knowledge of the 
social, political, and cultural structures of one 
particular country or area of the world; an under- 
standing of the disciplinary perspective of one 
academic field; and an ability to write, think, and 
speak effectively in expressing the interrelatedness of 
peoples and cultures. Typically, students in this 
program have proceeded to graduate study in 
international relations or international studies, and 
have pursued careers in journalism, law, language 
teaching, international business, or employment in 
international service organizations. 



JAPANESE - See Modem Languages. 



LATIN 

LA/CL 101/102 Elementary Latin 

Master basic grammatical construction, develop a 
vocabulary of approximately 500 words and the 
ability to read moderately difficult prose. English 
word derivation heavily stressed. Prerequisite: CL/ 
LA101,forCL/LA102. 



LAW AND JUSTICE 

The minor in Law & Justice is designed explicitly for 
students who are planning to attend law school. 
Students completing the minor will gain important 
legal knowledge and skills that should serve them 
well in law school and later in law-related careers. 
The minor requires the successful completion two 
foundational courses: Criminal Justice and Constitu- 
tional Law. Thereafter, students are free to choose 
three additional courses from a list of law-related 
courses offered across the College's curriculum. In 
recent years, elective courses for the minor have 
included: 

- International Law 

- Juvenile Delinquency 

- Conflict Studies 

- Civil Rights. 

Completion of this minor exposes students to the 
major principles underlying American law, the case 
method of legal study, and the role of law in 
American society. The College's Pre-Law Advisor 
oversees the minor in Law & Justice and assists 
students in the program, providing them with career 
advice and assistance with the law school admission 
process. 

Students choosing a minor in Law & Justice are 
strongly encouraged to select a complementary major 
in consultation with the College's Pre-law Advisor. 
The Law & Justice minor is ideal for students 
majoring in several other programs offered at the 
College. Students interested in eventually pursuing a 
career in environmental law can pair the minor with 
a major in Environmental Studies. Those interested 
in a career in corporate law can combine a Law & 
Justice minor with a major in Business Administra- 
tion or Management. A minor in Law & Justice 
could complement a major in International Rela- 
tions & Global Affairs for those interested in going 
into the field of International Law. 



ITALIAN - See Modem Languages. 



64 



Literature 



LEADERSHIP STUDIES 

The Leadership Studies minor includes any five 
courses from the approved list of courses. These 
courses address theory, skills, and values and expose 
students to a multitude of relevant dimensions of 
scholarship about leadership. In addition, students 
must complete a major project, internship, or 
practicum in which they demonstrate significant 
leadership. 

Complete five of the following courses: 

FD 1 - Leadership and Self Discovery Practicum 

MN 1 lOS - Principles of Management & Leadership 

HD 207S - Group Dynamics 

MN 203S - Leadership through the Arts 

EC 301 S - Leadership: The Human Side of Economics 

MN 312 - Women and Leadership 

MN 371 - Organizational Behavior & Leadership 

MN 387 - Interpersonal Managerial Competencies 

HD 404 - Leadership & Administrative Dynamics 

IB 477 - Entrepreneurship 

Complete one of the following courses or an 
independent course or project which demonstrates 
significant leadership: 

HD 271 - Practicum in Leadership & Programming 

CRl/2 ' Resident Advisor Internship 

HD 405 ' Practicum in Group Process 

MN 480 ' Proctoring in Principles of Management 

MN 482 - Proctoring in Organizational Behavior 



LINGUISTICS ^ See Anthropology. 



LITERATURE 

Students majoring in literature develop competen- 
cies in analysis and interpretation of texts, skills in 
presenting ideas in writing and discussion, awareness 
of English and American literary traditions and 
cultural contexts, research skills, and appreciation for 
literature as an art. 

Students must have a Mentor in the literature 
discipline, preferably chosen by the second semester 
of the Sophomore year, and must take a minimum of 
eight literature courses, including at least one from 
English literature prior to 1800, one from English 
literature after 1800, and one from American 
literature. One of these may be a writing workshop 
course. Literature majors work out their schedules 
with their Mentors according to individual needs. 
Literature majors must successfully pass a Senior 
comprehensive exam, covering in survey fashion 
English, American and comparative literature, 
literary criticism, and methodological application; 
course selections should be made with this require- 
ment in mind. 



In exceptional cases, students who have established 
their proficiency in literature may be invited to write 
a Senior thesis in place of the comprehensive exam. 

Courses are divided into three categories: introduc- 
tion to study of literature (typically 100 level courses) 
and perspective courses; mid-level (typically 200-300 
level courses), and advanced (courses with prerequi- 
sites. Senior seminars, etc.). 

Students wishing to double major in literature and 
creative writing must take ten literature courses, and 
fulfill all other requirements for both majors. 
Literature courses taken for a major in literature may 
be counted for a minor in creative writing. 

For a minor in literature students take five courses 
which bear a LI course designation. One of these 
may be a Writing Workshop, three must be Eckerd 
College courses, and two must be at the 300 level or 
higher. 

LI lOlH Introduction to Literature: 
Short Fiction 

Short stories and novels, concentrating on critical 
thinking, clear, concise written and spoken 
exposition, and values embodied in great works. 
Attendance is required. 

LI 102H Introduction to Literature: 
The Genres 

Plays, poems, fiction, non-fiction, concentrating on 
critical thinking, clear, concise written and spoken 
exposition, and values embodied in greatworks. 
Attendance is required. 

LI 109H Introduction to Poetry 

Major forms and traditions through established and 
experimental examples from English and American 
poets. Lyric, narrative, ballad, sonnet, villanelle. 

LI 195H Four Authors 

Study the literary work of four authors (will vary 
according to the year, the instnictor, student 
suggestions, etc.) but will represent different times 
and places and the four basic genres of drama, poetry, 
fiction, and non-fiction. 

LI 200H A Novelist on Narrative 

Open to non-majors, a good starting place for 
students interested in majoring in literature or 
creative writting, concentrates on careful reading. 
Expressive elements of narrative: plot, character, 
point of view, style, and setting. 

LI 201 H Introduction to Children's Literature 

Fable, fairy tale, short story, poetry, novel, informa- 
tion books, children's classics. Young readers and 
their development. Integration of visual and literary 
arts. 



65 



Literature 

LI 205H Woman as Metaphor 

Investigating European, Canadian and American 
literature with emphasis on metaphors for women, 
what it is to be human, and values choices. Concep- 
tions of women through the ages as presented in 
literature. 

LI 206H Men & Women in Literature 

Understanding the roles (or "methaphors") for men 
and women involved in societal or individual 
choices, through the study of great works of Western 
literature. 

LI 209H Religion and Literature 

Readings by great writers throughout the centuries 
who have dealt with religious experience. Readings 
vary according to interest but usually include stories, 
poems, and occasionally novels. 

LI 21 OH Human Experience in Literature 

Basic human experiences (innocence and experi- 
ence, conformity and rebellion, love and hate, the 
presence of death) approached through great poems, 
stories and plays. Literature from 400 B.C. to the 
present. 

LI 221 H American Literature I 

Literature of 17''\ 18* and 19''' century America. 
The development and transfiguration of American 
attitudes toward nature, religion, government, 
slavery, etc., traced through literary works. 

LI 222H American Literature II 

Readings from American writers from the 1860s to 
present. Stories, poems and plays by such writers as 
Dickinson, James, Twain, Pound, Eliot, Frost, 
Stevens, O'Neill, Hemingway, Faulkner, Fitzgerald, 
O'Connor, and Ellison. 

LI 225 H Modem American Poetry 

Major American poets from 1900, concentrating on 
the meaning and values expressed in the poems, the 
development of modernism, and the reflection of 
America as our society developed. 

LI 226H Literary Genres: Short Novels 

The short novel and ways in which it differs from 
shorter and longer fiction, how literature embodies 
values, and practice in the enunciation and defense 
of reasoned critical opinions. Attendance is required. 

LI 228H The American Short Story: 
Fiction/Film 

Literature of 19''' and 20''' Century America: 
humorists, poets, novelists, dramatists, and short 
story writers, including Twain, Dickinson, Eliot, 
Frost, Henry James, Hemingway, Faulker, O'Connor, 
Baldwin, Welty. Attendance required. 



66 



LI 235H Introduction to Shakespeare 

Shakespeare through sampling each dramatic genre: 
comedy, tragedy, history and romance. Learn to 
appreciate and evalutate his writings, and the 
characteristic distinctions among the genres. 

LI 236H History of Drama I 

Two semester course; either may be taken indepen- 
dently. Part I includes Greek drama through the 
Restoration and 18'^ century. 

LI 23 7H History of Drama II 

Two semester course; either may be taken indepen- 
dently. Part II includes pre-modem, modem and 
contemporary classics. 

LI 238H English Literature I: To 1800 

General survey from the Old English to the Neoclas- 
sic period, highlighing the historical tradtions which 
the authors create and upon which they draw. 

LI 239H English Literature II 

General survey of British literature from 1800 to the 
present, including Romantic, Victorian, modem and 
contemporary writers. TTie historical tradition and 
outstanding individual artists. 

LI 241 H Major American Novels 

Major American novels, their narrative art, their 
reflection of American culture, their engagement of 
the readers' hearts and minds, exploring some of lifes' 
great questions as revealed by masterful writers. 

LI 242H Introduction to Native American 
Literature 

Emphasis on Navajo, Pueblo and Kiowa oral 
narrative, autobiography, essay, poetry, fiction myths. 

LI 250H Children's Literature 

(Directed Study) The best of children's literature in 
various genres. Students do either a creative (e.g., 
writing children's story) or scholarly (e.g., essay on 
history of nursey rhymes) project. 

LI 25 IH Shakespeare 

(Directed Study) For students unable to enroll LI 
235H Introduction to Shakespeare or those wishing 
to pursue further work on Shakespeare indepen- 
dently. 

LI 267H Literature of Healing & Dying 

The relationship between the sick person and the 
caregiver, and the relationship between the reader 
and the writer who describes, and sometimes 
criticizes, the first relationship, to deepen under- 
standing of health care issues. 

LI 281H The Rise of the Novel 

Some of the great works of the Westem tradition, 
the fantastic and the realistic, following the guided 



dreams of narrative and its exploration of our 
imaginations and our worlds. 

LI 282H The Modem Novel 

Modem writers and some of the questions of modem 
times: alienation, depth psychology in fiction, 
assesments of technology and urban life, sources of 
hope in humanism and literary art. 

LI 301 H Southern Literature 

Southem novels, short stories and plays, identifying 
what is "Southem" about them. Works by 
McCullers, Warren, Faulkner, O'Connor, Percy, 
Price, Porter, Gaines. Attendance required. 

LI 302 Studies in Fiction 

Topics vary according to student and faculty interest. 
Close reading of texts, study of criticism and 
applicable literary theory, library research tech- 
niques, writing critical prose. Prerequisite: one 
college-level literary course. 

LI 303H 18* Century British Literature 

Readings of major British writers of the 18* century, 
including Pope, the century's most important poet; 
Swift, its major prose satirist; and Johnson, its 
leading critic. Freshmen require instructor's 
permission. 

LI 308H The Poetry of Donne »& Jonson 

The poetry of Donne and Jonson, comparing their 
ideas and techniques, their relationships to them- 
selves, their beloved and the world, and examining 
perplexities held in common across the centuries. 

LI 312H Literature and Women 

Poems, plays, novels, stories, and essays by or about 
women of various cultures and languages, primarily 
over the past two hundred years. Readings in some of 
the social and political movements that shaped the 
writer and her world. 

LI 320H Modem British Poetry 

Readings of major British poets from the 1880's 
through the 1930's including Hardy, Yeats, Eliot, and 
Auden. Supplementary materials in criticism and 
philosophy. Freshmen require instructor's permission. 

LI 322H Modem British Literature 

Readings of late 19''' and early 20* century novels by 
writers attempting to transcend the limits of 
traditional forms in their exploration of human 
experience. Novelists include Conrad, Joyce, Woolf, 
and Lawrence. Freshmen require instructor's 
permission. 

LI 323H Victorian Poetry and Poetics 

Readings of late 19* century British poets, including 
Tennyson, Browning, Amold, and Hopkins. 
Supplementary critical readings. Freshmen require 
instructor's permission. 



Literature 

LI 324H British Romantic Poetry/Prose 

Readings of late 18'"' and early 19* century poets, 
including Blake, Wordsworth, Coleridge, Byron, 
Shelley, and Keats. Supplementary readings in prose 
writings of these and other writers. Freshmen require 
instructor's permission. 

LI 327 Chaucer to Shakespeare 

Survey of major authors and forms of earlier English 
non-dramatic poetry, with emphasis on Chaucer, 
Spenser and Shakespeare. Prerequisite: LI 235H, LI 
23 8H or permission or instructor. 

LI 328E Literature and Ecology 

Exploring through literature the myths, ideas and 
attitudes which shape ecological practice. Under- 
standing our heritage and using that knowledge to 
keep the earth household alive and healthy. 

LI 329H Literature, Myth, and Cinema 

Readings of myths used in ancient drama and 
modem literature/film. Ancient writers include 
Homer, Aeschylus, and Euripides. Modem artists 
include Conrad, Joyce, Eliot, Coppola, Polanski and 
Kurosawa. Freshmen require instructor's permission. 

LI 334 20* Century European Fiction 

Novels representing various countries, dominant 
literary movements and most influential authors. 
One or more novels may be read in the original 
language. Prerequisite: one college level literature 
course. 

LI 335H Critical Methods: Plato-Postmodemism 

Readings from classical literary critics such as Plato 
and Aristotle; neo-classical/Romantic writers such as 
Sidney and Coleridge; and selected 20* century 
theorists. Critical readings supplemented with 
poems, stories, and plays. 

LI 338H 20* Century Drama: U.S./Britain 

Reperentative dramatic forms through works by 
O'Neill, Williams, Miller, Eliot, Osborne, Pinter, 
Beckett, Arden, Stoppard, and the influences which 
helped shape modem drama. 

LI 349H Fiction From Around The World 

Modem fiction from various parts of the globe. 
Artistic responses to social problems. Fiction as a 
means of representing human experience, both in 
values questions and literary elements (plot, 
character, image, etc.). 

LI 3 5 OH Modem American Novel 

(Directed Study) Ten of twelve major American 
novelists of the first half of the 20th century from 
Dreiser through Richard Wright. Ideas, themes, and 
analysis of writing style. 



67 



Literature 

LI 351 H 20* Century American Women 
ArtistsAVriters 

(Directed Study) Women artists and writers in the 
social and cultural context of their times. Students 
choose from among photography, dance, poetry, 
prose. Prerequisite: Sophomore or higher. 

LI 361 Literary Criticism 

Readings in literary criticism from classical, Renais- 
sance, NeO'Classical, and modem writers. Represen- 
tative ftgures iinclude Plato, Aristotle, Horace, 
Longinus, Dante, Sidney, Pope, Johnson, Coleridge, 
Arnold, and selected modem thinkers. Freshmen 
require instructor's permission. 

LI 362H Film and Literature 

Elements of film production, major film genres, 
literary sources and analogues, and some of the 
critical approaches of film study. 

LI 368H Creative Non-Fiction 

Literary elements applied to describing reality 
accurately. Interpretation, point of view, style, 
personal involvment, ethical responsibilities studied 
through non-fiction writers 

LI 372 Tragedy and Comedy 

Range of periods and genres: drama, film, television. 
Critical opinions on what distinguishes the tragic 
and the comic. Prerequisite: two courses in literature. 

LI 380H Images of the Goddess 

Myths, archetypes and symbols surrounding the 
Goddess, "god-talk," and "god-thinking" through the 
study of Christian mystics, Jungian psychologists, 
contemporary poets, novelists and theologians. 

LI 381H Contemporary American Fiction 

Fiction that breaks new ground and how it evolves. 
Selections from several strands of current writing in 
America, traditional and experimental male and 
female, urban and rural, white and black. 

LI 382H Contemporary American Poetry 

Poems of post- 1950 American poets, various 
movements that developed and the values they 
represent, and the difficult relations between poet 
and society. 

LI 403 H American Fiction since 1950 

Best of American fiction since 1950, selecting from 
such authors as Didion, Ellison, Malamud, Mailer, 
O'Connor, Kesey, Yates, Morris, Bellow. Attendance 
is required. 

LI 425 Seminar on Shakespeare 

Plays and poems, language, structure, setting, 
characterization, themes, traditions. Limited to 
Senior literature majors, with others by permission of 
instructor. 

68 



LI 430 John Milton: Poetry/Prose 

The classical world, Protestant Refonnation, and 
Renaissance converge in Milton's writing, and 
Romanticism/Modemism descends directly from 
him. Readings include his sonnets. Paradise Lost, 
and select prose. Prerequisites: 2 college level 
literature courses or instructor's permission. 

LI 435 T.S. Eliot: Poetry/Prose 

Readings of most of the poetry and several plays of 
one of 20* century's most important writers. 
Assignments include "The Love Song of J. Alfred 
Paifrock," "The Waste Land," "Four Quartets," 
"Murder in the Cathedral," "The Cocktail Party," 
and selections from Eliot's literary criticism. 
Prerequisites: 2 college level literature courses or 
instructor's permission. 

LI 441 Twentieth Century Literature Theory 

Important approaches to literature and language in 
the 20* century, including New Critical, Marxist, 
Psychoanalytic, Structuralist, Phenomenologist, 
Mythic, Feminist, New Historical, 
Deconstmctionist. Prerequisite: two college- level 
literature courses. 



LONDON OFFERINGS 

See International Education. 

MANAGEMENT 

The management major rests on two principal 
foundations: teaching management in a liberal arts 
environment and teaching the general management 
core requirements that comprise the accepted body 
of knowledge in the discipline. The management 
major is designed to prepare the student for an entry 
level managerial position in an organization or for 
graduate school. The ultimate goal of the program is 
to prepare students for responsible management and 
leadership positions in business and society, both 
domestic and intemational. 

The management major is designed to meet the 
needs of three categories of students: undergraduate 
majors in management, minors in management and 
finance, and dual majors; and to integrate the 
general education and liberal arts emphasis through- 
out the four-year program of instmction. 

At Eckerd College, the practice of management is 
viewed as a liberal art. The management major 
stresses developing ideas, problem solving, and 
communicating solutions rather than the routine 
and mechanical application of knowledge and skills. 
The management major emphasizes critical think- 
ing, effective writing, asking probing questions, 
formulating solutions to complex problems, and 
assessing ethical implications of decisions. 



The management faculty has identified a set of 
interdisciplinary management skills or competencies 
that students need to acquire but which do not fit 
neatly into the boundaries of the core management 
requirements described above. These skills build upon 
related competencies which students acquire in the 
general education program. These are: critical 
thinking, decision making and problem solving, 
negotiating and resolving conflicts, systemic thinking. 
Information processing, entrepreneurship, introspec- 
tion, cross-cultural skills and international perspec- 
tives, communication, and computer skills. As part of 
the liberal arts emphasis, the management major 
addresses individual and societal values as a compo- 
nent of each course in the program. 

In addition to these liberal arts-related competen- 
cies, students in the management major also develop 
the following management competencies which 
build upon the general education program: 

- management under uncertain conditions 
including policy detemiination at the senior 
management level. 

- knowledge of the economics of the organization 
and of the larger environment within which the 
organization operates. 

- knowledge of the ethical issues and social and 
political influences on organizations. 

- concepts of accounting, quantitative methods, 
and management information systems including 
computer applications. 

- knowledge of organizational behavior and 
interpersonal communications. 

The course sequence for a major in management is as 
follows: 

Freshmen 

MN 11 OS Principles of Management and 

Leadership 
MN 272S Management Infonnation Systems 
MN 27 IS Principles of Accounting 

Sophomores 

EC 28 IS Microeconomics 

EC 282S Macroeconomics 

(Micro and Macro may be taken in any sequence) 

MN/EC 260M Statistical Methods in 

Management and Economics 

Juniors 

MN 220 Quantitative Methods for Management 
and Economics (prerequisite: statistics, 
MN 272S, MN 271S, and EC 281S). 
MN/IB 369S Principles of Marketing 
MN 371 Organizational Behavior and Leadership 
(prerequisite: Statistics and SO 10 IS) 



Management 

MN 377 Introduction to Business Finance 

(prerequisite: MN 272S, MN 271S, and 
one of either EC 28 IS or 282S) 
MN/IB 378 Investment Finance 

(prerequisite: MN 27 IS and either 
EC281Sor282S) 
Two Management Electives 

Seniors 

Two Management Electives 
MN 498 Business Policy & Strategic Management 
(comprehensive in management. Winter Term of 
Senior year. Prerequisite: permission of instructor.) 

Management majors are required to complete each 
course with a grade of C or better. Management 
majors are encouraged to minor in one of the 
traditional liberal arts. 



A minor in management consists of the following 
five courses: 

- MN 260M Statistical Methods in Management 

and Economics 

- MN 220 Quantitative Methods for Management 

and Economics 

- MN 371 Organizational Behavior and Leadership 

and two of: 

- MN/IB 369S Principles of Marketing 

- MN 27 IS Principles of Accounting 

- MN 377 Introduction to Business Finance. 



A minor in finance requires the following: 

- MN 377 Introduction to Business Finance 

- MN/IB 378 Investment Finance 

- EC/MN 386 Money and Banking 

- IB 486 International Finance and Banking 

and a choice of one of the following courses*: 

- MN/EC 384 Managerial Economics 

- MN/IB 475 Investment Analysis 

- EC 480 International Economics and Foreign 

Exchange 

- MN 479 Corporate Finance 

- Internship/Independent Study 

* The fifth course must be approved by the 
Management Discipline Coordinator. 



MN 1 108 Principles of Management and 
Leadership 

Introduction to interdisciplinary nature of 
management and leadership practices. Historical 
development of management as a distinct discipline, 
principles and survey of functional areas of manage- 



69 



Management 

ment, comparison of management and leadership 
similarities and differences, introduction to contem- 
porary issues in management and leadership. 

MN 220 Quantitative Methods 

A variety of mathematical tools are studied which 
are useful in helping managers and economists make 
decisions. Prerequisites: Statistics, MN 272S, EC 
281S,andMN271S. 

MN 23 OG Asian Management and Leadership 
Practice 

An understanding how culture, inclusive of social 
customs, political and economic structure, and 
historical antecedents, impact managerial practices 
in five Asian countries. Students will use Hofstede 
and Kluckhohn- Strodbeck models as the theoretical 
foundation for understanding these cultural differences. 

MN 242S Ethics of Management: 
Theory and Practice 

Ethical theories as they relate to personal and 
organization policies and actions. Analysing 
situations which require moral decisions in the 
organizational context. Sophomore or higher 
standing. 

MN 260M Statistical Methods: 

Management and Economics 

(Cross-listed with EC 260M). Introduction to 
quantitative analysis in economics and management. 
Lectures and discussions of selected problems. Data 
analysis projects Prerequisite: one of either EC 281S, 
282S, ES 172, HD lOlS, PO 102S, PO 103G, PS 
101S,orSO101S. 

MN 2718 Principles of Accounting I 

Accounting principles used in the preparation and 
analysis of financial statements, accumulation of 
business operating data and its classification for 
financial reporting. Balance sheets and income 
statements. 

MN 2728 Management Information Systems 

Decisions that must be made by managers pertaining 
to computers and information systems. Computer 
terminology, hardware and programming, selecting 
computer and data base systems, etc. 

MN 2738 Life Career/Personal Finance Plan 

Integration of life's values and goals into career 
objectives in order to develop a personal financial 
plan to increase one's quality of life. Of special 
interest to non- management majors. 

MN 2788 Business Law 

Principles, rational and application of business law 
and regulations. Contracts, Uniform Commercial 
Code, creditors' rights, labor, torts and property. 



judiicial and administrative processes. 

MN 3108 Operations Management 

Concepts and applications in service and manufac- 
turing sectors of global economy. Forecasting, 
product and process planning, facility location and 
layout, project management and operations schedul- 
ing, inventory planning and control, quality control. 
Prerequisite: Junior standing or instructor's permis- 



MN 3268 Environmental Computer Modeling 

Learn to use a variety of computer software packages 
designed to enhance decision making abilities in the 
environmental arena. Combines lectures, discus- 
sions, groups project results. Prerequisite: Statistical 
Methods. 

MN 345 Complex Organizations 

(Cross-listed with SO 345) (Directed Study) 
Sources, degrees and consequences of bureaucratiza- 
tion in a wide range of social organizations such as 
work, church, military, schools, hospitals. Prerequi- 
sites: SO lOlS or PS lOlS and MN 260M or MN 
371, or pemaission of instructor. 

MN 3698 Principles of Marketing 

Principles, problems and methods in distributing and 
marketing goods and services. Prerequisite: Junior or 
Senior standing. 

MN 371 Organizational Behavior and 
Leadership 

(Cross-listed with SO 371) Major factors affecting 
behavior in organizations. Motivation, group and 
team dynamics, macroorganizational factors, 
leadership. Prerequisite: SO 160M and lOlS, or 
permission of instructor. 

MN 372 Principles of Accounting II 

The information utilized by operating management 
in decision making: determination of product cost 
and profitability, budgeting, profit planning, 
utilization of standard cost and financial statement 
analysis. Prerequisite: MN 27 IS. 

MN 373 Marketing Communications 

(Cross-listed with IB 373) Processes and functions of 
promotion, strategies incorporating creative use of 
advertising, publicity, merchandising, direct selling, 
and sales promotion. Prerequisite: IB/MN 369S. 

MN 374 Market Intelligence 

(Cross-listed with IB 374) Collection and measure- 
ment of data on market identification, sales forecast- 
ing and marketing strategy development, market 
research, cost/ revenue breakdowns, competitive 
analysis, others. Prerequisites: IB/MN 369S and 
statistics. 



70 



MN 375 Marketing Channels & Logistics 

(Cross-listed with IB 375) Comparative marketing 
methods. Distributing products to consumers with 
optimal efficiency and economy. Prerequisite: IB/ 
MN 369S. 

MN 377 Introduction to Business Finance 

A survey of financial markets and institutions in 
both the public and private sectors and their impact 
on society. Prerequisites: MN 272S, MN 271S and 
oneofEC281S,EC282S. 

MN 378 Investment Finance 

(Cross-listed with IB 378) Exploration of financial 
operations in the investment world with emphasis 
on the private sector. Prerequisites: MN 27 IS and 
eitherEC281SorEC282S. 

MN 379 Retail Organization & Management 

Retail merchandising, promotions, physical facilities, 
personnel, planning, pricing, legalities, research 
techniques, store images, market targets. 
Prerequisites: IB/MN 369S. 

MN 380 Sales Management 

Cross-listed with IB 380) Communication skills, 
buyer's motivations, individual demonstrations of the 
basic steps to selling, illustrating how selling is a 
catalyst for the entire economy and for society in 
general. Prerequisite: IB/MN 369S. 

MN 384 Managerial Economics 

(Cross-listed with EC 384) Applied economic 
theory, mathematics and statistics in business 
decision making. Optimization techniques under 
conditions of uncertainty. Selecting the "best" 
solutions to business problems. Prerequisites: EC 
281S and EC 260M. 

MN 385S Total Quality Environment 
Management 

Methods used to evaluate the environmental 
consequences of policy decisions, product decisions 
about what products or ser\dces are provided, process 
decisions on how goods and services are created, 
systems decisions about implications of all previous 
decision levels. 

MN 386 Money, Banking & Financial 
Institutions 

(Cross-listed with EC 386) History and development 
of monetary system and financial structure. Money 
creation and influence on macroeconomic activity. 
Monetary policy implications of regulator^' agencies. 
Prerequisite: EC 282S. 

MN 3878 Interpersonal Managerial 
Competencies 

(Directed Study) Focus on various interpersonal 
competencies that have been identified by research- 



Management 

ers as being critical for effective managers. These 
topics include self-management via self- awareness, 
responsibility and accountability, active listening and 
feedback, conflict resolution, managing cultural 
diversity, building trust, and building effective teams. 
Explores strategies and techniques for enhancing the 
student's skills in each of these areas. 

MN 3888 Servant Leadership through the 
Bible 

Servant leaders serve first and lead others to a fuller 
development of their talents. The course explores 
the contributions of Christian principles and ethics 
to the development and practice of servant leader- 
ship. 

MN 389S Servant Leadership/ 
Service-Learning 

(Directed Study) The student will engage in a 120 
hour service-learning experience within a commu- 
nity organization. The service-learning will be 
structured like an internship and will be analyzed 
within the context of servant leadership theory. 

MN 405E Human Ecology & Social Change 

Principles of Human Ecology are applied to an 
understanding of the development of ecological and 
environmental problems. Theories of social change 
will focus on the role of various organizations 
(governmental and non-governmental) and policies 
currently involved in the resolution of these issues. 

MN 411 Social Entrepreneurship 

Topics include delineating common and 
distinguishing features of social purpose businesses 
and entrepreneurial non-profits, socio-historical 
context for the development of social entrepreneur- 
ship strategies and organizations, fundamentals of 
strategic planning, financing, and accounting for 
these ventures, rationale and means for developing 
partnerships between for-profit, non-profit, and civic 
organizations to pursue social entrepreneurship 
initiatives. 

MN 475 Investment Analysis 

(Cross-listed with IB 475) Directed Study available. 
Advanced investment course focusing on in-depth 
analysis of specific investment alternatives using the 
computer and other sophisticated techniques. 
Prerequisite: IB 378 or MN 377. 

MN 479 Corporate Finance 

An advanced finance course dealing with founda- 
tions of financial management used in organization 
decision making. Prerequisites: MN 377, MN 272S 
or MN 378. 

MN 480 Proctoring in Management 

For Senior management majors, leadership experi- 



71 



Marine Science 



ence as group trainers. Prerequisites: MN 11 OS and 
permission of instructor. 

MN 482 Proctor/Organization Behavior 

For Senior management majors, leadership experi- 
ence as group trainers. Prerequisites: MN 371 and 
permission of instructor. 

MN 498 Business Policy/ 

Strategic Management 

Comprehensive examination requirement for 
management majors. Practicum in general manage- 
ment. Prerequisite: final semester of Senior year. 
Students may petition for enrollment if they are 
enrolled in no more than two 300- level courses. 



MARINE SCIENCE 

The marine science major provides both an integra- 
tive science background and specialized foundation 
work especially suitable for students planning 
professional careers in marine fields. 

Students majoring in any track of the marine science 
major are expected to be knowledgeable regarding 
fundamental concepts of biological, geological, 
geophysical, chemical, and physical oceanography as 
well as research methods employed by oceanogra- 
phers. 

In addition, students are expected to be able to: 

- synthesize information from the various marine 
science disciplines; 

- write and speak professionally; 

- discuss creative approaches to research ques- 
tions; and 

- utilize bibliographic resources effectively. 
The B.A. degree is not offered. 

Required for the B.S. are a core of ten courses: 

Introduction to Marine Science, Fundamental 
Physics 1 and II, Calculus 1 and 11, General Chemis- 
try I and II, Marine Geology, Chemical and Physical 
Oceanography, and Marine Science Seminar. 

In addition to the core, specified courses in one of 
the following four tracks must be included: 

MARINE BIOLOGY - Marine Invertebrate 
Biology, Marine and Freshwater Botany, Cell 
Biology, Genetics, Ecology, Comparative Physiology, 
and Organic Chemistry 1. 

MARINE CHEMISTRY - Organic Chemistry 1 
and II, Analytical Chemistry, Marine Geochemistry, 
Physical Chemistry I or Physical Chemistry for Life 
Sciences, Instrumental Analysis, and Biological 
Oceanography. 



MARINE GEOLOGY - Earth Systems History, 
Earth Materials, Earth Structure, Marine Stratigra- 
phy and Sedimentation, Biological Oceanography, 
and two upper level geology courses. Statistics may 
be substituted for one upper level geology courses. 

MARINE GEOPHYSICS - Calculus III, Differen- 
tial Equations, Earth Materials, Earth Structure, 
Marine Geophysics, Biological Oceanography, and 
one upper level geology course or Linear Algebra. 

For the Geology and Geophyics tracks, upper level 
electives include the following: Coastal Geology, 
Marine Invertebrate Paleontology, Marine 
Geochemistry, Hydrology, and Marine Geophysics. 
Geophysics track majors may also take Marine 
Stratigraphy and Sedimentation. 

Biodiversity I and II may substitute for Marine & 
Freshwater Botany and Marine Invertebrate Biology, 
respectively. General and Molecular Physiology may 
substitute for Comparative Physiology. 

All marine science majors are encouraged to 
participate in an alternative field experience, which 
may include Winter Term or Sea Semester, their 
junior or senior year. 

Students who major in the marine science biology 
track may not major in biology also, and students 
who major in the marine science chemistry track 
may not major in chemistry also. 

Possible sequence of courses: 

MARINE BIOLOGY TRACK 
Freshmen 

Introduction to Marine Science 

Marine Invertebrate Biology 

Marine Geology 

Calculus I 
Sophomores 

Marine & Freshwater Botany 

General Chemistry 1 and II 

Cell Biology 

Genetics 

Calculus II 
Juniors 

Ecology 

Comparative Physiology 

Organic Chemistry I 

Physics I and II 

Chemical and Physical Oceanography 

Marine Science Seminar 
Seniors 

Marine Science Seminar 

MARINE CHEMISTRY TRACK 
Freshmen 

General Chemistry I and II 
Introduction to Marine Science 
Calculus I 



72 



Marine Science 



Sophomores 

Organic Chemistry I and II 

Calculus II 

Physics I and II 

Analytical Chemistry 

Biological Oceanography 
Juniors 

Chemical and Physical Oceanography 

Marine Geology 

Marine Science Seminar 
Seniors 

Marine Geochemistry 

Physical Chemistry I or Physical Chemistry for 
Life Sciences 

Instrumental Analysis 

Marine Science Seminar 

MARINE GEOPHYSICS TRACK 
Freshmen 

Introduction to Marine Science 

Calculus 1 

Physics I and II or General Chemistry I and II 

Marine Geology 
Sophomores 

Earth Materials 

Calculus II and III 

Earth Structure 

Differential Equations 

Biological Oceanography 
Juniors 

General Chemistry I and II or Physics I and II 

Linear Algebra 

Marine Geophysics 

Marine Science Seminar 
Seniors 

Upper-level elective 

Chemical and Physical Oceanography 

Marine Science Seminar 

MARINE GEOLOGY TRACK 
Freshmen 

Introduction to Marine Science 

Calculus I 

General Chemistry I and II 

Marine Geology 
Sophomores 

Earth Materials 

Physics I and II 

Calculus II 

Earth Systems History 
Juniors 

Earth Structure 

Marine Stratigraphy and Sedimentation 

Upper level geology elective or Statistics 

Marine Science Seminar 
Seniors 

Upper-level elective 

Biological Oceanography * 

Chemical and Physical Oceanography 

Marine Science Seminar 



A minor in marine science consists of five courses to 
include the following: Introduction to Marine 
Science, Chemical and Physical Oceanography, 
Marine Geology, Marine Invertebrate Biology or 
Marine Botany, and a 200+ level course focusing on 
marine science (e.g.. Marine Mammalogy, Marine 
Geochemistry, Marine Stratigraphy and Sedimenta- 
tion, Comparative Physiology or Ecology). These 
courses must not duplicate courses used by students 
to satisfy major requirements. 

MS 187N Plant Biology 

Evolution, diversity and development of plants, their 
place in the ecosystem and responses to environmen- 
tal conditions. Vascular, non-vascular marine, 
freshwater and land plants. Field trips. 

MS 188 Marine and Freshwater Botany 

Diversity of marine and freshwater plants, their 
relatiohship to each other and to their environment. 
A survey of all plant groups is included. Field trips. 
Prerequisite: Sophomore standing. 

MS 189 Marine Invertebrate Biology 

Structural basis, evolutionary relationships, biologi- 
cal functions and environmental interations of 
animal life in the seas, exploring the local area. 

MS 19 IN Introduction to Marine Science 

An introduction to biological, geological, chemical, 
and physical aspects of marine science, team-taught 
by the marine science faculty. Lecture material 
covers basic principles of oceanography, supple- 
mented by recent advances in the field and faculty 
research. Laboratory component involves lab and 
field studies. 

MS 208N Environmental Geology 

Geological hazards and our use and abuse of the 
earth. Methods of preservation, conservation and 
sustained yield. 

MS 209 Biological Oceanography 

The different forms of marine life, the life zones they 
occur in, and the communities they compose. The 
functional aspects of marine life such as relationships 
between marine organisms and their physical 
environments, interspecific associations, productiv- 
ity, and food webs. Provides complete introduction 
to biological oceanography for students in geology, 
geophysics, and chemistry tracks. Not available for 
credit for biology track students or biology majors. 
Prerequisite: MS 191N and sophomore standing. 

MS 242 Marine Geology 

Geological history of the oceanic environment. 
Marine geological and geophysical exploration 
techniques. Provides complete introduction to 
geological oceanography. Prerequisite: MS 19 IN. 



73 



Marine Science 



MS 243 Earth Systems History 

Systems approach to the physical and biological 
history of the earth, including modem problems in 
paleontology and stratigraphy. Reconstruct and 
interpret Earth's history by treating the lithosphere, 
biosphere, hydrosphere, and atmsophere as parts of a 
single system. The course will cover the full geologic 
record of life and environments that show how the 
Earth System functions. Prerequisite: MS 242. 

MS 257 Earth Materials 

Rocks and minerals of the earth: mineralogy, 
petrography of igneous, sedimentary and metamor- 
phic rocks. Prerequisite: MS 242. 

MS 258N Myths of The Earth 

Exploration of the spiritual and scientific aspects of 
geologic myths, relating science and natural 
phenomena to human history, literature, religion, 
and culture. Major topics will include earthquakes, 
volcanoes, the origin of life, the formation of Earth, 
and the evolution of dinosaurs. 

MS 301 Principles of Ecology 

(Cross-listed with Bl 301) Physical, chemical and 
biological relationships in natural communities. 
Field work in nearby ponds and Gulf shoreline. 
Prerequisites: Junior or Senior standing. Corequisite: 
BI 303 or permission of instructor. 

MS 302 Biology of Fishes 

(Cross-listed with BI 302) Systematics, anatomy, 
physiology, ecology, and behavior of fishes. Labora- 
tory includes field collecting, trips to local institu- 
tions, examination of anatomical features and 
systematic characteristics. Prerequisites: Bl 200N, 
and Junior standing or permission of instructor. 

MS 303 Principles of Marine Geophysics 

Application of physical methods, theories, and 
measurements to the Earth. Reflection and refrac- 
tion seismology; side- scan sonar; gravity and 
magnetic surveying; down-hole logging. Solid earth 
and marine applications of geophysics emphasized. 
Prerequisites: MA 132M, MS 306, and PH 241N or 
permission of instructor. 

MS 304 Marine Invertebrate Paleontology 

Morphology, classification, phylogeny, paleoecology 
of groups of marine invertebrate fossil organisms. 
Taphomony, biostratigraphy, and the stages in the 
evolution of marine ecosystems. Field trips and labs. 
Prerequisite: MS 243. 

MS 305 Marine Stratigraphy & Sediment 

Facies and basin analysis, sedimentary tectonics. 
Interpretation of clastic and chemical sedimentary 
rocks to infer processes, environments, and tectonic 



settings in the marine environment. Prerequisite: 

MS 242. 

MS 306 Earth Structure 

Microscopic-to-macroscopic scale structures in rocks, 
field observations of stress and strain. Oceanic and 
continental structures, theory of plate tectonics. 
Prerequisite: MS 242. 

MS 309 Principles of Hydrology 

The study of water: how rivers function, how water 
moves through the ground, pollution of water and 
other problems. Laboratory involving data collec- 
tion, interpretation, computer work, field trips. 
Prerequisite: MS 242, PH 24 IN. or permission of 
instructor. 

MS 311 Marine Mammalogy 

(Cross-listed with Bl 31 1 ) In-depth overview of 
marine mammals (whales, dolphins, manatees, seals, 
sea lions, etc.). Topics include marine mammal 
systematics, status, behavior, physiology, population 
dynamics, evolution, and management. Current 
periodical literature text readings are basis for 
discussions. Field trip, papers, exams. Prerequisites: 
BI 200N and Junior standing. 

MS 312 Plant Ecology 

Relationship of plants with their biological, physical, 
and chemical environments. Includes understanding 
the coexistence of plants in communities, landscape 
dynamics, productivity, environmental stresses, and 
principles of restoration ecology. Prerequisites: MS/ 
BI 188 or BI lOOS or permission of instructor. 

MS 314 Comparative Physiology: 
Investigative 

(Cross-listed with Bl 314) Physiological mechanisms 
of animals and general principles revealed through 
application of comparative methods. Creative 
project lab to develop research skills. Prerequisite: 
CH 122. 

MS 315 Elasmobranch Biology & Management 

(Cross-listed with Bl 315) Systematics, evolution, 
ecology, behavior, and anatomical and physiological 
adaptations of sharks and rays. Current scientific 
research, human impact, how populations can be 
managed. Prerequisites: Bl 101 or BI 200N and 
Junior standing. 

MS 342 Chemical «&. Physical Oceanography 

Chemical and physical properties of seawater, 
distributions of water characteristics in the oceans, 
water, salt and heat budgets, circulation and water 
masses, waves and tides, coastal oceanography. 
Prerequisites: MS 191N, CH 122, and PH 241N, or 
permission of instructor. 



74 



Mathematics 



MS 347 Marine Geochemistry 

Geochemical and biogeochemical processes in 
oceans. Ruvial, atmospheric, hydrothermal sources 
of materials, trace elements, sediments, interstitial 
waters, diagenesis. Prerequisite: MS 342 or permis- 
sion of instructor. 

MS 372 Parasitology 

(Cross-listed with Bl 372) An ecological and 
evolutionary' approach to parasitism. A broad survey 
of parasites of humans and other animals, with 
emphasis on parasite life cycles and anatomy. 
Consideration of genetic, immunological, pathologi- 
cal and economic aspects of parasite-host relation- 
ships. Treatment and control of parasitic diseases will 
also be discussed. Prerequisite: BI 303 or permission 
of instaictor. 

MS 401 Coastal Geology 

Apply concepts learned in introductor^'-level courses 
to the coastal environment. Both lecture and lab 
sections. Lab includes weekly field trips to the 
various environments exhibited by the Atlantic and 
Gulf Coasts of Florida, and culminates in an aerial 
reconnaissance of the marsh, barrier island, and 
estuarine coastline of west-central Florida. Prerequi- 
sites: MS 242, MS 305 and/or permission of 
instructor. 

MS 1/2/3/4 410 Marine Science Seminar 

Topical problems in all disciplines of marine science. 
Junior and Senior marine science majors participate 
for one course credit. Juniors participate in activities 
including seminars, discussions, committees, and 
community service. Seniors read scientific literature 
and deliver presentations. 

MATHEMATICS 

Students majoring in mathematics acquire knowl- 
edge of the basic definitions, axioms, and theorems 
of mathematical systems. They apply mathematical 
reasoning within many different contexts and they 
develop proficiency in computation. 

The basic requirement for either the B.A. or B.S. 
degree is the completion of Calculus III and then 
nine mathematics courses, including the Mathemat- 
ics Seminar, numbered above MA 233M. 

Competencies in the major are attained through the 
successful completion of these courses and the 
completion of a comprehensive examination or 
thesis with a final grade of C or better. 

Student placement in first-year courses is determined 
by evaluation of high school mathematics transcripts 
with consideration given toward advanced place- 
ment in the curriculum. 



A minor in mathematics is attained upon the 
completion of five mathematics courses with a grade 
of C or better. Three of the courses must be num- 
bered above MA 233M. 

MA 104M Survey of Mathematics 

Applications of mathematics to real problems. 
Probability, statistics, consumer mathematics, graph 
theory and other contemporary topics. Students use 
calculators and computers. 

MA 105M Precalculus 

Algebraic, exponential, logarithmic and trigonomet- 
ric functions. Analytic geometry, curve sketching, 
mathematical induction, equations and inequalities. 

MA 131M Calculus I 

First in three-course sequence. Techniques of 
differentiation and integration, limits, continuity, 
the Mean Value Theorem, curve sketching, 
Riemann sums and the Fundamental Theorem of 
Calculus. Applications in the sciences. 

MA 132M Calculus II 

Continuation of MA DIM. Exponential, logarith- 
mic and trigonometric functions, formal integration 
techniques, Taylor polynomials and infinite series. 
Prerequisite: MA 13 IM. 

MA 133M Statistics, An Introduction 

Concepts, methods, and applications of statistics in 
the natural sciences. Elementary probability theory', 
random variables, discrete and continuous probabil- 
ity distributions. Statistics and sampling distribu- 
tions, estimation and hypothesis testing, linear 
regression. Credit is given for only one of MA 133M 
or one of the behavioral science statistics courses, 
but not both. 

MA 143 Discrete Mathematics 

Algorithms, induction, graphs, digraphs, permuta- 
tions, combinations. Boolean algebra and difference 
equations. Emphasis on discrete rather than 
continuous aspects. Prerequisite: MA 13 IM. 

MA 233M Calculus III 

Continuation of MA 132M. Three-dimensional 
analytic and vector geometry, partial and directional 
derivatives, extremes of functions of several vari- 
ables, multiple integration, line and surface integrals. 
Green's and Stoke 's Theorem. Prerequisite: MA 
132M. 

MA 234N Differential Equations 

Existence and uniqueness theorems, nth-order linear 
differential equations, Laplace transforms, systems of 
ordinary differential equations, series solutions and 
numerical methods. Prerequisite: MA 132M. 



75 



Mathematics 



MA 236N Linear Algebra 

Vector spaces, linear transformations, matrices, 
eigenvalues, eigenvectors and systems of linear 
equations. Prerequisite: MA 132M or permission of 
instructor. 

MA 238 Optimization Techniques 

Classical techniques for optimizing univariate and 
multivariate functions with or without constraints. 
Linear programming through simplex method, 
duality theory. Non-linear programming through 
Lagrange multipliers, quadratic and convex con- 
forms. Prerequisite: MA 233M or permission of 
instructor. 

MA 333 Probability and Statistics I 

First in two-course sequence covering probability 
theory, random variables, random sampling, various 
distribution functions, point and interval estimation, 
tests of hypotheses, regression theory, non-paramet- 
ric tests. Prerequisite: MA 233M or pemnission of 
instructor. 

MA 334 Probability and Statistics II 

Continuation of MA 333, which is prerequisite. 

MA 335N Abstract Algebra I 

First in two-course sequence covering integers, 
groups, rings, integral domains, vector spaces, 
development of fields. Prerequisite: MA 132M or 
MA 236N. 

MA 336 Abstract Algebra II 

Continuation of MA 335N, which is prerequisite. 

MA 339N Combinatorial Mathematics 

Problem solving that deals with finite sets. Permuta- 
tions and combinations, generating functions, 
recurrence relations, Polya's theory of counting, 
fundamentals of graph theory, difference equations 
and enumeration techniques. Prerequisite: MA 
132M. 

MA 340 Dynamical Systems 

An introduction to dynamical systems, chaos and 
fractals. Dynamic modeling, stability analysis, 
bifurcation theory, strange attractors, self-similarity, 
iterated function systems. Prerequisite: MA 234N or 
permission of instructor. 

MA 341 Numerical Analysis 

(Cross-listed with CS 341) Methods for solving an 
equation or systems of equations. Interpolating 
polynomials, numerical integration and differentia- 
tion, numerical solutions of ordinary and partial 
differential equations, boundary value problems. 
Prerequisite: MA 233M or permission of instructor. 



MA 35 1 Fourier Analysis 

Introduction to Fourier series, Fourier transforms and 
discrete Fourier transforms. Computer simulation 
and analysis of various physical phenomena using 
Fourier software packages, including the fast Fourier 
transform alogrithm. Prerequisite: MA 234N. 

MA 1/2/3/4 410 Mathematics Seminar 

Required of all Juniors and Seniors majoring in 
mathematics. One course credit upon satisfactory 
completion of two-years participation. Mathematical 
processes from a historical and cultural perspective. 

MA 411 Introduction to Topology 

Introduction to point-set topology emphasizing 
connectedness, compactness, separation properties, 
continuity, homeomorphisms and metric and 
Euclidean spaces. Prerequisite: MA 233M or 
permission of instructor. 

MA 421 Partial Differential Equations 

Initial and boundary value problems. Separation of 
variables, dAlembert solution. Green's functions, 
Fourier series, Bessel functions, Legendre polynomi- 
als, Laplace transforms and numerical methods. 
Prerequisite: MA 234N. 

MA 433 Real Analysis I 

First in two-course sequence covering point-set 
topology, limits, continuity, derivatives, functions of 
bounded variation, Riemann-Stieltjes integrals, 
infinite series, function spaces and sequences of 
functions. Prerequisite: MA 233M. 

MA 434 Real Analysis II 

Continuation of MA 433, which is prerequisite. 

MA 499 Senior Thesis 

Senior mathematics majors may, upon invitation of 
the mathematics faculty, do research and write a 
thesis under the direction of a member of that 
faculty. 



MEDICAL TECHNOLOGY 

TTie Medical Technology program offers students a 
B.S. or B.A. degree by completing three years of 
general studies here and a fourth year of professional 
coursework at a hospital which has been approved by 
the Council on Medical Education of The American 
Medical Association. 

The general studies program at Eckerd College must 
include a minimum of eleven courses in the Natural 
Sciences which are required for certification: four 
courses in biology (including microbiology and 
immunology); four courses in chemistry (including 
organic), one course in mathematics (nomaally 
calculus), and two courses in physics. Completion of 



76 



Modem Languages 



the all-college general education requirements is 
expected of all graduates. Senior general education 
courses should be taken in advance. 

The professional coursework taken during the Senior 
year requires that the student spend 1 2 months in 
training at a certified hospital to which he/she has 
gained admission. For most Eckerd students, this is 
Bayfront Medical Center. The student receives 
college credit for the laboratory courses taken in that 
clinical setting. The baccalaureate is awarded on 
successful completion of this coursework with a 
major in interdisciplinary science. 

In addition, the student receives certification by the 
American Society of Clinical Pathologists (ASCP) 
after passing an official examination. Supervision of 
clinical coursework during the Senior year is carried 
out by a program director (an M.D. certified in 
clinical pathology by the American Board of 
Pathology) and an educational coordinator (a 
medical technologist certified by the Registry of 
Medical Technologists). 



MODERN LANGUAGES 

Students may pursue a language major in French, 
German or Spanish, a major in Russian studies, or a 
major in Modem Languages. Course work is also 
available in Chinese, Italian, Japanese and Latin. 

The language major consists of eight courses, plus a 
Comprehensive Exam (a Senior Thesis or Senior 
Project may replace the Comprehensive in certain 
cases). Students who place or are placed at the 100 
level may count the first year sequence (101-102) or 
the one semester intensive toward the major. 
Students who transfer in course credits from study 
abroad must make sure to take at least one 400 level 
course at Eckerd before undertaking the Compre- 
hensive Exam. Language majors are expected to 
speak the language well enough to he rated at the 
Intermediate Low level of proficiency as defined by 
the American Council of Teachers of Foreign 
Languages (ACTFL). Language majors are therefore 
strongly urged to spend at least one semester 
studying abroad usually during the Junior year. The 
Office of International Education will assist students 
in identifying appropriate programs. In addition, all 
majors in this field of study are expected to have 
tested knowledge in cultural, historical, and literary 
understanding. This will be verified by the successful 
completion of the Comprehensive Exam. Students 
may, at the invitation of the faculty, write a Senior 
Thesis or complete a Senior Project instead of taking 
the Comprehensive. 

All students, before arriving on campus in their 
Freshman year, are placed in an appropriate begin- 
ning level language course. More advanced language 
students, in corisultation with the language faculty, 



will choose a course of study which will lead to a 
major or double major in a modem foreign language. 

Double majors: Students who major in International 
Business, International Relations and Global Affairs 
or International Studies are strongly encouraged to 
develop double majors in combination with French, 
German, Russian Studies or Spanish. Fluency in a 
second or third lariguage will greatly increase 
employability and opportunities for graduate study. 
All of the "International" disciplines have strong 
language requirements for their majors, and students 
would in most cases already be near the completion 
of a language major by the time they graduate. 
Students who arrive at Eckerd with little or no 
experience in a language, or who wish to begin a 
new language, can complete a major counting the 
first year sequence as part of the requirements. 

Majors in modem languages pursue a variety of 
careers including education, government, joumal- 
ism, business, or graduate school. 

Minors are available in Chinese, French, German, 
Italian, Spanish or Russian Studies. A minor consists 
of five courses, including the first-year sequence. 
Accelerated elementary language courses are 
numbered SP 1 1 1 or FR 1 12 in the schedule of 



CHINESE 

The minor in Chinese requires a total of five courses, 
which must include the two-year language sequence 
(CN 101/102, 201/202) or their equivalents. The 
fifth course may be chosen from among the 
following: 

AH 203 A Arts of the Silk Road 

CN 302H East Meets West: Chinese Cinema 

CN 30 IH Heroes and Anti-Heroes in Chinese 

Literature 

CN 268 A Love and Justice in Chinese Theater 

CN 208G Gender and Sexuality in Asian 

Literature 

CN 288G Chinese Pop Culture 

PC 335S Govemment and Politics of China 

Other courses that can be counted toward the minor 
may become available. 

CN 101 Elementary Chinese I 

This course seeks to lay a groundwork for the study 
of modem Chinese. It provides instmction in 
integrated language skills and combines sentence 
pattems with everyday life topics. 

CN 102 Elementary Chinese II 

Continuation of CN 101. This course covers more 
sentence pattems and everyday life topics. Prerequi- 
sites: CN 101 or permission of instructor. 



77 



Modem Languages, French 



CN 201 Intermediate Chinese I 

This course is designed to help students achieve 
greater proficiency in the oral and written use of 
modem Chinese on the basis of the First-Year 
Chinese curriculum. More everyday life topics are 
covered. Prerequisites: CN 102 or permission of 
instructor. 

CN 202 Intermediate Chinese II 

This course is a continuation of CN 201 and 
completes the introduction of modem Chinese basic 
grammar patterns and everyday life topics. 
Prerequisites: CN 201 or permission of instructor. 

CN 208G Gender/Sexuality in Asian 
Literature 

Modem fiction by women writers in China and 
Japan. Works in English translation that address 
issues of gender, sexuality, and female subjectivity. 
No prerequisites. Evaluation involves class participa- 
tion, mid-term exam and final paper. 

CN 268A Love & Justice/Chinese Theater 

Survey of the rich and diverse Chinese theatrical 
traditions, with a focus on H'*" century zaju, 16''' and 
17''' century chuanqi, and modem spoken drama. 
Classes will combine lecture on background 
information and analysis of visual and audio 
examples with discussion of plays. A background in 
Asian studies or theater of other cultures is recom- 
mended. 

CN 288G Chinese Pop Culture 

Experience contemporary Chinese pop culture 
through fiction, rock music, TV drama, and films in 
a global context. The literary, musical and visual 
works will demonstrate the artistic trends and the 
consumers' taste in the commercialized society. 

CN 30 IH Hero/Anti'Hero in Chinese 
Literature 

This course will be devoted to guided readings of the 
masterpieces of Chinese novels from the fourteenth 
century to the early nineteenth century. We will 
examine various types of heroes and anti-heroes, 
including overlords, warriors, social outcasts, non- 
conformists, masculinized beauties, and feminized 
scholars, as portrayed in those literary works. 

CN 302H East Meets West: Chinese Cinema 

Cinema, originally a Westem art, was called "shadow 
magic" by the Chinese. How did Chinese audiences 
react to it? How have Chinese artists integrated this 
visual form in their cultural context? This course 
seeks to investigate these issues through an examina- 
tion of representative works in Chinese cinema 
produced from the 1930s to the present. 



FRENCH 

FR 101 Elementary French I 

Introduction to French for students with little or no 
training in the language. Three classes and two 
laboratory sessions per week. 

FR 102 Elementary French II 

2"^^ semester of FR 101. Prerequisite: FR 101. 

FR 112 Accelerated Beginning French 

A review of elementary French for students with 
some background in the language. Oral comprehen- 
sion, writing, speaking, reading. 

FR 201 Intermediate French I 

Designed as sequel to FR 101-102, or for students 
with three years of high school training. Newspaper 
and magazine articles, short works of fiction, poems, 
and videos serve to develop oral and written control 
of French. Prerequisite: FR 102 or three years of high 
school French 

FR 202 Intermediate French II 

2""^ semester of Intermediate French. 
Prerequisite: FR 201. 

FR 212 Accelerated Intermediate French 

Intensive oral and written work, readings on 
contemporary French issues. Prerequisite: FR 102, 
1 1 2 or the equivalent. 

FR 302H Advanced Composition and 
Conversation 

A refinement of student mastery of structure and 
vocabulary, with emphasis on the ability to commu- 
nicate both orally and in writing. Laboratory work as 
needed. Prerequisite: FR 202, 212 or equivalent. 

FR 307H Literature and Film in Postwar 
France 

Literature, cinema, and aesthetic questions in France 
from World War II to present. Existentialism, 
formalism. New Novel, New Wave and the retum of 
history in the '70s and '80s. Prerequisite: Good 
working knowledge of written and spoken French 
demonstrated by an interview and writing sample or 
completion of any 300 level French course. 

FR 333H Read & Write French Feminism 

(Cross-listed with WG 333H) The central works of 
French feminism beginning with Simone de 
Beauvoir's Le Deuxieme Sexe and including texts by 
Cixous, Irigaray, Kristeva, Wittig, others. Their 
critiques of the social, cultural, and symbolic 
constmctions used to define women: their theories 
for new relationships between male/female, sexual 
identity/literary practices, politics/poetics, language/ 



78 



Modem Languages, German 



life. The importance of French feminist theory tor 
understanding what it means to be a woman 
(daughter, mother, lover, intellectual, activist, among 
other life roles) and to write will be discussed and 
debated by students during the semester. Offered in 
translation for non-French readers. 

FR 380H Introduction to French Literature 
and Culture 

Survey French literature from medieval period 
through twentieth century. Evolution, structure, 
form, relationships of culture and history to the 
literature. Prerequisite: 300 level standing in French. 

FR 392G Francophone Africa & Caribbean 

Literature and culture of two major Francophone 
regions which have attempted to resist and reject 
values imposed by the French. Alienation and 
Western society, survival of indigenous culture, 
importance of Islam, necessity and impossibility of 
writing in the colonizer's language, the negritude 
movement. Prerequisite: 300 level standing in 
French. 

FR 401 French Literature in Formation 

From the emergence of the French language in the 
middle ages to the splendid epoch of French 
Classicism, explore how a theme, topic or genre 
emerged as a powerful influence in France's later 
literary tradition. Prerequisite: FR 302 and permis- 
sion of instructor. 

FR 403 Modem French Literature 

One or possibly two limited topics in this broad area 
each semester. Prerequisites: FR 302H or 303H and 
permission of instructor. 

FR 404 Themes In French Literature 

Discover, analyze and discuss various aspects of 
French literature, with unifying motifs. Prerequisites: 
FR 302 or 303 and permission of instructor. 

FR 405 Commercial French 

Learn the style and vocabulary specific to French 
business. Basic workings of the French economy, and 
business terms. Prerequisite: FR 302 or equivalent. 

FR 406 French Theatre on Stage 

Practice understanding, learning and reciting 
passages in plays from 17'^ century to modem works, 
to improve oral communication skills in French. 
Prerequisite: FR 302H or equivalent. 

FR 410 Senior Seminar/French Studies 

Readings and discussion of selected topics. Prerequi- 
site: two 400 level French courses. 

Semester Abroad in France 
See International Education. 



GERMAN 

GR 101 Elementary German I 

Language through videos and supplemental reading. 
Method appropriate to need, patterning and 
grammatical analysis. Will enable students to 
function in German-speaking country. 
Prerequisite: GR 101 or equivalent for 102. 

GR 102 Elementary German II 

2"'' semester of Elementary German. 
Prerequisite: GR 101. 

GR 201 Intermediate German I 

Review of grammar; short stories and cultural films. 
Introduction to German culture and native language 
models. Class discussions in Gennan. 
Prerequisites: GR 102. 

GR 202 Intermediate German II 

2"'' semester of Intermediate German II. 
Prerequisite: GR 201. 

GR 30 IH Introducion to German Literature 
and Life I 

German cultural heritage, including a survey of 
German literature from Goethe to the present. 
Prerequisite GR 202 or equivalent. 

GR 31 IH Advanced German Composition 
and Conversation 

Student participation in teaching theoretical and 
practical aspects of grammar. Topical discussions and 
written assignments in the language. 

GR 401H The German Novel 

A study of the most representative novelists from 
Goethe to the present. Includes Thomas Mann, 
Hermann Hesse, and the writers of present day 
Germany, Austria and Switzerland. 

GR 402H The German Novel 

2"'^ semester of GR 401 H. 

GR 403H German Drama 

German drama from Goethe to the present. 
Particular emphasis on drama of the 19'*' century and 
the present. 

GR 404H German Drama 

2"^ semester of GR403H. 

GR 441 Seminar in German 

Included are such topics as Goethe's Faust, German 
poetry, the German novelle, history of the German 
language, independent readings. For Seniors. 

GR 442 Seminar in German 

2"'' semester of Seminar in German 1. 



79 



Modem Languages, Italian 



Semester Abroad in Germany 
See International Education. 



ITALIAN 

The minor in Italian requires a total of five courses, 
which must include the first and second year 
sequences (101/102, 201/202) or their equivalents. 
The fifth course will be chosen from among the 
following: ITC 331 (Special Topics in Italian), 
Winter Language Immersion in Italy, and ITC 390 
(Independent Study: Italian Cinema). In addition, 
individually designed independent study courses in 
Italian language and/or culture can be counted 
toward the minor with departmental approval. 

IT 101 Elementary Italian I 

Intensive practice in speaking, listening comprehen- 
sion, reading, writing and grammar. Prerequisite for 
102 is 101 or permission of the instructor. 

IT 102 Elementary Italian II 

Second semester of Elementary Italian I. Intensive 
practice in speaking, listening comprehension, 
reading, writing and grammar. Prerequisite for 102 is 
101 or pennission of the instructor. 

IT 201 Intermediate Italian I 

Prerequisite: IT 102 or equivalent, or permission of 
instructor. 

IT 202 Intermediate Italian II 

Second Semester of Intermediate Italian I. Prerequi- 
site: IT 102 or equivalent, or permission of instruc- 
tor. 

IT 301H Advanced Italian 

This third-year sequence of Italian language is 
designed to help students develop the skills acquired 
in first and second year Italian. Students will 
continue to build spoken proficiency, to develop and 
improve writing skills, and to sharpen their under- 
standing of Italian culture. 
Prerequisites: IT 202 or permission. 

IT 302H Advanced Italian II 

Second semester of Advanced Italian. 
Prerequisites: IT 301 H or permission. 



JAPANESE 

J A 101 Elementary Japanese I 

Introduction to modem spoken Japanese through 
aural-oral drills and exercises, and mastery of the 
basic grammatical structures. Emphasis on the 
spoken language, although there will also be 
exposure to enough of the Japanese writing systems 



to meet practical needs. By the end of the term, 
students should be able to recognize Japanese written 
forms, successfully perform basic communicative acts 
in limited daily situations, and speak utilizing the 
proper social registers, with a basic understanding of 
Japanese cultural norms. 

J A 102 Elementary Japanese II 

Continuation of introductory basic Japanese with 
emphasis on the spoken language. The Japanese 
writing system will also be continued. Prerequisite: 
Basic Japanese I or equivalent. 

J A 201 Intermediate Japanese I 

Further development of communicative skills with 
emphasis on speaking through in-class performance. 
Prerequisite: successful completion of Basic Japanese 
II or instructor's approval. 

JA 202 Intermediate Japanese II 

Continuation of Intermediate Japanese I. Prerequi- 
site: successful completion of Intermediate Japanese I 
or instnictor's approval. 

Year Abroad in Japan 
See International Education. 



SPANISH 

SP 101 Elementary Spanish I 

Intensive drill in understanding, speaking and 
writing Spanish. 

SP 102 Elementary Spanish II 

Second semester to SP 101. Prerequisite: SP 101 or 
permission of instructor. 

SP 201 Intermediate Spanish I 

Comprehensive grammar review. Exposure to 
authentic spoken and written forms of Spanish 
(songs, video, short stories, and poems). Emphasis on 
idiomatic usage and expressions. 

SP 202 Intermediate Spanish II 

Second semester of SP 201. Prerequisite: SP 201. 

SP 203 Spanish for Business 

Oral and written skills. Cross-cultural communica- 
tion between North America and Spanish speaking 
world. Forms, styles, usages, procedures in commer- 
cial communication. 

SP 205 Spanish: Oral Expression 

Develop level of spoken proficiency corresponding to 
the Intermediate Mid-level on the ACTFL Scale. 
Oral practice in tourism/travel, housing, shopping, 
home life, college experience, sports, health, food 
and restaurants, cars, conversing on the phone. 
Prerequisite: SP 202. 



80 



Music 



SP 300H Short Fiction: Study & Transl 

Introductory survey (19^'' and 20'*' centuries) of the 
short fiction of both Spain and Latin America. 
Among the themes to he studied are social and 
political injustice, women's rights, alienation, 
violence, humor and love. Prerequisite: SP 205 or 
permission of instructor 

SP 301H Civilization and Culture 

Introduction to the study of Hispanic civilization, 
culture, and literature. Major historical develop- 
ments of the old and new worlds, ranging from the 
period of colonization and the Conquest to the 
present. Prerequisite: SP 202. 

SP 307H Advanced Grammar & Composition 

For students to develop and perfect writing skills, 
particularly those minoring or majoring in the 
language who also need to fulfill an extensive 
language requirement, such as international business 
or international studies. Prerequisite: SP 202 or 
permission of instructor. 

SP 308H Spanish Literature/Film Themes 

Spanish novel, theatre and film in light of their 
political and historical settings. Prerequisite: SP 
306H or 307H, or equivalent. 

SP 309H Film and Literature: 
Hispanics Abroad 

Selected films and narrative works of fiction and 
non- fiction explore and highlight contrasting 
aspects of American (anglosaxon) and Hispanic 
cultures (Spain, Latin America and Hispanics in the 
USA). Development of cultural awareness through 
the analysis of the general principles that guide the 
students' own culture. Prerequisite: Advanced 
proficiency. Anyone of SP 301H, 306H, 307H or 
permission by the instructor. 

SP 310H Real/Surreal: Lorca, Buiiuel, Dali 

Selected works studies as manifestations and 
representations of realistic and surrealistic art, and 
how they helped bring about a cultural renaissance 
in Spain. Prerequisite: advanced proficiency, any one 
ofSP301H,306H,307H. 

SP 312H Latin American Culture in Film 

Examines how factors such as geography and climate, 
class difference, ethnicity, urbanization, religion, 
history, the military, the economy, politics and the 
creation of national identities have affected 
contemporary Latin American culture. The films 
have been chosen because of their cinematic and 
cultural quality. They cover the major regions of 
Latin America. Prerequisite: SP 301, 306, 307 or 
permission of instructor. 



SP 40 IH The Modem Spanish Novel 

(Directed Study) Major novels of Spanish writers 
from Generacion del '98 to the present. Prerequi- 
sites: SP 300H, and SP 307H or SP 308H. 

SP 407H Spanish Women Writers 

Spanish and Latin American women writers, the 
world they lived in and how they helped change it. 
D>Tiamics of gender, class and education. Introduc- 
tion to feminist literary criticism. Taught in Spanish. 
Prerequisites: SP 307H or pemiission of instructor. 

SP 408H New Spanish- American Narrative 

Understanding the social message and aesthetic 
innovations such as "realismo magico" in works of 
prominent contemporary Spanish American writers 
such as Lloso, Marquez and Fuentes. All work in 
Spanish. Prerequisite: SP 307H or permission of 
instructor. 

Semester Abroad in Spain 
See International Education. 



MODERN LANGUAGE MAJOR 

A major in modem languages consists of a minimum 
of eight courses above the elementary level in a 
primary language, with a Senior thesis or compre- 
hensive exam in that language, plus four courses in a 
secondary language above the elementary level, as 
determined by the individual disciplines. The overall 
comprehensive exam will include the secondary 
language. The examining committee will consist of 
professors of both languages, and the proficiencies 
examined on the courses taken will be: understand- 
ing, speaking, reading and writing. It is strongly 
recommended that students include elective courses 
that are related to the languages pursued. A mini- 
mum of one month of residence abroad in the 
environment of the primary foreign language is 
advised. 



MUSIC 

The music major provides students with an under- 
standing of the Western art music tradition and the 
other music traditions which have shaped it through 
a series of combination theory/music history courses 
and complementary performance courses. Consistent 
with the expectatioris of graduate programs in music, 
students completing a music major should be able to: 

demonstrate listening, sight singing, keyboard 
and written theory skills at a high intermediate 
level 

- analyze and discuss musical works from a 

theoretical and historical perspective, both in 
oral presentations and in fornnal essays 



81 



Music 

- apply a wide variety of music research materials 
to their own analytic and performance projects 

- demonstrate familiarity with the major genres, 
styles and composers associated with the music 
of the West, as well as familiarity with a number 
of music types outside the Western classical 
mainstream 

- perform on voice or an instrument at more than 
an intermediate level, both from a technical 
and interpretive standpoint. 

The five required introductory courses, ideally 
completed no later than the end of the Sophomore 
year, are MU 145A (Tonal Theory la), MU 146 
(Tonal Theory lb), MUA 221 (Introduction to 
Music Literature), MU 356G (World Music), and 
either MU 245 A (Choral Literature and Ensemble) 
or MU 246 A (Instrumental Ensemble). Entry into 
MU 145 A assumes note reading and notation skills, 
the ability to recognize intervals, triads and common 
scale patterns by ear, as well as basic keyboard skills. 
These skills may be demonstrated through a 
placement test or successful completion of MU 101 A 
(Music Fundamentals). Competency on an 
instrument or in voice at an intermediate or higher 
level is a requirement for completing the major. 
Enrollment in MU 442A (Applied Music) from the 
time a student enters the program is, therefore, 
highly recommended. 

The four required advanced courses are MU 341 A 
(Renaissance and Baroque Music), MU 342 (Classic 
Period Music), MU 443 (Romantic Music), and 
MU 444 (Modem Music). Students with plans to 
enter graduate school in any field related to music 
should expect to enroll in additional electives. 
Continued participation in either MU 245 A 
(Choral Literature and Ensemble) or MU 246 A 
(Instrumental Ensemble), as well as in MU 442 A 
(Applied Music), is also strongly advised, and would 
be expected by most graduate programs. A compre- 
hensive examination will be administered following 
a period of review in the Senior year to determine 
competency in the academic and interpretive aspects 
of music. Advanced students may be invited to 
complete a thesis on an academic subject or in 
composition in lieu of the comprehensive exam. 
Highly skilled performers may be invited to present a 
Senior recital as part of the Music at Eckerd series. 

The minor in music consists of six courses as follows: 
four foundational academic courses: MU 145 A 
(Tonal Theory la), MU 146A (Tonal Theory lb), 
MU 221 A (Introduction to Music Literature), and 
either MU 3560 (World Music) or MU 326A 
(American Music and Values); at least one advanced 
academic course from the group MU 341 A, MU 
342, MU 443 and MU 444; and a minimum of one 
performance course MU 245 A (Choral Literature 



and Ensemble), MU 246A (Instrumental Ensemble) 
or MU 442A (Applied Music). 

MU 101 A Music Fundamentals 

Reading pitches and rhythms, sight singing, basic 
keyboard performance. Musical patterns common in 
folk, popular and art music worldwide. 

MU 145A Comp Musician la: Tonal Theory 

Tonal harmony, part-writing skills, primary triads and 
inversions, non-harmonic tones, sight singing, 
keyboard harmony. Four semester hours of credit. 

MU 146 Comp Musician lb: Tonal Theory 

Secondary triads, medieval modes, harmonic 
sequence, elementary modulation, continued part 
writing and analysis, ear training, sight singing, 
keyboard harmony. Lab component. Four semester 
hours of credit. Prerequisite: MU 145 A or equiva- 
lent. 

MU 221 A Introduction to Music Literature 

Focuses on significasnt composers, works, and forms, 
primarily from the Western art music tradition, 
through listening and analysis, writing and discus- 
sion, concert attendance and explorations of 
recorded music. 

MUl/2 245 A Choral Literature & Ensemble 

Study and performance of masterworks of choral 
music. Concerts given both on and off campus. 
Smaller vocal ensembles chosen by audition from 
larger group. Two semesters required for one course 
credit. Admission by audition with instructor. 

MUl/2 246A Instrumental Ensemble 

Participation in one or more of various ensembles: 
classical chamber groups, a wind ensemble, a world 
music improvisation ensemble, or an approved off 
campus ensemble. Concerts given both on and off 
campus. Four hours of rehearsal per week for two 
semesters earns one course credit. Placement 
audition with instructor required. 

MU 266A Music Projects I 

Opportunities for study in special topics in perfor- 
mance, research, and areas of study not provided for 
in regular semester courses, by permission of 
instructor. 

MU 267A Music Projects I 

Opportunities for study in special topics in perfor- 
mance, research, and areas of study not provided for 
in regular semester courses, by permission of 
instructor. 

MU 326A American Music And Values 

Application of various models of the American 
experience to music ranging from Native American, 



82 



slave and colonial music to jazz, classical and 
experimental works. Freshmen with permission of 
instructor. 

MU 331 A Topics in Music Literature 

Music of a particular period, genre, or composer in 
terms of musical style, cultural, historical, or 
biographical significance. Listening and discussion, 
development and application of descriptive termi- 
nology and research. Specific topics published in the 
course schedule. 

MU 341 A Renaissance and Baroque Music 

Western art music between 1400 and 1750 with 
emphasis on dance forms, sacred choral music, 
madrigals and other secular forms including opera. 
Research into performance practice and cultural 
context for each supplements listening and analysis. 
Counterpoint and analysis lab. 

MU 342 Classic Period Music 

Development of 18^ century classical style through 
the music of Haydn, Mozart and Beethoven. 
Analysis lab. Prerequisites: MU 146, MU 221 A and 
MU 356G or permission of instructor. 

MU 356G World Music 

Music for ritual, work and play as well as art music 
traditions from various cultures around the world, 
including those of early Europe and the Middle East. 
Aural and videotaped recordings from the field, 
readings in anthropology and aesthetics, live 
performances, discussion. Freshmen with permission 
of instructor. 

MU 361 Advanced Tonal Harmony 

A continuation of MU 146, from modulatory 
techniques through the chromaticism of the late 
19th century. Lab component. Prerequisite: MU 146 
or permission of instructor. 

MU 366A Music Projects II 

For advanced students who wish to pursue work on 
specialized topics, including composition. Permission 
of instructor required. 

MU 367A Music Projects II 

For advanced students who wish to pursue work on 
specialized topics, including composition. Permission 
of instructor required. 

MUl 442A Applied Music 

Studio instruction in voice, piano, organ, classical 
guitar, string, brass and woodwind instruments. One 
private lesson, and minimum of six hours per week 
individual practice plus four evening performance 
classes per semester. Permission of instructor 
required. Fee charged. 



Philosophy 

MU 443 Romantic Music 

A study of 19''' century art music from late Beethoven 
through Schubert, Brahms, Chopin and Wagner, 
among others. Analysis lab. Prerequisites: MU 146, 
MU 221 A and MU 3560 or permission of instmctor. 

MU 444 Modem Music 

Beginning with the Impressionists, Neo-classicists 
and serialists and continuing to aleatoric, electronic 
and minimalist composers of the more recent past. 
Analysis lab. Prerequisites: MU 146, MU 221 A and 
MU 3560 or permission of instructor. 



NATURAL SCIENCES 

NA 1 73N Introduction to Environmental 
Science 

Environmental science strives to comprehend the 
nature and extent of human influences on natural 
systems. This course will explore the science behind 
environmental issues using a case study approach. 



PHILOSOPHY 

Students majoring in philosophy develop with their 
Mentor a program of study including a minimum of 
eight courses, including one logic course and one 
ethics course; at least three courses from the History 
of Philosophy series (other philosophy courses with a 
significant historical component may be substituted 
upon approval of the philosophy faculty); History of 
Philosophy Seminar; and other upper level courses 
focused on the student's particular philosophical 
interests. In addition, philosophy majors are 
expected to take complementary courses in other 
disciplines that provide background and breadth in 
their program of study. 

Philosophy majors are to have a working knowledge 
of the issues and methods covered in their required 
courses in logic, ethics and the history of philosophy 
sequence, in addition to those in their chosen upper- 
level area of focus. This competence and the ability 
to communicate it in speaking and writing is 
demonstrated by satisfactory completion of the 
courses in the philosophy major and of a Senior 
thesis or comprehensive examination in philosophy. 

A minor in philosophy consists of five philosophy 
courses, to be approved by the philosophy coordina- 
tor. 

PL lOlH Introduction to Philosophy 

Analyze philosophical issues concerning human 
nature, our relationship to the world around us, and 
major philosophical issues of value and meaning. 
Study works of several great philosophers to help 
students develop their own views. 



83 



Philosophy 

PL 102M Introduction to Logic 

Methods of critical and logical analysis of language 
and thought. Helps develop critical, analytical 
reasoning and linguistic precision. 

PL 103G Introductory Eastern Philosophy 

(Directed Study Available) Philosophical questions 
on the nature of reality, society, and self in East 
Asian philosophy with emphasis on metaphysics and 
ethics. 

PL 220H Existentialism 

A provocatively modem approach to many of the 
issues of the philosophical tradition; the existential 
foundations of art, religion, science and technology. 

PL 230H Philosophy of Religion 

The conceptual aspects of religion: natural and 
supernatural, religious experience, sources of 
religious knowledge, faith and reason in the past and 
future. Offered alternate years. 

PL 240H Philosophy of Technology 

Humans are the beings who reshape their environ- 
ment. Is modem technology a refinement of tool- 
making, or something new? What has been the 
impact of technology on the essence of being 
human? 

PL 241 H Ethics: Tradition & Critique 

Various systems for judging good and bad, right and 
wrong. Definitions of the good life, ethical theories 
and their application to issues such as abortion, civil 
rights, war and peace, censorship, etc. 

PL 243E Environmental Ethics 

A philosophical investigation of our relationship to 
the natural environment, and how these consider- 
ations affect our moral obligations to other people, as 
well as future generations. 

PL 244H Social & Political Philosophy 

Major social and political theories that have been 
influential in the West. Contemporary political 
theory examined in light of classical tradition and 
historical movements. Offered altemate years. 

PL 250H Mind/Body: 

Philisophical Explorations 

What is mind? How is the mind related to the body? 
Can mental properties such as consciousness, feeling, 
love and understanding emerge within merely 
physical systems? Or is the mind something else, 
distinct from the physical body? Focus on the various 
ways in which these questions have been approached 
throughout the history of philosophy and discover in 
the process what it means to approach a question 
philosophically. 



PL 263H Aesthetics 

Examine various answers to questions asked from 
ancient times by philosophers, artists and other 
thoughrful people about the nature of art, beauty, 
and the role of the arts and artists in society. 
Prerequisite: Westem Heritage or permission of 
instructor. 

PL 303G Individual/Society-Chinese Thought 

Analyze ideas of human nature, the individual's 
relationship to the social order, and the range of ways 
in which individuals have expresses dissent from 
social norms in the Chinese tradition. Ranges from 
classical philosophy to current events and the debate 
on human rights. 

PL 304H Seminar in Chinese Thought: 
Taoism 

(Cross-listed with EA 304H) Upper-level course 
which explores important philosophical issues in 
Taoism in a historical and comparative framework. 
Emphasis on Taoist epistemology, ontology, ethics, 
and ideas of nature through close study of the Tao Te 
Ching and the Chuang Tzu, the Chinese commen- 
tary tradition, and comparative works in Buddhist, 
classical Greek, and modem Westem philosophy 
Brief introduction to the history of the Taoist 
church. Prerequisite: EA 201G or PL 103G, or 
permission of instructor. Some knowledge of the 
Chinese language is helpful but not required. 

PL 310E Ideas of Nature 

Ancient Greek cosmology. Renaissance view of 
nature, modem conception of nature. What nature 
is, how is can be studied, how we should relate to it. 
Primary approach is critical, historical analysis of 
primary texts. 

PL 3 1 IH Major Philosophers 

An intensive study of a single major philosopher. 
May be taken more than once for credit with focus 
on different philosophers. 

PL 312H American Philosophy 

Major trends and emphases in American philosophy 
from the colonial period to the 20"^ century. 
Prerequisite: some background in the humanities or 
permission of instructor. 

PL 32 IH History of Philosophy: 
Greek & Roman 

The rise of philosophy, 600 B.C. A.D. 100, with 
emphasis on natural philosophy. Pre Socratics, 
Sophists, Stoics, Epicureans, Plato and Aristotle. 
Offered altemate years. 

PL 322H History of Philosophy: 
Medeival & Renaissance 

Philosophical thought from ebb of Rome through 



84 



Philosophy / Religion 



rise of modem Europe, including developments in 
Jewish and/or Islamic, and Christian philosophy. 
Faith and reason, realism and nominalism, mysticism 
and rationalism, Platonism and Aristotelianism. 
Offered alternate years. 

PL 323H History of Philosophy: 
17-18* Century 

Descartes through Kant as response to the Scientific 
Revolution. Comparison of rationalism and 
empiricism. 

PL 324H History of Philosophy: 
19* Century 

Kant, German Idealism, Utilitarianism, social and 
scientific philosophy, existentialism, Hegel, 
Schopenhauer, Marx, Kierkegaard, Nietzsche, others. 

PL 325H History of Science 

Physical science from 600 B.C. A.D. 1700. Major 
discoveries and scientists, different approaches to 
science, the interrelationship between science and 
society. 

PL 342H 20* Century Philosophical 
Movements 

Development of philosophical analysis and existen- 
tialism as the two main philosophical movements of 
the 20^ century. Freshmen require permission of 
instructor. 

PL 345H Symbolic Logic 

Logic as an object of study, not an inferential tool. 
Derivability, completeness, analyticity, categoricity 
and consistency. Prerequisite: PL 102M or permis- 
sion of instructor. Offered alternate years. 

PL 348H Philosophical Theology 

A philosophical study of the nature of God and the 
relation of God and world, based on readings from 
early Greek philosophy to the present. Prerequisite: 
some background in philosophy or religion. 

PL 349G Native American Thought 

(Cross-listed with HI 349G) This course focuses on 
the nature of Native American thought; explores the 
differing assumptions, methods, and teachings 
corrected with the pursuit of wisdom, with special 
attention to metaphysics and ethics. 

PL 360H Philosophy of Science 

Recent controversies on the scientific explanation 
between formal logical analysis and the informal, 
heuristic approach. Analysis of laws and theories. 
Examples from the history of science. Offered 
alternate years. 

PL 361H Contemporary Ethical Theory 

Major contemporary schools of thought in moral 



philosophy. Prerequisite: some background in 
philosophy, religious studies, psychology, literature or 
related disciplines. 

PL 362H Contemporary Political Philosophy 

Major contemporary schools of thought in political 
philosophy. Prerequisite: some background in 
philosophy, political science, history, economics, 
American studies or literature. 

PL 365 Philosophy of History 

Does history have a meaning? Is it leading anywhere? 
Does history result in anything that is genuinely 
new? Or is it an "eternal recurrence of the same?" 
Especially useful for students of history, literature, 
religious studies, and philosophy. Prerequisite: some 
background in the humanities. 

PL 367 Philosopy and Myth 

Examines the relationship between mythic and 
rational consciousness in the context of current 
trends in the philosophy of the imagination. What is 
myth? What is philosophy? Is there any relationship 
between the two? How is the imagination related to 
rational thought? How do human beings create 
meaning? Taught as a seminar. Prerequisites: Some 
background in philosophy, religious studies, psychol- 
ogy, literature or related disciplines or permission of 
instructor. 

PL 401 History of Philosophy Seminar 

This course involves an intensive study of the major 
philosophical movements of Western thought, with 
an emphasis on the classical ideas and problems they 
have given us. Completes the four semester sequence 
in the history of philosophy. Required for philosophy 
majors. Prerequisites: at least one upper level course 
in philosophy or permission of instructor. 

PL 403 Contemporary Philosophical 
Methodologies 

Intensive investigation of philosophical methodolo- 
gies, designed to help students practice philosophy in 
an original manner. Emphasis on independent study. 
Prerequisite: one or more upper-level philosophy 
courses or permission of instructor. May be taken 
more than once for credit in order to study different 
methodologies. 



PHILOSOPHY/RELIGION 

A major in philosophy/religion includes eleven 
courses, five in philosophy, five in religious studies, 
and Philosophy of Religion. The program ordinarily 
culminates in a Senior thesis. Required courses in 
philosophy are: two from PL lOlH, 102M, 241H; 
two from PL 321H, 322H, 323H, 324H; one other 
upper-level course. Required courses in religious 



85 



Physical Education 



studies are: RE 20 IH; one from RE 203, 204; and 
three other upper-level courses. Additional 
upper-level courses in each discipline are recom- 
mended, and any change in these requirements must 
have the approval of faculty of both disciplines. 

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 

PE 321 Athletic Coaching 

Social-psychological problems of coaching today, the 
role of sports, developing a philosophy of coaching. 
Sports programs from youth leagues to collegiate 
athletics. Teaching styles, training, sports psychology. 



PHYSICS 

Students who major in physics develop competency 
in using scientific methodology: in creating math- 
ematical models of real-world systems, manipulating 
these models to obtain predictions of the system's 
behavior, and testing the model's predictions against 
the observed real-world behavior. Mechanical, 
electro-magnetic, thermodynamic, and atomic/ 
molecular systems are among those with which 
students become familiar in the building and testing 
of theoretical models. Problem-solving and quantita- 
tive reasoning are among the skills which are 
developed. 

For the B.A. degree, students majoring in physics 
normally take the following courses: 

Fundamental Physics I and II 

Modem Physics 

Electronics Laboratory 

Classical Mechanics 

Electricity and Magnetism I and II 

Quantum Physics I 

Calculus I, II, and III 

For the B.S. degree, additional courses normally 
included are: 

Quantum Physics II 
Advanced Physics Laboratory 
Differential Equations 
Linear Algebra 
Senior Thesis 
General Chemistr 

The Physics Seminar is required in the Junior and 
Senior years. Students may arrange independent or 
directed study courses in advanced subjects to suit 
their needs. 

A minor in physics requires completion of five 
physics courses with a grade of at least C, of which at 
least three are numbered above PH 242. 

An example of a program of courses which would 
lead to a major in physics: 



86 



Freshmen 

- Calculus I and II 

- Fundamental Physics I and II 

Sophomores 

- Calculus III 

- Modem Physics 

- Differential Equations 

- Classical Mechanics 

Juniors 

- General Chemistry I and II 

- Electricity and Magnetism I and II 

- Electronics Laboratory 

Seniors 

- Quantum Physics I and II 

- Advanced Physics Laboratory' 

In addition, physics majors are required to enroll in 
the Physics Seminar during their Junior and Senior 
years. 

PH 209N Survey of Astronomy 

(Cross-listed with CH 209N) Planets, stars, galaxies, 
celestial motion. Some night observing sessions. 

PH 214E Energy and the Environment 

Options available to societies in producing energy, 
the consequences of each choice, and the different 
sets of values implicit in the choices. 

PH 217N Evolving World- View of Science 

What is it that distinguishes science as an investiga- 
tory tool, and gives it such power? How does the 
universe as presented by modem science compare 
with religious and philosophical ideas? In this course 
we will trace the development of scientific under- 
standing. 

PH 24 IN Fundamental Physics I 

Linear, rotational, and oscillatory motion. Force, 
work, and energy. Corequisite: MA 13 IM. Calculus- 
based with laboratory. 

PH 242 Fundamental Physics II 

Thermodymanics, electricity, magnetism, and optics. 
Calculus-based, with laboratory. Prerequisite: PH 

241N. 

PH 243 Modem Physics 

Introduction to quantum mechanics, with elemen- 
tary applications in atoms, molecules, and solids. 
Prerequisite: PH 242. 

PH 244 Electronics Laboratory 

First principles of analog and digital electronic 
circuit theory, basic operation of electronic circuits, 
instruments, utilizing modem electronic technique 
and instrumentation. Prerequisite: PH 242 or 
permission of instructor. 



Political Science 



PH 245 Computer Models in Science 

An introduction to computational science through 
physical, chemical, geological and biological 
examples. Modeling of various dynamical systems 
like planets, molecules and populations by program- 
ming a computer. Learning software programs to 
visualize results. Prerequisites: PH 242 and CS 143M 
or permission of instaictor. Fulfills a computational 
science minor requirement. 

PH 320 Optics 

Wave motion, electromagnetic theory, photons, light 
and geometric optics, superposition and polarization 
of waves, interference and diffraction of waves, 
coherence theory, holography and lasers. Prerequi- 
sites: MA 132M and PH 242. 

PH 321 Physical Chemistry I: Investigative 

(Cross-listed with CH 321) Laws of thermodynam- 
ics, free energy, and chemical equilibrium; solutions 
of electrolytes, non-electrolytes; electrochemistry', 
chemical kinetic theory. Prerequisites: CH 212, MA 
132, PH 242 or permission of instructor. 

PH 341 Classical Mechanics 

Particles and rigid bodies, elastic media, waves, 
Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formulations of 
dynamics. Prerequisites: PH 242 and MA 234 or 
permission of instructor. 

PH 342 Electricity & Magnetism I 

Maxwell's equations in the study of electric and 
magnetic fields, AC and DC circuits. Electromag- 
netic wave theory introduced. Prerequisites: PH 242 
and MA 234 or permission of instructor. 

PH 343 Electricity & Magnetism II 

Continuation of PH 342. Electrodynamics, electro- 
magnetic waves, and special relativity. Prerequisite: 
PH 342 or Permission of instructor. 

PH 345 Advanced Physics Laboratory 

Advanced instrumentation and analysis techniques. 
Develop laboratory abilities utilized in physics, 
especially as applied to modem optics. Two lab 
sessions a week. Prerequisites: PH 241N and PH 242. 

PHl/2/3/4 410 Physics Seminar 

Required of all Juniors and Seniors majoring in 
physics. One course credit upon satisfactory 
completion of two year participation. Topical issues 
tn physics. 

PH 443 Quantum Physics I 

Modem quantum theory and relativity. Comparison 
of classical and quantum results. Prerequisite: PH 
243 or permission of instructor. 



PH 444 Quantum Physics II 

Three-dimensional wave equation and application to 
hydrogen atoms. Identical particles introduced with 
emphasis on low- energy scattering. Prerequisite: PH 
433 or permission of instructor. 

PH 499 Independent Research - Thesis 

Outstanding students majoring in physics normally 
are invited to engage in active research and to 
prepare a thesis in lieu of a Senior comprehensive 



POLITICAL SCIENCE 

Students choosing to major in political science gain 
fundamental understanding of American govem- 
ment, how our governmental system compares with 
other major political systems, and how the U.S. 
interrelates with the rest of the world. Majors gain 
competence in political analysis and research skills as 
well as an understanding of political power, govern- 
ment institutions, intemational affairs, and political 
theory. 

Students majoring in political science affiliate with 
either the Letters or Behavioral Science Collegium, 
depending on their individual career or research 
plans. Both coUegial tracks require the completion of 
Introduction to American National Government 
and Politics, Introduction to Comparative Politics, 
and Introduction to Intemational Relations. Beyond 
the three introductory courses, all students must 
complete six additional non- introductory political 
science courses including at least one from each field 
within political science. All political science majors 
must also complete Political Science Research 
Methods and the political science Senior Seminar. 
The typical course sequence for political science 
majors includes the completion of three introductory 
courses in their first year, followed by an individually 
tailored set of upper-division courses. 

Students with specific career or research interests not 
adequately covered by the discipline may substitute 
one course from another discipline for one upper- 
level political science course with prior approval of 
the political science faculty. Students are encouraged 
to explore their career or research interests through 
an appropriate internship. With the approval of the 
political science faculty, one internship may fulfill a 
political science major requirement. One Winter 
Term project may also be accepted toward degree 
requirements in political science. 

Students may earn a minor in political science with 
successful completion of PO 102S, either PO 103G 
or PO 104G, and any four additional non- introduc- 
tory courses spread across the political science 
faculty. 



87 



Political Science 



PO 102S Introduction to American National 
Government and Politics 

American democratic theory, political parties, 
interest groups, presidential selection and functions. 
Congress, Supreme Court, federal bureaucracy, and 
several major areas of policy making conducted by 
the national government. 

PO 103G Introduction to International 
Relations 

National and international political relationships, 
origins of war, the international system, rich and 
poor nations and the politics of hunger, and alternate 
concepts to the present system. 

PO 104G Introduction to Comparative 
Politics 

Issues and analysis of the internal dynamics of 
modem states through examination of Britain, 
Germany, Japan, Russia, China, and the Third 
World, laying the foundation for further study in 
comparative politics and/or international relations. 

PO 2008 Diplomacy and International 
Relations 

Diplomatic protocol and practices within the United 
Nations. The United Nations and the post Cold 
War period: role of international diplomacy in war, 
peace, and the evolution of peace keeping, interna- 
tional economic issues of trade and development, 
dilemmas resulting from global environmental 
interdependence and sustainability. Interested 
students of any major are encouraged to enroll. 

PO 201S Power, Authority & Virtue 

Close reading of classic texts in political theory 
aimed at examining the dynamics of power and 
virtue in political life. 

PO 202E Public Policymaking in America 

Introduction to the general policy-making process. 
Formulation of new policies and programs, imple- 
mentation, evaluation of federal programs. Policy 
areas such as unemployment and environment. 

PO 211G Inter- American Relations 

Historical examination of continuities and changes 
in U.S. policy toward Latin America from Monroe 
Doctrine to present in Central America, from a 
range of ideological and scholarly perspectives. 
Prerequisite: one introductory level political science 
course or Latin American Area Studies recom- 
mended, or permission of instructor. 

PO 2128 U.S. Foreign Policy 

History of U.S. diplomacy and foreign policy. 
Complex global issues (economic, political, strate- 
gic) faced by policy makers and citizens alike. 



Policies and alternatives that the U.S. faces today. 
Prerequisite: one introductory level political science 
course recommended. 

PO 2218 Politics of Revolution and 
Development 

Causes and nature of political violence and revolu- 
tion as related to human behavior theory. Theories 
on causes of revolution, concepts of liberation, 
consequences and responsibilities of interstate 
relations during times of crisis. Recommended PO 
102S and either PO 103G or PO 104G. 

PO 2228 Political Ideologies 

The role, function and origin of ideology in politics. 
Comparative political ideologies such as Fascism, 
Nazism, Anarchism, Socialism, Communism, 
Corporatism, Capitalism/Liberalism, domestic and 
international forms of terrorism. 

PO 231G Politics: East Asian Nations 

Political cultures and governments of Japan, China 
(both People Republic and Taiwan), and Korea 
(both north and South). Recommended: one 
introductory political science course. 

PO 232G The Pacific Century 

This course is to introduce the students to the rise of 
East Asia in recent decades and its impact on the 
world. Major topics include socio-economic factors 
in the rise of East Asia, the impact of the rise of East 
Asia on the world, Asian capitalism, America in 
Asia, Russia in Pacific Asia, Vietnam, migration, and 
the Asian style Pork Banel Democracy. 

PO 2418 International Political Economy 

Four areas of world economic activity: trade, 
investment, aid and debt, and how changes in each 
over post WWII period influence development 
choices for the Third World. Prerequisite: PO 103G. 

PO 2428 Politics of Defense:Economy/Power 

History, institutions, and operation of the defense 
economy in the U.S. Conflicting theories and 
perspectives on the defense budget, military 
contracting, the defense industry, and economic 
rationales for U.S. foreign and military policy. 
Different possible foreign and military policies in the 
post-Cold War era and their effects on U.S. 
economy. 

PO 2438 Human Rights & International Law 

Current international human rights issues, including 
political, economic, social and cultural. Role of the 
United Nations and other international organiza- 
tions in forming and implementing human rights 
standards. Topics include women's rights, protection 
of minorities, and rights to economic subsistence. 



Political Science 



PO 25 IS The Media and Foreign Policy 

Examines the interplay between foreign policy and 
the media. Draws on historic foreigii policy case 
studies to study current foreign policy material and 
decisions. Uses communication theory, critical 
analysis of media coverage, and media technology. 
Read classic and contemporary texts, group presenta- 
tions. Prior course in international relations and 
comfort with media technology recommended. 

PO 260M Political Science Research Methods 

Science and methods. Data gathering and analysis, 
univariate, bivariate and multivariate statistics. 
Prerequisites: Sophomore standing and one of the 
following: ES 172, HD lOlS, or one political science 
course. 

PO 270S U.S. Policy and World 

The major topics covered in this course are: the 
development of the institutions and policies of the 
U.S. in trade, monetary and development regimes for 
the post- 1945 world economy; the evolution and 
distortion of these policies during the Cold War 
competition; the global economic shocks and 
development crises in the Third World; and the 
efforts to shape a new post-Cold War world order. 

PO 30 IS Constitution & Government Power 

Constitutional power bases of judicial, executive and 
legislative branches of national government, analysis 
of major constitutional issues, of federalism and 
powers of the states, Supreme Court decisions. One 
lower-division political science course recom- 
mended. 

POI 30 IS Introduction to Contemporary 
British Politics 

The course seeks first to provide an understanding of 
British political institutions - the constitution, the 
party systems, the workings of government - and 
secondly, an insight into the main political debates 
facing Britain, including the media, the conflict in 
Northern Ireland and issues of race and gender. 
Special attention will be given to the discussion of 
current political developments as they happen. 

PO 302S Constitution & Individual Rights 

Examining those portions of the Constitution 
dealing with relations between the individual and 
the government (the Bill of Rights, due process, 
equal protection, privileges and immunities, etc.). 
PO 30 IS is not prerequisite. One lower-division 
political science course recommended. 

PO 303S The American Presidency 

The Presidency as a political and constitutional 
office, its growth and development from Washington 
to the present. One lower-division political science 
course recommended. ■^ 



PO 304S U.S. Congress 

The U.S. legislative process with major attention to 
the Senate and House of Representatives. Roles of 
lawmakers, legislative behavior, and representative 
government in theory and fact. One lower-division 
political science course recommended. 

PO 305 S Political Parties & Interest Groups 

Party organization and fuiictions at national, state 
and county levels, and other institutions and 
activities competing for party functions. One lower 
division political science course recommended. 

PO 311 Latin American Politics 

Historical overview of Latin American political 
development from the Spanish conquest to 20* 
century, comparison of political systems and people, 
and future prospects. Prerequisites: PO 102S and PO 
103G or 104G or permission of instructor. 

PO 314 International Organization 

International organizations (lO's) in the contempo- 
rary international system. United Nations, European 
Community, other regional organizations and 
integration schemes, and international regimes. 
Prerequisites: PO 103G and one other political 
science course, or permission of instructor. 

PO 315 International Relations: War & Peace 

Problems and origins of conflict among sovereign 
states in the contemporary world. Origins of war and 
cold war. Modem characteristics of international 
politics. Prerequisites: PO I03G and one other 
political science course, or permission of instructor. 

PO 316 Women & Politics Worldwide 

Historical and contemporary relationship of women 
to politics. Evolution of the women's movement and 
participation of women in politics. Impact of 
women's movement at the global level. Prerequisite: 
one political science or women's and gender studies 
course, or permission of instructor. 

PO 32 IS Comparative European Politics 

Parties, interest groups, political movements, major 
institutions of government, as well as culture, history 
and contemporary political problems. PO 104G 
recommended or instructor's permission. 

PO 322S Authoritarian Political Systems 

Structure and emergence of 20* century authoritar- 
ian regimes, including Fascism, corporatism, rnilitary 
governments, one-party Communist states and 
personalis! dictatorships. A previous political science 
course is recommended. 

PO 323S Seminar in Democratic Theory 

Philosophical roots of democratic theory, theoretical 
requisites of a democratic system, practical political 



89 



Psychology 

economic implications, examined as citizens of both 
the U.S. and the world. Prerequisite: Sophomore 
standing or above. 

PO 324S East European Politics 

Evolution of Marxist theory in a variety of political 
systems: U.S.S.R, People's Republic of China, Afro- 
Marxist regimes, non-ruling communist parties of 
Western Europe. Highly recommended that students 
have had either PO 103G, 104G, 321S, HI 244H or 
PL 344. 

PO 325S Environment Politics & Policy 

Analysis of politics and policy relevant to environ- 
mental issues, the complexity of environmental 
problems and prospects of political solutions. 
Designed for majors in environmental studies and 
political science. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing 
or above. 

PO 333 Government and Politics of Japan 

Historical, theoretical and comparative aspects of 
the political institutions, dynamics and culture of 
Japan. Political changes between the Meiji Restora- 
tion (1868) and the end of the Pacific Ware (1945) 
and domestic and international politics following 
World War 11. Prerequisite: one lower division 
political science course. 

PO 335S Government & Politics of China 

Twentieth century China, political culture, struggle 
for modernization and democratization, integration 
into the world. Chinese cultural heritage, institu- 
tions, state- society relations. 

PO 3368 China, Japan, and The United States 

Evolution of China and Japan from traditional 
societies to modem states. Relations among the 
three nations; economic policies of China and Japan; 
cultural traditions of China and Japan. Prerequisite: 
Sophomore standing or higher, or permission of 
instructor. 

PO 34 IS Ethics and International Relations 

Political realism and natural law, military interven- 
tion and the use offeree, human rights and humani- 
tarian assistance, and the moral responsibilities of 
leaders and citizens. Prerequisite: Introduction to 
International Relations. 

PO 342S Hunger, Plenty, and Justice 

Past, present, and future world food supply, social 
factors that determine food production and distribu- 
tion. Political, economic, religious, gender, historical, 
geographic, other dimensions of hunger. Effect of 
government policies, technological change, 
international trading patterns, private interests and 
gender bias. 



90 



PO 3438 International Environmental Law 

War prevention, economic development, environ- 
mental protection and the evolution of international 
environmental law. Challenging and innovative 
legal ideas. U.S. foreign policy. Specific international 
incidents investigated to determine relevance of 
international law to decision-making process. 

PO 3508 Florida Politics 

(Directed Study) State and local government in 
U.S., overview of Southern politics, problems and 
issues of Florida rapid growth, race relations, 
environment, voter dealignment, party realignment, 
elections, regional issues. 

PO 35 1 Politics/Process-U.8. Foreign Policy 

Study of U.S. foreign policy decision-making process 
through case studies. Look at key variables in public 
policy management: personalities, group dynamics, 
outside influences, constitutional issues. Simulations 
and role playing of actual foreign policy process in 
U.S. Prerequisites: two political science courses and 
junior standing or higher. 

PO 410 U.S. and the Vietnam Experience 

Senior Seminar for political science majors. History 
of U.S. involvement in Southeast Asia and impact 
of the Vietnam experience on U.S. policy-making in 
the 1980s. Causes of war, international mechanisms 
for conflict resolution, comparative development 
strategies and Third World political systems. 
Prerequisite: Senior standing or permission of 
instructor. 

PO 4218 Comparative Judicial Politics 

Judicial politics across political systems. Relationship 
among law, society and public policy in European, 
socialist and non- Western systems. The inner 
workings, view of justice, and social/cultural 
development of other civil societies. Prerequisite: 
Junior or Senior standing. 

PO 4508 Supreme Court in American Politics 

(Directed Study) Internal operations of the U.S. 
Supreme Court, judicial decision-making and 
behavior, jurisdiction, structure of court system, 
Supreme Court's role in adjudication of civil rights 
and liberties. 



PSYCHOLOGY 

Students majoring in psychology have the option of 
completing either a Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) or 
Bachelor of Science (B.S.) degree. 

Students in the B.A. degree program acquire a 
knowledge of the theoretical approaches, research 
methodologies, research findings, and practical 
applications of the many sub-fields within the 
science and profession of contemporary psychology. 



Working closely with their Mentors, students build 
on this foundation by developing an individualized 
area of courses in a particular specialty which will 
augment their liberal arts psychology background. 
These students acquire the ability to 

- critique new research findings in psychology. 

- present research findings and dieoretical 
systems in oral and written formats. 

- apply theory to real-world problems. 

- evaluate contemporary controversies in the field 
of psychology. 

Students in the B.S. degree program acquire the 
same core foundation as described in the B.A. 
program and build on this foundation with a set of 
experiences in which they acquire the following 
specific research skills 

- critically reviewing and synthesizing diverse 
bodies of research literature. 

- designing and conducting original research 
projects. 

- using SPSSx to analyze research data. 

- using microcomputer-based graphics packages 
to prepare professional quality figures and 
graphics. 

- preparing publication qualiry research reports in 
APA format. 

Those electing to earn the B.A. degree complete the 
following: 

Introduction to Psychology, Human Learning and 
Cognition, Psychology of Childhood and Adoles- 
cence, Psychology Research Methods 1, II, Personal- 
ity Theory and Research, Biopsychology, Abnormal 
Psychology, and Social Psychology. 

Those electing to earn the B.S. degree complete all 
of the B.A. courses plus the following: 

Research Skills, Psychological Tests and Measure- 
ments, and either Advanced Personality Research or 
Advanced Social Research, and History and System 
of Psychology. 

The required courses are arranged in a hierarchical 
and developmental sequence in order to avoid 
redundancy and achieve a high level of training 
during the undergraduate years. This sequence is 
listed on a checklist which the student will use with 
the Mentor to plan each semester's classes. \X4iile 
providing a basic structure to the degree planning, 
the sequence includes adequate flexibility for 
students wishing to participate in the International 
Education program and those who also pursue a 
second major. A minor in psychology must include 
Introduction to Psychology, Experimental 
Psychology, Psychology of Childhood and Adoles- 
cence, Human Learning and Cognition, Abnormal 



Psychology 

Psychology, and either Personality Theory and 
Research or Social Psychology. 

All courses required for the major or minor must be 
passed with a grade of C or better. 

PS 10 IS Introduction to Psychology 

Psychological processes, behavior, empirical 
methods, statistical concepts, biopsychology', 
learning, memory, cognition, motivation, human 
development, personality, abnormal behavior, social 
processes, values issues in research and intervention 
in human lives. 

PS 200 Statistics & Research Design I 

First part of two-semester course integrates basic 
descriptive and inferential statistics with principles 
of research design. Statistical theory and procedures 
introduced as logical components of the larger 
process of designing, conducting, and evaluating 
valid scientific research. Prerequisite: Sophomore 
standing or permission of instructor. 

PS 201 M Statistics/ Research Design II 

Second semester of two-semester course. 
Prerequisite: PS 200. 

PS 202 Psychology of Child & Adolescence 

Integrative approach to physical/behavioral, 
cognitive/intellectual, social/emotional development 
from conception to the end of adolescence. Prerequi- 
site: PS lOlS. 

PS 203 Psychology of Adulthood & Aging 

Personality, perceptual, physiological, intellectual 
and social changes beyond adolescence. Prerequisite: 
PS lOlS. 

PS 205 Human Learning & Cognition 

Principles of human learning, thinking, creativity, 
formal reasoning, information processing, problem 
solving and memory. Prerequisite: PS 101 S. 

PS 209 Abnormal Psychology 

Behavior and states of consciousness judged by 
society to be abnormal, deviant or unacceptable, 
using such models for understanding as the psycho- 
analytic, medical, behavioristic and humanistic- 
existential. Prerequisites: PS 10 IS or HD lOlS and 
Sophomore standing. 

PS 234 Health Psychology 

Role of psychological/behavioral factors in the 
etiology and prevention of illness. Strong emphasis 
on primary prevention of chronic disease through 
behavior modification. Prerequisite: PS lOlS. 

PS 302 Social Psychology 

The study of the individual in a social environment, 
group influence, past and present concepts and 



91 



Psychology 

research. Experimental approach to understanding 
social forces which affect individuals. Prerequisites: 
PS lOlS and PS 201M. 

PS 305 Child Psychopathology 

Theory and research on disorders of childhood and 
adolescence, including etiology, diagnosis, associated 
conditions and treatment. Prerequisite: PS 101 S or 
HD lOlS. 

PS 306 Personality Theory & Research 

Advanced course for psychology majors in the study 
of classical and contemporary approaches to 
personality. Prerequisites: PS 201M. 

PS 309 Biopsychology 

The application of neurological and neurophysical 
principles to understanding such phenomena as 
consciousness, instinct, motivation, learning, 
thought, language, memory, emotion. Appropriate 
for Juniors and Seniors with backgrounds in 
psychology or natural sciences. Prerequisite: PS 
lOlS. 

PS 3 1 1 Evolutionary Psychology 

Systematic study of the evolutionary origins of 
human behavior and cognition, with specific focus 
on sexual behavior, mating strategies, parenting and 
kinship, social relations and conflict, and abnormal 
behavior. Prerequisite: PS 205 or pemiission. 

PS 312 Psychology of Interpersonal Conflict 

Focuses on the causes of conflict between individuals 
and groups; the cognitive and emotional processes 
associated with conflict; and possible solutions to the 
problem of conflict. Prerequisite: PS lOlS. 

PS 321 Research Skills in Psychology 

Primarily for students pursuing the B.S. degree in 
psychology. Acquire skills in designing, executing, 
analyzing and reporting correlational and experi- 
mental research. Prerequisites: PS 201 M. 

PS 337 Psychology Tests and Measurements 

Reliability, validity, psychological and measurement 
assumptions underlying interviews, self report 
inventories, aptitude tests; major instruments and 
their uses; ethical issues in testing. Prerequisites: PS 
321 (or may be taken concurrently). 

PS 344 / 444 Internship in Psychology 

Work approximately 10-12 hours a week under 
supervision of local community professional. 
Prerequisites: Junior or Senior standing, psychology 
major, and permission of instructor. May be repeated 
for credit. 

PS 345 Psychology of Male/Female Relations 

Focus on analytical and applied understanding of the 



challenges of intimate male/female relationships. 
Topics include gender socialization, expectations, 
interpersonal attraction. 

PS 402 Research Seminar in Psychology 

Designed for students to do original research. 
Prerequisites: PS 10 IS, PS 201 M and pemiission of 
instructor. 

PS 410 History & Systems 

Senior Seminar for psychology majors. A synthetic 
overview of the history and major theoretical systems ^ 
of modem psychology. Prerequisites: Senior standing i^ 
and major preparation in psychology. 

PS 422 Advanced Social Research 

For B.S. track students. Acquire experience in 
conducting research with an emphasis on techniques 
(archival research, survey methodology) not stressed 
in the experimental psychology sequence. Prerequi- 
sites: PS 302 and PS 321. 

PS 426 Advanced Personality Research 

For B.S. track students. Acquire experience in 
conducting research, stressing content and method- 
ology. Fine points of cutting edge investigations of 
personality issues. Prerequisites: PS 306 and PS 321. 

PS 428 Advanced Clinical Research 

For B.S. track students. Experience in research and 
topics related to psychopathology and/or clinical 
psychology. Prepares students for graduate work in 
psychology. Prerequisites: PS 209 and PS 321. 

PS 499 Senior Thesis 

Psychology majors may elect to devise an indepen- 
dent study project with one of the faculty. Directed 
research leading to a Senior thesis is available by 
invitation of the faculty only. 



QUEST FOR MEANING 

QFM 410 The Quest for Meaning 

(Directed Study by petition only for Seniors) 

Through readings and class discussions, plenary 
sessions, self-reflective writing, and sustained 
engagement in an off-campus community service 
project, this course provides opportunity in the 
senior year for students to reflect-in a serious and 
sustained manner-on their college education thus far 
and on the direction of their lives after graduation. 
Students will encounter Jewish, Christian, and other 
religious perspectives embodied in individuals who 
have found in these perspectives valuable sources for 
facing ultimate questions of life. 



92 



Religious Studies 



RELIGION/PHILOSOPHY 

See Philosophy/Religion. 

RELIGIOUS STUDIES 

Students majoring in religious studies should have 
developed the following competencies by the time 
they graduate: 

- familiarity with the principal concerns and 
methods of the field of religious studies. 

- knowledge of a chosen focal area that allows the 
student to converse with ease on subjects 
related to the area and make appropriate 
judgments based on critical study. 

- capacity to make effective use of appropriate 
historical, literary, and critical tools for the 
study of religious texts and traditions. 

- evidence of integrative self-reflection showing 
that the student is engaged in a serious effort to 
synthesize new information and insight into a 
personally meaningful world view. 

Students majoring in religious studies must take the 
basic course. Introduction to Religious Studies (RE 
20 IH), and at least two courses from each of the 
following areas: Biblical studies (including RE 242H) 
historical and theological studies (including RE 
24IH), non- Western religions (including RE 240G) 
and two additional religious studies courses of the 
student's choice. At least four of the courses beyond 
the introductory course must be 300 level or above. 
Directed and independent study courses may be 
taken toward fulfillment of this major. 

In addition to the successful completion of courses 
just described, students will normally be expected to 
fulfill a senior comprehensive exam, consisting of 
three written exams, a scholarly paper in a focal area 
of the student's choice, and an oral exam. Excep- 
tional students may be invited to do a senior thesis 
rather than the comprehensive exam. 

For a minor in religious studies a student will 
normally take RE 201 H plus four courses in the 
discipline, subject to the approval of the discipline 
faculty. 

An interdisciplinary concentration in Religious 
Education is also available. This concentration, 
under the supervision of a three-member interdisci- 
plinary faculty committee, requires the completion of 
at least nine courses, including two in Biblical 
studies, and two in theological and historical studies 
(including RE 241 H). The remaining five courses 
are selected from the area of psychology and 
counseling studies. This concentration should appeal 
especially to students contemplating professional 
careers with church and synagogue, and to students 



who wish to work as lay people in religious institu- 
tions. 

RE 20 IH Introduction to Religious Studies 

Religious experience and ideas as they are expressed 
in such cultural forms as community, ritual, myth, 
doctrine, ethics, scripture and art; synthesizing 
personal religious ideas and values. 

RE 206H Bible/ Gender/Sexual Politic 

Relations between biblical literature and issues of 
sexual difference, gender socialization, misogyny, and 
the question of origins of patriarchy. 

RE 21 OH Introduction to Christian Ethics 

(Directed Study Available). Some major figures in 
the history of Christian ethics, with most emphasis 
on contemporary approaches. Introduction to some 
of the most important issues and methods. 

RE 220H The Bible in American Culture 

Throughout the history of the United States, biblical 
references have pervaded American culture. The 
biblical books have served as myths for segments of 
the population, as material for laws, as forces behind 
social movements (both liberating and oppressive), 
and as background for art. This course seeks to 
explore the Bible's place as an American icon and 
influence. 

RE 22 IH Religion in America 

(Directed Study Available) The beliefs, behavior and 
institutions of Judaism and Christianity in American 
life. The uniqueness of the American religious 
experience and its impact on American institutional 
patterns. 

RE 230G Yogis, Mystics, Shamans 

Texts on sacred power, the specific technique by 
which it is developed, and contemporary practices 
that are based on archaic models. RE 240G recom- 
mended but not required. 

RE 234H Goddess in Eastern Tradition 

Regional goddesses in India, China, and Japan. The 
relationship between women and the divine 
feminine principle within the context of Asian 
cultures compared with contemporary western 
expressions of Goddess culture. RE 240G recom- 
mended but not required. 

RE 240G Non- Western Religions 

The founders of non- Western religions, their life 
experiences, religious views and the emergence of 
their teachings as coherent systems, with compari- 
sons to the Judaeo-Christian tradition. 

RE 241 H History of Christianity 

Beliefs, practices and institutions of the Christian 



93 



Religious Studies 



Church through the past nineteen centuries. The 
great theological debates, significant issues, and 
formative thinkers. 

RE 242H Introduction to the Bible 

Emphasis on literary craft of biblical literature, and 
relations between it and the arts throughout history, 
especially in contemporary culture. 

RE 244H Judaism, Christianity & Islam 

Major religions of Middle East, Judaism, Christianity, 
Islam. Historical development, literature and 
contributions to the West. The Bible and Koran. 

RE 271H Fire in the Mind: 

Science and Religion 

Origins of science in context of Judaeo-Christian 
tradition, conflicts between science and religion, 
similarities and differences in the goals and methods 
of science and theology, significance of their 
relationship for some important contemporary 
environmental issues. 

RE 272H Creativity and the Sacred 

Exploration of connections between the visual and 
literary arts and the sacred. Students will examine 
the significant interconnections of art and the sacred 
by analyzing forms, styles, symbolism, themes, and 
narrative structures. 

RE 305 Biblical Exegesis 

Close reading of a particular section of the Bible, its 
socio-historical background, literary, theological, 
philological, grammatical and rhetorical characteris- 
tics. Prerequisite: RE 242 or permission of instructor. 

RE 319G The Hindu Tradition 

Yoga, meditation, karma, reincarnation, major 
devotional and ceremonial traditions that have 
developed around Shiva, Vishnu, and the Goddess. 
The dynamic between popular worship and the 
contemplative traditions of Hindu culture. RE 240G 
recommended but not required. 

RE 320H The Buddist Tradition 

Gautama's enlightenment, the Noble Eight-fold 
Path, development of Buddhist ideas and practices as 
they spread from India to South and East Asia, 
contrasting Western religious views with those of 
another world religion. 

RE 329H Liberation Theology 

The growth of Latin American, black feminist, and 
European political liberation theologies from earlier 
forms of theology, their development and contribu- 
tion to the wider theology, and responses to them. 

RE 330H Human Nature & Destiny 

Study a major theme associated with Christian 



understandings of the nature of human life, the 
relationship between the individual and society, 
historicity, purposiveness of human life, relationship 
between humans and nature. 

RE 340H Religious Riddles 

Exploration of how short narratives provoke a 
religious response. Emphasis upon the New Testa- 
ment parables, with comparative work on Zen koans 
and fables from various cultures. 

RE 345H Jesus in Ancient *& Modem Media 

Literary, historical, and theological investigation of 
ancient canonical and ancient gospels coupled with 
exploration of modem manifestations of Jesus in art, 
scholarship, religion, fiction, and film. 

RE 350E Ecology, Chaos, & Sacred 

Examine a persistent theme throughout biblical and 
ancient Near Eastern tradition- the struggle of 
ecological order against the inbreaking of chaos. 
How is the one maintained against the other? Is 
"reality" chaos or order? How does one's world-view 
(ancient or modem) affect one's understanding of 
ecology, chaos, or even "reality?" 

RE 354H Archaeology of Palestine 

Explore recent trends, focusing on the early history 
of Israel and Judah as an access to the larger field. 
Possible opportunities for summer field work. 

RE 361 H Existentialism ' Postmodernism 

In-depth survey of the major religious thinkers of the 
20'*" century including Barth, Bultmann, Tdlich, 
Niebuhr, Buber, Kung, and Moltmann. 

RE 371H Religions Of China And Japan 

Taoism and Confucianism in China, Shinto in Japan 
and the imported tradition of Buddhism and its 
regional developments in various schools; the 
syncretistic character of East Asian religiosity. RE 
240G recommended but not required. 

RE 373H Women and Religion 

This course investigates the roles that women play in 
various world religions. We will study issues of power 
and expression in public vs. private worship; 
priesthood; the relationship between the divine 
feminine and female practitioners; and the possibili- 
ties for change within tradition. Theoretical texts 
will be supplemented with autobiographical accounts 
of several women's religious quests. 

RE 38 IE Ecotheology 

The major dimensions of the current ecological crisis 
and its roots in Western tradition, how Judaeo- 
Christian thought has traditionally regarded nature 
and its relationship to God and humans, and 
implications for action. 



94 



R.O.XC. 



RE 382H Nature and the Sacred / Religion 
and Ecology 

(Cross-listed with ES 382H) Examine the ways in 
which religions shape human understandings and 
treatment of the natural environment, with an 
emphasis on non- Western religions. Gain a greater 
knowledge and understanding of how a number of 
religious traditions view nature, of the role of religion 
in human interactions with the environment, and of 
the resources in many religious traditions to help 
address our environmental problems. 

RE 383H Hindu Mystical Poetry 

Representative works from the classical, medieval 
and contemporary periods, difterent genres and 
regional philosophies represented by various poets. 

RE 39 IG Myths of Creation & Destruction 

A comparative investigation of how cultures have 
accounted for their place in the cosmos by means of 
telling myths of origin and of endings/destruction. 
Emphasis upon cross-cultural comparison of myths. 

RE 401 Internship in Religious Education 

Supervised, field-based experience in church work, 
with a minimum of 150 hours on-site experience. 
Permission of instmctor required. 

RE 440 Strange Fire: God and the Book 

A way into "biblical theology" that focuses on 
questions about sacred writing and god-talk (theol- 
ogy). Survey past thinking, explore more modem 
directions. 

RE 443 Seminar on Hindu Tantra 

Meditative techniques and visualizations, mantra 
recitations, mystic diagrams, yogic practice, worship 
of the Goddess. The sacred origin of sound and 
language, the nature of supreme consciousness. 
Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. 

RE 449 Religion and Imagination 

Philosophical and theological treatments of 
imagination in religion and in all of life, their 
implications for religion, faith and the role of 
intellectual reflection in religion. Focus on Chris- 
tianity, but principles have broader implications. 
Prerequisite: Permission of instructor. 



RESIDENT ADVISER 

CRl/2 305 Resident Adviser Internship 

A year-long course for Resident Advisers at Eckerd 
College, beginning in autumn term. Communica- 
tion, paraprofessional counseling, crisis intervention, 
conflict resolution, leadership training. 



R.O.T.C. 

AIR FORCE R.O.T.C. 

Air Force Reserve Officers Training Corps 
(AFROTC) curriculum includes 12-16 hours of 
instruction by active duty Air Force officers over a 
two to four year period. A student who completes 
the AFROTC program will receive an Air Force 
commission as a second lieutenant and is guaranteed 
a position in the active duty Air Force at a starting 
salary of approximately $28,000 per year. AFROTC 
is offered as either a two or four year program. The 
four year program normally requires a student to 
successfully complete all degree requirements for 
award of a bachelor's degree, 16 course hours of 
AFROTC classes, and a four week field training 
encampment between his/her sophomore and junior 
years. The two year program gives students who do 
not enroll in the AFROTC during their freshman 
and sophomore years the opportunity of taking 
AFROTC. Students should apply for the two year 
program by December of the sophomore year. The 
student attends a six week field training encamp- 
ment in the summer prior to program entry. Upon 
entering the program, the student then completes all 
undergraduate degree requirements and 12 credit 
hours of AFROTC courses. ROTC students take a 
1.5 hour non-credit leadership laboratory in addition 
to the academic classes. Students wear the Air Force 
uniform during these periods and are taught customs 
and courtesies of the Air Force. Leadership Labora- 
tory is open to students who are members of the 
ROTC program or are eligible to pursue a commis- 
sion as determined by the Professor of Aerospace 
Studies. AFROTC four, three and two year scholar- 
ships are available for eligible participants. These 
scholarships pay all tuition, fees and books, and a 
$200 per month tax free stipend. Non-scholarship 
students in the final two years of the program are 
eligible for the Professional Officer Course Incentive 
(POCI) which is up to $3,000 a year for tuition and 
$450 for books and the monthly $200 tax free 
stipend. Students interested in the program should 
contact the University of South Florida AFROTC 
Det 158 at (813) 971-3367. The following courses 
are available at the University of South Florida: 

General Military Course (GMC) 

Freshmen 

MAF 1 101 The Air Force Today: Organization and 
Doctrine 

MAF 1 120 The Air Force Today: Structure and 
Roles 

Sophomore 

MAF 2130 The Evolution of Air and Space Power 

MAF 2140 The Evolution of Air and Space Power 11 

Professional Officer Courses (POC) 

95 



R.O.T.C. 



Juniors 

MAF 3220 Air Force Leadership and Management I 

MAF 3231 Air Force Leadership and Management II 

Seniors 

MAF 4201 Natural Security Forces in Contemporary 
American Society I 

MAF 321 1 National Security Forces in Contempo- 
rary American Society II 

Eckerd College will award one Eckerd College course 
for the first two years (equivalent to four semester 
hours) and three course credits (equivalent to twelve 
semester hours) for the successful completioii of the 
final two years. 

ARMY R.O.XC. 

The Department of Military Science for Army 
Reserve Officers Training Corps (ROTC) was 
established to select and prepare students to serve as 
officers in the Regular and Reserve components of 
the United States Army. The curriculum is designed 
to develop the student's leadership potential, as well 
as imporve the student's planning, organizational and 
managerial skills. Army ROTC training is divided 
into two phases: the first two years constitute the 
Basic Course; the last two the Advanced Course. 
The Department offers both a four and a two year 
program, each leading to a commission as a second 
lieutenant in the United States Army The four-year 
program requires completion of the Basic Course, a 
five-week field training course, and the Advanced 
Course. Students with prior active military service or 
previous training at military schools may exempt 
some or all of the Basic Course. Students with 
questions concerning the various options should 
contact the Professor of Military Science for more 
information. Enrollment is open to qualified students 
at all levels, including graduate students. Offerings 
are published each semester. 

Scholarships are awarded on a competitive basis in 
all academic majors. The scholarship pays for tuition, 
books, lab fees, and certain other academic expenses. 

All Advanced Course and scholarship students 
receive $200.00 per month for subsistence. This is in 
addition to the pay of approximately $700.00 while 
attending the five-week field training course at the 
Summer Advanced Camp. Additional skills training 
at the Airborne School, Air Assault School, and the 
Northern Warfare School is available to both Basic 
and Advanced Course students during semester 
breaks. 

Additional skills training is also available during 
academic year to include first aid, rappelling, 
orienteering, etc. 



Basic Course: The Basic Course consists of four 
semesters of classroom instruction of one hour each 
week. Students incur no military commitment by 
participating in the Basic Course. 

Advanced Course: The Advanced Course is 
designed to prepare the student who desires to be a 
Professional Army Officer for duty, either Reserve, 
National Guard, or Active Army. The training 
consists of four semesters of classroom instruction of 
three hours each week, lab, field training exercises, 
and a five-week training phase at summer Advanced 
Camp. 

The newly commissioned officer can be guaranteed 
Reserve or National Guard duty, or compete for an 
Active Duty commission. Prior to commissioning 
the student may request to serve in a number of 
career fields to include; aviation, engineering, 
medical, law, law enforcement, logistics, and 
personnel administration. 

Requirements for an AROTC Commission: 

Students who desire to earn a commission as a 
second lieutenant in the United States Army must 
meet the following requirements; four semesters of 
the ROTC Advanced Course, successfully complete 
the Professional Military Education Courses (written 
communication skills, computer literacy, and 
military history), attend Advanced Camp, maintain 
and graduate with a minimum of a 2.0 GPA, pass the 
Army Physical Readiness Test and meet the height 
and weight standards, and other requirements of the 
United States Army. 

Military Science Courses 

Students not attending an Arnay Scholarship may 
take these courses with no obligation to the Army. 
Army scholarships and service obligation options are 
discussed in class. 

MAR 1000 Organization of the Army & ROTC 

Make your first new peer group at college committed 
to performing well and enjoying the experience. 
Increase self-confidence through team study and 
activities in basic drill, physical fitness, first aid, and 
making presentations. Learn fundamentals of 
leadership. 

MAR 1400 Fundamentals of Leadership 
Development 

Learn/apply principles of effective leading. Rein- 
force self-confidence through participation in 
physically and mentally challenging exercises. 
Develop communication skills. Relate organiza- 
tional ethical values to the effectiveness of a leader. 



96 



Russian Studies 



MAR 2601 Military Training Management 
and Instructional Techniques 

Learn/apply ethics based leadership skills that 
develop individual abilities and contribute to the 
building of effective teams. Develop skills in oral 
presentations, writing, planning, coordinating of 
group efforts, fundamentals of ROTC's Leadership 
Development Program. 

MAR 2610 Leadership Assessment 

Introduction to individual and team aspects of 
military tactics in small unit operations, radio 
communications, making safety assessments, 
movement techniques, planning for team safety/ 
security and methods of pre-execution checks. Learn 
techniques for training others as an aspect of 
continued leadership development. 

MAR 2610L Leadership Laboratory 

Required with all classes. Involves leadership 
responsibilities for the planning, coordinating, 
execution and evaluation of various training and 
activities. Students develop, practice and refine 
leadership skills by serving and being evaluated in a 
variety of responsible positions. 

*Please note that MAR 1000 and MAR 2601 are 
only offered during the fall semester. MAR 1400 and 
MAR 2610 are only offered during the spring 
semester. MAR 2610L is offered for both the fall 
and spring semesters. 

For more information contact USF Army ROTC 
at (813) 974-4065, or visit the website at 

www. ugs. usf.edu/arotc/artoc .htm 

Eckerd College will award one Eckerd College course 
credit (equivalent to four semester hours) for each 
course completed for two semesters for a total of four 
course credits (equivalent to sixteen semester hours) 
for the complete four year program. 



RUSSIAN STUDIES 

The major in Russian studies integrates the study of 
the Russian language with Russian history, literature 
and contemporary Russian reality. Students who 
complete the Russian studies major demonstrate the 
following competencies: 

- knowledge of the Russian language including an 
understanding of its grammatical structure and 
the acquisition of basic vocabulary. 

- understanding of Russian history from its roots 
in Kievan Russia to the dramatic events of the 
1990s. 

- knowledge of Russian writers and the great 
works of Russian literature of the nineteenth 
and twentieth centuries. 



- understanding of contemporary Russian and 
former Soviet political and social structures, 
cultural patterns, and relationships with the 
outside world as they relate to the present, and 
the probable future path of Russian develop- 
ment. 

Students must complete at least two years of college 
level Russian, and finish five courses dealing 
specifically with Russia, including two in Russian 
history and two in Russian literature. Each student 
must also choose a field of specialization within 
Russian studies (usually language, literature, history, 
political science or international business) consisting 
of at least four courses in addition to those listed 
above. Wlien appropriate, these courses may be 
independent or directed studies, and/or thesis 
preparation. All students have an oral examination 
covering their entire program, in addition to the 
comprehensive exam in the field of specialization or 
a thesis. 

Students interested in the major should begin 
immediately with the study of the Russian language 
at the appropriate level. The entry level course to 
the major is Russia: Perestroika to Present or 
Cultural History of Russia. 

Requirements for the minor in Russian studies 
include one year of Russian language and any four 
courses in Russian studies. 

RU 101/2 Elementary Russian 

Intensive drill in understanding, speaking, reading 
and writing grammatical and conversational patterns 
of modem Russian. 

RU 201/2 Intermediate Russian 

Review and completion of basic Russian grammar, 
and continued work on conversational skills. 
Prerequisite: RUC 101/2 or its equivalent. 

RU 253E Environmental Crisis in Russia 

Examination of the environmental crisis in the 
former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe and the 
attempts to deal with these environmental problems 
in the post-Soviet world. 

RU 282G Russian Society through Cinema 

Russian life and society as presented through the 
cinema. Special emphasis on how film makers 
portrayed social realities during the period of 
"cultural perestroika" in the former Soviet Union 
and post- communist Russia. 

RU 283G Russia: Perestrioka to Present 

(Cross-listed with HI 283G) An examination of 
contemporary Russian society from the beginning of 
Gorbachev's Perestroika to the present. The fall of 
Communism with special attention to the processes 
of socialization and daily life for Russians. 



97 



Sea Semester 



SEA SEMESTER 

An opportunity for qualified students to earn a 
semester of credit in an academic, scientific and 
practical experience leading to a realistic under- 
standing of the sea, sponsored by the Sea Education 
Association, Inc. (S.E.A.). Students spend the first 
half of the semester (the six-week shore component) 
in Woods Hole, Massachusetts, receiving instruction 
in oceanography, nautical science and maritime 
studies. They then go to sea for the second half of 
the semester (the six-week sea component) for a 
practical laboratory experience. The program may be 
begun at several times during the academic year. 
Eckerd College tuition and scholarship aid often can 
be applied toward the cost of Sea Semester and 
additional aid may he available from S.E.A. For more 
information, contact the Office of International 
Education and Off Campus Programs. Block credit 
for four courses is awarded for the successful 
completion of the five topics listed below. Students 
from any major may apply and this satisfies the 
Environmental Perspective requirement. Sea 
Education Association, Inc. (S.E.A.) offers a shorter 
summer program for three course block credit.. 
Students interested in the summer program must 
apply directly to S.E.A. 

SM 301 Oceanography 

Survey of the characteristics and processes of the 
global ocean. Prerequisite: one semester of a college 
laboratory course in a physical or biological science 
or its equivalent. 

SM 302 Maritime Studies 

A multidisciplinary study of the history, literature 
and art of our maritime heritage, and the political 
and economic problems of contemporary maritime 
affairs. 

SM 303 Nautical Science 

Navigation, naval architecture, ship construction, 
marine engineering systems and the physics of sail. 

SM 304 Practical Oceanography I (Basic) 

Shore component. Introduction to the tools and 
techniques of the practicing oceanographer. 

SM 305 Practical Oceanography II 
(Advanced) 

Sea component. Individually designed research 
project; operation of the vessel. 



SOCIOLOGY 

Sociology concerns the application of scientific 
methods to the study of diverse aspects of human 
conduct. Theories of human behavior are developed 
and tested through the collection and analysis of 



empirical evidence. The discipline strives to provide 
students with perspectives and methods that may be 
applied to understanding a broad range of social 
phenomena. 

Knowledge and skills expected of sociology students 

- Sociology students learn critical thinking skills, 
including the ability to challenge common 
assumptions, formulate questions, evaluate 
evidence, and reach reasoned conclusions. 

- Critical thinking skills are developed from a 
foundation of sociological theory. Students 
acquire knowledge of traditional and emergent 
sociological perspectives that may be applied to 
understanding the various dimensions of social 
life. 

- Methodological competency is necessary to the 
development and application of critical 
thinking. Students acquire qualitative and 
quantitative research skills which allow an 
appreciation of sociological research, and 
facilitate the critique of evidence underlying 
many issues of public debate. 

- TTie sociology discipline is committed to the 
active engagement of student learning. Many 
courses provide opportunities for research 
projects and experiential learning assignments 
that extend learning beyond the classroom to 
the real world laboratory of social life. 

- Sociology students develop writing and 
speaking skills needed to present ideas and 
research efforts in a cogent and scholarly form. 
Clear, organized presentation of ideas and 
research is requisite to sociological training. 
Consequently, every effort is made to help 
students improve their oral and written 
communication skills. 

- Sociology provides an appreciation of cultural 
and social diversity. Students learn to recognize 
and comprehend global and national diversity 
of social life, and thus locate personal values 
and self- identity within the context of our 
complex and changing social world. 

Students of sociology are required to complete a core 
of six course requirements with a minimum of C 
grade in each course. SO 1018 Introduction to 
Sociology provides the foundation of theoretical 
perspectives, research methods, and substantive areas 
of investigation that are shared across the discipline. 
SO 160M Statistical Methods instructs students in 
the techniques of quantitative data analysis. In SO 
260 Qualitative Methods and SO 360 Research 
Design, students develop an advanced understand- 
ing of research methods that includes application to 
real world social issues. SO 310 Social Stratifica- 



98 



tion provides a thorough examination of the 
structure and dynamics of inequality. SO 410 The 
History of Social Thought elaborates sociological 
theory in an intensive examination of perspectives 
for explaining social behavior. In addition to the six 
core requirements, students select four sociology 
electives toward completion of the ten courses in the 
major. It is also possible for the student to focus the 
four electives on specialization in criminal justice. 

SO 1018 Introduction to Sociology 

An introduction to the principles and methods of 
sociology, as well as important research findings. 

SO 11 OS Sociology of Sex Roles 

This course is intended to be at the introductory 
level for students with little back-ground in sociol- 
ogy. The objective of this course is to examine some 
commonly identified patterns of agreement and 
disagreement between male and females without our 
society. Prerequisite: SO 1018 Introduction to 
Sociology or permission of instructor. 

SO 135S Self and Society 

Survey of classical and contemporary analyses of 
relationship between human self consciousness and 
socialization. Each person is unique, but each 
person's sense of self is shaped by others. 

SO 160M Statistical Methods 

Introduction to quantitative techniques for data 
analysis in the social sciences. Univariate descrip- 
tion, bivariate description, and statistical inference. 

SO 221 Juvenile Deliquency 

Analyzing juvenile delinquency through examina- 
tion of the collective nature of human behavior, the 
function of values and normative patterns, and social 
conflict over values and resources. Prerequisite: SO 
lOlS 

SO 224S Criminology 

The causes and consequences of crime, the historical 
transition of ideas about crime, types of crime such as 
street level, organized, corporate, government; the 
measurement of crime and criminal deterrence. 

SO 235 Deviance 

A sur\'ey of sociological research on deviance, with 
an emphasis on an interactionist perspective. 
Deviance is understood as interaction between those 
doing something and those who are threatened by 
what they do. Prerequisite: SO 1018. 

SO 260 Qualitative Methods 

Research practicum on the observation and analysis 
of human conduct and experience. Hands on 
experience in the field research methods and 
sociological inquiry. Prerequisite: SO 1018. 



Sociology 

SO 310 Social Stratification 

Inequality in the distribution of wealth, power, and 
status within a social system, including the effects of 
ethnicity, race, gender, occupational and wage 
hierarchies. Prerequisites: SO 160M, 1018, and 
permission of instructor. 

SO 324S Introduction to Criminal Justice 

Police, courts and corrections, criminal law, public 
attitudes toward crime, discretionary power of police, 
capital punishment, adjustments after prison release. 

SO 325 Community Field Experience 

Students choose an internship in a community 
serving agency such as health rehabilitation, child 
and family services, legal services, special education, 
working a minimum of ten hours a week at the 
agency. Prerequisites: at least Junior standing and 
permission of instructor. 

SO 326 The Family 

Family roles such as children, men, women, spouses, 
parents, kin examined. Ways in which family and 
work life interact. Dynamic changes in American 
family stmcture and the modem family Prerequisite: SO 1018 

SO 335 Social Interaction 

A seminar in the study of face-to-face behavior in 
public places. The nature of deference and de- 
meanor, tension between individuality and social 
structure, rules governing involvement, normal 
appearances, and role distance. Prerequisite: SO 
160M and 260. 

SO 360 Research Design 

The techniques and application of social science 
research, critical evaluation of research evidence, 
designing and administering a group survey project. 
Prerequisite: SO 160M. 

SO 371 Organizational Behavior and 
Leadership 

Major factors affecting behavior in organizations. 
Motivation, group and team dynamics, 
macroorganizational factors, leadership. Prerequisite: 
SO 160M and 1018, or pennission of instaictor. 

SO 404 Crime, Justice & Ethics 

Apply ethical theories to analyze criminal justice 
conduct. Due process in law enforcement, tension 
between truth and loyalty, exercise of discretionary 
power, use of force, justification for punishment. 
Prerequisites: SO 2248 and 3248 or permission of 
instructor. ._ 

SO 405E Human Ecology & Social Change 

Principles of Human Ecology are applied to an 
understanding of the development of ecological and 
environmental problems. Theories of social change 



99 



Statistics 

will focus on the role of various organizations 
(governmental and non-governmental) and policies 
currently involved in the resolution of these issues. 

SO 410 Senior Seminar: 

History of Social Thought 

For sociology majors. Concepts, approaches, and 
orientations that have played a part in shaping the 
nature of sociology, and ideas during the 19* and 20* 
centuries as sociology matured. 

SO 435 Social Construction of Reality 

The processes whereby "society" is manufactured 
such that it becomes a force external to the dynamics 
which produced it. Primary frameworks, the 
anchoring of activity, legitimation, internalization, 
selective attention, typification. Prerequisite: SO 
lOlS. 



SPANISH - See Modem Languages. 



STATISTICS 

MA 133M Statistics, An Introduction 

For description, see Mathematics. 

Credit will be given for only one of MA 133M and 
the Behavioral Science statistics courses below, but 
not both. 

SO 160M Statistical Methods 

For description see Socioiogy. 

BE 260M Statistical Methods for Natural 
Sciences 

Statistical methods used in the professional literature 
of the various natural sciences. Prerequisite: 
Sophomore standing and one of the following: Bl 
lOON, MS 191N, 242, MS/BI 189, MS 304, CS 
143M. 

EC/MN 260M Statistical Methods for Man- 
agement and Economics 

For description see Economics. 

PO 260M Political Science Research Methods 

For description see Political Science. 

PS 200/1 M Statistics and Research 
Design I, II 

For description see Psychology. 

THEATRE 

Theatre is education for life. TTie communications, 
analytical and artistic skills learned as a theatre 
major will serve you in good stead in whatever field 



you find yourselves. Theatre at Eckerd is designed to 
prepare students for the "real world" of professional 
theatre and the varied demands of the global 
workplace. 

Theatre is a creative art, which has been and 
remains an essential force in the creation of every 
community since the dawn of civilization. The study 
of theatre requires discipline, commitment and 
stamina. Eckerd theatre students are independent, 
adaptable, motivated and responsible creative 
thinkers much in demand in every field of opportunity. 

Theatre students develop skills in acting, directing 
and technical theatre. They acquire knowledge of 
plays, theatrical periods and innovators. They learn 
the functions and responsibilities of theatre profes- 
sionals and theatrical organizations. Every student 
completes an internship at a professional theatre. 

Theatre is a communal activity, and every student at 
Eckerd is encouraged to participate onstage or 
backstage, regardless of experience level. The 
theatre is inclusive, stimulating and just plain fun! 

The academic requirements for theatre majors are 10 
courses which include Stagecraft, Basic Acting, 
Theatre History, Theatre Practicum, Directing, 
Theatre Internship, three theatre electives, and the 
Senior Showcase. A suggested sequence of courses is 
as follows: 

Freshmen 

Basic Acting 
Stagecraft 
Theatre History 

Sophomores 

Theatre Practicum 
Theatre elective 

Juniors 

Directing 

Theatre Internship 
Theatre elective 

Seniors 

Senior Showcase 
Theatre elective 

A minor in theatre requires five courses, of which at 
least two are at the 200 level or above. 

TH 101 A The Human Instrument 

Exploration of the potentials for use of the body, 
voice, movement, energy, sensory awareness, mind, 
and psyche through a wide range of exercises. 

TH 102A The Living Theatre 

Overview of practical and aesthetic considerations of 
the theatre arts, along with performance and theatre 
technology. Class critiques of dramatic productions 
on campus. Short scenes performed in class. 



100 



TH 145A Design Basics 

An introduction to the elements and principles of 
design, and the design process. Exposure to drafting 
techniques and computer-aided design and drafting. 
Grading is based on practical projects in design, and 
research into design history. 

TH 161A Stagecraft 

Basic principles and procedures for constructing the 
stage picture. Theatre terms, use of hand and power 
tools, set constmction, scene painting, special effects 
and new products. 

TH 163 A Basic Acting 

Development of basic tools of the actor through 
reading, discussion, acting exercises and scene work. 
Introduction to several approaches to the craft of 
acting. TH lOlA recommended. 

TH170A Videographics 

(Cross-listed with CS 170A) The growth and 
merging of computing, electronic communication 
and video technologies are providing exciting new 
ways of communication, presentation, and persua- 
sion. Major topics include physics of sound, light, 
and image collection; video technology; video 
editing systems; and video composition. Prerequi- 
sites: permission of instructor. 

TH 202A Improvisation 

Introduction to basic techniques of improvisation 
and theatre games. Should be viewed as a "labora- 
tory" course. Students work with techniques 
developed by a variety of theatrical innovators, with 
emphasis on controlled creativity. Permission of 
instructor required. 

THl/2 235A Theatre Practicum 

A laboratory experience in perfomiance and 
production. Students get credit for hands-on work 
with theatre productions. Students will learn 
professional theatre etiquette, stage management, 
technical and performance skills. Evaluation is based 
on successful completion of production duties and 
may include performances, oral presentation, or 
completion of design materials. Two semesters 
required for one course credit. Must include one 
assignment in technical theatre. Prerequisite: 
permission of instructor. 

TH 245 Scene Design 

Play analysis and research for creating scene designs. 
Drawings, groundplans, renderings, model-making. 
Each student will produce a number of designs. 
Prerequisite: TH 161 A , TH 162 A or permission of 
instructor. 

TH 257 Acting 

Focus on practical study in areas of acting, e.g.. 



Theatre 

ensemble, improvisation, characterization, voice, 
dialects, maskwork, scene-study, acting styles, 
auditioning. Prerequisite: TH 163 A of permission of 
instructor. 

TH 263A Technical Theatre 

Focus on academic/practical study in areas of 
technical theatre, e.g., stage management, advanced 
stagecraft, welding, drafting, scene painting, etc. 
Prerequisite: TH 161 A or 162 A or pennission of 
instructor. 

TH 282 Theatre History 

Theatrical as opposed to purely literary values in 
Eastern and Western culture, and the forces that 
contributed to the development of various styles of 
presentation in each distinct historical period, with a 
key script from each period. 

TH 322A Communication Arts and 
Persuasion 

TTie principles, values, forms and effects of persuasive 
public communication. Film and video tape 
examples. Experience in analysis, reasoning, 
evidence and organization of the persuasive speech. 
Not open to Freshmen. 

TH 323A Oral Interpretation of Literature 

Read literature for characterization, locus, technical 
considerations, devices of language and structure, 
text analysis. Lectures, exercises to develop begin- 
ning readers, and at least six oral presentations 
projects. Attendance essential because of emphasis 
on performance. 

TH 333A Play Reading 

An exploration of current and contemporary plays. 
Students will increase their vocabulary of scripts, 
expand their choices of scene and monologue 
material, and gain a better understanding of script 
analysis, a skill invaluable for acting, directing, and 
designing. Students will also gain skills in play 
reading and in performing dramatic readings before 
an audience. Evaluation based on class discussion, 
exams, research presentations, script analyses, and 
dramatic readings. 

TH 357 Acting 

Continuation of TH 257. Prerequisite: TH 257. 

TH 367 Theatre Internship 

Supervised work in college, community and 
professional theatre companies on internship basis. 
May be repeated for credit. Permission of instructor 
required. 

TH 372 Directing 

Study and practice of play-directing theories and 
techniques: analysis of play, rehearsal process, 



101 



Western Heritage in a Global Context 



organizational procedures from script to production. 
Productions provide menu for Lunchbox Theatre 
Series. Prerequisite: TH 163 A or equivalent 
experience or permission of instructor. 

TH 457 Acting 

Continuation of TH 357. Prerequisite: TH 357. 

TH 473 Advanced Directing 

Develop a personal directing style to meet the 
requirements of a given script, whether period or 
modem piece. Each director prepares at least two 
examples for an audience. Critique discussions. 
Prerequisite: TH 372. 

TH 499 Senior Showcase 

Theatre majors are required to submit, in the second 
semester of the Junior year, a proposal for a project in 
their area of emphasis. The project, to be completed 
in the Senior year, is a synthesis of the student's 
academic and practical experience, and an opportu- 
nity to demonstrate knowledge and evaluate the 
final project. Some possible choices are acting, 
directing, design and play writing. A three-member 
faculty committee evaluates the final project. 
Prerequisite: taking the Theatre Assessment 
Examination. By permission only. 

THI 3 65 A Theatre in London 
See International Education. 



VISUAL ARTS See Art. 



WHl/2 184 Western Heritage in a Global 
Context (Honors) 

The Freshman course for students in the Honors 
Program. Students meet weekly for the academic 
year and are awarded a course credit. Admission is by 
application to the Honors Program Director. 

WINTER TERM PROJECTS 

Descriptions of winter term projects are published in 
a separate brochure. 

WOMEN'S AND GENDER 
STUDIES 

Women's and gender studies is an interdisciplinary 
major exploring the creation, meaning and perpetua- 
tion of gender in human societies, both past and 
present. It is also an inquiry into women's material, 
cultural and economic production, their collective 
undertakings and self descriptions. The women's and 
gender studies major seeks to provide opportunities 
for: 

- acquiring breadth of learning and integrating 
knowledge across academic disciplines. 

developing an understanding and respect for the 
integrity of self and others. 

- learning to communicate effectively. 

- developing the knowledge, abilities, apprecia- 
tion and motivations that liberate men and 



WESTERN HERITAGE IN A 
GLOBAL CONTEXT 

WH 181 Western Heritage in a Global 
Context I 

The first course in general education introduces 
values through the study of the Greek, Roman, 
Chinese, and Indian worlds, using masterworks of 
those civilizations. 

WH 182 Western Heritage in a Global 
Context II 

Exploring the post Renaissance world through 
literature, the arts, scientific accomplishments, and 
other major endeavors. 

WH 183G U.S. Area Studies 

Open to international students only. A contempo- 
rary view of the U.S. and a limited survey of its past, 
size and diversity. Required for all degree-seeking 
international students. 



- seriously encountering with the values dimen- 
sions of individual growth and social interac- 
tion. 

Majors develop integrative skill competencies in 
bibliographic instruction, writing excellence, close 
reading of texts, creative problem-solving, small 
group communication, oral communication, and 
expressive awareness. 

Students majoring in women's and gender studies 
must take a minimum of ten courses, including WG 
20 IH and WG 410, and then eight courses in three 
disciplines in consultation with their Mentors. Five 
of these courses must be at the 300 level or above. 
Majors must successfully pass a Senior comprehen- 
sive examination or, if invited by the faculty, write a 
Senior thesis. 

For a minor in women's and gender studies, students 
take five courses including WG 201 H and WG 410. 
Three of the five courses must be at the 300 level or 
above. 

WG 410 does not replace a discipline Senior 
Seminar for students who are minoring in women's 
and gender studies. 



102 



Women's and Gender Studies 



WG 20 IH Introduction to Women's and 
Gender Studies 

Issues involved in the social and historical constnjc- 
tion of gender and gender roles from an interdiscipli- 
nary perspective. Human gender differences, male 
and female sexuality, relationship between gender, 
race and class. 

WG/CL 202H Women in Ancient Greece 

For description see Classics. 

WG 22 IH Black Women in America 

Slavery, the work force, the family, education, 
politics, social psychology, and feminism. 

WG 410 Research Seminar: 
Women and Gender 

Senior Seminar designed to integrate the interdisci- 
plinary work of the major. Students work in 
collaborative research groups to read and critique 
each other's work and produce a presentation that 
reflects interdisciplinary views on a women/gender 
issue. Focus on methodologies of the various 
disciplines and on research methods. 

Descriptions of the following courses related to the 
major are found in the disciplinary listings: 



AMERICAN STUDIES 

AM 307H Rebels with a Cause: Radicals, 
Reactionaries and Reformers 

(Directed Study available) 

AM 308H Becoming Visible: Sex, Gender and 
American Culture 

(Directed Study available) 



COMPOSITION 

CO 122 Analytical and Persuasive Writing: 
Writing and Gender 



CREATIVE WRITING 

CW 305A Journals, Diaries, and Letters: The 
Intimate Connection 



ECONOMICS 

EC 28 IS Principles of Microeconomics 
EC 371 Economics of Labor Markets 

FRENCH 

FR 404 Themes in French Literature 
FR 406 French Theatre on Stage 

HISTORY 

HI 32 IH Women in Modem America: The 
Hand that Cradles the Rock 

(Directed Study available) 

HI 324G Native American History 

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT 

HD 204 Socialization: A Study of Gender 
Issues 

HD 209 Childhood Roles and Family Systems 



ANTHROPOLOGY 

AN 208S Human Sexuality 



INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS 

IB/MN 275S The Sex-Role Revolution in 
Management 



ART 

CR 3 84 A Twentieth Century American 
Women in the Arts 

CHINESE 

CN 208G Gender/Sexuality in Asian Literature 

CN 30 IH Hero/Anti'Hero in Chinese 
Literature 



LITERATURE 

LI 205H Woman as Metaphor 

LI 206H Men and Women in Literature 

LI 242H Introduction to Native American 
Literature 

LI 312H Literature by Women 

LI 380H Images of the Goddess 

LI 441 Twentieth Century Literary Theory 



103 



Women's and Gender Studies 



MANAGEMENT 

MN 371 Organizational Behavior & Leadership 

PHILOSOPHY 

PL lOlH Introduction to Philosophy 

PL 241 H Ethics: Tradition and Critique 

PL 244H Social and Political Philosophy 

PL 3 12H American Philosophy 

PL 342H 20'*' Century Philosophical 
Movements 

POLITICAL SCIENCE 

PC 103G Introduction to International 
Relations 

PC 315 Theories of War and Peace 

PO 316 Women and Politics Worldwide 

PO 342 Hunger, Plenty, and Justice 

PSYCHOLOGY 

PS 202 Psychology of Childhood and Adolescence 
PS 203 Psychology of Adulthood and Aging 

RELIGIOUS STUDIES 

RE 206H Sisters of Eve: the Bible, Gender, 
and Sexual Politics 

RE 234H The Goddess in Eastern Tradition 

RE 329H Liberation Theology 

RE 36 IH From Existentialism to 
Postmodernism 

RE 3 73H Women and Religion 



SOCIOLOGY 

SO 326 The Family 

SO 345 S Complex Organizations 

SO 405E Human Ecology & Social Change 

SPANISH 

SP 407H Spanish Women Writers 

WRITING WORKSHOP 

See Creative Writing. 



104 



AUTUMN TERM PROJECTS FOR FRESHMEN 



FOUNDATIONS COLLEGIUM 

Autumn terni is a three-week introduction to 
college life for Freshmen, consisting of one 
academic project, plus orientation, testing, and 
registration. New students choose from among 
eighteen or more courses offered by the professors 
who thus become their Mentors (advisers) and 
their Western Heritage in a Global Context 
instructors for the Freshman year. Typical autumn 
term offerings in recent years have included 
Women and Fiction, Food in History, Geology of 
Beaches, The Computer: Slave or Master, Health 
Psychology, and The Sociology of Sex Roles. See 
the autumn term brochure available from Founda- 
tions or Admissions. 



AT 1 Imagining America (especially for 
international students) 

Introduction to living in the U.S. and Florida, 
analyzing everyday problems, college living, 
comparative customs, systems, attitudes, American 
literature, health care, legal matters, sports, 
working, education, religion, politics, improving 
language skills. Resource people, field trips. Daily 
journal, analytical papers, final project reflecting 
autumn term experiences. 



WINTER TERM PROJECTS 



Winter term provides the opportunity for study 
concentrated on a single topic. Neither regular 
semester nor directed study courses are taken as 
winter term projects. Off-campus independent 
study projects may be taken only by students 
above Freshman standing for whom the 
off-campus location is essential to the nature of 
the project itself. 

Descriptions of winter term projects are published 
in a separate brochure, available in the fall of each 
year. The winter term brochure contains complete 
information on registration and other procedures 
related to winter tenn. 

As an indication of the range of educational 
opportunities available through Eckerd College 
during the winter term, the following is a list of 
project titles offered in the past. 

On Campus: Theatre Production; Music in the 
Twenty-First Century; Subcultures and Deviance; 
Psychology and Medicine; Management in the 
Year 2000; Human Ecology; The Energy Problem: 



Now and the Future; The Economics of Public 
Issues; Speaking Russian; Developing Expository 
Writing; The South in American History; The 
Art of Biography; Tlie New Religions; Perspec- 
tives on Violence; Florida's Exotic Plant Life; Tlie 
Basics of Color Photography; Mathematical 
Modeling; Computer Project; Chemistry, The 
Environment and the Future. 

Off -Campus: Greece: The Birthplace of Civili- 
zation; The Lively Arts in London; Paris: A 
Cultural and Linguistic Perspective; Geology: 
Geophysics of Volcanoes in Hawaii; International 
Banking in the Caribbean (Cayman Islands); Tlie 
Ecology of Belize; Mexico: Language and/or 
Culture; Global Studies at the United Nations. 

In addition, there is a special winter term for 
Freshmen, the Leadership and Sell Discovery 
Practicum. For a description see page 7 of this 
catalog. 



105 



CAMPUS AND STUDENT LIFE 



At Eckerd, learning and standards are not viewed 
as restricted to the classroom. The college 
cherishes the freedom that students experience in 
the college community and in the choices they 
make concerning their own personal growth. At 
the same time, each student, as a member of a 
Christian community of learners, is expected to 
contribute to this community and to accept and 
live by its values and standards: commitment to 
truth and excellence; devotion to knowledge and 
understanding; sensitivity to the rights and needs 
of others; belief in the inherent worth of all 
human beings and respect for human differences; 
contempt for dishonesty, prejudice and destruc- 
tiveness. Just as Eckerd intends that its students 
shall be competent givers throughout their lives, it 
expects that giving shall be the hallmark of 
behavior and relationships in college life. Just as 
Eckerd seeks to provide each student with 
opportunities for learning and excellence, each 
student is expected to play a significant part in the 
vitality and integrity of the college community. 

As an expression of willingness to abide by these 
standards every student upon entering Eckerd 
College is expected to sign a promise to uphold 
the statement of Shared Commitment that guides 
student life on campus. For a full description of the 
Shared Commitment, see page 4- 



THE CITY 

St. Petersburg is a vibrant city in its own right, and 
St. Petersburg, Tampa, and Clearwater together 
form a metropolitan area of over two million 
people with all the services and cultural facilities 
of any area this size. 

St. Petersburg and nearby cities offer art museums, 
symphony orchestras, and professional theatre, in 
addition to road show engagements of Broadway 
plays, rock concerts, circuses, ice shows, and other 
attractions for a full range of entertainment. 

The St. Louis Cardinals baseball team maintains 
headquarters in St. Petersburg for spring training, 
and there are major golf and tennis tournaments 
in the area. Professional football fans can follow 
the Tampa Bay Buccaneers, and professional 
hockey fans, the Tampa Bay Lightning. A major 
league baseball team, the Tampa Bay Devil Rays, 
began playing in Tropicana Field in 1998. 

Southern Ocean Racing Conference sailing races 
are held every year, as well as many regattas for sail 
and power boats. Fine public beaches on the Gulf 
of Mexico are within bicycling distance of the 
Eckerd College campus, as are public golf courses. 

St. Petersburg has a pleasant semi-tropical climate 
with a normal average temperature of 73.5 degrees 
F. and annual rainfall of 51.2 inches. 




Photo courtesy City of St. Petersburg 



106 




THE CAMPUS 

Situated in a suburban area at the southwest tip of 
the peninsula on which St. Petersburg is located, 
Eckerd's campus is large and uncrowded — 267 
acres with over 11/4 miles of waterfront on Boca 
Ciega Bay and Frenchman's Creek. There are 
three small lakes on the campus, and the chapel is 
on an island in one of them. The 68 
air-conditioned buildings were planned to provide 
a comfortable environment for learning in the 
Florida climate. Professors and students frequently 
forsake their classrooms and gather outdoors in the 
sunshine or under a pine tree's shade. Outdoor 
activities are possible all year; cooler days during 
the winter are not usually severe. 



RESIDENCE LIFE 

Eckerd College has nine residential complexes for 
student housing, consisting of seven complexes 
with four houses of 34-36 students, 16 eight person 
suites in Nu Dorm, and our newest complex 
Omega - 33 four and five person apartments with 
a living room and kitchen in each. Most of the 
student residences overlook the water. Each 
residence unit has a student Residential Advisor 
(R.A.) who is available for basic academic and 
personal counseling, and is generally responsible 
for the residence. Resident Advisors and student 
residents are supported by four full-time profes- 
sional residence life staff living on campus. 



STUDENT GOVERNMENT 

The Eckerd College Organization of Students 
(ECOS) is the college's student government 
association. It acts as a link between the student 
and the administration, with its officers sitting on 
several policy making committees, representing 
student views and issues. It also coordinates the 
budgeting of dozens of student organizations and 
activities, with funds accumulated from each 
student's activities fee. The membership of ECOS 
consists of all residential degree seeking students, 
full and part time. 



STUDENT ACTIVITIES 

Eckerd believes that student life should be as full 
and rich as possible, both within and beyond the 
classroom. The Campus Activities Program, in 
cooperation with Palmetto Productions and other 
student organizations, offers a variety of cultural, 
entertainment, social, recreational, and fitness 
activities. The result is an active campus life that 
complements the student's academic program by 
providing opportunities for co-curricular learning, 
socializing, entertainment, and physical fitness. 



HOUGH CENTER 

The Hough Center serves as the hub for recre- 
ational and social activities. The facilities 
include a fitness center, conversation lounges, 
several meeting rooms, multipurpose room, and 
Tritons Pub. The pub is a place where students and 



107 



faculty may continue a discussion that started in 
class, attend a poetry reading or open mic, enjoy a 
movie in our state-of-the-art theater system, share 
a game of pool, or enjoy the featured entertain- 
ment. 



ENTERTAINMENT AND 
CULTURAL ACTIVITIES 

The College Program Series, jointly planned hy 
students, faculty and administration, is designed to 
enhance the intellectual, religious and cultural life 
of the college community though bringing well- 
known scholars, artists and distinguished Ameri- 
cans to the campus each semester. 

The Student Activities Board sponsors movies, 
coffee house programs, dances, comedy nights and 
concerts featuring local and nationally known 
artists. The Office of Multicultural Affairs, along 
with the Afro-American Society, International 
Students Association, and International Student 
Programs Office, sponsors an array of ethnic 
programs throughout the year. 

The music, art and theatre disciplines sponsor a 
number of events throughout the year. There are 
student and faculty recitals, programs from the 
concert choir and chamber ensemble, exhibitions 
by student and faculty artists, dance performances, 
and a series of plays produced by the theatre 
workshops. 

The intramural and recreation program allows 
houses and individuals to compete in a variety of 
programs. The intramural sports include volley- 
ball, flag football, basketball and softball. The 
recreation program includes aerobics, martial arts 
and numerous club sports. 

STUDENT PUBLICATIONS 

Publications are funded by student government 
and fully controlled by the students themselves. 
Student media include the Triton Tribune, the 
student newspaper; WECX, the campus radio 
station; EC-TV, the campus television station; 
The Eckerd Review;, a literary magazine featuring 
artwork, prose and poetry by members of the 
entire campus community; The EC-Book, the 
student handbook, and Hullabaloo, the yearbook. 



ORGANIZATIONS AND CLUBS 

If there is enough student interest to fonu a club, 
one may easily be chartered. Organizations which 
have been student- initiated include the Afro- 
American Society, Biology Club, Circle-K, 
International Students Association, the Triton 
Sailing and Boardsailing Teams, Athletic Boosters, 
Model UN, Earth Society, and Men's Volleyball. 



RELIGIOUS LIFE 

The College Chaplain directs the Campus 
Ministry Program, a joint effort of students, faculty 
and staff. The program provides religious activities 
in a Christian context. These include worship 
services, special speakers and emphasis weeks, 
small group studies, service projects, and fellow- 
ship activities. Individuals and groups of other 
religious traditions receive assistance from Campus 
Ministries in connecting with persons of like 
tradition on campus and with their faith commu- 
nities off campus. The Chaplain serves as minister 
to students, faculty and staff, is available for 
counseling or consultation, and works closely with 
Student Affairs to enhance the quality of campus 
life. 

Regardless of their backgrounds, students are 
encouraged to explore matters of faith and 
commitment as an integral part of the educational 
experience. 



WATERFRONT PROGRAM 

Eckerd's Waterfront Program, one of the largest 
collegiate watersports programs in the southeastern 
U.S., is one of the most exciting recreational 
opportunities on the campus. The facilities, located 
on Frenchman's Creek, include the Wallace 
Boathouse with outdoor classrooms, picnic/seating 
area, a snack bar and Ship's Store, multiple docks, 
and a boat ramp. They also include an Activities 
Center with classrooms fully equipped for multi- 
media instruction, and restroom facilities with 
showers. Additional resources available are a fleet of 
sailboats, canoes, fishing boats, sea kayaks, 
sailboards, and a ski boat for recreational water 
skiing. Students who own boats can arrange to 
store them on trailers or racks if space is available. 

A unique feature of the Eckerd Waterfront is the 
community member's ability to use the facilities 
without membership in a club or organization. 



108 



There are, however, many cluhs and teams spon- 
sored by the Waterfront for those interested. The 
Triton sailing team, a varsity team, sails in sloop and 
single-hand competitions as a member of S AISA 
(the South Atlantic Intercollegiate Sailing 
Association) and the ICYRA (Intercollegiate Yacht 
Racing Association). However, the Triton Sailing 
Association is a club which provides a recreational 
venue for sailors of all levels, from beginning to 
advanced, with activities such as daysailing trips, 
overnight cruises, and recreational regattas. 

One of the Waterfront's unique student organiza- 
tions is Eckerd College Search and Rescue (EC- 
SAR) which is a highly trained group of students 
and alumni who provide maritime search and 
rescue services to the Tampa Bay boating commu- 
nity. Working closely with the U.S. Coast Guard 
and many local and state agencies, members give a 
high level of dedication, skill and commitment to 
public service and have received many national 
and local awards and commendations. 

Waterfront classes are offered throughout the 
school year. Sailing classes are taught at all levels 
on both small sloops and larger sailboats. Normal 
class offerings include beginning, intermediate and 
advanced sailing and boardsailing. Informal 
dockside instruction is offered during the after- 
noons by Waterfront staff and volunteers. 

The Waterfront Program offers many unique and 
enjoyable opportunities to the Eckerd College 
community. Participants can just relax on the docks 
with a snack from the Ship's Galley Snack Bar, head 
out into the bay aboard a sailboat or sea kayak, or 
spend the afternoon fishing. Experienced 
watersports enthusiasts can compete at a varsity level 
and beginners can take a sailing or windsurfing class. 
There is something for everyone! ! 

PSYCHOLOGICAL SERVICES 

As a college student, you are likely to encounter 
many new and different experiences and face 
many difficult life decisions. There may be times 
when you'd like some help negotiating these new 
life challenges, and that's why we're here. 

The Eckerd College Counseling Center offers an 
atmosphere where personal concerns of any kind 
can examined and discussed freely and confiden- 
tially. Such an atmosphere increases the chances 
that problems and conflicts will be resolved. 

Through the therapeutic process, you may come to 
see yourself and others in a different light, learn 



how to change self-defeating habits and attitudes, 
and be better able to make a positive contribution 
to your own life as well as to the lives of others. 

Counselors are interested in assisting students with 
their personal, intellectual, and psychological growth 
and development. The Counseling Center is staffed 
by tu'o full-time and two part-time therapists, and all 
services are free and completely confidential. 

In addition to providing psychological counseling 
for students, the Counseling Center staff offers 
consultation services to faculty, staff, and students 
who need specialized programs or information 
regarding psychological issues such as conflict 
resolution, crisis intervention, or wellness-related 
issues. Topical presentations and workshops are 
available by request on a variety of topics. 

HEALTH SERVICES 

The Eckerd College Health Center, an active 
member of the American College Health Associa- 
tion, is committed to providing accessible, cost- 
effective, high quality primary care, preventative 
services, and health education to the students of 
Eckerd College. 

The Health Center strives to integrate the 
universal concepts of wellness, health promotion, 
health protection, disease prevention, and state- 
of-the-art primary care into the student's daily life. 
The goal of the Health Center is to provide 
services that optimize the student's ability to learn 
and develop. 

These services do not focus solely on problems or 
illnesses, but instead seek ways to enhance self- 
esteem, wellness, and the integrated development 
of mind, body, and spirit. All services that are 
provided are completely confidential. 

The Health Center is open six days per week 
during regular semesters. Registered Nurses 
experienced in college health are present during 
open hours. Physicians are available at the Health 
Center Mondays through Eridays during regular 
semester hours by appointment. If necessary, 
Bayfront Medical Center, a regional trauma 
center, is located approximately ten minutes from 
the Eckerd campus. 

TTiere is no fee for routine office visits. Diagnostic 
tests, allergy injections, immunizations, medica- 
tions, supplies, minor procedures, and physical 
exams are discounted. Payment is due at the time 
of ser\'ice and may be paid by cash, personal 



109 



check, or charged to the student's account. No 
student will be refused care because of inability to 
pay at the time of service. 

In addition to providing health and wellness 
services to students, the Health Center also 
provides First Aid and emergency services to 
faculty, staff, and special program students; 
consultation and informational services on health 
realed topics; and wellness programs such as 
vaccine clinics and health fairs open to the entire 
Eckerd community. 

AMERICAN STUDENTS 
OF COLOR 

As evidence of its active commitment to recruit 
and encourage minority students, Eckerd supports 
a number of programs in this field. Visits to the 
campus give American students of color who are 
considering Eckerd College a chance to view the 
college, visit the faculty, live in the residence halls, 
and talk with other students. 




The Oftice of Multicultural Affairs and the Afro- 
American Society, a student organization, helps 
plan a full range of programs that celebrate 
diversity. The Office of Multicultural Affairs is 
available to provide assistance for any special 
needs of American students of color. 



DAY STUDENTS 

Students who are married, are over 22 years of age, or 
who live with their families are provided with 
campus post office boxes to receive communications. 
Opportunities for participation in campus sports, 
activities, cultural events, and student government 
(ECOS), are available to day students and are 
coordinated and communicated by the Day Student 
Program. All cars, motorcycles, and bicycles are 
registered by the Office of Campus Safety. 



ATHLETICS FOR MEN 
AND WOMEN 

Eckerd College is a member of the National 
Collegiate Athletic Association. Men play a full 
intercollegiate schedule in baseball, basketball, golf, 
soccer and tennis. Women's intercollegiate sports 
include basketball, cross country, soccer, softball, 
tennis and volleyball. The college is a member of 
the Sunshine State Conference, and both men and 
women play NCAA Division 11 competition. 

The McArthur Physical Education Center houses 
locker rooms, physical education faculty offices, 
two basketball courts, a weight room, four 
badminton courts and three volleyball courts, a 
swimming pool, and areas of open space. The 
Turley Athletic Complex includes lighted baseball 
and Softball fields, a practice infield, a soccer field, 
grandstands and a building which consists of a 
locker room facility and a snack bar. 



v. 



110 



ADMISSION 



Eckerd College seeks to admit students of various 
backgrounds, ethnic and national origins who are 
best prepared to gain from the educational 
challenge they will encounter at the College while 
also contributing to the overall quality' o( campus 
life. Admissions decisions are made after a careful 
review of each applicant's aptitudes and achieve- 
ments. Available information about the 
applicant's character will also be considered in the 
decision. When you apply, we will look at your 
academic performance in college preparatory 
courses (mathematics, science, social studies, 
English, foreign languages, creative arts). We will 
also consider your performance on the college 
entrance examinations (ACT or SAT I). Students 
whose native language is not English can choose 
to replace the ACT or SAT 1 with the TOEFL 
examination. SAT II tests are not required but are 
highly recommended. Your potential for personal 
and academic development and positive contribu- 
tion to the campus community is important and in 
this respect we will look closely at your personal 
essay, record of activities and recommendations 
from your counselors or teachers. Admissions 
decisions are made on a rolling basis beginning in 
October and continuing through the academic 
year for the following fall. Students considering 
mid-year admission for either winter term 
(January) or spring semester (February) are advised 
to complete application procedures by December 
1. Applicants for fall entry should complete 
procedures by April 1 . 

FRESHMAN ADMISSION 

High school Juniors and Seniors considering 
Eckerd College should have taken a college 
preparatory curriculum. Our preference is for 
students who have taken four units of English, 
three or more units each of mathematics, sciences 
and social studies, and at least two units of a 
foreign language. Although no single criterion is 
used as a determinant for acceptance and we have 
no automatic "cutoff' points, the great majority of 
students who gain admission to Eckerd College 
have a high school average of B or better in their 
college preparatory courses and have scored in the 
top 25 percent of college-bound students taking 
the ACT or SAT I. 



APPLICATION PROCEDURES 
FOR FRESHMEN 

1 . Request application forms in Junior year or 
early in Senior year from Dean of Admissions. 

2. Complete and return your application to the 
Dean of Admissions, with an application fee 
of $25 (non-refundable) at least two months 
prior to the desired entrance date. Students 
who are financially unable to pay the $25 
application fee will have the fee waived upon 
request. Eckerd College accepts the Common 
Application in lieu of its own form and gives 
equal consideration to both. 

3. Request the guidance department of the 
secondary school from which you will be 
graduated to send an academic transcript and 
personal recommendation to: Dean of 
Admissions, Eckerd College, 4200 - 54th 
Avenue South, St. Petersburg, Florida 3371 1. 

4. Arrange to take the Scholastic Aptitude Test 
I, offered by the College Entrance Examina- 
tion Board or the ACT Test Battery, offered 
by the American College Testing Program. 
Take your test in spring of Junior year or early 
fall of Senior year. 



TRANSFER ADMISSION 

Eckerd College welcomes students from other 
colleges, universities, junior and community 
colleges that have earned full regional accred- 
itation. Applicants are expected to be in good 
standing at the institution last attended and 
eligible to return to that institution. 



APPLICATION PROCEDURES 
FOR TRANSFER ADMISSION 

1 . Complete and return application form to the 
Dean of Admissions with an application fee 
of $25 (non-refundable) at least two months 
prior to the desired entrance date (see 
calendar for various entry points). 

2. Request that official college transcripts be 
sent to us from each college or university you 
have attended. 

3. Send us a record of college entrance exams 
(SAT I or ACT). This may be waived upon 



111 



request for students who have completed at 
least one year of full-time college study. 

4- Request a letter of recommendation from one 
of your college professors. 

5. If you have been out of high school for less 
than two years, we will need a copy of your 
high school transcript. 

EVALUATION AND AWARDING 
OF TRANSFER CREDIT 

After you have been accepted for admission, your 
transcript will be forwarded to the college 
Registrar for credit evaluation. 

With regard to the transfer of credits from other 
regionally accredited institutions, it is the policy of 
Eckerd College to: 

1. Award block two-year credit to students who 
have earned an Associate of Arts degree with 
a cumulative grade point average of at least 
2.0; or 

2. Accept, for transfer students without As- 
sociate of Arts degrees, only those appropriate 
courses in which grades of C or higher were 
earned. Transfer credits will be awarded for 
courses comparable to Eckerd College courses. 

3. Accept a maximum of 63 semester hours of 
transfer credit since the last two academic 
years of study for an Eckerd College degree 
must be completed at Eckerd. 

4. Therefore, all transfer students to Eckerd 
College will have cumulative grade point 
averages of at least 2.0 in courses accepted 
from other institutions toward an Eckerd 
College degree. 

5. Applicants who have earned credits more 
than five years ago, or whose earlier academic 
records are unavailable or unusual are 
requested to direct special inquiry to the 
Admissions office. 

6. Use of transfer credit toward meeting the 
requirements of a major is at the discretion of 
the faculty. 

PROCEDURES AFTER 
ACCEPTANCE 

All students who have been accepted for admis- 
sion should return a Reservation Form within 30 
days of receipt of the letter of acceptance. As soon 



as a student has decided to matriculate at Eckerd 
College for the Autumn Term or Fall Semester, a 
$100 commitment deposit may be sent to the 
Admissions Office. This deposit should be sent by 
and is not refundable after May 1 . Students 
accepted to matriculate for the Winter Term or 
Spring Semester should send a $100 commitment 
deposit with the Reservation Form within 30 days 
of receipt of the acceptance letter. Students who 
are accepted after November 15 for mid-year 
entry or after April 1 5 for fall entry will be 
expected to reply within fifteen days of acceptance 
with a $100 non-refundable deposit. The accep- 
tance deposit is applied toward tuition costs and 
credited to the student's account. 

A Student Infomiation Form, a Housing Form, and 
a Health Form are sent to all accepted students. 
The Student Information Form and Housing Form 
should be returned by May 1. These forms enable 
us to begin planning for needs of the entering class 
of residential and commuting students. 

The Health Form should be completed by your 
personal physician and forwarded to the Admis- 
sions office prior to the enrollment date. 

EQUIVALENCY CERTIFICATES 

Students who have not completed a high school 
program hut who have taken the General Educa- 
tion Development (GED) examinations may be 
considered for admission. In addition to submit- 
ting GED test scores, students will also need to 
supply ACT or SAT I test results. 



ADMISSIONS INTERVIEW 

Students considering Eckerd College are strongly 
urged to visit the campus and have an interview 
with an admissions counselor. We also encourage 
you to visit a class and meet students and faculty 
members. An interview is not a required proce- 
dure for admission but is always a most beneficial 
step for you the student, as well as for those of us 
who evaluate your candidacy. 



EARLY ADMISSION 

Eckerd College admits a few outstanding students 
who wish to enter college directly after their 
Junior year in high school. In addition to regular 
application procedures outlined above, early 
admission candidates must submit a personal letter 
explaining reasons for early admission; request two 



112 



letters of recommendation from an English and a 
mathematics teacher; and come to campus for an 
inter\'iew with an admissions counselor. 



DEFERRED ADMISSION 

A student who has been accepted for admission 
for a given term may request to defer enrollment 
for up to one year. Requests should be addressed to 
the Dean of Admissions. 



INTERNATIONAL 
BACCALAUREATE PROGRAM 

Eckerd College will confer Sophomore standing to 
students who have completed the full International 
Baccalaureate and who have earned grades of 5 or 
better in their three Higher Level subjects. IB 
students who do not earn the lull Diploma may 
receive credit for Higher Level subjects in which 
grades of 5 or better were earned in the examinations. 



ADVANCED PLACEMENT 

Eckerd College awards course credit on the basis of 
scores on the Advanced Placement examinations 
administered by the College Entrance Examina- 
tion Board. Students who have obtained scores of 
four or five will automatically be awarded credit. 
Applicants who seek advanced placement should 
have examination results sent to the Dean of 
Admissions. 



INTERNATIONAL STUDENT 
ADMISSION 

Eckerd College enrolls students from more thaii 
sixty-five countries. Some are native speakers of 
English; many are not. In all cases, the Admissions 
and Scholarship Committee gives special attention 
to the evaluation of students who have completed 
their secondary education abroad. Candidates whose 
native language is not English should submit the 
TOEFL scores in lieu of SAT or ACT scores. 
Ordinarily, international students whose native 
language is not English will not be admitted unless 



COLLEGE LEVEL EXAMINATION PROGRAM 

Course credit will be awarded on the basis of B-level scores received on the College Level Examination 
Program (CLEP). Credit is awarded for exams in subject areas comparable to those accepted as transfer credit 
and must not duplicate courses accepted from other institutions or courses taken at Eckerd. Use of CLEP 
credit toward meeting the requirements of a major is at the discretion of the faculty. Credit is awarded for the 
following: 



EVALUATION 



MAXIK'IUM 

COURSE 

CREDIT 



EVALUATION 



MAXIMUM 

COURSE 

CREDIT 



Composition and Literature 

American Literature 

Analysis and Interpretation of Literature 

College Composition 

English Literature 

Freshman English 
Foreign Languages 

Qillege French (Levels 1 and 2) 

Qillege German (Levels 1 and 2) 

G3llege Spanish (Levels 1 and 2) 
Social Sciences and History 

American Government 

American History I: Early Colonizations to 1877 

American History 11: 1865 to Present 

Human Growth and Development 

Introduction to Educational Psychology 

Introductory Macroeconomics 

Introductor\' Microeconomics 



2 
2 
2 
2 
2 

2-3 
2-3 
2-3 



Social Sciences and History continued 

Introductory Psychology 1 

Introductory Sociology 1 

Western Civilization I: Ancient Near East to 1648 1 

Western Ci\'iliiation II: 1648 to \he Present 1 

Science and Mathematics 

Calculus and Elementary Functions 2 

QiUege Algebra 1 

Qillege Algebra-Trigonometry 1 

General Biology 2 

General Chemistry 2 

Trigonometry 1 

Business 

Information Systems and Qimputer Applications 1 

Intrcxluction to Management 1 

Introduction to Accounting 2 

Introductory Business Law 1 

Principles of Marketing 1 



International students may not use CLEP to receive college credit tor elementary or intermediate foreign language in their native tongue. 
CLEP results should be sent to the Dean of Admissions. 



113 



they score a minimum of 550 on the written TOEFL 
exam, 2 1 3 on the computer TOEFL exam, and/or 
pass level 109 instruction in the ELS Language 
Center. International students whose native 
language is English should take the SAT I exam. 
Requests for waiver of this requirement may he made 
to the Dean of Admissions. 



APPLICATION PROCEDURE FOR 
INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS 

1 . Complete and return the application form 
with an application fee of $25 (non- 
refundable) at least three months prior to the 
desired entrance date. 

2. Request that official secondary school records 
(and official university records if applying as a 
transfer student) be sent to us. If official 
records are not in English, we should receive a 
certified translation in English in addition to 
the official records. An evaluation of univer- 
sity credit by an outside agency specializing in 
foreigii credentials may be required. 

3. Results of the Test of English as a Foreign 
Language (TOEFL) for non-native speakers 
of English should be submitted. Others are 
urged to take SAT 1 or ACT. 

4. Complete a certified statement of financial 
responsibility indicating that adequate funds 
are available to cover educational costs. 



INTERNATIONAL DIPLOMAS 

The following international diplomas are accepted for 
consideration of admission with advanced standing: 

The General Certificate of Education of the 
British Commonwealth. Students with successful 
scores in "A" level examinations may be consid- 
ered for advanced placement. 

The International Baccalaureate Diploma may 

qualify a candidate for placement as a Sophomore 
(seepage 113). 

READMISSION OF STUDENTS 

If you have previously enrolled at Eckerd College 
and wish to return you should write or call the 
Dean of Students oifice. It will not be necessary 
for you to go through admission procedures again. 
However, if you have been enrolled at another 
college or university you will need to submit an 
official transcript of courses taken there. 



To apply for readmission after dismissal, a student 
should write to the Dean of Faculty as chair of the 
Academic Review Committee. 



FINANCIAL AID 

All students accepted for admission to Eckerd 
College who are U.S. citizens or permanent 
residents are eligible to receive aid if they demon- 
strate financial need. For institutional awards, 
priority is given on the basis of grades, test scores, 
recommendations, and special talents. Most 
students receive an "aid package" consisting of 
scholarship, grant, loan, and campus employment. 
In many cases, the financial aid package offered to 
a student may reduce out-of-pocket tuition 
payment to less than would be paid at a state 
college or university. Eckerd College makes every 
effort to help a student develop financial plans 
that will make attendance possible. 



APPLICATION PROCEDURES 
FOR FINANCIAL AID 

Decisions regarding financial assistance are made 
upon admission to the college as well as the 
receipt of the necessary financial aid credentials 
which can be accomplished by filing the Free 
Application for Federal Student Aid. No supple- 
mental form is required. 

Any student who has resided in Florida for 12 
consecutive months should complete and file an 
application for a Florida Student Assistance 
Grant. Application is made through the submis- 
sion of the Free Application for Federal Student 
Aid by answering the State questions. 

Many of the sources of financial aid administered 
by Eckerd College are controlled by governmental 
agencies external to the college. Examples of 
programs of this type are Federal Pell Grants, 
Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity 
Grants (SEOG), Florida Student Assistance 
Grants (ESAG), Florida Resident Access Grant, 
Florida Bright Futures Scholarships, Federal 
Stafford Loans , Federal Perkins Loans, and the 
Federal Work Study Program. To receive a current 
pamphlet concerning these programs, write or 
contact the Office of Financial Aid, Eckerd 
College, 4200 54th Avenue South, St. Petersburg, 
Florida 33711. 

To be considered for any financial aid through 
Eckerd College, whether the merit awards listed in 



114 



this catalog or any need-based assistance from the 
college or federal and state governments, it is 
necessary' that you submit the Free Application for 
Federal Student Aid, without a supplemental 
forai. These forms are available in the guidance 
department of the school you are currently 
attending. It is important to mail the Free 
Application for Federal Student Aid by March 1 , 
and to list the code for Eckerd College, 001487, 
on the Free Application for Federal Student Aid. 



APPLICATION PROCEDURES 
FOR FINANCIAL AID 
FOLLOWING READMISSION 

When you apply to Eckerd College for readmission 
after a period of time away from the college, you 
should contact the Financial Aid office to deter- 
mine your eligibility for all financial aid programs. 

If you previously received financial assistance at 
Eckerd College or plan to apply for financial aid 
prior to readmission, you will need to complete 
the following steps: 

1 . Obtain a Financial Aid Transcript from the 
Financial Aid oifice of each college you have 
attended since leaving Eckerd College. 

2. Ensure that your obligations for Federal Stafford 
Loan or Federal Perkins Loan payments are 
being met. If you leave Eckerd College for one 
semester, your six month grace period will likely 
expire. Thereafter, you will have loan payments 
due which must be paid before receiving 
assistance again on readmission. 

3. If you enroll at least half time and have prior 
outstanding Federal Stafford, Perkins, SLS, 
PLUS or Consolidation loans, you may be 
eligible for deferment (postponement) of 
payments. 

4. Obtain deferment form(s) from your lender(s) 
to submit to the Registrar at Eckerd College. 
The Registrar will verify your enrollment 
status to your lender(s). Deferment forms may 
be requested and submitted at least annually. 

5. All prior debts to Eckerd College must be 
satisfied before any financial aid assistance 
may be released. Contact Student Accounts 
to clear all prior obligations. 

6. Contact the Dean of Students to apply for 
readmission. 



FINANCIAL AID STANDARDS 
OF SATISFACTORY PROGRESS 

Students receiving financial assistance must 
maintain satisfactory academic progress to 
continue receiving aid. 

Normal progress toward graduation is the comple- 
tion of four courses each semester and a short term 
each year with grades of C or better. 

The Eckerd College Academic Review Commit- 
tee will assess your progress each semester. The 
College has in place a graduated grade point 
average minimum standard set by class standing. 
For a detailed review of the Eckerd College 
academic standards, please refer to the section in 
this catalog entitled, "Standards of Satisfactory 
Academic Progress," on page 23. 

In addition, please note that if you are placed on 
probation by the Academic Review Committee, 
you will also be placed automatically on financial 
aid probation. You may receive financial assistance 
during your probationary period. If you are 
dismissed by the Academic Review Committee, 
your financial assistance must cease. 

The grade of I (Incomplete) will not be assessed by 
the Academic Review Committee. If the work for 
the course is not completed by the deadline, 
normally thirty days into the next regular semes- 
ter, the Incomplete grade automatically becomes 
an E 

A course repetition will be treated as any other 
course for financial aid purposes. A grade of F 
earned for a prior course will not be removed from 
the transcript. 

Also, please note that certain financial aid 
programs require special additional academic 
achievements for renewal: 

1. Eckerd College Major Scholarship and 
Grant Programs - 
Requirements for Renewal: 

2.0 Cumulative GPA: 

Eckerd College Grant (2.0 - 2.99) 
Church and Campus Scholarship 
Faculty Tuition Remission 
Ministerial Courtesy 
Special Talent 

3.0 Cumulative GPA: 

Eckerd College Honors (3.0+) 
Trustee Scholarship 
Presidential Scholarship 
Dean's Scholarship 
National Merit Special Honors 



115 



2. Florida Programs - 
Requirements for Renewal: 

a. Florida Academic Scholars: d. 
3.0 cum. GPA; earn 12 credit hours during 

the academic year, up to 132 hours. 

b. Florida Merit Scholars arid Vocatiorial Gold Seal: 
2.75 cum. GPA; earn 12 credit hours during 

the academic year, up to 132 hours. e. 

c. Florida Student Assistance Grant: 
Full-time enrollment; need-based; 2.0 cum. 
GPA; earn 24 semester credit hours during 
the academic year; up to 9 semesters, priority 
deadline: 5/15/03. 

d. Florida Resident Access Grant: 

Full-time enrollment; need-based; 2.0 cum. 
GPA; earn 24 semester credit hours during 
the academic year; up to 9 semesters. 

e. Florida "Chappie" James Scholarship: 

Awarded for the freshman and sophomore 

years only; 2.5 cum. GPA; earn 24 credit 

hours during the academic year. 

g. 
Based on illness or emergency beyond your 

control, you may appeal the loss of your Florida 

Program for failure to meet academic progress 

within 30 days of notification of ineligibility. 

3. Federal Programs - 

Requirements for Renewal: h. 

a. Federal regulations require that you complete 
your Baccalaureate Degree within 1 50% of 
your program length. Therefore, you will have 
up to a maximum of 54 attempted courses to 
complete your Baccalaureate Degree regard- 
less of whether you received this aid during all 
or part of your enrollment. Whether you 
register full time, three-quarter time, or half 

time, you must complete your degree with a !• 

maximum of 54 attempted courses. 

b. If you receive initial or renewal Federal Title 
IV assistance, you must progress at yearly 
increments toward your degree goal. By the 
end of each academic year, you must com- 
plete two-thirds of the courses (rounded up) 
that you attempted for that academic year. 

i.e. If you enroll in 9 courses during the year, j* 

you must complete 6 of those courses. 

c. In counting the total number of courses 
completed during the year, you may count 
summer courses completed at Eckerd College 
during the prior summer, but may not count 



the courses taken during the current summer 
term(s). 

The grades of F, W, 1, IP, and NR will not 
count as completed courses. Non-credit 
courses will not count. Course repetitions will 
count as completed courses for financial aid 
purposes. 

If you fail to earn the appropriate number of 
courses at the end of the academic year, you 
will be placed on financial aid probation for 
your next academic year. You may receive 
Federal Title IV assistance during the year of 
financial aid probation. 

If you earn the appropriate number of courses 
during the next academic year, you will have 
your financial aid probationary status 
removed. While on probation, you are 
encouraged to use the counseling services 
provided by Student Affairs, request assis- 
tance from your mentor, and seek tutoring 
opportunities. 

If you fail to earn the appropriate number of 
courses at the end of your financial aid 
probationary year, you will lose all Federal 
Financial Aid. You may not receive Title IV 
assistance thereafter until your status has been 
reinstated and the appropriate number of 
courses are completed. 

You may return for one semester at Eckerd 
College (without receiving Federal Title IV 
funds) and complete two-thirds of your 
attempted courses that semester to have your 
Federal Financial Aid re-instated. If you do 
not return for a period of two years, you will 
be eligible to return in good standing with 
Title IV eligibility, if you meet all other 
requirements. 

The transfer student receiving Federal 
assistance will have the same schedule for the 
maximum degree time frame and yearly 
incremental progression as noted above. The 
maximum total attempted courses assessed for 
the transfer student will consist of the transfer 
courses accepted at Eckerd College and the 
attempted courses taken at Eckerd College. 

If you wish to enroll in additional courses to 
enhance your career goal, or if you are 
dismissed and readmitted, a reasonable 
extension of courses will be considered 
through the appeal process. 



116 



Federal Title IV aid includes: 

(a) Federal Pell Grant 

(b) Federal Perkins Loan 

(c) Federal Supplemental Educational 
Opportunity Grant 

(d) Federal Work Study Program 

(e) Federal Stafford Loan 
(0 Federal PLUS Loan 

You may appeal the probationary status of your 
federal financial aid or loss of federal aid for failure 
to meet the incremental progression of course 
completion or failure to graduate within 54 
attempted courses by presenting an appeal to the 
Financial Aid Office. The appeal should be 
specific and should identify any extenuating 
circumstances, i.e. injury, illness, death of a family 
member, etc. The appeal will be reviewed by the 
Financial Aid office. 



renewable for a total of tour years if the student 
maintains a 2.0 GPA. This scholarship program is 
for the residential program only, and may not be 
used in the Program for Experienced Learners. 

HONORS SCHOLARSHIPS 

The Honors Scholarships seek to recognize 
outstanding applicants for admission (Freshmen 
and transfers). Scholarship finalists will be 
selected from among all applicants for admission 
without regard to financial need. A student 
receiving an Honors Scholarship may receive up 
to $8,000 yearly. The scholarship is renewable if 
the student maintains a 3.0 grade point average. 
No separate application is required; however, for 
priority consideration students should apply for 
admission no later than March 1 . 



ECKERD COLLEGE 
SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAMS 

\XTien Eckerd College started the Program for 
Experienced Learners, it set PEL tuition rates 
considerably lower than those for the Residential 
Program. Given this tuition discount, Eckerd 
College scholarships that are available for students 
in the Residential Program may not be used in the 
Program for Experienced Learners. 

Eckerd College offers a wide variety of merit 
scholarships to students in the residential program. 
Students are encouraged to apply for several 
different awards. However, if a student were to 
qualify for more than one scholarship, s/he would 
be awarded the ONE with the largest monetary 
value. Several Eckerd College scholarships cannot 
be stacked on top of each other. 

FRANK BYARS SCHOLARSHIP FOR 
FLORIDA RESIDENTS 

All full-time new students entering Eckerd 
College as Florida Residents (eligible for the 
Florida Residence Access Grant) will be guaran- 
teed $5,000 Frank Byars Scholarships. If the 
entering student should win any other Eckerd 
scholarship valued at $5,000 or more, the Frank 
Byars Scholarship will be replaced by the Eckerd 
College scholarship of equal or higher value. The 
effect of this program is to insure that all new 
students entering Eckerd College as Florida 
residents will be guaranteed a minimum scholar- 
ship of $5,000. This scholarship minimum is 



TRUSTEE, PRESIDENTIAL, AND 
DEAN'S SCHOLARSHIPS 

The Trustee, Presidential, and Dean's Scholarships 
are a recognition of extraordinary merit without 
regard to financial need. Each year ten Freshmen 
are selected to win full-tuition Trustee Scholar- 
ships for four years. The value of this award for the 
2002-2003 academic year is $21,262. Another ten 
freshmen are selected to win three-quarter tuition 
Presidential Scholarships for four years. The value 
of this award for the 2002-2003 academic year is 
$15,950. Yet another ten freshmen are selected to 
win half-tuition Dean's Scholarships for four years. 
The value of this award for the 2002-2003 
academic year is $10,635. Selection criteria for 
these awards include academic achievement and 
demonstrated leadership and service. The 
application deadline is February 15. A separate 
application is required and is available on request. 



SPECIAL TALENT SCHOLARSHIPS 

The Special Talent Scholarships provide rec- 
ognition and encouragement to students who 
have excelled in a particular area of endeavor. All 
students accepted for admission are eligible to 
compete for these scholarships. Awards will be 
made on the basis oi outstanding talent or 
achievement in any of the following areas: 

1 . Achievement in math, science, English, social 
studies, behavioral sciences, foreign languages or 
any specific area of academic pursuit. 

2. Special talent in the creative arts, music, 
theatre, art, writing, etc. 



117 



3. Special achievement in international education, 
including participation in AFS, YFU, or Rotary 
student exchange programs. 

4. Demonstrated leadership and service in student, 
community or church organizations. 

5. Special talent in men's or women's athletic 
competition. 

Special Talent Scholarship winners may receive 
up to $5,000 yearly. The scholarship is renewable 
for students with a 2.0 cumulative grade point 
average following formal recommendation by 
those qualified to evaluate the appropriate special 
talent. No separate application is required but for 
priority consideration students should apply for 
admission prior to March 1 and submit the 
following: 

1 . Free Application for Federal Student Aid 
(FAFSA). 

2. Letter of recommendation from teacher, adviser 
or coach directly involved in student's achieve- 
ment area. 

3. Additional materials the student wishes to 
submit in support of his or her credentials. 

ENDOWED SCHOLARSHIPS 

Endowed scholarship funds have been established 
by the gifts of those listed below or by the gifts of 
others in their honor. These scholarships are 
awarded through the regular scholarship and 
financial aid procedures of the college and do not 
require separate applications. As the tuition 
charges for the Program for Experienced Learners 
are considerably lower than those for the Residen- 
tial Program, the endowed scholarship funds are 
awarded only to students in the Residential 
Program except as otherwise noted. 

ANNUAL SCHOLARSHIPS 

These scholarships are awarded through the 
regular scholarship and financial aid procedures at 
the college and do not require separate applica- 
tions. 

As the tuition charges for the Program for 
Experienced Learners are considerably lower than 
those for the Residential Program, the scholarships 
supported by annual gifts and grants are awarded 
only to students in the Residential Program except 
as otherwise noted. 



CHURCH AND CAMPUS SCHOLARSHIPS 

The Church and Campus Scholarships are a 
recognition of merit for new Presbyterian students 
each year who have been recommended by their 
pastor and possess traits of character, leadership 
and academic ability which in the pastor's opinion 
demonstrate the promise to become outstanding 
Christian citizens, either as a lay person or a 
minister. Students recommended by their pastor 
who become recipients of a Church and Campus 
Scholarship will receive a grant up to $7,000 to be 
used during the Freshman year and is renewable 
annually on the basis of demonstrated academic, 
leadership and service achievement, and a 
cumulative grade point average of at least 2.0. 



CHURCH & CAMPUS 
SCHOLARSHIPS 

ENDOWED 

Paul and Jane Edris, established in 1985 by the 
First Presbyterian Church of Daytona Beach, 
Florida, on the retirement of their pastor and his 
wife. Awarded to students of academic distinction. 

Robert E. and Arlene G. Hewes, established in 
1998 by their long-time friend, Jane Brittain. 

Hoerner Family, awarded annually to church and 
campus scholars with first preference given to 
students from First Presbyterian Church, St. 
Petersburg, Florida. 

Oscar Kreutz, established in 1984, awarded to 
Presbyterian students who are Pinellas County 
residents, with first preference given to members of 
the First Presbyterian Church, St. Petersburg, Florida. 

E. Colin Lindsey, established in 1977 to provide 
financial assistance to students with demonstrated need. 

Fred L. and Margaret C. May, originally estab- 
lished in 1964 by Mr. May in memory of his wife 
Margaret, with a substantial additional gift 
received in 1998. Awarded to students with 
financial need, with first preference given to 
Presbyterian students. 

George F. and Asha W. McMillan, established in 
1959, awarded annually to a preministerial 
student. 

Mary Dillard Nettles, established in 1991, 
awarded to Presbyterian students on the basis of 
need and merit, with preference given to students 
majoring in music or art. 



118 



The Walter S. and Janet S. Pharr, established in 
1991, awarded to students with outstanding 
academic ability, whose traits of character, 
leadership, and service give promise of outstanding 
contributions to society, the church, and the 
religious and social life of the college. 

Pine Shores Presbyterian Church, established in 
2001 to provide assistance to a church and campus 
scholar with first preference given to a student 
from their congregation. 

Bruce L. Robertson, established in 1999 by 
Presbyterian friends and colleagues. Awarded 
annually to provide financial aid to outstanding 
students with demonstrated need, and leadership 
and service c[ualities. 

Samuel E. and Mary W. Thatcher, established in 
1993 by their son, John W. Thatcher of Miami. 
Awarded annually with preference given to 
Presbyterian students with financial need. 

William W. Upham, established in 1985 by Mr. 
Upham, a founding trustee of Eckerd College. 

J.J. Williams, Jr., established in 1959 by Mr. and 
Mrs. J.J. Williams, Jr. to support candidates for the 
Presbyterian ministry. 

Kell and Mary Williams, established in 1985, 
awarded annually to an active and committed 
Christian student, with preference given to 
students preparing for full-time Christian service. 

ANNUAL 

Burnt Store Road Presbyterian Church, 

estabished in 2001 by the congregation in honor 
of their pastor John W. Stump. First preference 
will be given to a student from Burnt Store Road 
Presbyterian, Punta Gorda, PL. 

Central Florida Presbytery, awarded to a church 
and campus scholar nominated by a pastor of the 
Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) with first prefer- 
ence to students living within the bounds of the 
presbytery. 

Church of the Palms, established in 2000 by 
Church of the Palms, Sarasota, PL, to assist 
students who have demonstrated financial need. 

Eckerd College, awarded to church and campus 
scholars who have been nominated by a pastor of 
the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.), and possess 
traits of character, leadership and academic ability 
which in the pastor's opinion demonstrate the 
promise to become outstanding Christian citizens, 
either as a lay person or a minister. 



Dana Beck Fancher, made possible by a bequest 
to the First Presbyterian Church of Dunedin, 
Florida. Scholarships are awarded on the basis of 
financial need to students from the United States 
who are not from the Tampa Bay area. 

First Presbyterian Church of Dunedin, estab- 
lished in 2001 as an annual award to a church and 
campus scholar with first preference given to a 
student from their congregation. 

First Presbyterian Church of Lakeland, estab- 
lished in 2001 as an annual award to a church and 
campus scholar with first preference given to a 
student from their congregation. 

First Presbyterian Church of Ocala, established 
in 2001 as an annual award to a church and 
campus scholar with first preference given to a 
student from their congregation. 

First Presbyterian Church of St. Petersburg, 

established in 2001 as an annual award to a 
church and campus scholar with first preference 
given to a student from their congregation. 

First Presbyterian Church of Sarasota, estab- 
lished in 2001 as an annual award to a church and 
campus scholar with first preference given to a 
student from their congregation. 

First Presbyterian Church of Vero Beach, 

established in 2001 by the congregation in honor 
of their pastor Dr. David E. Muford. First prefer- 
ence will be given to a student from Vero Beach 
Presbyterian Church, Vero Beach, FL. 

Florida Presbytery, awarded to a church and 
campus scholar nominated by a pastor of the 
Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) with first prefer- 
ence to students living within the bounds of the 
presbytery. 

Clyde L. and Frances H. Irwin, established in 
1999 to provide financial assistance to students 
based on need and merit. 

Palma Ceia, established in 2000 by Palma Ceia 
Church, Tampa, FL, to provide financial assistance 
to students based on need and merit. 

Peace River Presbytery, awarded to a church and 
campus scholar nominated by a pastor of the 
Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) with first prefer- 
ence to students living within the bounds of the 
presbytery. 

St. Andrew, established in 2000 by St. Andrew 
Church, Sun City, FL, to provide support for 
church and campus scholars. 



119 



St. Augustine Presbytery, awarded to a church 
and campus scholar nominated by a pastor of the 
Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) with first prefer- 
ence to students living within the bounds of the 
presbytery. 

Simmons Family, established in 1993 by G. 
Ballard and Deedie Simmons, a trustee of Eckerd 
College, to provide church and campus scholar- 
ships with first preference to students from 
Arlington Presbyterian Church, Jacksonville, FL. 

Tampa Bay Presbytery, awarded to a church and 
campus scholar nominated by a pastor of the 
Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) with first prefer- 
ence to students living within the bounds of the 
presbytery. 

Tropical Florida Presbytery, awarded to a church 
and campus scholar nominated by a pastor of the 
Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) with first prefer- 
ence to students living within the bounds of the 
presbytery. 



GENERAL SCHOLARSHIPS 
ENDOWED 

Alumni Founding Classes, established in 1960, to 
honor members of the first classes at Florida 
Presbyterian College. 

Amadeus Armond and Eve Tolomeo, established 
in 2001, awarded to music majors with emphasis 
on talent and preference to students dedicated to 
keyboard study. 

Suzanne Armacost Memorial, established in 1991 
by the family and friends of Suzanne Armacost and 
through a bequest from her friend and neighbor, 
Mary Murdock. It is awarded annually on the basis 
of merit to outstanding students who have demon- 
strated traits of character and leadership. 

Asian Studies, established in 2001, to fund study 
abroad opportunities for students. 

Emily Atkins, established in 1998 to benefit 
women interested in pursuing higher education. 

Margaret S. and Walter D. Bach Memorial, 

established in 1984, awarded annually to outstand- 
ing Florida students from Escambia, Okaloosa, 
Santa Rosa or Walton Counties. 

Bank of America, originally established in 1983 
by Home Federal, this scholarship has remained 
consistent though several bank mergers (Bamett 
and NationsBank). It is awarded annually to 
outstanding Juniors and Seniors on the basis of 



need and merit, with preference given to students 
majoring in business or a management related 
program with an interest in banking. 

Jack M. Bevan Memorial, established in 1999, in 
memory of the founding dean of Florida Presbyte- 
rian College. 

William B. Blackburn Honor, established in 
1989, awarded annually to Freshmen women of 
academic distinction who plan to major in 
business. Recipients must rank in top 10% of their 
high school graduation class with a GPA of at ' 

least a 3.5. Scholarships are renewable if the 
recipient has maintained a 3.0 GPA and demon- 
strated leadership and character. 

Ethel Fenton Bradford, established in 2000, 
awarded to young men of high scholastic standing 
with financial need. Preference is given to 
students majoring in scientific, mathematical, 
medical, legal, or diplomatic subjects. 

Charles Bradshaw, established in 1982. 

Buford Scholarship, established in 1982. 

Sherry Jo Byars, established in 1983 by W. Frank 
and Jo Byars in memory of their daughter, to be 
awarded annually to outstanding students on the 
basis of academic ability, leadership, and service. 

Alvah H. and Wyline P. Chapman Foundation, 

established in 1993, to be awarded annually based 
on need and merit. 

Howard M. and Ruth A. Davis, established in 
1984 for scholars who show strong leadership 
potential and the desire to be of service to others. 

Betty Jane Dimmitt Memorial, established in 
1983 by her family, to be awarded annually to 
Juniors and Seniors majoring in the fine arts. 

Eckerd Associates, established in 1995 by the 
Eckerd Corporation, to reward eligible employees ,^ 
and members of their families who have achieved " ''' 
scholastic excellence and who have a history of 
service to their schools, churches, and communities. ^ 

Jack Eckerd, established in 1984. 

Kennedy M. Eckerd Athletic, established in 
1973, awarded annually to selected scholar 
athletes. 

Fine Arts, established in 1985 by an anonymous 
friend of the college, to assist students majoring in 
the visual arts. 

David Fischer Minority, established in 2001 in 
honor of St. Petersburg Mayor David Fischer to 
help increase diversity among the Eckerd College 
student body. 



120 



Charles A. Frueauff Foundation, established in 
1999 to provide financial assistance to students 
with demonstrated need. 

Thomas and Hilda Giroiamo, established in 1988 
by Hilda Giroiamo in memory of her husband, 
who was a member of the Eckerd College staff. 
Awarded on the basis of need to a Florida high 
school graduate and continuing Florida resident. 

Ben Hill Griffin, Jr., established in 1982 by Mr. 
Griffin who was a founding trustee of the college. 
Awarded annually to students with financial need, 
academic ability and leadership qualities. 

James Groves, established in 2001 by Mabel W. 
Groves in memory of her father, awarded to 
students with financial need. 

Harley/Sitton, established in 1996 by Eugene and 
Donna Sitton in honor of Coach Jim Harley, to 
provide special talent scholarships in basketball. 

Chauncey M. and Jewel Heam International 
Study Fund, established for the purpose of 
enabling students to participate in overseas 
academic programs in Asia. 

William Randolph Hearst Endowed Scholarship 
for African American Students, established in 
1997 to provide support to African American 
students with demonstrated financial need. 

Alfred and Winifred Hodgson, established in 1986, 
awarded annually to students with financial need, 
who have demonstrated to be responsible givers. 

Robert A. James Memorial, established in 1983 
by his family, to be awarded annually to students 
with outstanding academic ability, leadership 
skills, and exceptional performance in either 
tennis, golf, or cross-country. 

Howard M. Johnson, established in 1975, 
awarded annually to outstanding students based 
on need. 

Elaine R. Kinzer Memorial, established in 1987, 
awarded to students with financial need majoring 
in management or business. 

Max Klarin Memorial, established in 1985, 
awarded annually to a student majoring in fine arts. 

Richard Klein, established in 2001 in memory of 
Viola Odenheimer, awarded to a student with 
financial need and community volunteer work. 
This scholarship honors Richard Klein, a 2001 
alumnus who majored in biology. 

Barbara J. Lannin Memorial Creative Writing, 

established in 2001 by Robert Sanderson and 



friends in memory ot their life-long friend. Awards 
will be based on a combination of need and merit 
in creative writing. 

Philip J. Lee, established in 1989, in honor of the 
college's first chairman of the board of trustees. 

Margaret Fahl Lofstrand Memorial, established 
in 1976 by her family to honor Margaret, who was 
a member of the founding class. Awarded annually 
to outstanding female students. 

Harold and Edna Madsen, established in 1996 by 
Edna Madsen to provide scholarships to Eckerd 
College students in perpetuity in memory of 
Harold M. and Edna C. Madsen. 

Frida B. Marx Memorial, established in 1984 by 
her husband. Annual award to student designated 
by Delta Phi Alpha, German honorary fraternity, 
for overseas study in Germany. 

Emily A. and Albert W. Mathison, established in 
1960, awarded on the basis of academic achieve- 
ment, character, and financial need. 

Matthew T. McDermott Memorial, established 
September 11, 2001 by his wife Susan Kroh 
McDermott '89 and friends. This scholarship 
celebrates the life of Matt McDermott '89 and is 
awarded to students with a passion for golf. 

Alfred A. McKethan, established in 1985, to 
provide ten annual scholarships to outstanding 
students, no more than three of whom are in the 
same academic class. Awards are determined by 
academic performance. Christian character, and 
evidence of leadership. 

William McLaughlin Memorial, established in 
1984 by Nash Stublen. Awarded annually to 
students with financial need to support their 
participation in international education or other 
off-campus programs. 

Meinke/Mentor Scholarship Fund, established in 
1993 by L. Howard and Rebecca Moss to honor 
Professor Peter Meinke who was the faculty 
Mentor to their daughter, Susan Moss '92. 
Awarded annually to students majoring in the 
humanities on the basis of merit. 

James A. Michener Creative Writing, established 
in 1992, awarded to a Junior or Senior year student 
who shows unusual promise in creative writing. 

Mari Sabusawa Michener, established in 1993, 
awarded on the basis of need to African Ameri- 
can, Asian American, Hispanic American, or 
Native American students who are U.S. citizens. 



121 



Daniel P. and Mary E. Miller PEL, established in 
2001 and awarded to a PEL Senior majoring in 
human developement with demonstrated financial 
need and a solid academic record. 

Jeff and Tracy Moon, established in 1995 by 
Eileen Moon '65 in honor of her children to help 
students and encourage other alumni who 
received scholarships to support the college. 
Awards are based solely on financial need. 

Glenn W. Morrison Memorial, established in 
1969, awarded annually to a music student 
selected by the music faculty. 

Mary Murdock International, established in 1997 
to assist international students who would 
otherwise be financially unable to attend Eckerd 
College. 

Cade Nabers Memorial, established in 1989 by 
Mr. and Mrs. John Nabers in memory of their son 
who was a member of the Class of 1 990, awarded 
annually to a Junior majoring in Literature. 

Azalia P. Oberg, established in 1976. 

Anne and James D. O'Donnell, established in 1999, 
awarded annually to single mothers who attain 
Junior or Senior status in the PEL program. Recipi- 
ents shall show evidence of academic ability, with 
traits of character, leadership and service that give 
promise of outstanding contribution to society. 

John O'Flaherty ASPEC Memorial, established in 
1989 by Mrs. O'Flaherty, awarded annually to an 
outstanding Junior or Senior majoring in economics. 

Karim Said Petrou Memorial, established in 1989 
by his family, awarded annually on the basis of 
financial need. 

Dominick J. and Maude B. Potter, established in 
1978, awarded annually to outstanding students 
with demonstrated financial need from high 
schools in St. Petersburg, PL. 

George A. Raftelis, established in 1997 by Mr. 
Raftelis, a 1969 alumnus and trustee of Eckerd 
College, is to be awarded annually to students who 
intend to major in business or environmental 
studies, with demonstrated financial need. 

Arthur T. and Helen J. Ratcliffe, established in 
2002, awarded to physically fit and morally sound 
Pinellas County students on the basis of academic 
achievement, character and financial need. 

Philip Reid Memorial, established in 1996 by 
Professor Emeritus George K. Reid in memory of 
his son. Awarded to outstanding students with 
demonstrated financial need. 



William and Sandra Ripberger, established in 
1993 by William '65 and Sandy '68 Ripberger, 
awarded annually based on financial need. 

R.A. Ritter, established in 1968, awarded 
annually with preference given to a son or 
daughter of an employee of the Ritter Finance 
Company of Wyncote, Pennsylvania; or to a 
student from Pennsylvania. 

Kathleen Anne Rome Memorial, established in 
1971, in memory of Kathleen Rome, who was a 
member of the class of 1971, is awarded annually to 
science students on the basis of scholastic aptitude, 
financial need, and compassion for humanity. 

Thelma P. and Maurice A. Rothman, first prefer- 
ence to Jewish students and Kane's Furniture 
employees and/or their children. Recipients will 
be selected on the basis of need and merit. 

Frank A. Saltsman, established in 1983. 

Robert T. and Fran V.R. Sheen, established in 
1989, provides financial assistance to students 
majoring in business or management. 

Eugene and Donna Sitton, established in 1985 by 
the Sittons to provide special talent scholarships 
in basketball. 

Joseph Sparling Memorial, established in 1976 by 
Mrs. Edna W. Sparling in memory of Joseph 
Sparling, to provide awards to worthy students 
with demonstrated need. 

Frances Shaw Stavros, established in 1987, 
awarded annually to graduates of Pinellas County 
public high schools with a minimum GPA of 3.2 
and demonstrated strong leadership and 
community service. 

Robert and Ruth Stevenson, established in 1967 
to provide financial assistance to students with 
demonstrated need. 

Thomas Presidential, established in 1973 by Mrs. 
Mildred Ferris, awarded annually on a competitive 
basis to the 20 most outstanding Freshmen. 

Voell Family, established in 1993, awarded 
annually based on demonstrated financial need. 

Samuel L. Westerman Foundation, established in 
2001, to provide scholarship support to students 
involved in the College's Children of Genocide 
program. 

Ray and Sylvia Weyl, established in 1994, to 
assist minority and disadvantaged students from 
Pinellas County, Florida, with special consider- 
ation given to African American students. 



122 



Maurice J. Williams, established in 1999 to 
provide scholarships to students based on need 
and merit. Recipients must maintain a minimum 
3.0 GPA and major in international relations and 
global affairs. 

Wittner, established in 1995 by Jean Giles 
Wittner, a trustee of Eckerd College, to provide 
need based scholarships to women who are 
majoring in business or intend to pursue business 
careers. 

John W. Woodward Memorial, established in 
1967, awarded annually with preference given to 
students from Gadsden County, Florida. 

Bruce R. Zemp Memorial Honors, established in 
1 983 by William and Noma Zemp in memory of 
their son. Awarded annually to an outstanding 
Junior or Senior with financial need and an 
interest in business or communications. 

Eckerd College Memorial, established to 
perpetuate the memory of alumni and friends who 
believed in the importance of a liberal arts 
education to our society: 

Elza Edwin and Gretchen R. Artman (1969) 

Betty-Jean Blaney (1997) 

Paul and Grace Creswell (1962) 

Carl Peter Damm (1963) 

Robert B.Hamilton (1959) 

Hope Presbyterian Church (1962) 

LoweryHoweU(1975) 

HuberC. Hurst (1973) 

Al Lang and Katherine Fage Lang (1959) 

Ruth Lumsden (1994) 

Glenn W. Morrison (1969) 

Jane Oesterle (1997) 

William Bell Tippetts (1960) 

Ross E. Wilson (1974) 

ANNUAL 

Ebba Aim, provides annual scholarship support tor 
incoming Freshman male students from Florida with 
preference given to EXinedin and North Pinellas 
County. First consideration to applicants interested 
in the study of medicine, biology, or chemistry. 

Ametek Minority, established in 1999, awarded to 
Junior or Senior level students based on financial 
need and scholarly achievement with first prefer- 
ence given to minority females followed by 
minority males. It is the preference of the donor 
that students major in a management field, such as 
marketing or finance, which would lead to a career 
in an industrial manufacturing environment. 



Maria Arabia Voice, established in 1999 to 
provide support to women sopranos who have 
demonstrated music ability and an interest in 
classical training and in pursuing music as either a 
career or active avocation. 

ASPEC, established by the Academy of Senior 
Professionals at Eckerd College to help deserving 
students. 

ASPEC African American, established in 2001 
by ASPEC members R. Ernest Mahaffery '68 and 
Shelia A. Penrose, to help increase diversity 
among the student body. First preference will be 
given to students from Pinellas County. Awards 
will be based on a combination of need, merit, and 
the potential for success. 

W. Paul Bateman, first awarded in 1978, provides 
annual scholarships for outstanding male students. 

Catalina Marketing, first awarded in 1998, provides 
assistance to students based on need and merit, who 
major in information technology or business and 
who are involved with the community. 

Clearwater Central Catholic High School, first 
awarded in 1981 to outstanding graduates of 
Central Catholic High School in Clearwater, 
Florida, made possible through gifts of an anony- 
mous donor. 

Penelope Ellis Memorial, established in 2000 by 
EC alumnus Ian Johnson '89 in memory of his 
mother, a career school teacher. Scholarships 
awarded to four residential students majoring in 
economics and/or political science. 

Florida Independent College Fund, provides 
financial aid to students through the following 
scholarships: 

Coca'Cola First Generation, awarded to a 
Senior who will be the first person in his or her 
family to graduate from college. 

Delta Airlines, awarded to a Junior or Senior who 
demonstrates a sincere interest in learning about 
other cultures, foreign languages or international 
relations and has a minimum 3.0 GPA. 

Florida Association of Broadcasters (LeRoy 
Collins Memorial), awarded to a Senior who 
has a concentration in broadcasting. 

Horida Bankers, awarded to a Senior majoring 
in business. 

Horida Conference of Black Legislators, 

awarded to an African American Florida 
resident with demonstrated need and a record of 
community ser\ace. 



123 



Rorida Maritime Industries, awarded to a 
Senior majoring in international business. 

Florida Rock Industries, awarded to a Senior 
majoring in business. 

Harcourt, awarded to a Junior or Senior 
majoring in English, communications or business. 

United Parcel Service, awards based on need 
and merit. 

U.S. Sugar Corporation, awards based on need 
and merit. 

Wages Opportunity, awarded to present or 
former welfare recipients or children of welfare 
recipients. 

First Union National Bank Minority, provides 
financial assistance to minority students based on 
need and merit. 

Focardi Great Bay Distributors, first awarded in 
1993, provides financial assistance to outstanding 
students based on need and merit. Eligible recipients 
are also involved in community service activities. 

Franklin/Iempleton Funds, first awarded in 1995 on 
the basis of demonstrated financial need to business 
majors with at least a 3.0 average. Eligible recipients 
are also involved in community service activities. 

Ruth L. Insel, established in 2001 to provide 
assistance to two senior students, one who intends 
to enroll in medical school after graduation, and 
the other who intends to enter into a career in 
social work. 

Irwin Contracting, established in 2000 to provide 
assistance to students based on need and merit. 
First priority will be given to students from the 
Tampa Bay area, followed by the State of Florida. 

George W. Jenkins, established in 1988, awarded 
on the basis of demonstrated financial need. 

Beulah Kahler, established by Mrs. Kahler to fund 
a student scholarship at restriced colleges by 
direction of her College Fund Board on an annual 
basis. 

TI Kirbo, first awarded in 1998, awarded to 
outstanding students on the basis of need and merit. 

Merchants Association, first awarded in 1988, 
awarded on the basis of need and merit to students 
involved in community volunteer activities. 

Peace Memorial, established in 2000 by Peace 
Memorial Church, Clearwater, FL, awarded to 
Presbyterian students who are residents of Pinellas 
County, FL. 



Pepsi-Cola Bottling Company, provides annual 
scholarships for students with financial need, with 
preference given to students from Hillsborough, 
Manatee, Pasco, Pinellas, and Sarasota Counties. 

Raymond James and Associates, first awarded in 
1986, provides annual scholarships for students 
with an interest in business. 

Selby Foundation, first awarded in 1968, to 
outstanding residential students from Florida, 
preference given to residents of Charlotte, 
DeSoto, Manatee and Sarasota Counties. 

Selby Foundation, first awarded in 2000, to fund 
adult students from Charlotte, DeSoto, Manatee or 
Sarasota Counties, working full-time and enrolled 
in the Program for Experienced Learners (PEL). 

SouthTrust Bank, first awarded in 1995, awards are 
based on a combination of need and merit. 
Recipients must maintain at least a 3.0 average and 
be involved actively in service to the community. 

USAA, established in 1994, awarded annually to 
students based on need and merit. 

Lettie Pate Whitehead, provides financial aid to 
deserving Christian girls who are residents of 
Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Missis- 
sippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennes- 
see, or Virginia. 

Women's Forum, established by members of 
Women's Forum at Eckerd College, to be awarded 
annually to a female student with financial need, 
good academic standing and who is involved in 
campus activities. 

LOAN FUNDS 

Joseph C. Beck (1987) 
Helen Harper Brown (1988) 
Gene Samuel Cain (1962) 
Sidney N.Trockey (1979) 

STUDENT RESEARCH FUNDS 

American Association of University Women 
(AAUW) The Florence Seibert Annual Student 
Research Fund, the purpose of the fund is to 
support young women doing student research in 
the field of science particularly chemistry in an 
effort to encourage them in pusuit of their 
knowledge in these areas. The student shall have a 
minimum of two years college-level academic 
work, maintaining a 3.0 GPA. 



124 



Eckerd College - BBSR Fellowship, established in 
1994 hy John and Rosemary Galhraith to provide a 
summer research fellowship for marine science students 
at the Bermuda Biological Station for Research. 

William G. McGarry Fund, in memory of William 
0. McGarry, a native of St. Petersburg, Florida, 
respected businessman and civic leader, who had a life- 
long appreciation for and dedication to the marine 
environment. Established in 1993 by his family and 
friends to support student projects involving field 
research in marine or esmarine science. All marine 
science majors are eligible to apply. 



GRANT PROGRAMS 

Grants are non-repayable awards made to students 
on the basis of specific criteria or skills within the 
limits of demonstrated financial need. Two 
important sources of grant funds are the federal 
government and state governments. 



residency requirements and attend college in 
Florida. The grants are approximately $1 ,100 per 
year, depending on the demonstrated need of the 
applicant and the availability of funds. For renewal, 
the recipient must earn a 2.0 cum GPA and the 
complete 24 credit hours in the academic year. 

FLORIDA RESIDENT ACCESS GRANT 

The Florida Resident Access Grant was established 
by the State of Florida for residents of the state who 
enroll in private colleges or universities in Florida. 
The program provides approximately $2,500 per year 
regardless of financial need to help defray the cost of 
tuition at Eckerd College. To qualify, a student or a 
parent of a dependent student must have resided in 
Florida for at least one year. For renewal, the student 
must maintain a 2.0 cumulative grade point average 
and complete 24 credit hours during the prior 
academic year. An application must be submitted to 
the Financial Aid oftice yearly. 



FEDERAL PELL GRANTS 

These grants are awarded from federal funds by the 
Office of Education. Awards are based on need 
and range from approximately $400 to $4,000 
depending on federal frinding. Application is 
made through the submission of the Free Applica- 
tion for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) and listing 
Eckerd College's code 001487 on the form. The 
student will receive the Student Aid Report at the 
student's home, and Eckerd College will receive its 
copy. The student's account will then be credited 
for the amount of the student's eligibility. 



FLORIDA BRIGHT FUTURES 
SCHOLARSHIPS 

The Florida Bright Futures Scholarship programs 
are lottery-frinded programs awarded to Florida 
high school graduates who demonstrate high 
academic achievement, meet residency require- 
ments, and enroll at least half time in an eligible 
Florida school. Programs are the Florida Aca- 
demic Scholars Award, Merit Scholars Award, and 
the Gold Seal Vocational Scholars Award. Each 
has difterent academic criteria for eligibility and 
renewal and a different award amount. 



FEDERAL SUPPLEMENTAL 
EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITY 
GRANTS 

These grants are awarded from federal funds and 
administered by the college. They are limited at 
Eckerd College to students with exceptional 
financial need. Application is made through the 
submission of the FAFSA. 



OTHER FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP AND 
GRANT PROGRAMS 

For a complete listing of Florida scholarship, grant, 
and teacher education programs, including 
eligibility criteria and application procedures, 
please contact the Eckerd College Financial Aid 
Office. Applicants must be Florida residents. 



FLORIDA STUDENT 
ASSISTANCE GRANTS 

Florida Student Assistance Grants (FSAG) are 
awarded on the basis of demonstrated financial 
need determined by the processing of the Free 
Application for Federal Student Aid and releasing 
the infonnation to the State of Rorida by the 
deadline date. Applicants must meet Florida 



ECKERD COLLEGE GRANTS 

These grants are available to students who rank in 
the upper one-half of their graduating class and 
demonstrate financial need. Achievement in 
various cunicular and co-curricular activities is 
considered. Special consideration is given to the 
sons and daughters of Presbyterian ministers or 
missionaries in recognition of the institution's 



125 



Presbyterian heritage and relationships. Renewal 
of Eckerd College Grants requires a 2.0 cumula- 
tive grade point average. 

OTHER SOURCES OF GIFT AID 

VETERANS' BENEFITS 

Eckerd College is approved for die education and 
training of veterans, service members, and depen- 
dents of veterans eligible for benefits under the 
various V.A. educational programs. Students who 
may be eligible for V.A. benefits are urged to contact 
their local V.A. office as soon as accepted by the 
college, and must file an application for benefits 
through the Office of the Registrar. No certification 
can be made until the application is on file. Since the 
first checks each year are often delayed, it is advisable 
for the veteran to be prepared to meet all expenses 
for about two months. There are special VA. 
regulations regarding independent study, audit 
courses, standards of progress, special student 
enrollment, dual enrollment in two schools, and 
summer enrollment. It is the student's responsibility 
to inquire to the V.A. office concerning special 
regulations and to report any change in status which 
affects the rate of benefits. 

A student's V.A. educations benefits will be 
temiinated if he/she remains on probation for 
more than two consecutive semesters/tenns as 
mandated by The Department of Veterans Affairs. 



CHURCH, CIVIC, AND BUSINESS 
SCHOLARSHIPS 

In many local communities, scholarships are 
provided each year by various church, civic and 
business organizations to children of members, 
citizens, and employees. Students are encouraged to 
seek private scholarships. Infonnation is available at 
your local library and in the Eckerd College Career 
Services and Financial Aid offices. For a free 
scholarship search, please see www.fastweb.com. 



LOAN PROGRAMS 

Many families whose current income and savings 
are not sufficient to finance college expenditures 
borrow funds through low interest educational 
loans to supplement their financing plans. 



FEDERAL STAFFORD LOANS 
(formerly Guaranteed Student Loans) 

Federal Stafford Loan applications are available 
from banks and lending agencies, and from the 
Eckerd College Financial Aid office. Depending 
upon eligibility, Freshmen may borrow up to $2,625 
per year; Sophomores may borrow up to $3,500 per 
year; and Juniors and Seniors may borrow up to 
$5,500 per year not to exceed $23,000 in their 
undergraduate work for educational expenses. 
Students must submit a Free Application for 
Federal Student Aid to establish eligibility. The 
interest rate is variable yearly not to exceed 8.25 
percent, and new borrowers have a six months 
grace period following termination of at least 
half-time school attendance before repayment must 
begin. EXiring the time the student is in school and 
during the grace period, the federal government will 
pay the interest on behalf of the student to the 
lender. Withdrawal from college for one semester 
will cause the six months grace period to lapse and 
repayments to fall due. Repayment following the 
tennination of the grace period will be at least $50 
per month. Deferment from payment is allowed for 
the return to school at least halftime enrollment, or 
for other specified conditions. Families interested in 
the program should contact the Financial Aid office 
for a loan application and current information. The 
processing of Stafford Loan applications requires 
twelve to sixteen weeks. 



UNSUBSIDIZED FEDERAL 
STAFFORD LOAN 

Unsubsidized Federal Stafford Loans may be 
available to students who do not qualify for 
need-based Stafford Loans. Unsubsidized Federal 
Stafford Loans carry the same yearly loan limits, 
interest rate, aggregate limit, and deferment 
provisions for new borrowers as do the Federal 
Stafford Loans (see above). Independent students 
may borrow a larger sum it otherwise eligible. 
However, with the Unsubsidized Federal Stafford, 
interest will accrue following the loan disburse- 
ments, and the student is responsible for the 
interest to the lending institution while the student 
is in school and during the grace period. During 
these periods, the interest may either be paid 
regularly or may be capitalized (added to the 
principal) to be paid later with the principal 
payments. The principal payments may be deferred 
(postponed) while the student is in school and 
during the grace period. Students might qualify for a 



126 



partial Federal Stafford Loan on the basis of 
demonstrated need and receive the remainder up to 
the yearly limit (see above) in an Unsubsidized 
Federal Staftord. Students interested in the program 
should contact the Financial Aid oftice. The 
processing of Unsubsidized Federal Stafford Loan 
applications requires twelve to sixteen weeks. 



MONTHLY PAYMENT PROGRAMS 

Monthly payments may be arranged without 
interest, and very minimal fee by the family 
through selected companies. Contact the Student 
Accounts office, Eckerd College for current 
information. 



FEDERAL PERKINS LOANS 

The Federal Perkins Loan (fonnerly the National 
Direct Student Loan program) is administered by 
the college from federal and college funds. To 
qualify' for a Federal Perkins Loan, the student must 
apply to the college and demonstrate financial 
need. No interest will accrue until the beginning of 
the repa^Tnent period, nine months, following 
termination of at least half-time school attendance. 
Interest charges during the repayment period are 
only five percent per year on the unpaid balance. 



FEDERAL PLUS LOANS 

Under this program parents may borrow for 
educational purposes up to the cost of education 
without regard to need, but other assistance 
awarded the student will be taken into account. 
The college recommends that the parent(s) bonow 
no more than is absolutely necessary. A separate 
application is required for certification by the 
Financial Aid office and submission to your lending 
institution. The interest rate is variable yearly but 
cannot exceed 9 percent and repa^Tuent begins 
within sixt>' days of disbursement of the proceeds of 
the loan. Additional information is available in the 
Financial Aid office. 



THE MARY E. MILLER PEL 
STUDENT LOAN EUND 

Established by Mary E. Miller '97, to provide 
short-term, no-interest "gap" loans to PEL 
students which will enable these students to 
continue their education without interruption in 
order to remain on active status. 



INSTITUTIONAL LOANS 

Eckerd College has limited institutional loan funds 
available, usually for exceptional need situations. 
For details, contact the Financial Aid office. 



EMPLOYMENT 

The Career Services office assists students in 
finding part-time employment on or off campus. 
Preference is given to students who demonstrate 
financial need. Campus employment opportunities 
include work as a clerk or secretary, a food ser\'ice 
employee, a custodian or maintenance worker, 
lifeguard, or a laboratory assistant. Information on 
off-campus jobs is available through the 
Career-Services office. 



FEDERAL WORK-STUDY PROGRAM 

Students may qualify for this program on the basis 
of need by submitting a Free Application for 
Federal Student Aid, and may work on campus 
seven to twenty hours per week. Eligible students 
may have the opportunity to perform community 
service through the work-study program. Students 
should contact the Career Services office concern- 
ing available community^ service jobs. 



FLORIDA WORK 
EXPERIENCE PROGRAM 

A student who is a Florida resident, enrolled at 
least half-time, and who demonstrates need may 
qualify for this work program. Jobs are available off 
campus and must be career related. Wages and 
hours may vary. The State of Florida will reim- 
burse the student's public school employer for one 
hundred percent of the wages, or other employers, 
seventy percent of the wages. The Career Services 
office will assist with placement and with the 
completion of a special contract. 



RENEWAL CRITERL\ 

Financial aid to a student at Eckerd College may 
be renewable on an annual basis. All Eckerd 
college grants and most aid from other sources 
require a minimum cumulative grade point 



127 



average of 2.0 for renewal. The Free Application 
for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) must be 
completed each year prior to March 1 for the 
following academic year. All students who are 
eligible to return for a subsequent year (except 
international students requiring 1-20 forms) are 
eligible for consideration for need-based financial 
aid. Awards from all sources may vary from year to 
year based on criteria established by the college 
and other private or public agencies. 



APPEAL PROCESS 

Appeals for financial aid awards or any financial 
aid question, may be made in writing. To facilitate 
the appeal process, the entering student may 
contact the Coordinator of New Student Aid and 
the returning student may obtain and return an 
appeal form from the Financial Aid office. 
Appeals are reviewed by the Financial Aid 
Appeals Committee. 



STUDENT CONSUMER 
INFORMATION 

The following information is available at Eckerd 
College, as required by Federal regulation: 

INSTITUTIONAL INFORMATION 

Information concerning Eckerd College's aca- 
demic programs, accreditation, cost, and other 
institutional information may be obtained from 
the College. Residential students may contact the 
Admissions office or access the web site at 
www.eckerd.edu/admissions. Program for Experi- 
ence Learners (PEL) may contact the Office of 
Program for Experience Learners or access their 
web site at www.eckerd.edu/pel. 



FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE 
INFORMATION 

Information is available from Eckerd College 
concerning federal, state, institutional, and other 
financial assistance programs. Residential students 
may obtain financial assistance infonnation from 
the Financial Aid office or by accessing the Eckerd 
College Admissions and Financial Aid web sites at 
www.eckerd.edu. Program for Experience Learners 
(PEL) students may obtain financial assistance 
information from PEL Financial Services or by 
accessing the PEL web site at www.eckerd.edu and 
clicking on the "Adult Degree Program (PEL)" 



link. The U.S. Department of Education's most 
comprehensive resource on student financial aid is 
the Student Guide for Fhmncial Aid. It has been 
added to the Department of Education's web site 
at www.ed.gov/prog_info/SFA/StudentGuide/ and 
is updated each year. 

ATHLETIC PROGRAM DISCLOSURES 

The Financial Aid Office at Eckerd College has 
selected information available concerning the 
Institution's athletic program. Yearly reports 
provide data pertaining to athletically-related 
student aid, total yearly revenue and total 
expenses related to athletic activities, and other 
information pertinent to the men's and women's 
teams. Please contact the Financial Aid office for 
copies of the yearly reports. 

CAMPUS SAFETY 

In accordance with the Campus Awareness and 
Campus Security Act of 1990 and recent amend- 
ments known as the Cleary Act and associated 
amendments to the higher Education Act, Eckerd 
College provides information relating to crime 
statistics and security measures to prospective 
students, enrolled students, and employees. The 
Eckerd College Office of Campus Safety submits 
an annual report on crime statistics to the State of 
Florida and beginning in 2000 to the Federal 
Department of Education. To view this and related 
information, please go to the following link: 

http://www.eckerd.edu/safety/stats.html 

Students must assume responsibility for their own 
personal safety and the security of their personal 
belongings by taking simple, common sense 
precautions. For example, although the campus is 
well lighted, any student, male or female, may feel 
more comfortable by requesting escort service 
when returning to the residence halls late at night. 
Dorm room doors and windows should be locked 
at all times, but especially at night and when the 
room is unoccupied. Valuable items, such as 
stereos, cameras, and televisions, should be 
conspicuously marked. An engraving service is 
offered by the Office of Campus Safety and 
Security at no charge. Bicycles must be registered 
with the Campus Safety office as well as the City 
of Saint Petersburg and should be secured with a 
sturdy "U" type lock. Students must park their cars 
in the designated spaces and should keep their 
vehicles locked at all times. Valuables should be 
locked in the trunk and out of view. Students 



128 



should report any suspicious looking individuals 
whom they feel do not belong in their residence 
halls or any unusual incidents in and around the 
residence halls to the Campus Safety oftice at 
extension 8260; oii campus dial direct 864-8260. 

GRADUATION RATES 

Intomiation concerning graduation rates at Eckerd 
is available upon request from the Office of 
Institutional Research. Graduation rates for 
students who receive athletically related aid, listed 
by team and gender, are also available. Contact 
the Office of Institutional Research at Eckerd 
College for a copy of the report. 

RIGHTS UNDER FAMILY EDUCATION 
RIGHTS AND PRIVACY ACT (FERPA) 

Students and parents may obtain inttmnation 
pertaining to their rights under the Family 
Education Rights and Privacy Act. The proce- 
dures for obtaining and the right to review the 
student's academic and educational records may be 
requested from the Registrar's office (see page 25). 



EXPENSES 

Eckerd College is a private, non-tax-supported 
institution. Tuition and fees pay only a portion 
(approximately 62 percent) of the educational 
costs per student. Thanks to the support of donors, 
the balance of costs is paid from endowment 
income and gifts from individuals, the Presbyte- 
rian Churches, and various corporations. 

The following schedules list the principal expenses 
and regulations concerning the payment of fees for 
the academic year 2002-03. All fees and expenses 
listed below are those in effect at the time of 
publication of the catalog. They are subject to 
change by the action of the Board of Trustees. 
When such changes are made, notice will be given 
as far in advance as possible. 



COMPREHENSIVE CHARGES 

Resident Commuter 

Tuition $21,262' $21,262 

Room and Board 5,686" 

Total $26,948 $21.262 



'The full-time tuition fees cover a maximum of 
ten (10) course registrations plus one short term 
during the academic year provided that no more 
than five courses are taken per semester. Students 
registering for more than five courses per semester 
or ten courses per year plus a short term course will 
be charged an additional tuition of $2,558 per 
course. A student registering for a year-long course 
may register for six courses in one semester and 
four in the other with no additional charges. 

-Students with home addresses outside the 
immediate vicinity of the college are required to 
live on campus. Exceptions may be made with the 
approval of the Director of Residence Life. Since 
resident students are required to participate in the 
board plan, all resident students will be charged for 
both room and board. 

A Students' Organization Fee of $226 per aca- 
demic year is collected in addition to the above 
charges. Cost of hooks and supplies is approxi- 
mately $500 per semester. 



TUITION AND TERM FEES 

Tuition, full-time per semester: $ 1 0,63 1 

Students' Organization Fee, per year: $226 



ROOM AND BOARD 

Semester Annual 

Double Occupancy $1,339 $2,678 

Double Single 2,347 4,694 

Single 2,027 4,054 

Comer-Double 1,562 3,124 

Nu-Domi 1,707 3,414 

Oberg- Double 1,533 3,066 

Oherg-Smgle 2,100 4,200 



Oberg - Suite - 2-person 2,100 4,200 

Oberg - Suite - 4-person 1,675 3,350 

Omega Apt. - 5-person 2,329 4,658 

(2-dbls/l -single) 

Omega Apt. - 4-person 2,329 4,658 

(2-dbls) 

Omega Apt. - 4-person 2,615 5,230 

(4-singles) 

Base room rate ($1,339) has been included in 
Comprehensive Charges. Charges above the base 
rate for single occupancy of double room or for 
single room will be added to Comprehensive 



129 



Charges. These added charges are noted above. 

Room Damage Deposit: $50.00. This deposit is 
required in anticipation of any damage which may 
be done to a dormitory room. If damage is in 
excess of the deposit, the balance will be charged 
to the student's account. Any balance left of the 
deposit will be refunded to the student upon 
leaving college. 





Semester 


Semester 


Annual 




Plan 


Tax 


Cost 


21 'Meal Plan 


$1,406 


$98 


$3,008 


15 -Meal Plan 


$1,293 


$91 


$2,768 


lO'Meal Plan 


$1,229 


$86 


$2,630 


Omega Apt. Plan 


$1,109 


$78 


$2,374 



FEE FOR PART-TIME STUDENTS 

Tuition per course: $ 2,258 

Students are considered part-time when they 
enroll for fewer than three courses per semester. 

OVERLOAD FEE 

Tuition per course: $ 2,258 

Fee for students enrolling in more than 2 1 credit 
hours per semester. 

AUDIT FEE 

Tuition per course: $495 

(no credit or evaluation) 

Full-time students may audit courses without fee 
with the permission of the instructor. 



LAB FEE (per semester) $50 

A fee assessed all students participating in a 
scientific laboratory. 



PET FEE $50 

Additional charge for pet on campus. 

LATE PAYMENTS 

A charge will be assessed monthly on all 
outstanding balances after due dates. The rate is 
adjusted quarterly. 

Late physical examination (for new students who 
have not had physical examination by registration 
day): $50. 



MISCELLANEOUS FEES 

Acceptance Fee (new students): $100 

A fee required of new students upon acceptance 
by Eckerd College. This fee is not refundable and 
will be applied against the comprehensive charge. 

Application Fee (new students): $25 

This fee accompanies the application for admis- 
sion submitted by new students. 

Credit by Examination Fee: $995 

A fee for an examination to determine proficiency 
in a particular subject to receive course credit. 

Lost Key Fee: Resident students are issued keys to 
their rooms. The fee for replacing a lost key is $40. 

Orientation Fee: (Freshmen only): $100 

This fee partially covers the additional cost of 
special orientation activities provided for Freshmen. 

Re-Examination Fee: $207 

A fee for a re-examination of course material. 

Transcript Fee: $2 

There is a $2 charge per transcript. 

Transfer Students Orientation Fee: $40 

Applied Music Fees: 

These fees apply even though music lessons are 
not taken for credit, and are fees in addition to 
regular tuition charges. 

Semester Year 

One hour per week $535 $1 ,070 

One half hour per week $268 $536 

HEALTH INSURANCE 

Accident Insurance (Plan 1) is provided by the 
college and covers the student for the academic 
year (9 months) at no charge. All full-time 
students are automatically enrolled in the major 
medial (Plan 11) expanding the accident insurance 
to cover sickness as well as accidents for a full 12 
months. Participation in this plan is automatic 
unless a signed waiver card is returned to the 
business office. 
Plan 11: $85 ^ 

METHODS OF PAYMENT 

Payments are due in full by the due dates listed in 
the Financial Guide Book. Enrollment with the 
monthly payment plan through AMS must be 



130 



confirmed by the due dates. No student shall be 
pemiitted to register for a semester unless all 
balances are paid in full. For your convenience, 
Mastercard, Visa, American Express and Discover 
payments are accepted by telephone or written 
request to the Business office. Pre-registrations will 
be dropped if payment is not received by the due 
dates. 

Students who have unpaid bills at the College are 
subject to dismissal from the College and, as long 
as such payments remain unpaid, may not receive 
transcripts of credit or any diploma. 

Students desiring monthly payment plans must 
make arrangements through the following 
company. 

Academic Management Services (AMS) 
Ones AMS Place 
RO. Box 100 
Swansea, MA 02777 
(800)635-0120 

All arrangements and contracts are made directly 
between the parent and AMS. 

SHORT-TERM LOANS 

The college has limited funds for emergency 
short-term loans up to $50. These loans must be 
paid within a maximum thirty day period. 
Students should apply to the campus cashier for 
such loans. 

DIRECTED STUDY, 
INDEPENDENT STUDY AND 
FINANCIAL AID 

If a student who is receiving financial aid is 
enrolled in only Directed Study or Independent 
Study courses and the student is not enrolled in an 
Eckerd College travel abroad program, the 
enrollment may be reviewed. The student may 
receive a markedly reduced cost of education with 
a greatly reduced financial aid package. 

STUDENTS WHO WITHDRAW 
FROM ECKERD COLLEGE MUST 
COMPLETE THE FOLLOWING 
STEPS: 

1 . Complete a withdrawal form in the Student 
Affairs office 



2. Have the withdrawal form signed in the Financial 
Aid office. If you have been awarded the Federal 
Stafford Loan, you must have exit counseling. 

3. If you have been awarded the Federal Perkins 
Loan or an institutional loan, you must complete 
exit counseling for those loans in the Student 
Loan office located in the Business office. 

4. Return the withdrawal form to the Student 
Affairs office and schedule an appointment for 
a brief interview with the Dean of Students. 

5. Go to the Housing office and complete a 
room inventory. 

6. Go to the Student Accounts office to 
determine the status of your account, and 
detemiine what refunds must be returned to 
applicable assistance programs and, if 
applicable, to the student (see pertinent 
information in sections below). 

Please note additional information in the Eckerd 
College Financial Guide concerning withdrawal 
policies and procedures. 

CANCELLATION AND 
WITHDRAWAL POLICY FOR 
ALL STUDENTS 

All charges for a term will be canceled, except the 
$100 non-refundable reservation deposit after 
May 1 , and payments will be refunded if a written 
cancellation request is received prior to the first 
day of classes for that term. 

For those students withdrawing after the start of 
classes, credit for tuition, room and board will be 
pro-rated through 60% of the semester. For 
detailed information on charges associated with 
withdrawing, refer to the Financial Aid Guide or 
call the Business office. 

It is important to note that students with 
financial aid who withdraw during a semester 
will typically owe a balance to the College 
because of the loss of aid and because only a 
certain percentage of charges are cancelled. 

Eckerd College Grants or Scholarships will be pro- 
rated based on days completed through 60% of the 
payment period. 

Florida Aid will be granted only if the withdrawal 
occurs after the end of the drop/add period for fall 
and spring semesters. 

Whether or not Federal Aid is granted is depen- 
dent on a specific Federal formula, which is 



131 



applied to students at Eckerd College through 
60% of the payment period. The earned aid for 
tuition, fees, room and hoard will be proportioned 
through 60% oi the payment period. By the 
Federal formula, it is determined whether any 
refund must be returned by the institution, and by 
the student, to Federal Aid accounts. The 
application of refunding occurs in the following 
order: 

♦ Federal Unsubsidized Stafford Loan 

♦ Federal Subsidized Stafford Loan 

♦ Federal Perkins Loan 

♦ Federal PLUS 

♦ Federal Pell Grant 

♦ Federal Supplemental Educational 

Opportunity Grant 

♦ Other Federal Title IV assistance 

If the student has unpaid charges to Eckerd 
College, any remaining portion of refund that was 
to be returned to the student will first be applied 
to the unpaid balance. 

Additional infomiation and sample calculations 
are available in the Financial Aid office. 



STUDENT/PARENT APPEAL 
PROCESS OF WITHDRAWAL 
POLICIES 

Any student or parent may appeal any decision 
made concerning a refund oi Title IV Federal 
assistance in relation to the withdrawal policies 
described above. The appeal may be addressed to 
the Director of Financial Aid at the Financial Aid 
office, Eckerd College. 

WITHHOLDING OF 
TRANSCRIPTS FOR STUDENTS 
WHO DEFAULT ON LOANS OR 
OWE A STUDENT 
ACCOUNT BALANCE 

Students who default on any Federal Title IV Loan 
or an Eckerd College institutional loan will have 
their academic transcripts at Eckerd College 
withheld. The Registrar may not release an official 
academic transcript until the college receives 
notification in writing from the applicable 
guarantee agency, the Department of Education, 
or other holder of the defaulted loan, that the 
default status have been resolved. 



Federal Title IV Loans affected by this policy are 
as follows: 

Federal Perkins Loan 

Federal Stafford Loan 

Federal Unsubsidized Stafford Loan 

Federal Supplemental Loan for Students (SLS) 
(prior borrowers) 

Federal Plus Loan 

Institutional loans affected by this policy are: 
Oberg 
Frueauff 
Noyes 
Selby 

Ben Hill Griffin 
Trockey 

Helen Harper Brown 
Beck Donor 

Students in default status on any Federal Title IV 
Loan will be reported to the National Student 
Loan Data System (NSLDS). Therefore, students 
in default on any Federal Title IV Loan may 
receive no additional federal assistance at any 
school until the default status is resolved. 

To resolve the default status, the borrower holding a 
Federal Perkins Loan or institutional loan should 
contact the Eckerd College Student Loan office. The 
borrower holding a defaulted Stafford, SLS or PLUS 
Loan should contact the lender and guarantee agency. 
Provisions may be obtained for satisfactory arrange- 
ments for repayment to resolve the default status. Also, 
consolidation of federal loans or other avenues may be 
available to resolve the defauk status. 

The Registrar's office will also withhold official 
academic transcripts for the students who withdrew 
or graduated from Eckerd College owing a balance 
on their student account. To resolve the debt, the 
student should contact the Student Accounts office. 



132 



THE FACULTY OF ECKERD COLLEGE 



Faculty of the Collegium of 
Behavioral Science 

Tom Oberhofer 

Chair, Behavioral Science Collegium 
Professor of Economics 
B.S., Fordham University 
M.A., Ph.D., Rutgers University 

Anthony R. Brunello 

Associate Projessor of Political Science 
B.A., University ot California, Davis 
M.S., Ph.D., University of Oregon 

Salvatore Capobianco 
Professor of Psychology 
B.A., M.A., University of Kansas 
Ph.D., Rutgers University 

Mark H. Davis 

Professor of Psychology 

B.A., University of Iowa 

Ph.D., University of Texas, Austin 

William F. Felice 

Associate Professor of Political Science 
B.A., University of Washington 
M.A., Goddard College 
Ph.D., New York University 

Michael G. Flaherty 
Professor of Sociology 
B.A., M.A., University of South 

Florida 
Ph.D., University of Illinois 

Diana L. Fuguitt 

Professor of Economics 
B.A., Eckerd College 
M.A., Ph.D., Rice University 

Edward T. Grasso 

Professor of Decision Sciences 
B.A., B.S., M.B.A., Old Dominion 

University 
Ph.D., Virginia Polytechnic Institute 
and State University 

Peter K. Hammerschmidt 
Professor of Economics 
B.S., M.S., Ph.D., Colorado State 
University 

Marjorie Sanfilippo Fiardy 

Assistant Professor of Psychology 
B.S., Mary Washington College 
Ph.D., University of Miami 

John Patrick Fienry 
Professor of Sociology 
B.S., University of South Carolina 
M.A., Ph.D., University of 
Massachusetts 

Jeffrey A. Floward 

Associate Professor of Psychology 
B.A., Valparaiso University 
M.S., Ph.D., Kansas State University 

Shiping Flua 

Associate Professor of Political Science 
B.A., Tianjin Foreign Language 
Institute, China 
I M.L., Chinese Academy of Social 

Sciences 
Ph.D., University of Hawaii 



Darryl B. Lanoue 

Assistant Professor of Management 

B.A., Brandeis University 

M.B.A., Bryant College 

Ph.D., University of Rhode Island 
Linda L. Lucas 

Projessor of Economics 

B.A., University of Texas, Austin 

Ph.D., University ot Hawaii 
James M. MacDougall 

Professor oj Psychology 

B.S., Highlands University, New 
Mexico 

M.A., Ph.D., Kansas State University 
Mary K. Meyer 

Associate Professor of Political Science 

B.A., M.A., University of South 
Florida 

Ph.D., University of Massachusetts 
Donna Marie Oglesby 

Diploniat in Residence 

B.A., Washington College 

M.A., Columbia University 
Donna A. Trent 

Assistant Professor of Management 

B.A, Newcomb College 

M.Ed., M.S., Ph.D., Tulane University 
William E. Winston 

Professor of Sociology 

B.A., Central Washington University 

M.A., Ph.D., Washington State 
University 



Faculty of the Collegium of 
Comparative Cultures 

Thomas J. DiSalvo 

Chair, Comparative Cultures Collegium 

Associate Professor of Spanish 
B.A., Hillsdale College 
M.A., Middlebury College, Spain 
Ph.D., University of Wisconsin 

Victoria J. Baker 

Professor of Anthropology 
B.A., Sweet Briar College 
B.A., M.A., Ph.D., University of 
Leiden, Netherlands 

Balbir B. Bhasin 

Assistant Professor of Intenwtiorial 

Business 
B.A., B.B.A., Lakehead University, 

Ontario, Canada 
M.I.M., American Graduate School of 

International Management 
Ph.D., University of South 
Australia 

Anna R. Dixon 

Assistant Professor of Anthropology 
B.A., University of South Carolina 
M.A., University of Tennessee 

Lee B. Hilliker 

Associate Professor of French 
B.A., University of Florida 
M.A., Florida State University 
Ph.D., Duke University 



Margarita M. Lezcano 

Associate Professor of Spanish 
B.A, Florida International University 
M.A., University of Florida 
Ph.D, Florida State University 
Naveen K. Malhotra 

Associate Professor of Management 

and Finance 
M.B.A., University of Tampa 
Ph.D., University of South Florida 
Antonio Melchor 

Assistant Professor of Italian and 

Spanish 
B.A., University of California at 

Berkeley 
M.A., Yale University 
Ph.D., Yale University 
Allan D. Meyers 

Assistant Professor of Anthropology 
B.A., Centre College of Kentucky 
M.A., University of Alabama 
Ph.D., Texas A&.M University 
Yolanda Molina-Gavilan 

Associate Professor of Spanish 
B.A., University of Wisconsin 
M.A., University of Oregon 
Ph.D., Arizona State University 
Martha B. Nichols-Pecceu 
Associate Professor of French 
B.A., Centre College 
M.A., Ph.D., Duke University 
Jing Shen 

Assistant Professor of Chinese 

Language and Literature 
B.A., M.A., Beijing Foreign Studies 

University 
Ph.D., Washington University 
Steve Sizoo 

Assistant Professor of Management 

and International Business 
B.S., University of Southern 

California 
M.B.A., University of Southern 

California 
D.B.A., Nova Southeastern 

University 

Faculty of the Collegium of 
Creative Arts 

V. Sterling Watson 

Chair, Creative Arts Collegium 
Professor of Literature and Creative 

Writing 
B.A., Eckerd College 
M.A., University of Florida 

Albert Howard Carter, III 

Professor of Comparative Literature 

and Humanities 
B.A., University of Chicago 
M.A., Ph.D., University of Iowa 

Nancy Corson Carter 
Professor of Humanities 
B.A., Susquehanna University 
M.A., Ph.D, University of Iowa 



133 



Mark J. Castle 

Assistant Professor of Theatre 
B.A., University of Leeds, England 
M.F.A. University of Memphis 

Joan Osborn Epstein 
Professor of Music 
B.A., Smith College 
M.M., Yale University School of 
Music 

Ellen Graham 

Assistant Professor of Theatre 
B.A., Tufts University, 1976 
M.A., University of Utah, 1995 

Sandra A. Harris 

Professor of Hwrian Development 
B.S., M.S., Ph.D., Virgmia 
Commonwealth University 

Nancy G. Janus 

Associate Professor of Human 

Development 
B.A., Wells College 
M.Ed., University of Hartford 
Ed.D., University of Massachusetts 

Pamela C. Miller 

Director oj the Oral Communication 

Program 
F arris and Victoria Rahall Assoc. Prof. 

of Communication 
M.A., B.A., Purdue University 
Ph.D., University of Southern 
California 

Brian Ransom 

Associate Professor of Visual Arts 
B.F.A., New York State College of 

Ceramics 
M.A., University of Tulsa 
M.F.A., Claremont Graduate School 

April Schwarzmueller 

Assistant Professor of Human 

Development 
B.A., Wake Forest University 
M.A., Ph.D., Emory University 

Arthur N. Skinner 

Professor oj Visual Arts 

B.A., Eckerd College 

M.V.A., Georgia State University 

Marion Smith 

Associate Professor of Music 
B. Mus., Xavier College 
M.A., Washington State University 
Ph.D., Washington University, 
St. Louis 

Claire A. Stiles 

Professor of Human Development 
B.S., Rutgers University 
M.A., Southwest Texas State 

University 
Ph.D., University of Florida 

Cynthia Totten 

Professor of Theatre 

B.A., M.A., Northwestern State 

University of Louisiana 
M.F.A., Southern Illinois University 
Ph.D., University of Nebraska 



Kirk Ke Wang 

Associate Professor of Visual Arts 
B.F.A., M.F.A., Nanjing Normal 

University, China 
M.F.A. , University of South Florida 
D. Scott Ward 

Professoi- of Creative Writing and 

Literature 
B.S., Auburn University 
M.A., University ot South Carolina 
Kathryn J. Watson 

Assistant to the President for 

Academic Affairs 
Associate Dean for Faculty 

Development and 

Intergenerational Learning 
Professor of Education 
B.A., Eckerd College 
M.Ed., Ed.D., University of Florida 



Faculty of the Collegium 
of Letters 

William B. Kelly 

Chair, Letters Collegium 

Assistant Professor of Rhetoric 

B.S., Eckerd College 

M.A., Ph.D., University of South 
Florida 
Nathan Andersen 

Assistimt Professor of Philosophy 

B.S., Brigham Young University 

Ph.D., Pennsylvania State University 
Constantina Rhodes Bailly 

Associate Professoi' of Religious Studies 

B.A., Rutgers University 

M.A., Ph.D., Columbia University 
Jewel Spears Brooker 

Professor of Literature 

B.S., Stetson University 

M.A., University of Florida 

Ph.D., University of South Florida 
David J. Bryant 

Professor of Religious Sti4dies 

B.A., Harding College 

M.A., Abilene Christian College 

M.Div., Ph.D., Princeton 
Theological Seminary 
Andrew Chittick 

E. Leslie Peter Assistant Professor of 
East Asian Hionanities 

B.A., Pomona College 

M.A., Ph.D., University of Michigan 
Julienne H. Empric 

Professor of Literature 

B.A., Nazareth College of Rochester 

M.A., York University 

Ph.D., University of Notre Dame 
Bruce V. Foltz 

Professor of Philosophy 

B.A., Sonoma State University 

M.A., Ph.D., Pennsylvania State 
University 



James R. Goetsch, Jr. 

Assistant Professor of Philosophy 
B.A., M.A., Louisiana State 

University 
Ph.D., Emory University 

M. Suzan Harrison 

Chair, Foundations Collegium 

Associate Dean for General Education 

Professor of Rhetoric 

B.A., Eckerd College 

M.A., Florida State University 

Ph.D., University of North Carolina 

Bamet P. Hartston 

Assistant Professor of History 
B.A., University of California, Los 

Angeles 
M.A., Ph.D., University of 
California, San Diego 

Carolyn Johnston 

Professor of American Studies 
B.A., Samford University 
M.A., Ph.D., University of 
California, Berkeley 

Kyle A. Keefer 

Assistant Professor of Religious Studies 

B.A., Baylor University 

M. Div., Princeton Theological 

Seminary 
M.A., Baylor University 

George P. E. Meese 

Director, Writing Excellence Program 
Professor of Rhetoric 
B.A., Wittenberg University 
M.A., Ph.D., University of Chicago 

Gary S. Meltzer 

Associate Professor of Classics 
B.A., M.A., M.Phil., Ph.D., Yale 
University 

Gregory B. Padgett 

Associate Professor of History 

B.A., Stetson University 

M.A., Ph.D., Florida State University 

Robert C. Wigton 

Associate Professor of Political Science 
B.A., State University of New York, 

Oswego 
M.A., J.D., Ph.D., State University 
of New York, Buffalo 



Faculty of the Collegium of 
Natural Sciences 
David D. Grove 

Chair, Natural Sciences Collegium 
Associate Professor of Chemistry 
B.S., California State University, 

San Diego 
Ph.D., University of California, 

Los Angeles 
W. Guy Bradley 

Associate Professor of Molecular 

Physiology 
B.A., Eckerd College 
Ph.D, University of South Florida 

College of Medicine 



134 



Gregg R. Brooks 

Professor of Marine Scieruie 
B.S., Youngstown State University 
M.S., Ph.D., University of South 
Florida 

Anne J. Cox 

Associate Professor of Physics 
B.S., Rhodes College 
Ph.D., University of Virginia 

Kelly Debute 

Assistant Professor of Computer Science 
B.S., Christopher Newport University' 
M.S., The College of William and 

Mar\' 
Ph.D., University of South Carolina 

Steven H. Denison 

Assistant Professor of Biology 
B.S., Ph.D., Baylor University 

Harry W. EUis 

Professor of Physics 
B.S., Ph.D., Georgia Institute of 
Technology 

Eduardo Fernandez 

Assistant Professor ofPhysicsl 

Matheinatics 
B.S., University of Wisconsin- 

Eau Claire 
Ph.D., University of Wisconsin- 
Madison 

Mark B. Fishman 

Associate Professor of Computer Science 
B.A., Temple University' 
M.A., University of Texas 

Elizabeth A. Forys 

Associate Professor of Environmental 

Sciences 
B.A., M.S., University of Virginia 
Ph.D., University of Florida 

Edmund L. Gallizzi 

Professor of Computer Science 
B.Sc, University of Florida 
M.Sc, Ph.D., University of 
Southwestern Louisiana 

Wayne Charles Guida 

Associate Professor of Biochemistry 
B.A., Ph.D., University of South 
Florida 

David W. Hastings 

.Assistant Professor of Marine 

Chemistry 
B.S., Princeton 
M.S., Ph.D., University of 
Washington 

Reggie L. Hudson 

Professor of Chemistry 
B.A.,Pfeiffer College 
Ph.D., University of Tennessee 

Gerald J. G. Junevicus 

^Associate Professor of Mathematics 
B.Sc., Worcester Polytechnic Institute 
M.Sc, Ph.D., University of 
Victoria, Canada 



David Kerr 

Assistant Professor of Matheinatics 

B.A., M.A., Ph.D., University of 
South Florida 
Jeannine M. Lessman 

Assistant Professor of Biology 

B.S., University of Mar^'land 

Ph.D., Louisiana State University- 
Peter A. Meylan 

Professor of Biology 

B.S., M.S., Ph.D.; University of 
Florida 
Nanette M. Nascone-Yoder 

Assistant Professor of Biology 

B.S., Eckerd College 

Ph.D., Harvard University' 
John E. Reynolds, III 

Professor of Biology 

B.A., Western Maryland College 

M.S., Ph.D., University of Miami 
David A. Scholnick 

Assistant Professor of Biology 

B.A., University of San Diego 

M.A., College of William and Mar\' 

Ph.D., University of Colorado at 
Boulder 
Nancy Frances Smith 

Assistant Professor of Biology 

B.S., University of Washington, 
Seattle 

M.A., Ph.D., University of California, 
Santa Barbara 
Alan L. Soli 

Associate Professor of Chemistry 

B.A., Augsburg College 

M.S., Ph.D., University' of Wisconsin 
William A. Szelistowski 

Associate Professor of Biology 

B.S., University of Florida 

Ph.D., University of Southern 
California 
Joel B. Thompson 

Associate Professor of Marine 
Geochemistry 

B.S., M.S., California State 
University 

B.S., Ph. D., Syracuse University 
Walter O. Walker 

Associate Professor of Mathematics 

B.S., Eckerd College 

M.S., Ph.D., Clemson University 
Stephen P. Weppner 

Assistant Professor of Physics 

B.A., The State University of New 
York at Geneseo 

Ph.D., Ohio University 
Laura Reiser Wetzel 

Assistant Professor of Marine Geophysics 

B.S., Beloit College 

Ph.D., Washington University 



Foundations Collegium Faculty 

M. Suzan Harrison 

Chair, Foundations Collegium 
Associate Dean for General Education 
Letters Collegium 
George P. E. Meese 

Directoi", Writing Excellence Program 
Letters Collegium 



Library Faculty 

Mary Michele Abdoney 

Reference and Inter-Library Loan 

Librarian and Assistant Professor 
M.S., University of South Florida 
B.A., University of Florida, 1999 
Jamie A. Gill 

Technical Services Librarian arid 

Professor 
B.A., The State University of 

New York, Geneseo 
M.L.S., Kent State University 
Helene Ellen Gold 

Electronic Services Librarian and 

Assistant Professor 
B.A., M.S., State University of 

New York at Albany 
David W. Henderson 

Insrntcrional Sendees and Collection 

Develofmient Librarian and Professor 
B.A., University of Connecticut 
M.S., Ohio University 
M.S.L.S., Florida State University 



Intercollegiate Athletics 
George P. E. Meese 

Acring Director of Athletics 
Professor of Rhetoric 
B.A., Wittenberg University 
M.A., Ph.D., University of Chicago 
William J. Mathews 
Head Baseball Coach 
Assistant Professor of Physical Education 
M.Ed., University' of South Florida 



EMERITI 

Joseph M. Bearson 

Associate Professor Eineritus of 

Marketing and International Biisiness 
M.B.A., Columbia University 
Wilbur F. Block 

Professor Emeritus of Physics 
Ph.D., University of Florida 
Clark H. Bouwman 

Professor Emeritus of Sociobgy 
Ph.D., New School for Social 
Research 
J. Stanley Chesnut 

Professor Emeritus of Humanities 

and Religion 
Ph.D., Yale University 



135 



James G. Crane 

Professor Emeritus of Visual Arts 

M.F.A., Michigan State University 
Sarah K. Dean 

Professor Emerita of Human 
Development 

Ed.D., Nova University 
Dudley E. DeGroot 

Professor Emeritus of Anthropology 

Ph.D., Ohio State University 
John C. Ferguson 

Professor Emeritus of Biology 

Ph.D., Cornell University 
Frank M. Figueroa 

Professor Emeritus of Spanish 

Ed.D., Columbia University 
Teachers College 
Rejane P. Genz 

Professor Emerita of French Language 
and Literature 

Ph.D., Laval University 
Sheila D. Hanes 

Professor Emerita of Biology 

Ph.D., Ohio University 
James R. Harley 

Professor of Physical Education arid 
Director of Athletics , Emeritus 

M.A., George Peabody College 
Keith W. Irwin 

Professor Emeritus of Philosophy 

M.Div., Garrett Theological Seminary 



Gilbert L. Johnston 

Professor Emeritus of Asian Studies 

and Religion 
Ph.D., Harvard University 

Kenneth E. Keeton 

Professor Emeritus of German 
Ph.D., University of North Carolina 

K. Russell Kennedy 
Registrar Emeritus 

George W. Lofquist 

Professor Emeritus of Mathematics 
Ph.D., Louisiana State University 

Billy H. Maddox 

Professor Emeritus of Mathematics 
Ph.D., University of South Carolina 

William F. McKee 

Professor Emeritus of History 
Ph.D., University of Wisconsin 

J. Peter Meinke 

Professor Emeritus of Literature 
Ph.D., University of Minnesota 

Anne A. Murphy 

Professor Emerita of Political Science 
Ph.D., University of North Carolina 

Peter A. Pav 

Professor Emeritus of Philosophy 
Ph.D., Indiana University 



Richard A. Rice 

Professor Emeritus of Theatre 

Ph.D., University of Utah 
Margaret R. Rigg 

Professor Emerita of Visual Art 

M.A., Presbyterian School of 
Christian Education 
William B. Roess 

Professor Emeritus of Biology 

Ph.D., Florida State University 
Hendrick Serrie 

Professor Emeritus of Anthropology 
and International Business 

Ph.D., Northwestern University 
Ruth R. Trigg 

Registrar Emerita 
J. Thomas West 

Professor Emeritus of Psychology and 
Human Development 

Ph.D., Vanderbilt University 
WUliam C. Wilbur 

Professor Emeritus of History 

Ph.D., Columbia University 



136 



ROBERT A. STAUB OUTSTANDING TEACHERS 

Awarded each year at Commencement 



1980 William B. Roess 1987 
Professor of Biology' 

1981 Julienne H. Empric 1988 
Professcrr of Literature 

1982 J. Thomas West 1989 
Professor of Psychoh^ and 

Human Development Services 1990 

1983 A. Howard Carter, HI 

Professor of Comparative 1991 

Literature and Humanities 

1984 Peter K. Hammerschmidt 1992 
Professor oj Economics 

1985 Molly K. Ransbury 1993 
Professor of Education 

1986 John E. Reynolds, 111 1994 
Associate Professor of Biology 



James G. Crane 1995 

Professor of Visual Arts 

Tom Oberhofer 1996 

Professor oj Economics 

Kathryn J. Watson 1997 

Professor of Education 

J. Peter Meinke 1998 

Professor of Literature 

Carolyn Johnston 1999 

Professor of American Studies 

Diana Fuguitt 2000 

Associate Professor of Economics 

Arthur N. Skinner 2001 

Associate Professor of Visual Arts 

Olivia H. Mclntyre 2002 

Associate Professor of History 



Mark H. Davis 

Associate Professor' of Psychology 

M. Suzan Harrison 

Assistant Professor of Rhetoric 

Victoria J. Baker 

Associate Professor- of Anthropology 

David Kerr 

Assistant Professor of Mathematics 

William F. Felice 

Assistant Professcn' of Political Science 

Jeffrey A. Howard 

Associate Professor of Psychology 

James R. Goetsch, Jr. 

Assistant Professor of Philosophy 

W. Guy Bradley 

Associate Professor of 

Molecular Physiology 



SEARS ROEBUCK TEACHING EXCELLENCE/ 
CAMPUS LEADERSHIP AWARD 



1991 



1992 



1993 



Jewel Spears Brooker 

Professor of Literature 
George P. E. Meese 
Professor of Rhetoric 
Tom Oberhofer 

Professor of Economics 



JOHN M. BEVAN TEACHING EXCELLENCE/ 
CAMPUS LEADERSHIP AWARD 

Awarded each year at Academic Convocation 

1994 William B. Roess 

Professor of Biolog^y 

1995 Molly K. Ransbury 
Professor of Education 

1996 Anthony R. Brunello 

Associate Professor of Political Science and 
Associate Dean of Faculty for General Education 

1997 Kathryn J. Watson 

Professor of Education and Associate Dean for 
Facidty Development arid Jntergeneratiorud Education 

1998 John E. Reynolds, 111 
Professor of Biology 

1999 Mark H.Davis 
Professor of Psychology 

2000 Julienne H. Empric 
Professor of Literature 

2001 Arthur N. Skinner 
Professor of Visual Arts 



THE LLOYD W. CHAPIN AWARD FOR 
EXCELLENCE IN SCHOLARSHIP 

Awarded each year at Academic Convocation 

2001 John E. Reynolds, 111 

Professor of Marine Science and Biobgy 



137 



ADMINISTRATION 



OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT 
Donald R. Eastman, III 

President 

B.A., University of Tennessee 

Ph.D., University of Florida 

Lisa A. Mats 

Executive Assistant to the President 
B.A., University of Michigan 
M.A., Indiana University 
Ph.D., University of Michigan 

Kathryn J. Watson 

Special Assistant to the President for 

Academic Affairs 
B.A., Eckerd College 
M.Ed., Ed.D., University of Florida 



OFFICE OF VICE PRESIDENT 
AND DEAN OF FACULTY 

Lloyd W. Chapin 

Vice President and Dean of Facuky 
Professor of Philosophy and Religion 
B.A., Davidson College 
M.Div., Ph.D., Union Theological 

Seminary, New York 
Diane L. Ferris 

Director, International Education and 

Off-Campus Programs 
B.A., Eckerd College 
M.A., University of South Florida 
M. Suzan Harrison 

Associate Dean of Faculty far General 

Education 
Professor of Rhetoric 
B.A., Eckerd College 
M.A., Florida State University 
Ph.D., University' of North Carolina 
Marti Newbold 

Acting Director of the Center for 

the Applied Liberal Arts 
B.A., St. Andrews Presbyterian 

College 
M.A., University of South Florida 
Linda Swindall 
Registrar 

B.S.N. Emor>' University 
M.A. Geogia State University 
Kathryn J. Watson 

Associate Dean of Faculty Devebpment 

and Intergeneratioiwl Learning 
Professor of Education 
B.A., Eckerd College 
M.Ed., Ed.D., University of Florida 



INSTITUTIONAL RESEARCH 
AND PLANNING 

Jessica S. Kom 

Director of Imtitutional Research 

and Planning 
B.A., M.A., Ph.D., University of 

California, Los Angeles 



OFFICE OF ADMISSIONS 

Richard R. Hallin 

Dean af Admissiom 

Associate Professor of Political Science 

B.A., Occidental College 

B.A., M.A., Exeter College, Oxford 
University, England 

Ph.D., Columbia University 
Maria J. Alou 

ALSSOciate Dean 

B.A., Eckerd College 
Kathy Dunmire Ralph 

Associate Dean of Admissions and 
Coordinator of New Student 
Fiivjncial Aid 

B.A., Maryville College 
Nadji T. Kirby 

Assistant Dean of Admissions 

B.A., Eckerd College 
Teryn T. Rozales 

Assistant Dean of Admissions 

B.A., Eckerd College 
R. Andre Janusz 

Counselor 

B.A., Eckerd College 
Vicki L. Maier 

Counselor 

B.A., Eckerd College 
Shannon Nulph 

Counselor 

B.S., Eckerd College 



FINANCIAL AID 

Margaret W. Morris 

Director of Financial Aid 
B.S., University of Arkansas 
M.A., Wake Forest University 
Debra Aracri 

Assistant Director foi- Federal 

Programs 
B.A., Northeastern University 



M. Joan Kaplan 

Associate Director for Florida 

Programs and PEL 
B.A., Eckerd College 



OFFICE OF SPECIAL 
PROGRAMS 

James E. Deegan 

Vice President and Dean of 

Special Programs 
B.S., State University of New York, 

Buftalo 
M.S., Ed.D., Indiana University 
James E. Frasier 

Director, Continuing Education Center 
B.S., The Ohio State University 
M.Ed., University ot Cincinnati 
Cheryl Chase Gold 

Director, Conferences and Summer 

School 
B.A., City College of New York 
Margret Skaftadottir 

Acting Director, Program for 

Experienced Learners 
B.A., University of Iceland 
M.Ed., Ph.D., Emory University 



OFFICE OF STUDENT 
AFFAIRS 

James J. Annarelli 

Associate Vice President for Academic 

Affairs and Dean of Students 
B.A., M.A., St John's University 
M.PhiL, Ph.D., Drew University 
Mona Bagasao 

Director of Campus Ministries 

Chaplain 

B.Mus. Webster University 

M.Div., Pacific School of Religion, 

Berkeley, CA 
Daniel P. Barto 

Director of Campus Safety 

and Security 
B.A. Eckerd College 
M.A., University of South Florida 
Joseph D. Carella 

Director of Coumeling and 

Health Services 
B.A. Fairfield University 
M.S., Psy.D., Nova University 



138 



William C. Covert 

Associate Dean of Students 
Director, Waterfront Program 

Olivier C. Debure 

Director, International Student 

Programs 
B.A., Christopher Newport 

University 
M.B.A., Old Dominion University 
M.A., University of South Carolina 

Rebecca S. Jacobson 

Acting Assistant Dean of Students for 

Campus Life 
B.A., Eckerd College 
M.A., University of North Texas 

George P. E. Meese 

Acting Director of Athletics 
Director, Writing Excellence Program 
Professor of Rhetoric 
B.A., Whittenberg University 
M.A., Ph.D., University of Chicago 

Tracy Murry 

B.A., Louisiana State University 
M.A., Northwestern State 
University 

Marti Newbold 

Acting Director of Career Resources 
B.A., St. Andrews Presbyterian 

College 
M.A., University of South Florida 

Frederick R. Sabota, Jr. 

Acting Directcn- of Campus Activities 
B.S., Slippery Rock University 
M.PRTM., Clemson University 

Lena Wilfalk 

Associate Dean of Students 
B.A., M.A., University of South 
Florida 



ACADEMY OF SENIOR 
PROFESSIONALS 

Norm Smith 

Acting Director 

B.S., University of Michigan 

J.D., Northern Kentucky University 

M.A., National'Louis University 

Ph.D., Pacific Western University 



VICE PRESIDENT FOR 
FINANCE DIVISION 

Janice M. Stroh 

Vice President for Finance 

B.A., Washington State University 

M.B.A. Washington State University 
Christine M. Harvey 

Director of Human Resources 

B.A., Southern Illinois University 

M.A., Sangamon State University 
David Pawlowski 

Director of Information Technology 
Serwces (ITS) 

B.A., Eckerd College 
Donna A. Woolums 

Controller 

B.A., Eckerd College 

B.A., University of South Florida 



OFFICE OF ADVANCEMENT 

John M. Crowley 

Vice President for Development 

B.A., Gannon University 
Benjamin J. Jacobson 

Vice President for Church Relations 

B.A., Augustana College 

M.Div., Union Theological 
Seminar^' 
Dennis Burgess 

Director of Records and Information 
Technology 
Duncan S. Ferguson 

Director of The Center for Spiritual 
Ufe 

B.S., M.A., University of Oregon 

M.Div., Fuller Theological 
Seminary 

Ph.D., University of Edinburgh 
Joe Hammon 

Director of Annua! Fund 

B.A., Burlington College 
Gordon Leffingwell 

Director of Gift Planning 

B.S., Western Michigan University 
Kathryn P. Rawson 

Associate Director of Public Relations 

B.A., Eckerd College 
Anne Chapin Wetmore 

Director of Alumni Relatiom 

B.A., Eckerd College 

M.A., Florida State University 



It is the policy of Eckerd College not to discriminate on the basis of sex, age, handicap, religion, sexual orientation, creed, race or color, or 
national origin in its educational programs, activities, admissions, or employment policies as required by federal and state legislation. 
Inquiries regarding compliance with discrimination laws may be directed to Dean of Admissions, Eckerd College, 4200 54th Avenue South, 
St. Petersburg, Florida 3371 1 (727) 867-1 166. Eckerd College is an equal opportunity employer. 



139 



BOARD OF TRUSTEES 



OFFICERS 

Miles C. Collier 

Chairman 
Grover C. Wrenn 

Vice Chairman 
Donald R. Eastman 

President 
Lisa A. Mets 

Secretary 
Janice M. Stroh 

Treasurer 



TRUSTEES 

Mr. Payton F. Adams 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Dr. Robert H. Atwell 

Sarasota, Florida 
Mr. Miles C. Collier 

Collier Enterprises 

Naples, Florida 
The Rev. Dr. Susan F. DeWyngaert 

First Presbyterian Church 

Sarasota, Florida 
Dr. Donald R. Eastman, III 

President, Eckerd College 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. Fazal A. Fazlin 

Srruirt Shadow, Inc. 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. David J. Fischer 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Ms. Beth A. Houghton 

Signature Bank 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. Kenneth A. Jacobsen '73 

Law Offices of Kenneth A. jacobsen 

Media, Pennsylvania 
The Rev. Dr. Charles A. Jones, 111 

First Presbyterian Church 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. James E. MacDougald 

Westshure Ventures 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Dr. Theodore J. Marchese 

Academic Search Consulting Service 

Washington, D.C. 
Ms. Mary E. Miller '97 

Longboat Key, Florida 
Dr. James D. Moore, Jr. '68 

Drs. Glover and Moore 

Abingdon, Virginia 



Mr. Alan I. Mossberg 

O.F. Mossberg & Sons, Inc. 

North Haven, Connecticut 
Mr. Helmar E. Nielsen 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. George W. Off 

Castle Rock, Colorado 
Dr. Bluford H. Putnam, III '72 

Bayesian Edge Technology and 
Solutions, Inc. 

St. Inigoes, Maryland 
Mr. William P. Ripberger '65 

Bradenton, Florida 
Mr. RN. Risser, III 

Risser Oil Corporation 

Clearwater, Florida 
Ms. Marsha Griffin Rydberg 

The Rydherg Laiv Firm 

Tampa, Florida 
The Rev. Trisha Lyons Senterfitt '68 

First Presbyterian Church 

Atlanta, Georgia 
Ms. Deedie Simmons 

Jacksonville, Florida 
Mr. Les R. Smout 

JME, Inc. 

Clearwater, Florida 
Dr. Gary R. Sperduto'74 

Sperduto & Associates 

Atlanta, Georgia 
The Rev. Frederick D. Terry 

Trinit)) Presbyterian Church 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Dr. David L. Warren 

National Association of Independent 

Colleges aiid Universities 

Washington, D.C. 
Ms. Jean Giles Wittner 

Wittner Companies 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. Grover C. Wrenn, '64 

St. Petersburg, Florida 



TRUSTEES EMERITI 

Dr. Gordon W. Blackwell 

Greeni'iiie , South Carolina 
Dr. Gay Culverhouse 

New York, New York 
Dr. Willard F. Enteman 

Providence, Rhode Island 
Mr. Jeffery L. Fortune 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. Harrison W. Fox 

St. Petersburg, Flcrrida 
Mr. John Wm. Galbraith 

Galbraith Properties, Inc. 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Ms. Sarah Belk Gambrell 

Charknte , North Carolina 
The Rev. Lacy R. Harwell 

St. Petersburg, Fkmda 
Ms. Anne M. Hoemer 

St. Petersburg, Fkmda 
Mr. Harold D. Holder 

Reno, Nevada 
Mr. William R. Hough 

William R . Hough & Company 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. Frank M. Hubbard 

Orlando, Florida 
Dr. Althea H. Jenkins 

Talla/ias.see , Fkyrida 
Mr. Arthur J. Ranson, III, '65 

Law Offices of Arthur ]. Ranson, III 

Orlando, Florida 
Ms. Wyline Chapman Sayler 

St. Petersburg, Fkmda 
Ms. Elizabeth A. Sterchi 

Orkindo, Florida 
Mr. Stewart Turley 

Clearii'ater, Florida 
Ms. Martha Rudy Wallace 

St. Petersburg, Fkmda 
Mr. Thomas A. Watson 

St. Petersburg, Fkrrida 
Mr. Stanley P. Whitcomb, Jr. 

WJiiteorni) Associates , Inc. 

Coral Gables , Florida 
Mr. W. M. Zemp 

Crystal River, Fkmda 



HONORARY TRUSTEE 

Mr. Charles J. Bradshaw 

Vero Beach, Florida 



140 



ACADEMIC CALENDAR 2002-2003 



AUTUMN TERM 
Fri., Aug. 16 
Sat., Aug. 17 
Wed., Aug. 28 
Mon., Sept. 2 
Tues., Sept. 3 
Wed., Sept. 4 
Fri., Sept. 6 

FALL SEMESTER 

Thurs., Sept. 5 

Fri., Sept. 6 
Mon., Sept. 9 
Wed., Sept. 18 
Thurs., Sept. 19 
Mon.'Tues., Oct. 14-15 
Fri., Oct. 18 
Fri., Nov. 8 
Wed., Nov. 13 
Thurs.-Fri., Nov. 28-29 
Fri., Dec. 13 
Mon.-Fri., Dec. 16-19 
Fn., Dec. 20 

WINTER TERM 

Thurs., Jan. 2 
Fri., Jan. 3 

Mon., Jan. 6 
Tues., Jan. 7 

Mon., Jan. 20 
Thurs.-Fri., Jan. 30-31 
Fri., Jan. 31 

SPRING SEMESTER 

Sun., Feb. 2 
Mon., Feb. 3 • 

Tues., Feb. 4 
Thurs., Feb. 13 
Fri.-Sun., Feb. 21-23 
Sat., Mar. 22 
Mon., March 31 
Tues., April 1 
Thurs., April 10 
Fri., April 11 
Wed., April 16 
Thurs.-Fri., April 12-13 
Fri., April 18 
Thurs.-Fri., April 24-25 
Fri., May 16 
Mon.-Fri., May 19-23 
Sat., May 24 
Sun., May 25 

SUMMER TERM 

June 2 -July 18 
June 2 - June 20 
June 23 - July 18 



Freshnren arrive. Financial clearance and registration before 3:00 p.m. 

Autumn Term begins. 

Fall semester 2002 registration begins. 

Labor Day, no classes 

Residence houses open at noon for new students for fall semester. 

Orientation for new students. 

End ot Autumn Term. 



Residence houses open to returning upperclass students at 9:00 am. 

New students: Mentor assignment, registration. 

Registration and financial clearance for tall semester. 

Fall semester begins at 8:00 a.m. 

Opening Convocation, 1:30 p.m. 

End of drop/add period for fall semester courses. 

Midterm academic recess. 

Winter Term 2003 registration begins. 

Last day to withdraw from tall semester courses with W grade, or change from audit to credit. 

Spring semester 2003 registration begins. 

Thanksgiving holiday, no classes. 

Last day of classes 

Examination period. 

Christmas recess begins. Residence houses close at noon. 



Residence houses open at noon. 

Financial clearance tor all new students. New student registration/orientation for Winter Term. 

Returning students do not need to check in with Registrar . 

Winter Term begins. All projects meet first day ot Winter Term . 

Last day to enter Winter Term; end of drop/add period; last day to change project or 

withdraw from Winter Term with W grade. 

Martin Luther King day, no classes. 

First comprehensive examination period. 

Winter Term ends. 



Residence houses open at noon. 

New and returning students arrive. New student orientation. Financial clearance and 

registration for-spring semester, all students. 

Spring semester begins at 8:00 a.m. 

End oi drop/add period for spring semester courses. 

Parents Weekend 

Spring recess begins. 

Students return. 

Classes resume at 8:00 a.m. 

Mentor conferences and contracts for 2003-2004 

Last day to wid-idraw from spring semester courses with W grade, or change trom audit to credit. 

Fall semester 2003 registration begins. 

Second comprehensive examination period. 

Good Friday, no classes. 

Second comprehensive examination period. 

Last day of classes. 

Examination period. 

Baccalaureate and Commencement. 

Residence houses close at noon. 



Summer term. 
Session A. 
Session B. 



141 



ACADEMIC CALENDAR 2003-2004 



AUTUMN TERM 

Fri., Aug. 15 
Sat., Aug. 16 
Wed., Aug. 27 
Mon., Sept. 1 
Tues., Sept. 2 
Wed., Sept. 3 
Fri., Sept. 5 

FALL SEMESTER 

Thurs., Sept. 4 

Fri., Sept. 5 
Mon., Sept. 8 
Wed., Sept. 10 
Thurs., Sept. 18 
Mon.'Tues., Oct. 13-14 
Fri., Oct. 17 
Fri., Nov. 7 
Wed., Nov. 12 
Thurs.-Fri., Nov. 27-28 
Fri., Dec. 12 
Mon.-Fri., Dec. 15-18 
Fri., Dec. 19 

WINTER TERM 

Sun., Jan. 4 
Mon., Jan. 5 

Tues., Jan. 6 
Wed., Jan. 7 

Mon., Jan. 19 
Thurs.-Fri., Jan. 29-30 
Fri., Jan. 30 

SPRING SEMESTER 

Sun., Feb. 1 
Mon., Feb. 2 

Tues., Feb. 3 
Thurs., Feb. 12 
Fri.-Sun., Feb. 19-21 
Sat., Mar. 20 
Men., March 29 
Tues., March 30 
Thurs., April 8 

Fri., April 9 
Wed., April 14 
Thurs.-Fri., April 22-23 
Fri., May 14 
Mon.-Fri., May 17-21 
Sat., May 22 
Sun., May 23 

SUMMER TERM 

May 31 -July 23 
May 31 -June 25 
June 28 - July 23 



Freshmen arrive. Financial clearance and registration before 3:00 p.m. 

Autumn Term begins. 

Fall semester 2002 registration begins. 

Labor Day, no classes 

Residence houses open at noon for new students for fall semester. 

Orientation for new students. 

End of Autumn Term. 



Residence houses open to returning upperclass students at 9:00 am. 

New students: Mentor assignment, registration. 

Registration and financial clearance for tall semester. 

Fall semester begins at 8:00 a.m. 

Opening Convocation, 1:30 p.m. 

End ot drop/add period for fall semester courses. 

Midterm academic recess. 

Winter Term 2003 registration begins. 

Last day to withdraw from fall semester courses with W grade, or change from audit to credit. 

Spring semester 2003 registration begins. 

Thanksgiving holiday, no classes. 

Last day of classes 

Examination period. 

Christmas recess begins. Residence houses close at noon. 



Residence houses open at noon. 

Financial clearance for all new students. New student registration/orientation tor Winter Term. 

Returning students do not need to check in with Registrar . 

Winter Term begins. All projects meet first day ot Winter Term . 

Last day to enter Winter Term; end of drop/add period; last day to change project or 

withdraw from Winter Term with W grade. 

Martin Luther King day, no classes. 

First comprehensive examination period. 

Winter Term ends. 



Residence houses open at noon. 

New and returning students arrive. New student orientation. Financial clearance and 

registration for-spring semester, all students. 

Spring semester begins at 8:00 a.m. 

End of drop/add period for spring semester courses. 

Parents Weekend 

Spring recess begins. 

Students return. 

Classes resume at 8:00 a.m. 

Mentor conferences and contracts for 2004-2005 

Last day to withdraw from spring semester courses with W grade, or change from audit to credit. 

Good Friday, no classes. 

Fall semester 2004 registration begins. 

Second comprehensive examination period. 

Last day of classes. 

Examination period. 

Baccalaureate and Commencement. 

Residence houses close at noon. 



Summer term. 
Session A. 
Session B. 



142 



INDEX (Courses and Programs are listed in italics.) 



Academic Calendar 5, 141 

Academic Credit 21 

Academic Exemption Petitions 17 

Academic Minor 27 

Academic Policies 17 

Academic Program 5 

Academic Progress Standards 22 

Academy of Senior Professionals 16 

Accreditation 1 

Admission Ill 

Early Admission 112 

Equivalency Certificates 112 

Freshman Ill 

International Students 110 

Procedures after Acceptance 113 

Transfer Students Ill 

Adult Education 15 

Advanced Placement 113 

Afro-American Society 108 

Alumni Association 16 

American Studies 27 

Anthropology 29 

Area of Concentration/Major 21 

Art 31 

Athletics 110 

Auditing Classes 25 

Autumn Term 5, 105 

Behavioral Science, Collegium ot 8 

Biochemistry 34 

Biobgy 34 

Board of Trustees 140 

Business Administration 36 

Calendar, Academic 5, 141 

Campus Life 106 

Career Resources 14 

Chemistry 37 

Chinese 77 

Co-Curricular Program 9 

Co-Curricular Transcript 9 

College Entrance Examinations Ill 

College Level Examination Program (CLEP) 113 

College Program Series 18 

Collegium Concept 6 

Commitments of Eckerd College 2 

Transcendent 2 

Faculty to Students 2 

General Education 2 

Human Relationships 3 

Individual Development 2 

Integration of Liberal Arts and 

Career Preparation 3 

Pace-Setting Institution 4 

Communication 39 

Comparative Cultures, Collegium of 8 

Comparatii'e Literature 39 

Composition 41 

Composition Competency Requirement 17 

Comprehensive Examinations 19 

Computer Science 42 

Costs 129 

Course and Major Descriptions 27 

Course Requirements 17 



Course Numbers and Letters Explanation 27 

Creative Arts, Collegium of 8 

Creatine Writing 43 

Credit, Academic 21 

Cultural Activities and Entertainment 108 

Dance 101 

Day Students 1 10 

Dean's List 25 

Deferred Admissions 113 

Degree Requirements, B.A 17 

Degree Requirements, B.S 19 

Demonstrated Proficiency 22 

Directed Study 21 

Directed Study Courses 45 

Dismissal, Academic 24 

Early Admissions 112 

East Asian Studies 46 

Economics 47 

Employment on Campus 127 

Engineering Dual Degree Program 11 

Entertainment and Cultural Activities 108 

Environmental Perspective Courses 49 

Environmental Studies 50 

Examination, Comprehensive 18 

Expenses 129 

Experienced Learners , Progi'am fen' 15 

Extracurricular Activities Suspension 24 

Faculty and Administration 133 

Fees 129 

Finance (see Management) 68 

Financial Aid 1 14 

Academic Standards of 

Satisfactory Progress 115 

Employment 127 

Grants 125 

Loans 126 

Renewals 127 

Scholarships 117 

Veterans' Benefits 126 

Withdrawal Refund 131 

Ford Apprentice Scholars Program 19, 52 

Foreign Language Competency Requirement 18 

Foundations Collegium 7, 105 

French 78 

Gender and Women's Studies 102 

General Education 6 

Geography 52 

German 79 

Global Affairs arvi Interrmtiorud Relatiom 62 

Global Perspective Courses 52 

Grade Reports 23 

Grading System 22 

Graduation Requirements 17 

Grants 125 



143 



Health Form 109 

Health Services 109 

History 53 

Honors at Graduation 25 

Honors Program 19, 56 

Honor Societies 20 

Human Development 56 

Humanities 58 

Incomplete Grades 22 

Independent Study 21 

Information Technology Competency 18 

International Business 58 

International Education 13 

International Education Courses 60 

International Students 15 

International Student Admission 1 13 

International Relations and Global Affairs 62 

International Studies 64 

Insurance 130 

Interview, Admission 112 

Italian 80 

Japanese 80 

Latin 64 

Law and justice 64 

Leadership Studies 65 

Letters, Collegium of 8 

Library 9 

Literature 65 

Loans 126 

London Offerings 60 

Major/Area of Concentration Requirements 17 

Major and Course Descriptions 27 

Management 68 

Marine Science 72 

Mat/iemati'cs 75 

Medical Technology 76 

Mentors 5 

Minor, Academic 27 

Modem Languages 77 

Music 81 

Natural Sciences, Collegium of 8 

Off-Campus Programs 13 

Oral Competency Requirement 18 

Organizations and Clubs 108 



Payment Methods 130 

Petitions, Academic Exemption 17 

Phibsophy 83 

P/iilosopK;y/Rel!g!'on 85 

Ph;ysical Education 86 

Physics 86 

Policies, Academic 21 

Political Science 87 

Pre-Professional Programs 10 

Probation, Academic 23 

Program for Experienced Learners 15 

Psychological Services 109 

Psychology 90 



Quantitative Competency Requirement . 
Quest for Meaning 



Readmission of Students 

Refunds 

Registration 

Religious Life 

ReligionlPhilosophy 

Religious StudieslReligious Education 

Requirements for Degree 

Academic Area Course 

Autumn Term 

College Program Series 

Composition Competency 

Comprehensive Examination/Thesis .... 

Foreign Language Competency 

Information Technology Competency ., 

Major/Area of Concentration 

Oral Competency 

Perspective Courses 

Quantitative Competency 

Residency 

Transfer Students 

Western Heritage in a Global Context , 

Winter Term 

Residency Requirement 

Resident Adviser Internship 

Room and Board 

ROTC 

Russian Studies 



18 
92 



114 

131 

25 

108 

85 

93 



7 

9 

8 

7 

7 

95 

129 

2,95 

97 



St. Petersburg, the City 106 

Satisfactory Academic Progress 23 

Satisfactory Academic Progress for 

Financial Aid 115 

Scholarships 117 

Sea Semester 14, 98 

Semester Abroad 13 

Senior Comprehensives, Theses, Projects 19 

Sociology 98 

Spanish 80 

Special Academic Programs 10 



144 



Statistics 100 

Student Activities 107 

Student Government 107 

Student Life 106 

Student Publications 108 

Student Record Policy 25 

Summer Term 15 

Summer Term Abroad 13 



Theatre 100 

Theses, Senior 19 

Transfer Admission Ill 

Transfer ot Credit 112 

Transfer Student Requirements 19, 111 

Tuition and Fees 129 



Veteran's Benefits 126 

Visual Arts 30 



Waterfront Program 108 

Western Heritage in a Global Context 18, 102 

Winter Term 6, 105 

Winter Term Abroad 13 

Withdrawal and Financial Aid 131 

Withdrawal from College 25 

Withdrawal Grades 24 

Women's and Gender Studies 102 

Writing Center 12 



Year Abroad 13 



145 




Only from a campus visit can you judge if the school and your expectations "fit." 

Plan to take a campus tour, sit in on a class, visit with our professors and students, 
and take time to see the area. 

Also, try to visit when classes are in session. Check the academic calendar before 
planning your visit. We ask only one thing of you: give us some advance notice of 
your arrival. Call us or drop us a line-the Admissions staff will be happy to work 
with you. 

The Admissions office is open from 8:30 am to 5:00 pm on weekdays, from 9:00 
am to noon on Saturday; summer hours are weekdays 8:30 am to 5:00 pm. 

For best results, please direct all correspondence prior to your acceptance to the 
Dean of Admissions. 



146 



CORRESPONDENCE DIRECTORY 

For prompt handling, please address inquiries as indicated helow: 



Academic Affairs 

Adult Programs 

Admissions 

Alumni Relations 

Business Affairs 

Events at the College 

Financial Aid to Students 

Financial Assistance to the College 

Payment of Fees 

Student Housing, Interests, and Counseling 

Summer School 

Transcripts, Grades, and Academic Achievement 



Dean of Faculty 
Dean of Special Programs 
Dean of Admissions 
Director of Alwnni Relations 
Vice President for Finance 
Vice President for Advancement 
Director of Financial Aid 
Vice President for Advancement 
Student Accounts 
Dean of Students 
Coordinator, Summer School 
Re^strar 



Visitors are welcome to Eckerd College. The administration offices are open Monday through Friday 
from 8:30 am to 5:00 pm. Visitors desiring interviews with members of the staff are urged to make 
appointments in advance. 



ECKERD COLLEGE 

4200 54th Avenue South, St. Petersburg, Florida 3371 1 
Telephone (727) 867-1166 or (800) 456-9009 (Admissions) 

www.eckerd.edu 
admissions@eckerd.edu 



^'lif-^^. 




ECKERD COLLEGE 



St, Petersburg, Florida 

www.eckerd.edu